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Subject[PATCH 04/30] block: deprecate barrier and replace blk_queue_ordered() with blk_queue_flush()
Date
Barrier is deemed too heavy and will soon be replaced by FLUSH/FUA
requests. Deprecate barrier. All REQ_HARDBARRIERs are failed with
-EOPNOTSUPP and blk_queue_ordered() is replaced with simpler
blk_queue_flush().

blk_queue_flush() takes combinations of REQ_FLUSH and FUA. If a
device has write cache and can flush it, it should set REQ_FLUSH. If
the device can handle FUA writes, it should also set REQ_FUA.

All blk_queue_ordered() users are converted.

* ORDERED_DRAIN is mapped to 0 which is the default value.
* ORDERED_DRAIN_FLUSH is mapped to REQ_FLUSH.
* ORDERED_DRAIN_FLUSH_FUA is mapped to REQ_FLUSH | REQ_FUA.
Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk>
Cc: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@xensource.com>
Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@sous-sol.org>
Cc: FUJITA Tomonori <fujita.tomonori@lab.ntt.co.jp>
Cc: Boaz Harrosh <bharrosh@panasas.com>
Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <Geert.Uytterhoeven@sonycom.com>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Alasdair G Kergon <agk@redhat.com>
Cc: Pierre Ossman <drzeus@drzeus.cx>
Cc: Stefan Weinhuber <wein@de.ibm.com>
---
block/blk-barrier.c | 29 ----------------------------
block/blk-core.c | 6 +++-
block/blk-settings.c | 20 +++++++++++++++++++
drivers/block/brd.c | 1 -
drivers/block/loop.c | 2 +-
drivers/block/osdblk.c | 2 +-
drivers/block/ps3disk.c | 2 +-
drivers/block/virtio_blk.c | 25 ++++++++---------------
drivers/block/xen-blkfront.c | 43 +++++++++++------------------------------
drivers/ide/ide-disk.c | 13 +++++------
drivers/md/dm.c | 2 +-
drivers/mmc/card/queue.c | 1 -
drivers/s390/block/dasd.c | 1 -
drivers/scsi/sd.c | 16 +++++++-------
include/linux/blkdev.h | 6 +++-
15 files changed, 67 insertions(+), 102 deletions(-)
diff --git a/block/blk-barrier.c b/block/blk-barrier.c
index c807e9c..ed0aba5 100644
--- a/block/blk-barrier.c
+++ b/block/blk-barrier.c
@@ -9,35 +9,6 @@

#include "blk.h"

-/**
- * blk_queue_ordered - does this queue support ordered writes
- * @q: the request queue
- * @ordered: one of QUEUE_ORDERED_*
- *
- * Description:
- * For journalled file systems, doing ordered writes on a commit
- * block instead of explicitly doing wait_on_buffer (which is bad
- * for performance) can be a big win. Block drivers supporting this
- * feature should call this function and indicate so.
- *
- **/
-int blk_queue_ordered(struct request_queue *q, unsigned ordered)
-{
- if (ordered != QUEUE_ORDERED_NONE &&
- ordered != QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN &&
- ordered != QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN_FLUSH &&
- ordered != QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN_FUA) {
- printk(KERN_ERR "blk_queue_ordered: bad value %d\n", ordered);
- return -EINVAL;
- }
-
- q->ordered = ordered;
- q->next_ordered = ordered;
-
- return 0;
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_ordered);
-
/*
* Cache flushing for ordered writes handling
*/
diff --git a/block/blk-core.c b/block/blk-core.c
index ee1a1e7..f063541 100644
--- a/block/blk-core.c
+++ b/block/blk-core.c
@@ -1203,11 +1203,13 @@ static int __make_request(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio)
const unsigned int ff = bio->bi_rw & REQ_FAILFAST_MASK;
int rw_flags;

- if ((bio->bi_rw & REQ_HARDBARRIER) &&
- (q->next_ordered == QUEUE_ORDERED_NONE)) {
+ /* REQ_HARDBARRIER is no more */
+ if (WARN_ONCE(bio->bi_rw & REQ_HARDBARRIER,
+ "block: HARDBARRIER is deprecated, use FLUSH/FUA instead\n")) {
bio_endio(bio, -EOPNOTSUPP);
return 0;
}
+
/*
* low level driver can indicate that it wants pages above a
* certain limit bounced to low memory (ie for highmem, or even
diff --git a/block/blk-settings.c b/block/blk-settings.c
index a234f4b..9b18afc 100644
--- a/block/blk-settings.c
+++ b/block/blk-settings.c
@@ -794,6 +794,26 @@ void blk_queue_update_dma_alignment(struct request_queue *q, int mask)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_update_dma_alignment);

+/**
+ * blk_queue_flush - configure queue's cache flush capability
+ * @q: the request queue for the device
+ * @flush: 0, REQ_FLUSH or REQ_FLUSH | REQ_FUA
+ *
+ * Tell block layer cache flush capability of @q. If it supports
+ * flushing, REQ_FLUSH should be set. If it supports bypassing
+ * write cache for individual writes, REQ_FUA should be set.
+ */
+void blk_queue_flush(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int flush)
+{
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(flush & ~(REQ_FLUSH | REQ_FUA));
+
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!(flush & REQ_FLUSH) && (flush & REQ_FUA)))
+ flush &= ~REQ_FUA;
+
+ q->flush_flags = flush & (REQ_FLUSH | REQ_FUA);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_queue_flush);
+
static int __init blk_settings_init(void)
{
blk_max_low_pfn = max_low_pfn - 1;
diff --git a/drivers/block/brd.c b/drivers/block/brd.c
index 47a4127..fa33f97 100644
--- a/drivers/block/brd.c
+++ b/drivers/block/brd.c
@@ -482,7 +482,6 @@ static struct brd_device *brd_alloc(int i)
if (!brd->brd_queue)
goto out_free_dev;
blk_queue_make_request(brd->brd_queue, brd_make_request);
- blk_queue_ordered(brd->brd_queue, QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN);
blk_queue_max_hw_sectors(brd->brd_queue, 1024);
blk_queue_bounce_limit(brd->brd_queue, BLK_BOUNCE_ANY);

diff --git a/drivers/block/loop.c b/drivers/block/loop.c
index c3a4a2e..953d1e1 100644
--- a/drivers/block/loop.c
+++ b/drivers/block/loop.c
@@ -832,7 +832,7 @@ static int loop_set_fd(struct loop_device *lo, fmode_t mode,
lo->lo_queue->unplug_fn = loop_unplug;

if (!(lo_flags & LO_FLAGS_READ_ONLY) && file->f_op->fsync)
- blk_queue_ordered(lo->lo_queue, QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN_FLUSH);
+ blk_queue_flush(lo->lo_queue, REQ_FLUSH);

set_capacity(lo->lo_disk, size);
bd_set_size(bdev, size << 9);
diff --git a/drivers/block/osdblk.c b/drivers/block/osdblk.c
index 2284b4f..72d6246 100644
--- a/drivers/block/osdblk.c
+++ b/drivers/block/osdblk.c
@@ -439,7 +439,7 @@ static int osdblk_init_disk(struct osdblk_device *osdev)
blk_queue_stack_limits(q, osd_request_queue(osdev->osd));

blk_queue_prep_rq(q, blk_queue_start_tag);
- blk_queue_ordered(q, QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN_FLUSH);
+ blk_queue_flush(q, REQ_FLUSH);

disk->queue = q;

diff --git a/drivers/block/ps3disk.c b/drivers/block/ps3disk.c
index e9da874..4911f9e 100644
--- a/drivers/block/ps3disk.c
+++ b/drivers/block/ps3disk.c
@@ -468,7 +468,7 @@ static int __devinit ps3disk_probe(struct ps3_system_bus_device *_dev)
blk_queue_dma_alignment(queue, dev->blk_size-1);
blk_queue_logical_block_size(queue, dev->blk_size);

- blk_queue_ordered(queue, QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN_FLUSH);
+ blk_queue_flush(queue, REQ_FLUSH);

blk_queue_max_segments(queue, -1);
blk_queue_max_segment_size(queue, dev->bounce_size);
diff --git a/drivers/block/virtio_blk.c b/drivers/block/virtio_blk.c
index 7965280..d10b635 100644
--- a/drivers/block/virtio_blk.c
+++ b/drivers/block/virtio_blk.c
@@ -388,22 +388,15 @@ static int __devinit virtblk_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
vblk->disk->driverfs_dev = &vdev->dev;
index++;

- if (virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_BLK_F_FLUSH)) {
- /*
- * If the FLUSH feature is supported we do have support for
- * flushing a volatile write cache on the host. Use that
- * to implement write barrier support.
- */
- blk_queue_ordered(q, QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN_FLUSH);
- } else {
- /*
- * If the FLUSH feature is not supported we must assume that
- * the host does not perform any kind of volatile write
- * caching. We still need to drain the queue to provider
- * proper barrier semantics.
- */
- blk_queue_ordered(q, QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN);
- }
+ /*
+ * If the FLUSH feature is supported we do have support for
+ * flushing a volatile write cache on the host. Use that to
+ * implement write barrier support; otherwise, we must assume
+ * that the host does not perform any kind of volatile write
+ * caching.
+ */
+ if (virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_BLK_F_FLUSH))
+ blk_queue_flush(q, REQ_FLUSH);

/* If disk is read-only in the host, the guest should obey */
if (virtio_has_feature(vdev, VIRTIO_BLK_F_RO))
diff --git a/drivers/block/xen-blkfront.c b/drivers/block/xen-blkfront.c
index 8341862..f2ffc46 100644
--- a/drivers/block/xen-blkfront.c
+++ b/drivers/block/xen-blkfront.c
@@ -95,7 +95,7 @@ struct blkfront_info
struct gnttab_free_callback callback;
struct blk_shadow shadow[BLK_RING_SIZE];
unsigned long shadow_free;
- int feature_barrier;
+ unsigned int feature_flush;
int is_ready;
};

@@ -418,25 +418,12 @@ static int xlvbd_init_blk_queue(struct gendisk *gd, u16 sector_size)
}


-static int xlvbd_barrier(struct blkfront_info *info)
+static void xlvbd_flush(struct blkfront_info *info)
{
- int err;
- const char *barrier;
-
- switch (info->feature_barrier) {
- case QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN: barrier = "enabled"; break;
- case QUEUE_ORDERED_NONE: barrier = "disabled"; break;
- default: return -EINVAL;
- }
-
- err = blk_queue_ordered(info->rq, info->feature_barrier);
-
- if (err)
- return err;
-
+ blk_queue_flush(info->rq, info->feature_flush);
printk(KERN_INFO "blkfront: %s: barriers %s\n",
- info->gd->disk_name, barrier);
- return 0;
+ info->gd->disk_name,
+ info->feature_flush ? "enabled" : "disabled");
}


@@ -515,7 +502,7 @@ static int xlvbd_alloc_gendisk(blkif_sector_t capacity,
info->rq = gd->queue;
info->gd = gd;

- xlvbd_barrier(info);
+ xlvbd_flush(info);

if (vdisk_info & VDISK_READONLY)
set_disk_ro(gd, 1);
@@ -661,8 +648,8 @@ static irqreturn_t blkif_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
printk(KERN_WARNING "blkfront: %s: write barrier op failed\n",
info->gd->disk_name);
error = -EOPNOTSUPP;
- info->feature_barrier = QUEUE_ORDERED_NONE;
- xlvbd_barrier(info);
+ info->feature_flush = 0;
+ xlvbd_flush(info);
}
/* fall through */
case BLKIF_OP_READ:
@@ -1075,19 +1062,13 @@ static void blkfront_connect(struct blkfront_info *info)
/*
* If there's no "feature-barrier" defined, then it means
* we're dealing with a very old backend which writes
- * synchronously; draining will do what needs to get done.
+ * synchronously; nothing to do.
*
* If there are barriers, then we use flush.
- *
- * If barriers are not supported, then there's no much we can
- * do, so just set ordering to NONE.
*/
- if (err)
- info->feature_barrier = QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN;
- else if (barrier)
- info->feature_barrier = QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN_FLUSH;
- else
- info->feature_barrier = QUEUE_ORDERED_NONE;
+ info->feature_flush = 0;
+ if (!err && barrier)
+ info->feature_flush = REQ_FLUSH;

err = xlvbd_alloc_gendisk(sectors, info, binfo, sector_size);
if (err) {
diff --git a/drivers/ide/ide-disk.c b/drivers/ide/ide-disk.c
index 7433e07..7c5b01c 100644
--- a/drivers/ide/ide-disk.c
+++ b/drivers/ide/ide-disk.c
@@ -516,10 +516,10 @@ static int ide_do_setfeature(ide_drive_t *drive, u8 feature, u8 nsect)
return ide_no_data_taskfile(drive, &cmd);
}

-static void update_ordered(ide_drive_t *drive)
+static void update_flush(ide_drive_t *drive)
{
u16 *id = drive->id;
- unsigned ordered = QUEUE_ORDERED_NONE;
+ unsigned flush = 0;

if (drive->dev_flags & IDE_DFLAG_WCACHE) {
unsigned long long capacity;
@@ -543,13 +543,12 @@ static void update_ordered(ide_drive_t *drive)
drive->name, barrier ? "" : "not ");

if (barrier) {
- ordered = QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN_FLUSH;
+ flush = REQ_FLUSH;
blk_queue_prep_rq(drive->queue, idedisk_prep_fn);
}
- } else
- ordered = QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN;
+ }

- blk_queue_ordered(drive->queue, ordered);
+ blk_queue_flush(drive->queue, flush);
}

ide_devset_get_flag(wcache, IDE_DFLAG_WCACHE);
@@ -572,7 +571,7 @@ static int set_wcache(ide_drive_t *drive, int arg)
}
}

- update_ordered(drive);
+ update_flush(drive);

return err;
}
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm.c b/drivers/md/dm.c
index ac384b2..b1d92be 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm.c
+++ b/drivers/md/dm.c
@@ -2245,7 +2245,7 @@ static int dm_init_request_based_queue(struct mapped_device *md)
blk_queue_softirq_done(md->queue, dm_softirq_done);
blk_queue_prep_rq(md->queue, dm_prep_fn);
blk_queue_lld_busy(md->queue, dm_lld_busy);
- blk_queue_ordered(md->queue, QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN_FLUSH);
+ blk_queue_flush(md->queue, REQ_FLUSH);

elv_register_queue(md->queue);

diff --git a/drivers/mmc/card/queue.c b/drivers/mmc/card/queue.c
index e876678..9c0b42b 100644
--- a/drivers/mmc/card/queue.c
+++ b/drivers/mmc/card/queue.c
@@ -128,7 +128,6 @@ int mmc_init_queue(struct mmc_queue *mq, struct mmc_card *card, spinlock_t *lock
mq->req = NULL;

blk_queue_prep_rq(mq->queue, mmc_prep_request);
- blk_queue_ordered(mq->queue, QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN);
queue_flag_set_unlocked(QUEUE_FLAG_NONROT, mq->queue);
if (mmc_can_erase(card)) {
queue_flag_set_unlocked(QUEUE_FLAG_DISCARD, mq->queue);
diff --git a/drivers/s390/block/dasd.c b/drivers/s390/block/dasd.c
index 8373ca0..9b106d8 100644
--- a/drivers/s390/block/dasd.c
+++ b/drivers/s390/block/dasd.c
@@ -2197,7 +2197,6 @@ static void dasd_setup_queue(struct dasd_block *block)
*/
blk_queue_max_segment_size(block->request_queue, PAGE_SIZE);
blk_queue_segment_boundary(block->request_queue, PAGE_SIZE - 1);
- blk_queue_ordered(block->request_queue, QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN);
}

/*
diff --git a/drivers/scsi/sd.c b/drivers/scsi/sd.c
index cdfc51a..63bd01a 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/sd.c
+++ b/drivers/scsi/sd.c
@@ -2109,7 +2109,7 @@ static int sd_revalidate_disk(struct gendisk *disk)
struct scsi_disk *sdkp = scsi_disk(disk);
struct scsi_device *sdp = sdkp->device;
unsigned char *buffer;
- unsigned ordered;
+ unsigned flush = 0;

SCSI_LOG_HLQUEUE(3, sd_printk(KERN_INFO, sdkp,
"sd_revalidate_disk\n"));
@@ -2151,15 +2151,15 @@ static int sd_revalidate_disk(struct gendisk *disk)

/*
* We now have all cache related info, determine how we deal
- * with ordered requests.
+ * with flush requests.
*/
- if (sdkp->WCE)
- ordered = sdkp->DPOFUA
- ? QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN_FUA : QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN_FLUSH;
- else
- ordered = QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN;
+ if (sdkp->WCE) {
+ flush |= REQ_FLUSH;
+ if (sdkp->DPOFUA)
+ flush |= REQ_FUA;
+ }

- blk_queue_ordered(sdkp->disk->queue, ordered);
+ blk_queue_flush(sdkp->disk->queue, flush);

set_capacity(disk, sdkp->capacity);
kfree(buffer);
diff --git a/include/linux/blkdev.h b/include/linux/blkdev.h
index 7077bc0..e97911d 100644
--- a/include/linux/blkdev.h
+++ b/include/linux/blkdev.h
@@ -355,8 +355,10 @@ struct request_queue
struct blk_trace *blk_trace;
#endif
/*
- * reserved for flush operations
+ * for flush operations
*/
+ unsigned int flush_flags;
+
unsigned int ordered, next_ordered, ordseq;
int orderr, ordcolor;
struct request pre_flush_rq, bar_rq, post_flush_rq;
@@ -865,8 +867,8 @@ extern void blk_queue_update_dma_alignment(struct request_queue *, int);
extern void blk_queue_softirq_done(struct request_queue *, softirq_done_fn *);
extern void blk_queue_rq_timed_out(struct request_queue *, rq_timed_out_fn *);
extern void blk_queue_rq_timeout(struct request_queue *, unsigned int);
+extern void blk_queue_flush(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int flush);
extern struct backing_dev_info *blk_get_backing_dev_info(struct block_device *bdev);
-extern int blk_queue_ordered(struct request_queue *, unsigned);
extern bool blk_do_ordered(struct request_queue *, struct request **);
extern unsigned blk_ordered_cur_seq(struct request_queue *);
extern unsigned blk_ordered_req_seq(struct request *);
--
1.7.1


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