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SubjectRe: [PATCH 5/5] dm: implement REQ_FLUSH/FUA support

On 08/16/2010 09:02 PM, Mike Snitzer wrote:
> On Mon, Aug 16 2010 at 12:52pm -0400,
> Tejun Heo <> wrote:
>> From: Tejun Heo <>
>> This patch converts dm to support REQ_FLUSH/FUA instead of now
>> deprecated REQ_HARDBARRIER.
> What tree does this patch apply to? I know it doesn't apply to
> v2.6.36-rc1, e.g.:

(from the head message)
These patches are on top of

block#for-2.6.36-post (c047ab2dddeeafbd6f7c00e45a13a5c4da53ea0b)
+ block-replace-barrier-with-sequenced-flush patchset[1]
+ block-fix-incorrect-bio-request-flag-conversion-in-md patch[2]

and available in the following git tree.

git:// flush-fua


Probably fetching the git tree is the easist way to review?

>> For bio-based dm,
>> * -EOPNOTSUPP retry logic dropped.
> That logic wasn't just about retries (at least not in the latest
> kernel). With commit 708e929513502fb0 the -EOPNOTSUPP checking also
> serves to optimize the barrier+discard case (when discards aren't
> supported).

With the patch applied, there's no second flush. Those requests would
now be REQ_FLUSH + REQ_DISCARD. The first can't be avoided anyway and
there won't be the second flush to begin with, so I don't think this
worsens anything.

>> * Nothing much changes. It just needs to handle FLUSH requests as
>> before. It would be beneficial to advertise FUA capability so that
>> it can propagate FUA flags down to member request_queues instead of
>> sequencing it as WRITE + FLUSH at the top queue.
> Can you expand on that TODO a bit? What is the mechanism to propagate
> FUA down to a DM device's members? I'm only aware of propagating member
> devices' features up to the top-level DM device's request-queue (not the
> opposite).
> Are you saying that establishing the FUA capability on the top-level DM
> device's request_queue is sufficient? If so then why not make the
> change?

Yeah, I think it would be enough to always advertise FLUSH|FUA if the
member devices support FLUSH (regardless of FUA support). The reason
why I didn't do it was, umm, laziness, I suppose.

>> Lightly tested linear, stripe, raid1, snap and crypt targets. Please
>> proceed with caution as I'm not familiar with the code base.
> This is concerning...

Yeap, I want you to be concerned. :-) This was the first time I looked
at the dm code and there are many different disjoint code paths and I
couldn't fully follow or test all of them, so it definitely needs a
careful review from someone who understands the whole thing.

> if we're to offer more comprehensive review I think we need more
> detail on what guided your changes rather than details of what the
> resulting changes are.

I'll try to explain it. If you have any further questions, please let
me know.

* For common part (dm-io, dm-log):

* Empty REQ_HARDBARRIER is converted to empty REQ_FLUSH.

* REQ_HARDBARRIER w/ data is converted either to data + REQ_FLUSH +
REQ_FUA or data + REQ_FUA. The former is the safe equivalent
conversion but there could be cases where ther latter is enough.

* For bio based dm:

* Unlike REQ_HARDBARRIER, REQ_FLUSH/FUA doesn't have any ordering
requirements. Remove assumptions of ordering and/or draining.

A related question: Is dm_wait_for_completion() used in
process_flush() safe against starvation under continuous influx of
other commands?

* As REQ_FLUSH/FUA doesn't require any ordering of requests before
or after it, on array devices, the latter part - REQ_FUA - can be
handled like other writes. ie. REQ_FLUSH needs to be broadcasted
to all devices but once that is complete the data/REQ_FUA bio can
be sent to only the affected devices. This needs some care as
there are bio cloning/splitting code paths where REQ_FUA bit isn't

* Guarantee that REQ_FLUSH w/ data never reaches targets (this in
part is to put it in alignment with request based dm).

* For request based dm:

* The sequencing is done by the block layer for the top level
request_queue, so the only things request based dm needs to make
sure is 1. handling empty REQ_FLUSH correctly (block layer will
only send down empty REQ_FLUSHes) and 2. propagate REQ_FUA bit to
member devices.



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