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Subject[111/111] mm: fix corruption of hibernation caused by reusing swap during image saving
2.6.32-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let us know.


From: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <>

commit 966cca029f739716fbcc8068b8c6dfe381f86fc3 upstream.

Since 2.6.31, swap_map[]'s refcounting was changed to show that a used
swap entry is just for swap-cache, can be reused. Then, while scanning
free entry in swap_map[], a swap entry may be able to be reclaimed and
reused. It was caused by commit c9e444103b5e7a5 ("mm: reuse unused swap
entry if necessary").

But this caused deta corruption at resume. The scenario is

- Assume a clean-swap cache, but mapped.

- at hibernation_snapshot[], clean-swap-cache is saved as
clean-swap-cache and swap_map[] is marked as SWAP_HAS_CACHE.

- then, save_image() is called. And reuse SWAP_HAS_CACHE entry to save
image, and break the contents.

After resume:

- the memory reclaim runs and finds clean-not-referenced-swap-cache and
discards it because it's marked as clean. But here, the contents on
disk and swap-cache is inconsistent.

Hance memory is corrupted.

This patch avoids the bug by not reclaiming swap-entry during hibernation.
This is a quick fix for backporting.

Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <>
Reported-by: Ondreg Zary <>
Tested-by: Ondreg Zary <>
Tested-by: Andrea Gelmini <>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>

mm/swapfile.c | 6 ++++--
1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

--- a/mm/swapfile.c
+++ b/mm/swapfile.c
@@ -330,8 +330,10 @@ checks:
if (offset > si->highest_bit)
scan_base = offset = si->lowest_bit;

- /* reuse swap entry of cache-only swap if not busy. */
- if (vm_swap_full() && si->swap_map[offset] == SWAP_HAS_CACHE) {
+ /* reuse swap entry of cache-only swap if not hibernation. */
+ if (vm_swap_full()
+ && cache == SWAP_CACHE
+ && si->swap_map[offset] == SWAP_HAS_CACHE) {
int swap_was_freed;
swap_was_freed = __try_to_reclaim_swap(si, offset);

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