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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/6] Add a dentry op to handle automounting rather than abusing follow_link() [ver #2]
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On Fri, 2010-07-23 at 16:09 +0100, David Howells wrote:
> Here's an updated patch that:
>
> (1) Fixes a bug in error handling (needs to use path_put_conditional not
> path_put).
>
> (2) Absorbs autofs4's decisions about whether to automount or not. This
> means that colour-ls won't cause automounts unless -L is supplied or it
> doesn't get a DT_DIR flag from getdents(). It also means that autofs4
> can dispense with this logic should it choose to use d_automount().

I think my statements about this were a little incorrect.

In the current kernel the check isn't imposed for ->lookup() but only
->d_revalidate() (the deosn't already exist vs the already exists
cases). Since ->d_lookup() (currently) leaves the dentry negative until
->mkdir() that could be used in the check. But then this may be starting
to get a little too autofs specific, maybe we should re-consider passing
the flags, I don't know.

In any case I'll have a go at using this as is, and see what happens.

>
> (3) Moves all the automounter logic out of __follow_mount() into
> follow_automount().
>
> (4) Stops pathwalk at the automount point and returns that point in the fs
> tree if it decides not to automount rather than reporting ELOOP (see its
> use of EXDEV for this).
>
> David
>
> ---
> From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> Subject: [PATCH] Add a dentry op to handle automounting rather than abusing follow_link()
>
> Add a dentry op (d_automount) to handle automounting directories rather than
> abusing the follow_link() inode operation. The operation is keyed off a new
> inode flag (S_AUTOMOUNT).
>
> This makes it easier to add an AT_ flag to suppress terminal segment automount
> during pathwalk. It should also remove the need for the kludge code in the
> pathwalk algorithm to handle directories with follow_link() semantics.
>
> I've only changed __follow_mount() to handle automount points, but it might be
> necessary to change follow_mount() too. The latter is only used from
> follow_dotdot(), but any automounts on ".." should be pinned whilst we're using
> a child of it.
>
> I've also extracted the mount/don't-mount logic from autofs4 and included it
> here. It makes the mount go ahead anyway if someone calls open() or creat(),
> tries to traverse the directory, tries to chdir/chroot/etc. into the directory,
> or sticks a '/' on the end of the pathname. If they do a stat(), however,
> they'll only trigger the automount if they didn't also say O_NOFOLLOW.
>
> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> ---
>
> Documentation/filesystems/Locking | 2 +
> Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt | 13 +++++
> fs/namei.c | 96 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
> include/linux/dcache.h | 5 ++
> include/linux/fs.h | 2 +
> 5 files changed, 100 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)
>
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/Locking b/Documentation/filesystems/Locking
> index 96d4293..ccbfa98 100644
> --- a/Documentation/filesystems/Locking
> +++ b/Documentation/filesystems/Locking
> @@ -16,6 +16,7 @@ prototypes:
> void (*d_release)(struct dentry *);
> void (*d_iput)(struct dentry *, struct inode *);
> char *(*d_dname)((struct dentry *dentry, char *buffer, int buflen);
> + struct vfsmount *(*d_automount)(struct path *path);
>
> locking rules:
> none have BKL
> @@ -27,6 +28,7 @@ d_delete: yes no yes no
> d_release: no no no yes
> d_iput: no no no yes
> d_dname: no no no no
> +d_automount: no no no yes
>
> --------------------------- inode_operations ---------------------------
> prototypes:
> diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt
> index 94677e7..31a9e8f 100644
> --- a/Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt
> @@ -851,6 +851,7 @@ struct dentry_operations {
> void (*d_release)(struct dentry *);
> void (*d_iput)(struct dentry *, struct inode *);
> char *(*d_dname)(struct dentry *, char *, int);
> + struct vfsmount *(*d_automount)(struct path *);
> };
>
> d_revalidate: called when the VFS needs to revalidate a dentry. This
> @@ -885,6 +886,18 @@ struct dentry_operations {
> at the end of the buffer, and returns a pointer to the first char.
> dynamic_dname() helper function is provided to take care of this.
>
> + d_automount: called when an automount dentry is to be traversed (optional).
> + This should create a new VFS mount record, mount it on the directory
> + and return the record to the caller. The caller is supplied with a
> + path parameter giving the automount directory to describe the automount
> + target and the parent VFS mount record to provide inheritable mount
> + parameters. NULL should be returned if someone else managed to make
> + the automount first. If the automount failed, then an error code
> + should be returned.
> +
> + This function is only used if S_AUTOMOUNT is set on the inode to which
> + the dentry refers.
> +
> Example :
>
> static char *pipefs_dname(struct dentry *dent, char *buffer, int buflen)
> diff --git a/fs/namei.c b/fs/namei.c
> index 868d0cb..6509ca5 100644
> --- a/fs/namei.c
> +++ b/fs/namei.c
> @@ -617,24 +617,82 @@ int follow_up(struct path *path)
> return 1;
> }
>
> +/*
> + * Perform an automount
> + * - return -EXDEV to tell __follow_mount() to stop and return the path we were
> + * called with.
> + */
> +static int follow_automount(struct path *path, unsigned flags, int res)
> +{
> + struct vfsmount *mnt;
> +
> + if (!path->dentry->d_op || !path->dentry->d_op->d_automount)
> + return -EREMOTE;
> +
> + /* We want to mount if someone is trying to open/create a file of any
> + * type under the mountpoint, wants to traverse through the mountpoint
> + * or wants to open the mounted directory.
> + *
> + * We don't want to mount if someone's just doing a stat and they've
> + * set AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW - unless they're stat'ing a directory and
> + * appended a '/' to the name.
> + */
> + if (!(flags & LOOKUP_FOLLOW) &&
> + !(flags & (LOOKUP_CONTINUE | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY |
> + LOOKUP_OPEN | LOOKUP_CREATE)))
> + return -EXDEV;
> +
> + current->total_link_count++;
> + if (current->total_link_count >= 40)
> + return -ELOOP;
> +
> + mnt = path->dentry->d_op->d_automount(path);
> + if (IS_ERR(mnt))
> + return PTR_ERR(mnt);
> + if (!mnt) /* mount collision */
> + return 0;
> +
> + if (mnt->mnt_sb == path->mnt->mnt_sb &&
> + mnt->mnt_root == path->dentry) {
> + mntput(mnt);
> + return -ELOOP;
> + }
> +
> + dput(path->dentry);
> + if (res)
> + mntput(path->mnt);
> + path->mnt = mnt;
> + path->dentry = dget(mnt->mnt_root);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> /* no need for dcache_lock, as serialization is taken care in
> * namespace.c
> */
> -static int __follow_mount(struct path *path)
> +static int __follow_mount(struct path *path, unsigned flags)
> {
> - int res = 0;
> - while (d_mountpoint(path->dentry)) {
> - struct vfsmount *mounted = lookup_mnt(path);
> - if (!mounted)
> + struct vfsmount *mounted;
> + int ret, res = 0;
> + for (;;) {
> + while (d_mountpoint(path->dentry)) {
> + mounted = lookup_mnt(path);
> + if (!mounted)
> + break;
> + dput(path->dentry);
> + if (res)
> + mntput(path->mnt);
> + path->mnt = mounted;
> + path->dentry = dget(mounted->mnt_root);
> + res = 1;
> + }
> + if (!d_automount_point(path->dentry))
> break;
> - dput(path->dentry);
> - if (res)
> - mntput(path->mnt);
> - path->mnt = mounted;
> - path->dentry = dget(mounted->mnt_root);
> + ret = follow_automount(path, flags, res);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret == -EXDEV ? 0 : ret;
> res = 1;
> }
> - return res;
> + return 0;
> }
>
> static void follow_mount(struct path *path)
> @@ -702,6 +760,8 @@ static int do_lookup(struct nameidata *nd, struct qstr *name,
> struct vfsmount *mnt = nd->path.mnt;
> struct dentry *dentry, *parent;
> struct inode *dir;
> + int ret;
> +
> /*
> * See if the low-level filesystem might want
> * to use its own hash..
> @@ -720,8 +780,10 @@ static int do_lookup(struct nameidata *nd, struct qstr *name,
> done:
> path->mnt = mnt;
> path->dentry = dentry;
> - __follow_mount(path);
> - return 0;
> + ret = __follow_mount(path, nd->flags);
> + if (unlikely(ret < 0))
> + path_put_conditional(path, nd);
> + return ret;
>
> need_lookup:
> parent = nd->path.dentry;
> @@ -1721,11 +1783,9 @@ static struct file *do_last(struct nameidata *nd, struct path *path,
> if (open_flag & O_EXCL)
> goto exit_dput;
>
> - if (__follow_mount(path)) {
> - error = -ELOOP;
> - if (open_flag & O_NOFOLLOW)
> - goto exit_dput;
> - }
> + error = __follow_mount(path, nd->flags);
> + if (error < 0)
> + goto exit_dput;
>
> error = -ENOENT;
> if (!path->dentry->d_inode)
> diff --git a/include/linux/dcache.h b/include/linux/dcache.h
> index eebb617..5380bff 100644
> --- a/include/linux/dcache.h
> +++ b/include/linux/dcache.h
> @@ -139,6 +139,7 @@ struct dentry_operations {
> void (*d_release)(struct dentry *);
> void (*d_iput)(struct dentry *, struct inode *);
> char *(*d_dname)(struct dentry *, char *, int);
> + struct vfsmount *(*d_automount)(struct path *);
> };
>
> /* the dentry parameter passed to d_hash and d_compare is the parent
> @@ -157,6 +158,7 @@ d_compare: no yes yes no
> d_delete: no yes no no
> d_release: no no no yes
> d_iput: no no no yes
> +d_automount: no no no yes
> */
>
> /* d_flags entries */
> @@ -389,6 +391,9 @@ static inline int d_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry)
> return dentry->d_mounted;
> }
>
> +#define d_automount_point(dentry) \
> + (dentry->d_inode && IS_AUTOMOUNT(dentry->d_inode))
> +
> extern struct vfsmount *lookup_mnt(struct path *);
> extern struct dentry *lookup_create(struct nameidata *nd, int is_dir);
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
> index 68ca1b0..a83fc81 100644
> --- a/include/linux/fs.h
> +++ b/include/linux/fs.h
> @@ -235,6 +235,7 @@ struct inodes_stat_t {
> #define S_NOCMTIME 128 /* Do not update file c/mtime */
> #define S_SWAPFILE 256 /* Do not truncate: swapon got its bmaps */
> #define S_PRIVATE 512 /* Inode is fs-internal */
> +#define S_AUTOMOUNT 1024 /* Automount/referral quasi-directory */
>
> /*
> * Note that nosuid etc flags are inode-specific: setting some file-system
> @@ -269,6 +270,7 @@ struct inodes_stat_t {
> #define IS_NOCMTIME(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOCMTIME)
> #define IS_SWAPFILE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_SWAPFILE)
> #define IS_PRIVATE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_PRIVATE)
> +#define IS_AUTOMOUNT(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_AUTOMOUNT)
>
> /* the read-only stuff doesn't really belong here, but any other place is
> probably as bad and I don't want to create yet another include file. */




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