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Subject[PATCH -V2 04/16] richacl: In-memory representation and helper functions
Date
From: Andreas Gruenbacher <agruen@suse.de>

A richacl consists of an NFSv4 acl and an owner, group, and other mask.
These three masks correspond to the owner, group, and other file
permission bits, but they contain NFSv4 permissions instead of POSIX
permissions.

Each entry in the NFSv4 acl applies to the file owner (OWNER@), the
owning group (GROUP@), literally everyone (EVERYONE@), or to a specific
uid or gid.

As in the standard POSIX file permission model, each process is the
owner, group, or other file class. A richacl grants a requested access
only if the NFSv4 acl in the richacl grants the access (according to the
NFSv4 permission check algorithm), and the file mask that applies to the
process includes the requested permissions.

Signed-off-by: Andreas Gruenbacher <agruen@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
fs/Kconfig | 4 +
fs/Makefile | 3 +
fs/richacl_base.c | 109 +++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/richacl.h | 245 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 361 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 fs/richacl_base.c
create mode 100644 include/linux/richacl.h
diff --git a/fs/Kconfig b/fs/Kconfig
index 5f85b59..6e75235 100644
--- a/fs/Kconfig
+++ b/fs/Kconfig
@@ -39,6 +39,10 @@ config FS_POSIX_ACL
bool
default n

+config FS_RICHACL
+ bool
+ default n
+
source "fs/xfs/Kconfig"
source "fs/gfs2/Kconfig"
source "fs/ocfs2/Kconfig"
diff --git a/fs/Makefile b/fs/Makefile
index e6ec1d3..9ecd045 100644
--- a/fs/Makefile
+++ b/fs/Makefile
@@ -51,6 +51,9 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL) += posix_acl.o xattr_acl.o
obj-$(CONFIG_NFS_COMMON) += nfs_common/
obj-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_ACL) += generic_acl.o

+obj-$(CONFIG_FS_RICHACL) += richacl.o
+richacl-y := richacl_base.o
+
obj-y += quota/

obj-$(CONFIG_PROC_FS) += proc/
diff --git a/fs/richacl_base.c b/fs/richacl_base.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..99ed0ca
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fs/richacl_base.c
@@ -0,0 +1,109 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2006, 2010 Novell, Inc.
+ * Written by Andreas Gruenbacher <agruen@suse.de>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
+ * Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any
+ * later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/richacl.h>
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+
+/*
+ * Special e_who identifiers: ACEs which have ACE4_SPECIAL_WHO set in
+ * ace->e_flags use these constants in ace->u.e_who.
+ *
+ * For efficiency, we compare pointers instead of comparing strings.
+ */
+const char richace_owner_who[] = "OWNER@";
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(richace_owner_who);
+const char richace_group_who[] = "GROUP@";
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(richace_group_who);
+const char richace_everyone_who[] = "EVERYONE@";
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(richace_everyone_who);
+
+/**
+ * richacl_alloc - allocate a richacl
+ * @count: number of entries
+ */
+struct richacl *
+richacl_alloc(int count)
+{
+ size_t size = sizeof(struct richacl) + count * sizeof(struct richace);
+ struct richacl *acl = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
+
+ if (acl) {
+ atomic_set(&acl->a_refcount, 1);
+ acl->a_count = count;
+ }
+ return acl;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(richacl_alloc);
+
+/**
+ * richacl_clone - create a copy of a richacl
+ */
+static struct richacl *
+richacl_clone(const struct richacl *acl)
+{
+ int count = acl->a_count;
+ size_t size = sizeof(struct richacl) + count * sizeof(struct richace);
+ struct richacl *dup = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
+
+ if (dup) {
+ memcpy(dup, acl, size);
+ atomic_set(&dup->a_refcount, 1);
+ }
+ return dup;
+}
+
+/**
+ * richace_is_same_identifier - are both identifiers the same?
+ */
+int
+richace_is_same_identifier(const struct richace *a, const struct richace *b)
+{
+#define WHO_FLAGS (ACE4_SPECIAL_WHO | ACE4_IDENTIFIER_GROUP)
+ if ((a->e_flags & WHO_FLAGS) != (b->e_flags & WHO_FLAGS))
+ return 0;
+ if (a->e_flags & ACE4_SPECIAL_WHO)
+ return a->u.e_who == b->u.e_who;
+ else
+ return a->u.e_id == b->u.e_id;
+#undef WHO_FLAGS
+}
+
+/**
+ * richacl_set_who - set a special who value
+ * @ace: acl entry
+ * @who: who value to use
+ */
+int
+richace_set_who(struct richace *ace, const char *who)
+{
+ if (!strcmp(who, richace_owner_who))
+ who = richace_owner_who;
+ else if (!strcmp(who, richace_group_who))
+ who = richace_group_who;
+ else if (!strcmp(who, richace_everyone_who))
+ who = richace_everyone_who;
+ else
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ ace->u.e_who = who;
+ ace->e_flags |= ACE4_SPECIAL_WHO;
+ ace->e_flags &= ~ACE4_IDENTIFIER_GROUP;
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(richace_set_who);
diff --git a/include/linux/richacl.h b/include/linux/richacl.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..92cc8b5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/richacl.h
@@ -0,0 +1,245 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2006, 2010 Novell, Inc.
+ * Written by Andreas Gruenbacher <agruen@suse.de>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
+ * Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any
+ * later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __RICHACL_H
+#define __RICHACL_H
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+
+struct richace {
+ unsigned short e_type;
+ unsigned short e_flags;
+ unsigned int e_mask;
+ union {
+ unsigned int e_id;
+ const char *e_who;
+ } u;
+};
+
+struct richacl {
+ atomic_t a_refcount;
+ unsigned int a_owner_mask;
+ unsigned int a_group_mask;
+ unsigned int a_other_mask;
+ unsigned short a_count;
+ unsigned short a_flags;
+ struct richace a_entries[0];
+};
+
+#define richacl_for_each_entry(_ace, _acl) \
+ for (_ace = _acl->a_entries; \
+ _ace != _acl->a_entries + _acl->a_count; \
+ _ace++)
+
+#define richacl_for_each_entry_reverse(_ace, _acl) \
+ for (_ace = _acl->a_entries + _acl->a_count - 1; \
+ _ace != _acl->a_entries - 1; \
+ _ace--)
+
+/* e_type values */
+#define ACE4_ACCESS_ALLOWED_ACE_TYPE 0x0000
+#define ACE4_ACCESS_DENIED_ACE_TYPE 0x0001
+/*#define ACE4_SYSTEM_AUDIT_ACE_TYPE 0x0002*/
+/*#define ACE4_SYSTEM_ALARM_ACE_TYPE 0x0003*/
+
+/* e_flags bitflags */
+#define ACE4_FILE_INHERIT_ACE 0x0001
+#define ACE4_DIRECTORY_INHERIT_ACE 0x0002
+#define ACE4_NO_PROPAGATE_INHERIT_ACE 0x0004
+#define ACE4_INHERIT_ONLY_ACE 0x0008
+/*#define ACE4_SUCCESSFUL_ACCESS_ACE_FLAG 0x0010*/
+/*#define ACE4_FAILED_ACCESS_ACE_FLAG 0x0020*/
+#define ACE4_IDENTIFIER_GROUP 0x0040
+/* in-memory representation only */
+#define ACE4_SPECIAL_WHO 0x4000
+
+#define ACE4_VALID_FLAGS ( \
+ ACE4_FILE_INHERIT_ACE | \
+ ACE4_DIRECTORY_INHERIT_ACE | \
+ ACE4_NO_PROPAGATE_INHERIT_ACE | \
+ ACE4_INHERIT_ONLY_ACE | \
+ ACE4_IDENTIFIER_GROUP)
+
+/* e_mask bitflags */
+#define ACE4_READ_DATA 0x00000001
+#define ACE4_LIST_DIRECTORY 0x00000001
+#define ACE4_WRITE_DATA 0x00000002
+#define ACE4_ADD_FILE 0x00000002
+#define ACE4_APPEND_DATA 0x00000004
+#define ACE4_ADD_SUBDIRECTORY 0x00000004
+#define ACE4_READ_NAMED_ATTRS 0x00000008
+#define ACE4_WRITE_NAMED_ATTRS 0x00000010
+#define ACE4_EXECUTE 0x00000020
+#define ACE4_DELETE_CHILD 0x00000040
+#define ACE4_READ_ATTRIBUTES 0x00000080
+#define ACE4_WRITE_ATTRIBUTES 0x00000100
+#define ACE4_WRITE_RETENTION 0x00000200
+#define ACE4_WRITE_RETENTION_HOLD 0x00000400
+#define ACE4_DELETE 0x00010000
+#define ACE4_READ_ACL 0x00020000
+#define ACE4_WRITE_ACL 0x00040000
+#define ACE4_WRITE_OWNER 0x00080000
+#define ACE4_SYNCHRONIZE 0x00100000
+
+/* Valid ACE4_* flags for directories and non-directories */
+#define ACE4_VALID_MASK ( \
+ ACE4_READ_DATA | ACE4_LIST_DIRECTORY | \
+ ACE4_WRITE_DATA | ACE4_ADD_FILE | \
+ ACE4_APPEND_DATA | ACE4_ADD_SUBDIRECTORY | \
+ ACE4_READ_NAMED_ATTRS | \
+ ACE4_WRITE_NAMED_ATTRS | \
+ ACE4_EXECUTE | \
+ ACE4_DELETE_CHILD | \
+ ACE4_READ_ATTRIBUTES | \
+ ACE4_WRITE_ATTRIBUTES | \
+ ACE4_WRITE_RETENTION | \
+ ACE4_WRITE_RETENTION_HOLD | \
+ ACE4_DELETE | \
+ ACE4_READ_ACL | \
+ ACE4_WRITE_ACL | \
+ ACE4_WRITE_OWNER | \
+ ACE4_SYNCHRONIZE)
+
+/* These permissions are always allowed no matter what the acl says. */
+#define ACE4_POSIX_ALWAYS_ALLOWED ( \
+ ACE4_SYNCHRONIZE | \
+ ACE4_READ_ATTRIBUTES | \
+ ACE4_READ_ACL)
+
+/**
+ * richacl_get - grab another reference to a richacl handle
+ */
+static inline struct richacl *
+richacl_get(struct richacl *acl)
+{
+ if (acl)
+ atomic_inc(&acl->a_refcount);
+ return acl;
+}
+
+/**
+ * richacl_put - free a richacl handle
+ */
+static inline void
+richacl_put(struct richacl *acl)
+{
+ if (acl && atomic_dec_and_test(&acl->a_refcount))
+ kfree(acl);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Special e_who identifiers: we use these pointer values in comparisons
+ * instead of doing a strcmp.
+ */
+extern const char richace_owner_who[];
+extern const char richace_group_who[];
+extern const char richace_everyone_who[];
+
+/**
+ * richace_is_owner - check if @ace is an OWNER@ entry
+ */
+static inline int
+richace_is_owner(const struct richace *ace)
+{
+ return (ace->e_flags & ACE4_SPECIAL_WHO) &&
+ ace->u.e_who == richace_owner_who;
+}
+
+/**
+ * richace_is_group - check if @ace is a GROUP@ entry
+ */
+static inline int
+richace_is_group(const struct richace *ace)
+{
+ return (ace->e_flags & ACE4_SPECIAL_WHO) &&
+ ace->u.e_who == richace_group_who;
+}
+
+/**
+ * richace_is_everyone - check if @ace is an EVERYONE@ entry
+ */
+static inline int
+richace_is_everyone(const struct richace *ace)
+{
+ return (ace->e_flags & ACE4_SPECIAL_WHO) &&
+ ace->u.e_who == richace_everyone_who;
+}
+
+/**
+ * richace_is_unix_id - check if @ace applies to a specific uid or gid
+ */
+static inline int
+richace_is_unix_id(const struct richace *ace)
+{
+ return !(ace->e_flags & ACE4_SPECIAL_WHO);
+}
+
+/**
+ * richace_is_inherit_only - check if @ace is for inheritance only
+ *
+ * ACEs with the %ACE4_INHERIT_ONLY_ACE flag set have no effect during
+ * permission checking.
+ */
+static inline int
+richace_is_inherit_only(const struct richace *ace)
+{
+ return ace->e_flags & ACE4_INHERIT_ONLY_ACE;
+}
+
+/**
+ * richace_is_inheritable - check if @ace is inheritable
+ */
+static inline int
+richace_is_inheritable(const struct richace *ace)
+{
+ return ace->e_flags & (ACE4_FILE_INHERIT_ACE |
+ ACE4_DIRECTORY_INHERIT_ACE);
+}
+
+/**
+ * richace_clear_inheritance_flags - clear all inheritance flags in @ace
+ */
+static inline void
+richace_clear_inheritance_flags(struct richace *ace)
+{
+ ace->e_flags &= ~(ACE4_FILE_INHERIT_ACE |
+ ACE4_DIRECTORY_INHERIT_ACE |
+ ACE4_NO_PROPAGATE_INHERIT_ACE |
+ ACE4_INHERIT_ONLY_ACE);
+}
+
+/**
+ * richace_is_allow - check if @ace is an %ALLOW type entry
+ */
+static inline int
+richace_is_allow(const struct richace *ace)
+{
+ return ace->e_type == ACE4_ACCESS_ALLOWED_ACE_TYPE;
+}
+
+/**
+ * richace_is_deny - check if @ace is a %DENY type entry
+ */
+static inline int
+richace_is_deny(const struct richace *ace)
+{
+ return ace->e_type == ACE4_ACCESS_DENIED_ACE_TYPE;
+}
+
+extern struct richacl *richacl_alloc(int);
+extern int richace_is_same_identifier(const struct richace *,
+ const struct richace *);
+extern int richace_set_who(struct richace *, const char *);
+
+#endif /* __RICHACL_H */
--
1.7.2.rc1


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