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    SubjectRe: [PATCH 02/18] xstat: Add a pair of system calls to make extended file stats available [ver #6]
    David Howells wrote:
    > With a 2:2 split between exponent
    > (tv_gran_units) and mantissa (tv_granularity), you can do:
    >
    > UNIT SECONDS/UNIT EXPONENT MANTISSA
    > nanoseconds 0.000000001 -9 1
    > microseconds 0.000001 -6 1
    > millseconds 0.001 -3 1
    > seconds 1 0 1
    > minutes 60 1 6
    > hours 3600 2 36
    > days 86400 2 864
    > weeks 604800 2 6048

    At least for the in-tree filesystems, I do not see any that keep
    timestamps with a granularity larger than 2s. For that, a simple
    32-bit tv_granularity in nanoseconds (not limited to 1e9) would
    suffice, and there is no need for the complexity of dealing with
    a separate exponent.

    If there is a need to handle larger granularity, its msb could
    potentially be used to indicate that the number is in seconds
    instead of nanoseconds. This is convenient because the timestamp
    is already broken down into sec and nsec fields. So this bit would
    then indicate that the granularity applies to the tv_sec field, and
    that tv_nsec is not in use. But even this is overkill if no one
    uses a granularity larger than 2s.

    - Mark


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