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SubjectRe: [patch 01/52] kernel: add bl_list
On Thu, Jun 24, 2010 at 01:02:13PM +1000, npiggin@suse.de wrote:
> Introduce a type of hlist that can support the use of the lowest bit in the
> hlist_head. This will be subsequently used to implement per-bucket bit spinlock
> for inode and dentry hashes.
>
> Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>

Looks good! One question on non-RCU pointer poisoning and a typo.
When these are addressed (perhaps by showing me the error of my ways):

Reviewed-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

> ---
> include/linux/list_bl.h | 99 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/rculist_bl.h | 120 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 2 files changed, 219 insertions(+)
>
> Index: linux-2.6/include/linux/list_bl.h
> ===================================================================
> --- /dev/null
> +++ linux-2.6/include/linux/list_bl.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,99 @@
> +#ifndef _LINUX_LIST_BL_H
> +#define _LINUX_LIST_BL_H
> +
> +#include <linux/list.h>
> +
> +/*
> + * Special version of lists, where head of the list has a bit spinlock
> + * in the lowest bit. This is useful for scalable hash tables without
> + * increasing memory footprint overhead.
> + */
> +
> +struct hlist_bl_head {
> + struct hlist_bl_node *first;
> +};
> +
> +struct hlist_bl_node {
> + struct hlist_bl_node *next, **pprev;
> +};
> +#define INIT_HLIST_BL_HEAD(ptr) \
> + ((ptr)->first = NULL)
> +
> +static inline void INIT_HLIST_BL_NODE(struct hlist_bl_node *h)
> +{
> + h->next = NULL;
> + h->pprev = NULL;
> +}
> +
> +#define hlist_bl_entry(ptr, type, member) container_of(ptr,type,member)
> +
> +static inline int hlist_bl_unhashed(const struct hlist_bl_node *h)
> +{
> + return !h->pprev;
> +}
> +
> +static inline struct hlist_bl_node *hlist_bl_first(struct hlist_bl_head *h)
> +{
> + return (struct hlist_bl_node *)((unsigned long)h->first & ~1UL);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void hlist_bl_set_first(struct hlist_bl_head *h, struct hlist_bl_node *n)
> +{
> + h->first = (struct hlist_bl_node *)((unsigned long)n | ((unsigned long)h->first & 1UL));
> +}
> +
> +static inline int hlist_bl_empty(const struct hlist_bl_head *h)
> +{
> + return !((unsigned long)h->first & ~1UL);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void hlist_bl_add_head(struct hlist_bl_node *n,
> + struct hlist_bl_head *h)
> +{
> + struct hlist_bl_node *first = hlist_bl_first(h);
> +
> + n->next = first;
> + if (first)
> + first->pprev = &n->next;
> + n->pprev = &h->first;
> + hlist_bl_set_first(h, n);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void __hlist_bl_del(struct hlist_bl_node *n)
> +{
> + struct hlist_bl_node *next = n->next;
> + struct hlist_bl_node **pprev = n->pprev;
> + *pprev = (struct hlist_bl_node *)((unsigned long)next | ((unsigned long)*pprev & 1UL));
> + if (next)
> + next->pprev = pprev;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void hlist_bl_del(struct hlist_bl_node *n)
> +{
> + __hlist_bl_del(n);
> + n->pprev = LIST_POISON2;

OK, I'll bite... Why don't we poison the ->next pointer?

> +}
> +
> +static inline void hlist_bl_del_init(struct hlist_bl_node *n)
> +{
> + if (!hlist_bl_unhashed(n)) {
> + __hlist_bl_del(n);
> + INIT_HLIST_BL_NODE(n);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * hlist_bl_for_each_entry - iterate over list of given type
> + * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor.
> + * @pos: the &struct hlist_node to use as a loop cursor.
> + * @head: the head for your list.
> + * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct.
> + *
> + */
> +#define hlist_bl_for_each_entry(tpos, pos, head, member) \
> + for (pos = hlist_bl_first(head); \
> + pos && \
> + ({ tpos = hlist_bl_entry(pos, typeof(*tpos), member); 1;}); \
> + pos = pos->next)
> +
> +#endif
> Index: linux-2.6/include/linux/rculist_bl.h
> ===================================================================
> --- /dev/null
> +++ linux-2.6/include/linux/rculist_bl.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,120 @@
> +#ifndef _LINUX_RCULIST_BL_H
> +#define _LINUX_RCULIST_BL_H
> +
> +#ifdef __KERNEL__
> +
> +/*
> + * RCU-protected list version
> + */
> +#include <linux/list_bl.h>
> +#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
> +
> +static inline void hlist_bl_set_first_rcu(struct hlist_bl_head *h, struct hlist_bl_node *n)
> +{
> + rcu_assign_pointer(h->first, (struct hlist_bl_node *)((unsigned long)n | ((unsigned long)h->first & 1UL)));
> +}
> +
> +static inline struct hlist_bl_node *hlist_bl_first_rcu(struct hlist_bl_head *h)
> +{
> + return (struct hlist_bl_node *)((unsigned long)rcu_dereference(h->first) & ~1UL);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * hlist_bl_del_init_rcu - deletes entry from hash list with re-initialization
> + * @n: the element to delete from the hash list.
> + *
> + * Note: hlist_bl_unhashed() on the node return true after this. It is
returns

> + * useful for RCU based read lockfree traversal if the writer side
> + * must know if the list entry is still hashed or already unhashed.
> + *
> + * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward pointers
> + * that may still be used for walking the hash list and we can only
> + * zero the pprev pointer so list_unhashed() will return true after
> + * this.
> + *
> + * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary (such as
> + * holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing with another
> + * list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_bl_add_head_rcu() or
> + * hlist_bl_del_rcu(), running on this same list. However, it is
> + * perfectly legal to run concurrently with the _rcu list-traversal
> + * primitives, such as hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu().
> + */
> +static inline void hlist_bl_del_init_rcu(struct hlist_bl_node *n)
> +{
> + if (!hlist_bl_unhashed(n)) {
> + __hlist_bl_del(n);
> + n->pprev = NULL;
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * hlist_bl_del_rcu - deletes entry from hash list without re-initialization
> + * @n: the element to delete from the hash list.
> + *
> + * Note: hlist_bl_unhashed() on entry does not return true after this,
> + * the entry is in an undefined state. It is useful for RCU based
> + * lockfree traversal.
> + *
> + * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward
> + * pointers that may still be used for walking the hash list.
> + *
> + * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary
> + * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing
> + * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_bl_add_head_rcu()
> + * or hlist_bl_del_rcu(), running on this same list.
> + * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with
> + * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as
> + * hlist_bl_for_each_entry().
> + */
> +static inline void hlist_bl_del_rcu(struct hlist_bl_node *n)
> +{
> + __hlist_bl_del(n);
> + n->pprev = LIST_POISON2;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * hlist_bl_add_head_rcu
> + * @n: the element to add to the hash list.
> + * @h: the list to add to.
> + *
> + * Description:
> + * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist_bl,
> + * while permitting racing traversals.
> + *
> + * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary
> + * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing
> + * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_bl_add_head_rcu()
> + * or hlist_bl_del_rcu(), running on this same list.
> + * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with
> + * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as
> + * hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency
> + * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the
> + * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock().
> + */
> +static inline void hlist_bl_add_head_rcu(struct hlist_bl_node *n,
> + struct hlist_bl_head *h)
> +{
> + struct hlist_bl_node *first = hlist_bl_first(h);
> +
> + n->next = first;
> + if (first)
> + first->pprev = &n->next;
> + n->pprev = &h->first;
> + hlist_bl_set_first_rcu(h, n);
> +}
> +/**
> + * hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type
> + * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor.
> + * @pos: the &struct hlist_bl_node to use as a loop cursor.
> + * @head: the head for your list.
> + * @member: the name of the hlist_bl_node within the struct.
> + *
> + */
> +#define hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu(tpos, pos, head, member) \
> + for (pos = hlist_bl_first_rcu(head); \
> + pos && \
> + ({ tpos = hlist_bl_entry(pos, typeof(*tpos), member); 1; }); \
> + pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next))
> +
> +#endif
> +#endif
>
>
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