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Subject[RFC 2/5] NMI return notifier
Date
Many kernel services can not be used in NMI handler. So NMI handler
needs a mechanism to do these operations in other contexts such as IRQ
and process.

This patch implements such a mechanism based on soft_irq in a similar
way as user return notifier. A new soft_irq named
NMI_RETURN_NOTIFIER_SOFTIRQ is defined and a lock-less single link
list is used to hold functions which will be called in the soft_irq
after NMI handler returned.

Signed-off-by: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
---
include/linux/interrupt.h | 1
include/linux/nmi.h | 11 +++++
kernel/Makefile | 2 -
kernel/nmi.c | 86 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
kernel/softirq.c | 2 +
5 files changed, 101 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
create mode 100644 kernel/nmi.c
--- a/include/linux/interrupt.h
+++ b/include/linux/interrupt.h
@@ -374,6 +374,7 @@ enum
TASKLET_SOFTIRQ,
SCHED_SOFTIRQ,
HRTIMER_SOFTIRQ,
+ NMI_RETURN_NOTIFIER_SOFTIRQ,
RCU_SOFTIRQ, /* Preferable RCU should always be the last softirq */

NR_SOFTIRQS
--- a/include/linux/nmi.h
+++ b/include/linux/nmi.h
@@ -47,4 +47,15 @@ static inline bool trigger_all_cpu_backt
}
#endif

+struct nmi_return_notifier {
+ void (*on_nmi_return)(struct nmi_return_notifier *nrn);
+ void *data;
+ struct nmi_return_notifier *next;
+};
+
+void nmi_return_notifier_schedule(struct nmi_return_notifier *nrn);
+void fire_nmi_return_notifiers(void);
+struct softirq_action;
+void nmi_return_notifier_action(struct softirq_action *a);
+
#endif
--- a/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/Makefile
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@ obj-y = sched.o fork.o exec_domain.o
kthread.o wait.o kfifo.o sys_ni.o posix-cpu-timers.o mutex.o \
hrtimer.o rwsem.o nsproxy.o srcu.o semaphore.o \
notifier.o ksysfs.o pm_qos_params.o sched_clock.o cred.o \
- async.o range.o
+ async.o range.o nmi.o
obj-$(CONFIG_HAVE_EARLY_RES) += early_res.o
obj-y += groups.o

--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/nmi.c
@@ -0,0 +1,86 @@
+/*
+ * nmi.c
+ *
+ * Copyright 2010 Intel Corp.
+ * Author: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/nmi.h>
+#include <linux/percpu.h>
+
+#define NMI_RETURN_NOTIFIER_TAIL ((struct nmi_return_notifier *)-1UL)
+
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct nmi_return_notifier *, nmi_return_notifier_head) =
+ NMI_RETURN_NOTIFIER_TAIL;
+
+/*
+ * Some architectures can used this function to trigger soft_irq, for
+ * example via self interrupt.
+ */
+void __weak arch_nmi_return_notifier_schedule(struct nmi_return_notifier *nrn)
+{
+}
+
+/*
+ * Schedule a notification after current CPU returns from NMI handler.
+ * Must be called in atomic context. The notifier will be called in
+ * IRQ or soft_irq context.
+ *
+ * This function is based on perf_pending_queue().
+ */
+void nmi_return_notifier_schedule(struct nmi_return_notifier *nrn)
+{
+ struct nmi_return_notifier **head;
+
+ if (cmpxchg(&nrn->next, NULL, NMI_RETURN_NOTIFIER_TAIL) != NULL)
+ return;
+
+ head = &get_cpu_var(nmi_return_notifier_head);
+
+ do {
+ nrn->next = *head;
+ } while (cmpxchg(head, nrn->next, nrn) != nrn->next);
+
+ raise_softirq_preempt_off(NMI_RETURN_NOTIFIER_SOFTIRQ);
+
+ arch_nmi_return_notifier_schedule(nrn);
+
+ put_cpu_var(nmi_return_notifier_head);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nmi_return_notifier_schedule);
+
+void fire_nmi_return_notifiers(void)
+{
+ struct nmi_return_notifier *nrn, *list;
+
+ list = xchg(&__get_cpu_var(nmi_return_notifier_head),
+ NMI_RETURN_NOTIFIER_TAIL);
+ while (list != NMI_RETURN_NOTIFIER_TAIL) {
+ nrn = list;
+ list = list->next;
+ nrn->next = NULL;
+ nrn->on_nmi_return(nrn);
+ }
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fire_nmi_return_notifiers);
+
+void nmi_return_notifier_action(struct softirq_action *a)
+{
+ fire_nmi_return_notifiers();
+}
--- a/kernel/softirq.c
+++ b/kernel/softirq.c
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@
#include <linux/ftrace.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/tick.h>
+#include <linux/nmi.h>

#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/irq.h>
@@ -687,6 +688,7 @@ void __init softirq_init(void)

open_softirq(TASKLET_SOFTIRQ, tasklet_action);
open_softirq(HI_SOFTIRQ, tasklet_hi_action);
+ open_softirq(NMI_RETURN_NOTIFIER_SOFTIRQ, nmi_return_notifier_action);
}

static int run_ksoftirqd(void * __bind_cpu)

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