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SubjectPATCH: Fix up memrar to the new RAR API
memrar: rework to match the RAR API changes

From: Alan Cox <alan@linux.intel.com>

Fix various unload related bugs
Use the per RAR allocator/deallocator
Add kerneldoc

Signed-off-by: Alan Cox <alan@linux.intel.com>
---

drivers/staging/memrar/memrar_handler.c | 469 +++++++++++++++++--------------
1 files changed, 264 insertions(+), 205 deletions(-)


diff --git a/drivers/staging/memrar/memrar_handler.c b/drivers/staging/memrar/memrar_handler.c
index 4bbf66f..281d8d7 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/memrar/memrar_handler.c
+++ b/drivers/staging/memrar/memrar_handler.c
@@ -114,6 +114,7 @@ struct memrar_rar_info {
struct memrar_allocator *allocator;
struct memrar_buffer_info buffers;
struct mutex lock;
+ int allocated; /* True if we own this RAR */
};

/*
@@ -150,11 +151,13 @@ static struct memrar_rar_info *memrar_get_rar_info(u32 vaddr)
return NULL;
}

-/*
- * Retrieve bus address from given handle.
+/**
+ * memrar_get_bus address - handle to bus address
+ *
+ * Retrieve bus address from given handle.
*
- * Returns address corresponding to given handle. Zero if handle is
- * invalid.
+ * Returns address corresponding to given handle. Zero if handle is
+ * invalid.
*/
static dma_addr_t memrar_get_bus_address(
struct memrar_rar_info *rar,
@@ -176,11 +179,13 @@ static dma_addr_t memrar_get_bus_address(
return rar->base + (vaddr - iobase);
}

-/*
- * Retrieve physical address from given handle.
+/**
+ * memrar_get_physical_address - handle to physical address
+ *
+ * Retrieve physical address from given handle.
*
- * Returns address corresponding to given handle. Zero if handle is
- * invalid.
+ * Returns address corresponding to given handle. Zero if handle is
+ * invalid.
*/
static dma_addr_t memrar_get_physical_address(
struct memrar_rar_info *rar,
@@ -195,11 +200,15 @@ static dma_addr_t memrar_get_physical_address(
return memrar_get_bus_address(rar, vaddr);
}

-/*
- * Core block release code.
+/**
+ * memrar_release_block - release a block to the pool
+ * @kref: kref of block
+ *
+ * Core block release code. A node has hit zero references so can
+ * be released and the lists must be updated.
*
- * Note: This code removes the node from a list. Make sure any list
- * iteration is performed using list_for_each_safe().
+ * Note: This code removes the node from a list. Make sure any list
+ * iteration is performed using list_for_each_safe().
*/
static void memrar_release_block_i(struct kref *ref)
{
@@ -224,10 +233,15 @@ static void memrar_release_block_i(struct kref *ref)
kfree(node);
}

-/*
- * Initialize RAR parameters, such as bus addresses, etc.
+/**
+ * memrar_init_rar_resources - configure a RAR
+ * @rarnum: rar that has been allocated
+ * @devname: name of our device
+ *
+ * Initialize RAR parameters, such as bus addresses, etc and make
+ * the resource accessible.
*/
-static int memrar_init_rar_resources(char const *devname)
+static int memrar_init_rar_resources(int rarnum, char const *devname)
{
/* ---- Sanity Checks ----
* 1. RAR bus addresses in both Lincroft and Langwell RAR
@@ -258,162 +272,95 @@ static int memrar_init_rar_resources(char const *devname)
*/
static size_t const RAR_BLOCK_SIZE = PAGE_SIZE;

- int z;
- int found_rar = 0;
+ dma_addr_t low, high;
+ struct memrar_rar_info * const rar = &memrars[rarnum];

BUG_ON(MRST_NUM_RAR != ARRAY_SIZE(memrars));
+ BUG_ON(!memrar_is_valid_rar_type(rarnum));
+ BUG_ON(rar->allocated);

- for (z = 0; z != MRST_NUM_RAR; ++z) {
- dma_addr_t low, high;
- struct memrar_rar_info * const rar = &memrars[z];
-
- BUG_ON(!memrar_is_valid_rar_type(z));
-
- mutex_init(&rar->lock);
-
- /*
- * Initialize the process table before we reach any
- * code that exit on failure since the finalization
- * code requires an initialized list.
- */
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rar->buffers.list);
-
- if (rar_get_address(z, &low, &high) != 0) {
- /* No RAR is available. */
- break;
- } else if (low == 0 || high == 0) {
- /*
- * We don't immediately break out of the loop
- * since the next type of RAR may be enabled.
- */
- rar->base = 0;
- rar->length = 0;
- rar->iobase = NULL;
- rar->allocator = NULL;
- continue;
- }
-
- /*
- * @todo Verify that LNC and LNW RAR register contents
- * addresses, security, etc are compatible and
- * consistent).
- */
-
- rar->length = high - low + 1;
-
- /* Claim RAR memory as our own. */
- if (request_mem_region(low, rar->length, devname) == NULL) {
- rar->length = 0;
-
- pr_err("%s: Unable to claim RAR[%d] memory.\n",
- devname,
- z);
- pr_err("%s: RAR[%d] disabled.\n", devname, z);
-
- /*
- * Rather than break out of the loop by
- * returning -EBUSY, for example, we may be
- * able to claim memory of the next RAR region
- * as our own.
- */
- continue;
- }
-
- rar->base = low;
-
- /*
- * Now map it into the kernel address space.
- *
- * Note that the RAR memory may only be accessed by IA
- * when debugging. Otherwise attempts to access the
- * RAR memory when it is locked down will result in
- * behavior similar to writing to /dev/null and
- * reading from /dev/zero. This behavior is enforced
- * by the hardware. Even if we don't access the
- * memory, mapping it into the kernel provides us with
- * a convenient RAR handle to bus address mapping.
- */
- rar->iobase = ioremap_nocache(rar->base, rar->length);
- if (rar->iobase == NULL) {
- pr_err("%s: Unable to map RAR memory.\n",
- devname);
- return -ENOMEM;
- }
-
- /* Initialize corresponding memory allocator. */
- rar->allocator = memrar_create_allocator(
- (unsigned long) rar->iobase,
- rar->length,
- RAR_BLOCK_SIZE);
- if (rar->allocator == NULL)
- return -1;
+ mutex_init(&rar->lock);

- /*
- * -------------------------------------------------
- * Make sure all RARs handled by us are locked down.
- * -------------------------------------------------
- */
+ /*
+ * Initialize the process table before we reach any
+ * code that exit on failure since the finalization
+ * code requires an initialized list.
+ */
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rar->buffers.list);

- /* Enable RAR protection on the Lincroft side. */
- if (0) {
- /*
- * This is mostly a sanity check since the
- * vendor should have locked down RAR in the
- * SMIP header RAR configuration.
- */
- rar_lock(z);
- } else {
- pr_warning("%s: LNC RAR[%d] no lock sanity check.\n",
- devname,
- z);
- }
+ if (rar_get_address(rarnum, &low, &high) != 0)
+ /* No RAR is available. */
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ if (low == 0 || high == 0) {
+ rar->base = 0;
+ rar->length = 0;
+ rar->iobase = NULL;
+ rar->allocator = NULL;
+ return -ENOSPC;
+ }

- /* ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ */
- /* |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| */
+ /*
+ * @todo Verify that LNC and LNW RAR register contents
+ * addresses, security, etc are compatible and
+ * consistent).
+ */

- /*
- * It would be nice if we could verify that RAR
- * protection on the Langwell side is enabled, but
- * there is no way to do that from here. The
- * necessary Langwell RAR registers are not accessible
- * from the Lincroft (IA) side.
- *
- * Hopefully the ODM did the right thing and enabled
- * Langwell side RAR protection in the integrated
- * firmware SMIP header.
- */
+ rar->length = high - low + 1;

- pr_info("%s: BRAR[%d] bus address range = "
- "[0x%lx, 0x%lx]\n",
- devname,
- z,
- (unsigned long) low,
- (unsigned long) high);
+ /* Claim RAR memory as our own. */
+ if (request_mem_region(low, rar->length, devname) == NULL) {
+ rar->length = 0;
+ pr_err("%s: Unable to claim RAR[%d] memory.\n", devname, rarnum);
+ pr_err("%s: RAR[%d] disabled.\n", devname, rarnum);
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }

- pr_info("%s: BRAR[%d] size = %u KiB\n",
- devname,
- z,
- rar->allocator->capacity / 1024);
+ rar->base = low;

- found_rar = 1;
+ /*
+ * Now map it into the kernel address space.
+ *
+ * Note that the RAR memory may only be accessed by IA
+ * when debugging. Otherwise attempts to access the
+ * RAR memory when it is locked down will result in
+ * behavior similar to writing to /dev/null and
+ * reading from /dev/zero. This behavior is enforced
+ * by the hardware. Even if we don't access the
+ * memory, mapping it into the kernel provides us with
+ * a convenient RAR handle to bus address mapping.
+ */
+ rar->iobase = ioremap_nocache(rar->base, rar->length);
+ if (rar->iobase == NULL) {
+ pr_err("%s: Unable to map RAR memory.\n", devname);
+ release_mem_region(low, rar->length);
+ return -ENOMEM;
}

- if (!found_rar) {
- /*
- * No RAR support. Don't bother continuing.
- *
- * Note that this is not a failure.
- */
- pr_info("%s: No Moorestown RAR support available.\n",
- devname);
- return -ENODEV;
+ /* Initialize corresponding memory allocator. */
+ rar->allocator = memrar_create_allocator((unsigned long) rar->iobase,
+ rar->length, RAR_BLOCK_SIZE);
+ if (rar->allocator == NULL) {
+ iounmap(rar->iobase);
+ release_mem_region(low, rar->length);
+ return -ENOMEM;
}

+ pr_info("%s: BRAR[%d] bus address range = [0x%lx, 0x%lx]\n",
+ devname, rarnum, (unsigned long) low, (unsigned long) high);
+
+ pr_info("%s: BRAR[%d] size = %u KiB\n",
+ devname, rarnum, rar->allocator->capacity / 1024);
+
+ rar->allocated = 1;
return 0;
}

-/*
- * Finalize RAR resources.
+/**
+ * memrar_fini_rar_resources - free up RAR resources
+ *
+ * Finalize RAR resources. Free up the resource tables, hand the memory
+ * back to the kernel, unmap the device and release the address space.
*/
static void memrar_fini_rar_resources(void)
{
@@ -429,6 +376,9 @@ static void memrar_fini_rar_resources(void)
for (z = MRST_NUM_RAR; z-- != 0; ) {
struct memrar_rar_info * const rar = &memrars[z];

+ if (!rar->allocated)
+ continue;
+
/* Clean up remaining resources. */

list_for_each_entry_safe(pos,
@@ -442,15 +392,25 @@ static void memrar_fini_rar_resources(void)
rar->allocator = NULL;

iounmap(rar->iobase);
- rar->iobase = NULL;
-
release_mem_region(rar->base, rar->length);
- rar->base = 0;

+ rar->iobase = NULL;
+ rar->base = 0;
rar->length = 0;
+
+ unregister_rar(z);
}
}

+/**
+ * memrar_reserve_block - handle an allocation request
+ * @request: block being requested
+ * @filp: owner it is tied to
+ *
+ * Allocate a block of the requested RAR. If successful return the
+ * request object filled in and zero, if not report an error code
+ */
+
static long memrar_reserve_block(struct RAR_buffer *request,
struct file *filp)
{
@@ -465,6 +425,8 @@ static long memrar_reserve_block(struct RAR_buffer *request,
return -EINVAL;

rar = &memrars[rinfo->type];
+ if (!rar->allocated)
+ return -ENODEV;

/* Reserve memory in RAR. */
handle = memrar_allocator_alloc(rar->allocator, rinfo->size);
@@ -504,6 +466,14 @@ static long memrar_reserve_block(struct RAR_buffer *request,
return 0;
}

+/**
+ * memrar_release_block - release a RAR block
+ * @addr: address in RAR space
+ *
+ * Release a previously allocated block. Releases act on complete
+ * blocks, partially freeing a block is not supported
+ */
+
static long memrar_release_block(u32 addr)
{
struct memrar_buffer_info *pos;
@@ -512,7 +482,7 @@ static long memrar_release_block(u32 addr)
long result = -EINVAL;

if (rar == NULL)
- return -EFAULT;
+ return -ENOENT;

mutex_lock(&rar->lock);

@@ -550,34 +520,48 @@ static long memrar_release_block(u32 addr)
return result;
}

+/**
+ * memrar_get_stats - read statistics for a RAR
+ * @r: statistics to be filled in
+ *
+ * Returns the statistics data for the RAR, or an error code if
+ * the request cannot be completed
+ */
static long memrar_get_stat(struct RAR_stat *r)
{
- long result = -EINVAL;
-
- if (likely(r != NULL) && memrar_is_valid_rar_type(r->type)) {
- struct memrar_allocator * const allocator =
- memrars[r->type].allocator;
-
- BUG_ON(allocator == NULL);
+ struct memrar_allocator *allocator;

- /*
- * Allocator capacity doesn't change over time. No
- * need to synchronize.
- */
- r->capacity = allocator->capacity;
+ if (!memrar_is_valid_rar_type(r->type))
+ return -EINVAL;

- mutex_lock(&allocator->lock);
+ if (!memrars[r->type].allocated)
+ return -ENODEV;

- r->largest_block_size = allocator->largest_free_area;
+ allocator = memrars[r->type].allocator;

- mutex_unlock(&allocator->lock);
+ BUG_ON(allocator == NULL);

- result = 0;
- }
+ /*
+ * Allocator capacity doesn't change over time. No
+ * need to synchronize.
+ */
+ r->capacity = allocator->capacity;

- return result;
+ mutex_lock(&allocator->lock);
+ r->largest_block_size = allocator->largest_free_area;
+ mutex_unlock(&allocator->lock);
+ return 0;
}

+/**
+ * memrar_ioctl - ioctl callback
+ * @filp: file issuing the request
+ * @cmd: command
+ * @arg: pointer to control information
+ *
+ * Perform one of the ioctls supported by the memrar device
+ */
+
static long memrar_ioctl(struct file *filp,
unsigned int cmd,
unsigned long arg)
@@ -640,6 +624,15 @@ static long memrar_ioctl(struct file *filp,
return 0;
}

+/**
+ * memrar_mmap - mmap helper for deubgging
+ * @filp: handle doing the mapping
+ * @vma: memory area
+ *
+ * Support the mmap operation on the RAR space for debugging systems
+ * when the memory is not locked down.
+ */
+
static int memrar_mmap(struct file *filp, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
/*
@@ -660,9 +653,12 @@ static int memrar_mmap(struct file *filp, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
unsigned long const handle = vma->vm_pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT;

struct memrar_rar_info * const rar = memrar_get_rar_info(handle);
-
unsigned long pfn;

+ /* Only allow priviledged apps to go poking around this way */
+ if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO))
+ return -EPERM;
+
/* Invalid RAR handle or size passed to mmap(). */
if (rar == NULL
|| handle == 0
@@ -698,13 +694,32 @@ static int memrar_mmap(struct file *filp, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
return 0;
}

+/**
+ * memrar_open - device open method
+ * @inode: inode to open
+ * @filp: file handle
+ *
+ * As we support multiple arbitary opens there is no work to be done
+ * really.
+ */
+
static int memrar_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
- /* Nothing to do yet. */
-
+ nonseekable_open(inode, filp);
return 0;
}

+/**
+ * memrar_release - close method for miscev
+ * @inode: inode of device
+ * @filp: handle that is going away
+ *
+ * Free up all the regions that belong to this file handle. We use
+ * the handle as a natural Linux style 'lifetime' indicator and to
+ * ensure resources are not leaked when their owner explodes in an
+ * unplanned fashion.
+ */
+
static int memrar_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
/* Free all regions associated with the given file handle. */
@@ -733,9 +748,15 @@ static int memrar_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
return 0;
}

-/*
- * This function is part of the kernel space memrar driver API.
+/**
+ * rar_reserve - reserve RAR memory
+ * @buffers: buffers to reserve
+ * @count: number wanted
+ *
+ * Reserve a series of buffers in the RAR space. Returns the number of
+ * buffers successfully allocated
*/
+
size_t rar_reserve(struct RAR_buffer *buffers, size_t count)
{
struct RAR_buffer * const end =
@@ -755,9 +776,14 @@ size_t rar_reserve(struct RAR_buffer *buffers, size_t count)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(rar_reserve);

-/*
- * This function is part of the kernel space memrar driver API.
+/**
+ * rar_release - return RAR buffers
+ * @buffers: buffers to release
+ * @size: size of released block
+ *
+ * Return a set of buffers to the RAR pool
*/
+
size_t rar_release(struct RAR_buffer *buffers, size_t count)
{
struct RAR_buffer * const end =
@@ -786,9 +812,16 @@ size_t rar_release(struct RAR_buffer *buffers, size_t count)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(rar_release);

-/*
- * This function is part of the kernel space driver API.
+/**
+ * rar_handle_to_bus - RAR to bus address
+ * @buffers: RAR buffer structure
+ * @count: number of buffers to convert
+ *
+ * Turn a list of RAR handle mappings into actual bus addresses. Note
+ * that when the device is locked down the bus addresses in question
+ * are not CPU accessible.
*/
+
size_t rar_handle_to_bus(struct RAR_buffer *buffers, size_t count)
{
struct RAR_buffer * const end =
@@ -878,43 +911,70 @@ static char const banner[] __initdata =
KERN_INFO
"Intel RAR Handler: " MEMRAR_VER " initialized.\n";

-static int memrar_registration_callback(void *ctx)
+/**
+ * memrar_registration_callback - RAR obtained
+ * @rar: RAR number
+ *
+ * We have been granted ownership of the RAR. Add it to our memory
+ * management tables
+ */
+
+static int memrar_registration_callback(unsigned long rar)
{
/*
* We initialize the RAR parameters early on so that we can
* discontinue memrar device initialization and registration
* if suitably configured RARs are not available.
*/
- int result = memrar_init_rar_resources(memrar_miscdev.name);
+ return memrar_init_rar_resources(rar, memrar_miscdev.name);
+}

- if (result != 0)
- return result;
+/**
+ * memrar_init - initialise RAR support
+ *
+ * Initialise support for RAR handlers. This may get loaded before
+ * the RAR support is activated, but the callbacks on the registration
+ * will handle that situation for us anyway.
+ */

- result = misc_register(&memrar_miscdev);
+static int __init memrar_init(void)
+{
+ int err;

- if (result != 0) {
- pr_err("%s: misc_register() failed.\n",
- memrar_miscdev.name);
+ printk(banner);

- /* Clean up resources previously reserved. */
- memrar_fini_rar_resources();
- }
+ err = misc_register(&memrar_miscdev);
+ if (err)
+ return err;

- return result;
-}
+ /* Now claim the two RARs we want */
+ err = register_rar(0, memrar_registration_callback, 0);
+ if (err)
+ goto fail;

-static int __init memrar_init(void)
-{
- printk(banner);
+ err = register_rar(1, memrar_registration_callback, 1);
+ if (err == 0)
+ return 0;

- return register_rar(&memrar_registration_callback, 0);
+ /* It is possible rar 0 registered and allocated resources then rar 1
+ failed so do a full resource free */
+ memrar_fini_rar_resources();
+fail:
+ misc_deregister(&memrar_miscdev);
+ return err;
}

+/**
+ * memrar_exit - unregister and unload
+ *
+ * Unregister the device and then unload any mappings and release
+ * the RAR resources
+ */
+
static void __exit memrar_exit(void)
{
- memrar_fini_rar_resources();
-
misc_deregister(&memrar_miscdev);
+ memrar_fini_rar_resources();
}


@@ -925,7 +985,6 @@ module_exit(memrar_exit);
MODULE_AUTHOR("Ossama Othman <ossama.othman@intel.com>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Intel Restricted Access Region Handler");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
-MODULE_ALIAS_MISCDEV(MISC_DYNAMIC_MINOR);
MODULE_VERSION(MEMRAR_VER);



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