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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 2/2] dm: only initialize full request_queue for request-based device
Hi Mike,

On 05/21/2010 10:34 PM +0900, Mike Snitzer wrote:
> Kiyoshi Ueda <> wrote:
>> On 05/21/2010 02:07 AM +0900, Mike Snitzer wrote:
>>> Kiyoshi Ueda <> wrote:
>>>> On 05/19/2010 11:39 PM +0900, Mike Snitzer wrote:
>>>>> Thanks again for pointing this out; I'll work to arrive at an
>>>>> alternative locking scheme. Likely introduce a lock local to the
>>>>> multiple_device (effectively the 'queue_lock' I had before). But
>>>>> difference is I'd take that lock before taking _hash_lock.
>>>> You have to see do_resume(), too.
>>>> do_resume() gets hc->new_map with _hash_lock held but without your
>>>> 'queue_lock' held. This could cause inconsistent status;
>>>> table_load() for bio-based table do_resume() for rq-based table
>>>> --------------------------------------------------------------------
>>>> dm_lock_md_queue(md)
>>>> dm_table_setup_md_queue(t) (<= bio-based)
>>>> dm_clear_request_based_queue(md)
>>>> md->queue->request_fn = NULL
>>>> down_write(_hash_lock)
>>>> new_map = hc->new_map (<= rq-based)
>>>> up_write(_hash_lock)
>>>> dm_swap_table(md, new_map)
>>>> __bind(md, new_map) (<= rq-based)
>>>> down_write(_hash_lock)
>>>> hc->new_map = t
>>>> up_write(_hash_lock)
>>>> dm_unlock_md_queue(md)
>> snip
>>>>>>> Also, your patch changes the queue configuration even when a table is
>>>>>>> already active and used. (e.g. Loading bio-based table to a mapped_device
>>>>>>> which is already active/used as request-based sets q->requst_fn in NULL.)
>>>>>>> That could cause some critical problems.
>>>>>> Yes, that is possible and I can add additional checks to prevent this.
>>>>>> But this speaks to a more general problem with the existing DM code.
>>>>>> dm_swap_table() has the negative check to prevent such table loads, e.g.:
>>>>>> /* cannot change the device type, once a table is bound */
>>>>>> This check should come during table_load, as part of
>>>>>> dm_table_set_type(), rather than during table resume.
>>>>> I'll look to address this issue in v6 too.
>>>> It can race between table_load() and do_resume() as well;
>>>> table_load() for bio-based do_resume() for rq-based
>>>> ---------------------------------------------------------------------
>>>> dm_table_set_type(t) (<= bio-based)
>>>> live_table = dm_get_live_table(md)
>>>> (assume no live_table yet)
>>>> new_map = hc->new_map (<= rq-based)
>>>> dm_swap_table(md, new_map)
>>>> __bind(md, new_map)
>>>> dm_table_setup_md_queue(t)
>>>> dm_clear_request_based_queue(md)
>>>> md->queue->request_fn = NULL
>>> Understood.
>>> I've addressed the above races by:
>>> 1) properly protecting md->queue during do_resume(). Both do_resume()
>>> and table_load() first take md->queue_lock and then _hash_lock.
>>> 2) adding a negative check for an existing live table to
>>> dm_table_setup_md_queue().
>>> I will mail out v7 after I've given it additional review.
>> dm_table_setup_md_queue() may allocate memory with blocking mode
>> inside md->queue_lock which is needed to resume the md.
>> That could cause a deadlock which doesn't happen in the current model;
>> e.g:
>> - Assume a bio-based table has been already loaded in hc->new_map
>> and no live table yet in a mapped_device.
>> - Load a request-based table and then no memory situation happens
>> in dm_table_setup_md_queue().
>> - Then, the mapped_device can't be resumed even in the case that
>> resuming the mapped_device with the preloaded bio-based table
>> can make some memory by writeback.
>> => deadlock
> My patch introduces a new mutex that is local to the mapped_device being
> loaded. And that same mutex is taken during do_resume (just like you
> implicitly said was needed to avoid races).
> But I'm _very_ skeptical of the validity of this deadlock scenario.
> You're leaving out some important context for why we might expect a DM
> device to service (queue) IO during the table load _before_ the device
> has _ever_ been resumed.

Because upper device might wait for the DM device's resume to serve
pending I/O.

In a stacked configuration, load/suspend/resume happens in this order:
1. load tables to upper and lower(s)
2. suspend upper
3. suspend lower(s)
4. resume lower(s)
5. resume upper
And "lower(s)" may include a new DM device which has never been resumed
before the step 4.

So, the following example could cause the deadlock scenario:
# echo "0 10 linear /dev/sda 0" | dmsetup create lower0
# echo "0 10 linear /dev/mapper/lower0 0" | dmsetup create upper
# dmsetup create --notable lower1
# echo "0 10 linear /dev/mapper/lower1 0" | dmsetup load upper
# echo "0 10 linear /dev/sdb 0" dmsetup load lower1
<Any I/Os to /dev/mapper/upper is possible here>
# dmsetup suspend upper
<I/Os are queued on /dev/mapper/upper>
# echo "0 10 multipath ../dev/sda../dev/sdb.." | dmsetup load lower1

If no memory happens here, the system may be hanged up because
/dev/mapper/lower1 can't be resumed where /dev/mapper/lower1 will be
needed for writeback for /dev/mapper/upper when /dev/mapper/upper is
(Without your patch, /dev/mapper/upper and /dev/mapper/lower1 could
be resumed using pre-loaded bio-based tables and the system could
get some memory and be alive.)

> As we discussed earlier in this thread, a table load can block
> indefinitely (waiting for memory) as long as _hash_lock is not held (so
> other DM ioctls are still possible).
> It is a serious reach to suggest that your new deadlock scenario is a
> legitimate concern. This would mean that a user would:
> 1) mistakenly load a bio-based table when they meant rq-based
> 2) load rq-based -- but block waiting for elevator_alloc()
> 3) attempt to resume device with bio-based anyway -- to make forward
> progress with writeback destined to the device being resumed for the
> first time? -- but again, why would dirty pages be destined for this
> inactive device already?
> 4) even if the user could resume they'd be left with a bio-based device;
> which isn't what they wanted..

Although the scenario/example which I mentioned above may be too
intentional, it is still possible.
We should design not to cause such critical problems or prevent/reject
such problematic operations.

Your new model, which determines md type at the first table loading time
and prevents type switching, is close to my initial idea, which determines
md type at device creation time, and no userspace change is required.
I think it's reasonable model.
But I have some comments on that, so I'll reply to the new thread of
your new model patch-set.

Kiyoshi Ueda

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