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Subject[PATCH -v5 09/14] ACPI, APEI, UEFI Common Platform Error Record (CPER) header
Date
CPER stands for Common Platform Error Record, it is the hardware error
record format used to describe platform hardware error by various APEI
tables, such as ERST, BERT and HEST etc.

For more information about CPER, please refer to Appendix N of UEFI
Specification version 2.3.

This patch mainly includes the data structure difinition header file
used by other files.

Signed-off-by: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
---
drivers/acpi/apei/Makefile | 2
drivers/acpi/apei/apei-internal.h | 19 ++
drivers/acpi/apei/cper.c | 84 ++++++++++
include/linux/cper.h | 314 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 418 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
create mode 100644 drivers/acpi/apei/cper.c
create mode 100644 include/linux/cper.h

--- a/drivers/acpi/apei/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/acpi/apei/Makefile
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
obj-$(CONFIG_ACPI_APEI) += apei.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ACPI_APEI_EINJ) += einj.o

-apei-y := apei-base.o hest.o
+apei-y := apei-base.o hest.o cper.o
--- a/drivers/acpi/apei/apei-internal.h
+++ b/drivers/acpi/apei/apei-internal.h
@@ -6,6 +6,8 @@
#ifndef APEI_INTERNAL_H
#define APEI_INTERNAL_H

+#include <linux/cper.h>
+
struct apei_exec_context;

typedef int (*apei_exec_ins_func_t)(struct apei_exec_context *ctx,
@@ -92,4 +94,21 @@ int apei_exec_collect_resources(struct a

struct dentry;
struct dentry *apei_get_debugfs_dir(void);
+
+#define apei_estatus_for_each_section(estatus, section) \
+ for (section = (struct acpi_hest_generic_data *)(estatus + 1); \
+ (void *)section - (void *)estatus < estatus->data_length; \
+ section = (void *)(section+1) + section->error_data_length)
+
+static inline u32 apei_estatus_len(struct acpi_hest_generic_status *estatus)
+{
+ if (estatus->raw_data_length)
+ return estatus->raw_data_offset + \
+ estatus->raw_data_length;
+ else
+ return sizeof(*estatus) + estatus->data_length;
+}
+
+int apei_estatus_check_header(const struct acpi_hest_generic_status *estatus);
+int apei_estatus_check(const struct acpi_hest_generic_status *estatus);
#endif
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/acpi/apei/cper.c
@@ -0,0 +1,84 @@
+/*
+ * UEFI Common Platform Error Record (CPER) support
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2010, Intel Corp.
+ * Author: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
+ *
+ * CPER is the format used to describe platform hardware error by
+ * various APEI tables, such as ERST, BERT and HEST etc.
+ *
+ * For more information about CPER, please refer to Appendix N of UEFI
+ * Specification version 2.3.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/time.h>
+#include <linux/cper.h>
+#include <linux/acpi.h>
+
+/*
+ * CPER record ID need to be unique even after reboot, because record
+ * ID is used as index for ERST storage, while CPER records from
+ * multiple boot may co-exist in ERST.
+ */
+u64 cper_next_record_id(void)
+{
+ static atomic64_t seq;
+
+ if (!atomic64_read(&seq))
+ atomic64_set(&seq, ((u64)get_seconds()) << 32);
+
+ return atomic64_inc_return(&seq);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cper_next_record_id);
+
+int apei_estatus_check_header(const struct acpi_hest_generic_status *estatus)
+{
+ if (estatus->data_length &&
+ estatus->data_length < sizeof(struct acpi_hest_generic_data))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (estatus->raw_data_length &&
+ estatus->raw_data_offset < sizeof(*estatus) + estatus->data_length)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apei_estatus_check_header);
+
+int apei_estatus_check(const struct acpi_hest_generic_status *estatus)
+{
+ struct acpi_hest_generic_data *gdata;
+ unsigned int data_len, gedata_len;
+ int rc;
+
+ rc = apei_estatus_check_header(estatus);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ data_len = estatus->data_length;
+ gdata = (struct acpi_hest_generic_data *)(estatus + 1);
+ while (data_len > sizeof(*gdata)) {
+ gedata_len = gdata->error_data_length;
+ if (gedata_len > data_len - sizeof(*gdata))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ data_len -= gedata_len + sizeof(*gdata);
+ }
+ if (data_len)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apei_estatus_check);
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/cper.h
@@ -0,0 +1,314 @@
+/*
+ * UEFI Common Platform Error Record
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2010, Intel Corp.
+ * Author: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+#ifndef LINUX_CPER_H
+#define LINUX_CPER_H
+
+#include <linux/uuid.h>
+
+/* CPER record signature and the size */
+#define CPER_SIG_RECORD "CPER"
+#define CPER_SIG_SIZE 4
+/* Used in signature_end field in struct cper_record_header */
+#define CPER_SIG_END 0xffffffff
+
+/*
+ * CPER record header revision, used in revision field in struct
+ * cper_record_header
+ */
+#define CPER_RECORD_REV 0x0100
+
+/*
+ * Severity difinition for error_severity in struct cper_record_header
+ * and section_severity in struct cper_section_descriptor
+ */
+#define CPER_SER_RECOVERABLE 0x0
+#define CPER_SER_FATAL 0x1
+#define CPER_SER_CORRECTED 0x2
+#define CPER_SER_INFORMATIONAL 0x3
+
+/*
+ * Validation bits difinition for validation_bits in struct
+ * cper_record_header. If set, corresponding fields in struct
+ * cper_record_header contain valid information.
+ *
+ * corresponds platform_id
+ */
+#define CPER_VALID_PLATFORM_ID 0x0001
+/* corresponds timestamp */
+#define CPER_VALID_TIMESTAMP 0x0002
+/* corresponds partition_id */
+#define CPER_VALID_PARTITION_ID 0x0004
+
+/*
+ * Notification type used to generate error record, used in
+ * notification_type in struct cper_record_header
+ *
+ * Corrected Machine Check
+ */
+#define CPER_NOTIFY_CMC \
+ UUID_LE(0x2DCE8BB1, 0xBDD7, 0x450e, 0xB9, 0xAD, 0x9C, 0xF4, \
+ 0xEB, 0xD4, 0xF8, 0x90)
+/* Corrected Platform Error */
+#define CPER_NOTIFY_CPE \
+ UUID_LE(0x4E292F96, 0xD843, 0x4a55, 0xA8, 0xC2, 0xD4, 0x81, \
+ 0xF2, 0x7E, 0xBE, 0xEE)
+/* Machine Check Exception */
+#define CPER_NOTIFY_MCE \
+ UUID_LE(0xE8F56FFE, 0x919C, 0x4cc5, 0xBA, 0x88, 0x65, 0xAB, \
+ 0xE1, 0x49, 0x13, 0xBB)
+/* PCI Express Error */
+#define CPER_NOTIFY_PCIE \
+ UUID_LE(0xCF93C01F, 0x1A16, 0x4dfc, 0xB8, 0xBC, 0x9C, 0x4D, \
+ 0xAF, 0x67, 0xC1, 0x04)
+/* INIT Record (for IPF) */
+#define CPER_NOTIFY_INIT \
+ UUID_LE(0xCC5263E8, 0x9308, 0x454a, 0x89, 0xD0, 0x34, 0x0B, \
+ 0xD3, 0x9B, 0xC9, 0x8E)
+/* Non-Maskable Interrupt */
+#define CPER_NOTIFY_NMI \
+ UUID_LE(0x5BAD89FF, 0xB7E6, 0x42c9, 0x81, 0x4A, 0xCF, 0x24, \
+ 0x85, 0xD6, 0xE9, 0x8A)
+/* BOOT Error Record */
+#define CPER_NOTIFY_BOOT \
+ UUID_LE(0x3D61A466, 0xAB40, 0x409a, 0xA6, 0x98, 0xF3, 0x62, \
+ 0xD4, 0x64, 0xB3, 0x8F)
+/* DMA Remapping Error */
+#define CPER_NOTIFY_DMAR \
+ UUID_LE(0x667DD791, 0xC6B3, 0x4c27, 0x8A, 0x6B, 0x0F, 0x8E, \
+ 0x72, 0x2D, 0xEB, 0x41)
+
+/*
+ * Flags bits definitions for flags in struct cper_record_header
+ * If set, the error has been recovered
+ */
+#define CPER_HW_ERROR_FLAGS_RECOVERED 0x1
+/* If set, the error is for previous boot */
+#define CPER_HW_ERROR_FLAGS_PREVERR 0x2
+/* If set, the error is injected for testing */
+#define CPER_HW_ERROR_FLAGS_SIMULATED 0x4
+
+/*
+ * CPER section header revision, used in revision field in struct
+ * cper_section_descriptor
+ */
+#define CPER_SEC_REV 0x0100
+
+/*
+ * Validation bits difinition for validation_bits in struct
+ * cper_section_descriptor. If set, corresponding fields in struct
+ * cper_section_descriptor contain valid information.
+ *
+ * corresponds fru_id
+ */
+#define CPER_SEC_VALID_FRU_ID 0x1
+/* corresponds fru_text */
+#define CPER_SEC_VALID_FRU_TEXT 0x2
+
+/*
+ * Flags bits definitions for flags in struct cper_section_descriptor
+ *
+ * If set, the section is associated with the error condition
+ * directly, and should be focused on
+ */
+#define CPER_SEC_PRIMARY 0x0001
+/*
+ * If set, the error was not contained within the processor or memory
+ * hierarchy and the error may have propagated to persistent storage
+ * or network
+ */
+#define CPER_SEC_CONTAINMENT_WARNING 0x0002
+/* If set, the component must be re-initialized or re-enabled prior to use */
+#define CPER_SEC_RESET 0x0004
+/* If set, Linux may choose to discontinue use of the resource */
+#define CPER_SEC_ERROR_THRESHOLD_EXCEEDED 0x0008
+/*
+ * If set, resource could not be queried for error information due to
+ * conflicts with other system software or resources. Some fields of
+ * the section will be invalid
+ */
+#define CPER_SEC_RESOURCE_NOT_ACCESSIBLE 0x0010
+/*
+ * If set, action has been taken to ensure error containment (such as
+ * poisoning data), but the error has not been fully corrected and the
+ * data has not been consumed. Linux may choose to take further
+ * corrective action before the data is consumed
+ */
+#define CPER_SEC_LATENT_ERROR 0x0020
+
+/*
+ * Section type definitions, used in section_type field in struct
+ * cper_section_descriptor
+ *
+ * Processor Generic
+ */
+#define CPER_SEC_PROC_GENERIC \
+ UUID_LE(0x9876CCAD, 0x47B4, 0x4bdb, 0xB6, 0x5E, 0x16, 0xF1, \
+ 0x93, 0xC4, 0xF3, 0xDB)
+/* Processor Specific: X86/X86_64 */
+#define CPER_SEC_PROC_IA \
+ UUID_LE(0xDC3EA0B0, 0xA144, 0x4797, 0xB9, 0x5B, 0x53, 0xFA, \
+ 0x24, 0x2B, 0x6E, 0x1D)
+/* Processor Specific: IA64 */
+#define CPER_SEC_PROC_IPF \
+ UUID_LE(0xE429FAF1, 0x3CB7, 0x11D4, 0x0B, 0xCA, 0x07, 0x00, \
+ 0x80, 0xC7, 0x3C, 0x88, 0x81)
+/* Platform Memory */
+#define CPER_SEC_PLATFORM_MEM \
+ UUID_LE(0xA5BC1114, 0x6F64, 0x4EDE, 0xB8, 0x63, 0x3E, 0x83, \
+ 0xED, 0x7C, 0x83, 0xB1)
+#define CPER_SEC_PCIE \
+ UUID_LE(0xD995E954, 0xBBC1, 0x430F, 0xAD, 0x91, 0xB4, 0x4D, \
+ 0xCB, 0x3C, 0x6F, 0x35)
+/* Firmware Error Record Reference */
+#define CPER_SEC_FW_ERR_REC_REF \
+ UUID_LE(0x81212A96, 0x09ED, 0x4996, 0x94, 0x71, 0x8D, 0x72, \
+ 0x9C, 0x8E, 0x69, 0xED)
+/* PCI/PCI-X Bus */
+#define CPER_SEC_PCI_X_BUS \
+ UUID_LE(0xC5753963, 0x3B84, 0x4095, 0xBF, 0x78, 0xED, 0xDA, \
+ 0xD3, 0xF9, 0xC9, 0xDD)
+/* PCI Component/Device */
+#define CPER_SEC_PCI_DEV \
+ UUID_LE(0xEB5E4685, 0xCA66, 0x4769, 0xB6, 0xA2, 0x26, 0x06, \
+ 0x8B, 0x00, 0x13, 0x26)
+#define CPER_SEC_DMAR_GENERIC \
+ UUID_LE(0x5B51FEF7, 0xC79D, 0x4434, 0x8F, 0x1B, 0xAA, 0x62, \
+ 0xDE, 0x3E, 0x2C, 0x64)
+/* Intel VT for Directed I/O specific DMAr */
+#define CPER_SEC_DMAR_VT \
+ UUID_LE(0x71761D37, 0x32B2, 0x45cd, 0xA7, 0xD0, 0xB0, 0xFE, \
+ 0xDD, 0x93, 0xE8, 0xCF)
+/* IOMMU specific DMAr */
+#define CPER_SEC_DMAR_IOMMU \
+ UUID_LE(0x036F84E1, 0x7F37, 0x428c, 0xA7, 0x9E, 0x57, 0x5F, \
+ 0xDF, 0xAA, 0x84, 0xEC)
+
+/*
+ * All tables and structs must be byte-packed to match CPER
+ * specification, since the tables are provided by the system BIOS
+ */
+#pragma pack(1)
+
+struct cper_record_header {
+ char signature[CPER_SIG_SIZE]; /* must be CPER_SIG_RECORD */
+ __u16 revision; /* must be CPER_RECORD_REV */
+ __u32 signature_end; /* must be CPER_SIG_END */
+ __u16 section_count;
+ __u32 error_severity;
+ __u32 validation_bits;
+ __u32 record_length;
+ __u64 timestamp;
+ uuid_le platform_id;
+ uuid_le partition_id;
+ uuid_le creator_id;
+ uuid_le notification_type;
+ __u64 record_id;
+ __u32 flags;
+ __u64 persistence_information;
+ __u8 reserved[12]; /* must be zero */
+};
+
+struct cper_section_descriptor {
+ __u32 section_offset; /* Offset in bytes of the
+ * section body from the base
+ * of the record header */
+ __u32 section_length;
+ __u16 revision; /* must be CPER_RECORD_REV */
+ __u8 validation_bits;
+ __u8 reserved; /* must be zero */
+ __u32 flags;
+ uuid_le section_type;
+ uuid_le fru_id;
+ __u32 section_severity;
+ __u8 fru_text[20];
+};
+
+/* Generic Processor Error Section */
+struct cper_sec_proc_generic {
+ __u64 validation_bits;
+ __u8 proc_type;
+ __u8 proc_isa;
+ __u8 proc_error_type;
+ __u8 operation;
+ __u8 flags;
+ __u8 level;
+ __u16 reserved;
+ __u64 cpu_version;
+ char cpu_brand[128];
+ __u64 proc_id;
+ __u64 target_addr;
+ __u64 requestor_id;
+ __u64 responder_id;
+ __u64 ip;
+};
+
+/* IA32/X64 Processor Error Section */
+struct cper_sec_proc_ia {
+ __u64 validation_bits;
+ __u8 lapic_id;
+ __u8 cpuid[48];
+};
+
+/* IA32/X64 Processor Error Infomation Structure */
+struct cper_ia_err_info {
+ uuid_le err_type;
+ __u64 validation_bits;
+ __u64 check_info;
+ __u64 target_id;
+ __u64 requestor_id;
+ __u64 responder_id;
+ __u64 ip;
+};
+
+/* IA32/X64 Processor Context Information Structure */
+struct cper_ia_proc_ctx {
+ __u16 reg_ctx_type;
+ __u16 reg_arr_size;
+ __u32 msr_addr;
+ __u64 mm_reg_addr;
+};
+
+/* Memory Error Section */
+struct cper_sec_mem_err {
+ __u64 validation_bits;
+ __u64 error_status;
+ __u64 physical_addr;
+ __u64 physical_addr_mask;
+ __u16 node;
+ __u16 card;
+ __u16 module;
+ __u16 bank;
+ __u16 device;
+ __u16 row;
+ __u16 column;
+ __u16 bit_pos;
+ __u64 requestor_id;
+ __u64 responder_id;
+ __u64 target_id;
+ __u8 error_type;
+};
+
+/* Reset to default packing */
+#pragma pack()
+
+u64 cper_next_record_id(void);
+
+#endif

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