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Subject[PATCH -v5 11/14] ACPI, APEI, Error Record Serialization Table (ERST) support
Date
ERST is a way provided by APEI to save and retrieve hardware error
record to and from some simple persistent storage (such as flash).

The Linux kernel support implementation is quite simple and workable
in NMI context. So it can be used to save hardware error record into
flash in hardware error exception or NMI handler, where other more
complex persistent storage such as disk is not usable. After saving
hardware error records via ERST in hardware error exception or NMI
handler, the error records can be retrieved and logged into disk or
network after a clean reboot.

For more information about ERST, please refer to ACPI Specification
version 4.0, section 17.4.

This patch incorporate fixes from Jin Dongming.

Signed-off-by: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
CC: Jin Dongming <jin.dongming@np.css.fujitsu.com>
---
Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt | 4
drivers/acpi/apei/Makefile | 2
drivers/acpi/apei/erst.c | 855 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/acpi/apei.h | 21
4 files changed, 881 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
create mode 100644 drivers/acpi/apei/erst.c

--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -750,6 +750,10 @@ and is between 256 and 4096 characters.
Default value is 0.
Value can be changed at runtime via /selinux/enforce.

+ erst_disable [ACPI]
+ Disable Error Record Serialization Table (ERST)
+ support.
+
ether= [HW,NET] Ethernet cards parameters
This option is obsoleted by the "netdev=" option, which
has equivalent usage. See its documentation for details.
--- a/drivers/acpi/apei/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/acpi/apei/Makefile
@@ -2,4 +2,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_ACPI_APEI) += apei.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ACPI_APEI_GHES) += ghes.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ACPI_APEI_EINJ) += einj.o

-apei-y := apei-base.o hest.o cper.o
+apei-y := apei-base.o hest.o cper.o erst.o
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/acpi/apei/erst.c
@@ -0,0 +1,855 @@
+/*
+ * APEI Error Record Serialization Table support
+ *
+ * ERST is a way provided by APEI to save and retrieve hardware error
+ * infomation to and from a persistent store.
+ *
+ * For more information about ERST, please refer to ACPI Specification
+ * version 4.0, section 17.4.
+ *
+ * Copyright 2010 Intel Corp.
+ * Author: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/acpi.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/cper.h>
+#include <linux/nmi.h>
+#include <acpi/apei.h>
+
+#include "apei-internal.h"
+
+#define ERST_PFX "ERST: "
+
+/* ERST command status */
+#define ERST_STATUS_SUCCESS 0x0
+#define ERST_STATUS_NOT_ENOUGH_SPACE 0x1
+#define ERST_STATUS_HARDWARE_NOT_AVAILABLE 0x2
+#define ERST_STATUS_FAILED 0x3
+#define ERST_STATUS_RECORD_STORE_EMPTY 0x4
+#define ERST_STATUS_RECORD_NOT_FOUND 0x5
+
+#define ERST_TAB_ENTRY(tab) \
+ ((struct acpi_whea_header *)((char *)(tab) + \
+ sizeof(struct acpi_table_erst)))
+
+#define SPIN_UNIT 100 /* 100ns */
+/* Firmware should respond within 1 miliseconds */
+#define FIRMWARE_TIMEOUT (1 * NSEC_PER_MSEC)
+#define FIRMWARE_MAX_STALL 50 /* 50us */
+
+int erst_disable;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(erst_disable);
+
+static struct acpi_table_erst *erst_tab;
+
+/* ERST Error Log Address Range atrributes */
+#define ERST_RANGE_RESERVED 0x0001
+#define ERST_RANGE_NVRAM 0x0002
+#define ERST_RANGE_SLOW 0x0004
+
+/*
+ * ERST Error Log Address Range, used as buffer for reading/writing
+ * error records.
+ */
+static struct erst_erange {
+ u64 base;
+ u64 size;
+ void __iomem *vaddr;
+ u32 attr;
+} erst_erange;
+
+/*
+ * Prevent ERST interpreter to run simultaneously, because the
+ * corresponding firmware implementation may not work properly when
+ * invoked simultaneously.
+ *
+ * It is used to provide exclusive accessing for ERST Error Log
+ * Address Range too.
+ */
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(erst_lock);
+
+static inline int erst_errno(int command_status)
+{
+ switch (command_status) {
+ case ERST_STATUS_SUCCESS:
+ return 0;
+ case ERST_STATUS_HARDWARE_NOT_AVAILABLE:
+ return -ENODEV;
+ case ERST_STATUS_NOT_ENOUGH_SPACE:
+ return -ENOSPC;
+ case ERST_STATUS_RECORD_STORE_EMPTY:
+ case ERST_STATUS_RECORD_NOT_FOUND:
+ return -ENOENT;
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+}
+
+static int erst_timedout(u64 *t, u64 spin_unit)
+{
+ if ((s64)*t < spin_unit) {
+ pr_warning(FW_WARN ERST_PFX
+ "Firmware does not respond in time\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ *t -= spin_unit;
+ ndelay(spin_unit);
+ touch_nmi_watchdog();
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int erst_exec_load_var1(struct apei_exec_context *ctx,
+ struct acpi_whea_header *entry)
+{
+ return __apei_exec_read_register(entry, &ctx->var1);
+}
+
+static int erst_exec_load_var2(struct apei_exec_context *ctx,
+ struct acpi_whea_header *entry)
+{
+ return __apei_exec_read_register(entry, &ctx->var2);
+}
+
+static int erst_exec_store_var1(struct apei_exec_context *ctx,
+ struct acpi_whea_header *entry)
+{
+ return __apei_exec_write_register(entry, ctx->var1);
+}
+
+static int erst_exec_add(struct apei_exec_context *ctx,
+ struct acpi_whea_header *entry)
+{
+ ctx->var1 += ctx->var2;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int erst_exec_subtract(struct apei_exec_context *ctx,
+ struct acpi_whea_header *entry)
+{
+ ctx->var1 -= ctx->var2;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int erst_exec_add_value(struct apei_exec_context *ctx,
+ struct acpi_whea_header *entry)
+{
+ int rc;
+ u64 val;
+
+ rc = __apei_exec_read_register(entry, &val);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ val += ctx->value;
+ rc = __apei_exec_write_register(entry, val);
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static int erst_exec_subtract_value(struct apei_exec_context *ctx,
+ struct acpi_whea_header *entry)
+{
+ int rc;
+ u64 val;
+
+ rc = __apei_exec_read_register(entry, &val);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ val -= ctx->value;
+ rc = __apei_exec_write_register(entry, val);
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static int erst_exec_stall(struct apei_exec_context *ctx,
+ struct acpi_whea_header *entry)
+{
+ u64 stall_time;
+
+ if (ctx->value > FIRMWARE_MAX_STALL) {
+ if (!in_nmi())
+ pr_warning(FW_WARN ERST_PFX
+ "Too long stall time for stall instruction: %llx.\n",
+ ctx->value);
+ stall_time = FIRMWARE_MAX_STALL;
+ } else
+ stall_time = ctx->value;
+ udelay(stall_time);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int erst_exec_stall_while_true(struct apei_exec_context *ctx,
+ struct acpi_whea_header *entry)
+{
+ int rc;
+ u64 val;
+ u64 timeout = FIRMWARE_TIMEOUT;
+ u64 stall_time;
+
+ if (ctx->var1 > FIRMWARE_MAX_STALL) {
+ if (!in_nmi())
+ pr_warning(FW_WARN ERST_PFX
+ "Too long stall time for stall while true instruction: %llx.\n",
+ ctx->var1);
+ stall_time = FIRMWARE_MAX_STALL;
+ } else
+ stall_time = ctx->var1;
+
+ for (;;) {
+ rc = __apei_exec_read_register(entry, &val);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ if (val != ctx->value)
+ break;
+ if (erst_timedout(&timeout, stall_time * NSEC_PER_USEC))
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int erst_exec_skip_next_instruction_if_true(
+ struct apei_exec_context *ctx,
+ struct acpi_whea_header *entry)
+{
+ int rc;
+ u64 val;
+
+ rc = __apei_exec_read_register(entry, &val);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ if (val == ctx->value) {
+ ctx->ip += 2;
+ return APEI_EXEC_SET_IP;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int erst_exec_goto(struct apei_exec_context *ctx,
+ struct acpi_whea_header *entry)
+{
+ ctx->ip = ctx->value;
+ return APEI_EXEC_SET_IP;
+}
+
+static int erst_exec_set_src_address_base(struct apei_exec_context *ctx,
+ struct acpi_whea_header *entry)
+{
+ return __apei_exec_read_register(entry, &ctx->src_base);
+}
+
+static int erst_exec_set_dst_address_base(struct apei_exec_context *ctx,
+ struct acpi_whea_header *entry)
+{
+ return __apei_exec_read_register(entry, &ctx->dst_base);
+}
+
+static int erst_exec_move_data(struct apei_exec_context *ctx,
+ struct acpi_whea_header *entry)
+{
+ int rc;
+ u64 offset;
+
+ rc = __apei_exec_read_register(entry, &offset);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ memmove((void *)ctx->dst_base + offset,
+ (void *)ctx->src_base + offset,
+ ctx->var2);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct apei_exec_ins_type erst_ins_type[] = {
+ [ACPI_ERST_READ_REGISTER] = {
+ .flags = APEI_EXEC_INS_ACCESS_REGISTER,
+ .run = apei_exec_read_register,
+ },
+ [ACPI_ERST_READ_REGISTER_VALUE] = {
+ .flags = APEI_EXEC_INS_ACCESS_REGISTER,
+ .run = apei_exec_read_register_value,
+ },
+ [ACPI_ERST_WRITE_REGISTER] = {
+ .flags = APEI_EXEC_INS_ACCESS_REGISTER,
+ .run = apei_exec_write_register,
+ },
+ [ACPI_ERST_WRITE_REGISTER_VALUE] = {
+ .flags = APEI_EXEC_INS_ACCESS_REGISTER,
+ .run = apei_exec_write_register_value,
+ },
+ [ACPI_ERST_NOOP] = {
+ .flags = 0,
+ .run = apei_exec_noop,
+ },
+ [ACPI_ERST_LOAD_VAR1] = {
+ .flags = APEI_EXEC_INS_ACCESS_REGISTER,
+ .run = erst_exec_load_var1,
+ },
+ [ACPI_ERST_LOAD_VAR2] = {
+ .flags = APEI_EXEC_INS_ACCESS_REGISTER,
+ .run = erst_exec_load_var2,
+ },
+ [ACPI_ERST_STORE_VAR1] = {
+ .flags = APEI_EXEC_INS_ACCESS_REGISTER,
+ .run = erst_exec_store_var1,
+ },
+ [ACPI_ERST_ADD] = {
+ .flags = 0,
+ .run = erst_exec_add,
+ },
+ [ACPI_ERST_SUBTRACT] = {
+ .flags = 0,
+ .run = erst_exec_subtract,
+ },
+ [ACPI_ERST_ADD_VALUE] = {
+ .flags = APEI_EXEC_INS_ACCESS_REGISTER,
+ .run = erst_exec_add_value,
+ },
+ [ACPI_ERST_SUBTRACT_VALUE] = {
+ .flags = APEI_EXEC_INS_ACCESS_REGISTER,
+ .run = erst_exec_subtract_value,
+ },
+ [ACPI_ERST_STALL] = {
+ .flags = 0,
+ .run = erst_exec_stall,
+ },
+ [ACPI_ERST_STALL_WHILE_TRUE] = {
+ .flags = APEI_EXEC_INS_ACCESS_REGISTER,
+ .run = erst_exec_stall_while_true,
+ },
+ [ACPI_ERST_SKIP_NEXT_IF_TRUE] = {
+ .flags = APEI_EXEC_INS_ACCESS_REGISTER,
+ .run = erst_exec_skip_next_instruction_if_true,
+ },
+ [ACPI_ERST_GOTO] = {
+ .flags = 0,
+ .run = erst_exec_goto,
+ },
+ [ACPI_ERST_SET_SRC_ADDRESS_BASE] = {
+ .flags = APEI_EXEC_INS_ACCESS_REGISTER,
+ .run = erst_exec_set_src_address_base,
+ },
+ [ACPI_ERST_SET_DST_ADDRESS_BASE] = {
+ .flags = APEI_EXEC_INS_ACCESS_REGISTER,
+ .run = erst_exec_set_dst_address_base,
+ },
+ [ACPI_ERST_MOVE_DATA] = {
+ .flags = APEI_EXEC_INS_ACCESS_REGISTER,
+ .run = erst_exec_move_data,
+ },
+};
+
+static inline void erst_exec_ctx_init(struct apei_exec_context *ctx)
+{
+ apei_exec_ctx_init(ctx, erst_ins_type, ARRAY_SIZE(erst_ins_type),
+ ERST_TAB_ENTRY(erst_tab), erst_tab->entries);
+}
+
+static int erst_get_erange(struct erst_erange *range)
+{
+ struct apei_exec_context ctx;
+ int rc;
+
+ erst_exec_ctx_init(&ctx);
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_GET_ERROR_RANGE);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ range->base = apei_exec_ctx_get_output(&ctx);
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_GET_ERROR_LENGTH);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ range->size = apei_exec_ctx_get_output(&ctx);
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_GET_ERROR_ATTRIBUTES);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ range->attr = apei_exec_ctx_get_output(&ctx);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static ssize_t __erst_get_record_count(void)
+{
+ struct apei_exec_context ctx;
+ int rc;
+
+ erst_exec_ctx_init(&ctx);
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_GET_RECORD_COUNT);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ return apei_exec_ctx_get_output(&ctx);
+}
+
+ssize_t erst_get_record_count(void)
+{
+ ssize_t count;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ if (erst_disable)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&erst_lock, flags);
+ count = __erst_get_record_count();
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&erst_lock, flags);
+
+ return count;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(erst_get_record_count);
+
+static int __erst_get_next_record_id(u64 *record_id)
+{
+ struct apei_exec_context ctx;
+ int rc;
+
+ erst_exec_ctx_init(&ctx);
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_GET_RECORD_ID);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ *record_id = apei_exec_ctx_get_output(&ctx);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Get the record ID of an existing error record on the persistent
+ * storage. If there is no error record on the persistent storage, the
+ * returned record_id is APEI_ERST_INVALID_RECORD_ID.
+ */
+int erst_get_next_record_id(u64 *record_id)
+{
+ int rc;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ if (erst_disable)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&erst_lock, flags);
+ rc = __erst_get_next_record_id(record_id);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&erst_lock, flags);
+
+ return rc;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(erst_get_next_record_id);
+
+static int __erst_write_to_storage(u64 offset)
+{
+ struct apei_exec_context ctx;
+ u64 timeout = FIRMWARE_TIMEOUT;
+ u64 val;
+ int rc;
+
+ erst_exec_ctx_init(&ctx);
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_BEGIN_WRITE);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ apei_exec_ctx_set_input(&ctx, offset);
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_SET_RECORD_OFFSET);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_EXECUTE_OPERATION);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ for (;;) {
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_CHECK_BUSY_STATUS);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ val = apei_exec_ctx_get_output(&ctx);
+ if (!val)
+ break;
+ if (erst_timedout(&timeout, SPIN_UNIT))
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_GET_COMMAND_STATUS);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ val = apei_exec_ctx_get_output(&ctx);
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_END);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ return erst_errno(val);
+}
+
+static int __erst_read_from_storage(u64 record_id, u64 offset)
+{
+ struct apei_exec_context ctx;
+ u64 timeout = FIRMWARE_TIMEOUT;
+ u64 val;
+ int rc;
+
+ erst_exec_ctx_init(&ctx);
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_BEGIN_READ);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ apei_exec_ctx_set_input(&ctx, offset);
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_SET_RECORD_OFFSET);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ apei_exec_ctx_set_input(&ctx, record_id);
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_SET_RECORD_ID);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_EXECUTE_OPERATION);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ for (;;) {
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_CHECK_BUSY_STATUS);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ val = apei_exec_ctx_get_output(&ctx);
+ if (!val)
+ break;
+ if (erst_timedout(&timeout, SPIN_UNIT))
+ return -EIO;
+ };
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_GET_COMMAND_STATUS);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ val = apei_exec_ctx_get_output(&ctx);
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_END);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ return erst_errno(val);
+}
+
+static int __erst_clear_from_storage(u64 record_id)
+{
+ struct apei_exec_context ctx;
+ u64 timeout = FIRMWARE_TIMEOUT;
+ u64 val;
+ int rc;
+
+ erst_exec_ctx_init(&ctx);
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_BEGIN_CLEAR);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ apei_exec_ctx_set_input(&ctx, record_id);
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_SET_RECORD_ID);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_EXECUTE_OPERATION);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ for (;;) {
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_CHECK_BUSY_STATUS);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ val = apei_exec_ctx_get_output(&ctx);
+ if (!val)
+ break;
+ if (erst_timedout(&timeout, SPIN_UNIT))
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_GET_COMMAND_STATUS);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ val = apei_exec_ctx_get_output(&ctx);
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_ERST_END);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ return erst_errno(val);
+}
+
+/* NVRAM ERST Error Log Address Range is not supported yet */
+static void pr_unimpl_nvram(void)
+{
+ if (printk_ratelimit())
+ pr_warning(ERST_PFX
+ "NVRAM ERST Log Address Range is not implemented yet\n");
+}
+
+static int __erst_write_to_nvram(const struct cper_record_header *record)
+{
+ /* do not print message, because printk is not safe for NMI */
+ return -ENOSYS;
+}
+
+static int __erst_read_to_erange_from_nvram(u64 record_id, u64 *offset)
+{
+ pr_unimpl_nvram();
+ return -ENOSYS;
+}
+
+static int __erst_clear_from_nvram(u64 record_id)
+{
+ pr_unimpl_nvram();
+ return -ENOSYS;
+}
+
+int erst_write(const struct cper_record_header *record)
+{
+ int rc;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct cper_record_header *rcd_erange;
+
+ if (erst_disable)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ if (memcmp(record->signature, CPER_SIG_RECORD, CPER_SIG_SIZE))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (erst_erange.attr & ERST_RANGE_NVRAM) {
+ if (!spin_trylock_irqsave(&erst_lock, flags))
+ return -EBUSY;
+ rc = __erst_write_to_nvram(record);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&erst_lock, flags);
+ return rc;
+ }
+
+ if (record->record_length > erst_erange.size)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!spin_trylock_irqsave(&erst_lock, flags))
+ return -EBUSY;
+ memcpy(erst_erange.vaddr, record, record->record_length);
+ rcd_erange = erst_erange.vaddr;
+ /* signature for serialization system */
+ memcpy(&rcd_erange->persistence_information, "ER", 2);
+
+ rc = __erst_write_to_storage(0);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&erst_lock, flags);
+
+ return rc;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(erst_write);
+
+static int __erst_read_to_erange(u64 record_id, u64 *offset)
+{
+ int rc;
+
+ if (erst_erange.attr & ERST_RANGE_NVRAM)
+ return __erst_read_to_erange_from_nvram(
+ record_id, offset);
+
+ rc = __erst_read_from_storage(record_id, 0);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ *offset = 0;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static ssize_t __erst_read(u64 record_id, struct cper_record_header *record,
+ size_t buflen)
+{
+ int rc;
+ u64 offset, len = 0;
+ struct cper_record_header *rcd_tmp;
+
+ rc = __erst_read_to_erange(record_id, &offset);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ rcd_tmp = erst_erange.vaddr + offset;
+ len = rcd_tmp->record_length;
+ if (len <= buflen)
+ memcpy(record, rcd_tmp, len);
+
+ return len;
+}
+
+/*
+ * If return value > buflen, the buffer size is not big enough,
+ * else if return value < 0, something goes wrong,
+ * else everything is OK, and return value is record length
+ */
+ssize_t erst_read(u64 record_id, struct cper_record_header *record,
+ size_t buflen)
+{
+ ssize_t len;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ if (erst_disable)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&erst_lock, flags);
+ len = __erst_read(record_id, record, buflen);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&erst_lock, flags);
+ return len;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(erst_read);
+
+/*
+ * If return value > buflen, the buffer size is not big enough,
+ * else if return value = 0, there is no more record to read,
+ * else if return value < 0, something goes wrong,
+ * else everything is OK, and return value is record length
+ */
+ssize_t erst_read_next(struct cper_record_header *record, size_t buflen)
+{
+ int rc;
+ ssize_t len;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ u64 record_id;
+
+ if (erst_disable)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&erst_lock, flags);
+ rc = __erst_get_next_record_id(&record_id);
+ if (rc) {
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&erst_lock, flags);
+ return rc;
+ }
+ /* no more record */
+ if (record_id == APEI_ERST_INVALID_RECORD_ID) {
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&erst_lock, flags);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ len = __erst_read(record_id, record, buflen);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&erst_lock, flags);
+
+ return len;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(erst_read_next);
+
+int erst_clear(u64 record_id)
+{
+ int rc;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ if (erst_disable)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&erst_lock, flags);
+ if (erst_erange.attr & ERST_RANGE_NVRAM)
+ rc = __erst_clear_from_nvram(record_id);
+ else
+ rc = __erst_clear_from_storage(record_id);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&erst_lock, flags);
+
+ return rc;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(erst_clear);
+
+static int __init setup_erst_disable(char *str)
+{
+ erst_disable = 1;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+__setup("erst_disable", setup_erst_disable);
+
+static int erst_check_table(struct acpi_table_erst *erst_tab)
+{
+ if (erst_tab->header_length != sizeof(struct acpi_table_erst))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (erst_tab->header.length < sizeof(struct acpi_table_erst))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (erst_tab->entries !=
+ (erst_tab->header.length - sizeof(struct acpi_table_erst)) /
+ sizeof(struct acpi_erst_entry))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int __init erst_init(void)
+{
+ int rc = 0;
+ acpi_status status;
+ struct apei_exec_context ctx;
+ struct apei_resources erst_resources;
+ struct resource *r;
+
+ if (acpi_disabled)
+ goto err;
+
+ if (erst_disable) {
+ pr_info(ERST_PFX
+ "Error Record Serialization Table (ERST) support is disabled.\n");
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ status = acpi_get_table(ACPI_SIG_ERST, 0,
+ (struct acpi_table_header **)&erst_tab);
+ if (status == AE_NOT_FOUND) {
+ pr_err(ERST_PFX "Table is not found!\n");
+ goto err;
+ } else if (ACPI_FAILURE(status)) {
+ const char *msg = acpi_format_exception(status);
+ pr_err(ERST_PFX "Failed to get table, %s\n", msg);
+ rc = -EINVAL;
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ rc = erst_check_table(erst_tab);
+ if (rc) {
+ pr_err(FW_BUG ERST_PFX "ERST table is invalid\n");
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ apei_resources_init(&erst_resources);
+ erst_exec_ctx_init(&ctx);
+ rc = apei_exec_collect_resources(&ctx, &erst_resources);
+ if (rc)
+ goto err_fini;
+ rc = apei_resources_request(&erst_resources, "APEI ERST");
+ if (rc)
+ goto err_fini;
+ rc = apei_exec_pre_map_gars(&ctx);
+ if (rc)
+ goto err_release;
+ rc = erst_get_erange(&erst_erange);
+ if (rc) {
+ if (rc == -ENODEV)
+ pr_info(ERST_PFX
+ "The corresponding hardware device or firmware implementation "
+ "is not available.\n");
+ else
+ pr_err(ERST_PFX
+ "Failed to get Error Log Address Range.\n");
+ goto err_unmap_reg;
+ }
+
+ r = request_mem_region(erst_erange.base, erst_erange.size, "APEI ERST");
+ if (!r) {
+ pr_err(ERST_PFX
+ "Can not request iomem region <0x%16llx-0x%16llx> for ERST.\n",
+ (unsigned long long)erst_erange.base,
+ (unsigned long long)erst_erange.base + erst_erange.size);
+ rc = -EIO;
+ goto err_unmap_reg;
+ }
+ rc = -ENOMEM;
+ erst_erange.vaddr = ioremap_cache(erst_erange.base,
+ erst_erange.size);
+ if (!erst_erange.vaddr)
+ goto err_release_erange;
+
+ pr_info(ERST_PFX
+ "Error Record Serialization Table (ERST) support is initialized.\n");
+
+ return 0;
+
+err_release_erange:
+ release_mem_region(erst_erange.base, erst_erange.size);
+err_unmap_reg:
+ apei_exec_post_unmap_gars(&ctx);
+err_release:
+ apei_resources_release(&erst_resources);
+err_fini:
+ apei_resources_fini(&erst_resources);
+err:
+ erst_disable = 1;
+ return rc;
+}
+
+device_initcall(erst_init);
--- a/include/acpi/apei.h
+++ b/include/acpi/apei.h
@@ -5,9 +5,30 @@
#ifndef ACPI_APEI_H
#define ACPI_APEI_H

+#include <linux/acpi.h>
+#include <linux/cper.h>
+#include <asm/ioctls.h>
+
+#define APEI_ERST_INVALID_RECORD_ID 0xffffffffffffffffULL
+
+#define APEI_ERST_CLEAR_RECORD _IOW('E', 1, u64)
+#define APEI_ERST_GET_RECORD_COUNT _IOR('E', 2, u32)
+
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+
extern int hest_disable;
+extern int erst_disable;

typedef int (*apei_hest_func_t)(struct acpi_hest_header *hest_hdr, void *data);
int apei_hest_parse(apei_hest_func_t func, void *data);

+int erst_write(const struct cper_record_header *record);
+ssize_t erst_get_record_count(void);
+int erst_get_next_record_id(u64 *record_id);
+ssize_t erst_read(u64 record_id, struct cper_record_header *record,
+ size_t buflen);
+ssize_t erst_read_next(struct cper_record_header *record, size_t buflen);
+int erst_clear(u64 record_id);
+
+#endif
#endif

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