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Subject[PATCH 3/4 v2] padata: Add some code comments

Signed-off-by: Steffen Klassert <steffen.klassert@secunet.com>
---
include/linux/padata.h | 53 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
kernel/padata.c | 68 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
2 files changed, 110 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/padata.h b/include/linux/padata.h
index 64836a6..8d84062 100644
--- a/include/linux/padata.h
+++ b/include/linux/padata.h
@@ -26,6 +26,17 @@
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>

+/**
+ * struct padata_priv - Embedded to the users data structure.
+ *
+ * @list: List entry, to attach to the padata lists.
+ * @pd: Pointer to the internal control structure.
+ * @cb_cpu: Callback cpu for serializatioon.
+ * @seq_nr: Sequence number of the parallelized data object.
+ * @info: Used to pass information from the parallel to the serial function.
+ * @parallel: Parallel execution function.
+ * @serial: Serial complete function.
+ */
struct padata_priv {
struct list_head list;
struct parallel_data *pd;
@@ -36,11 +47,29 @@ struct padata_priv {
void (*serial)(struct padata_priv *padata);
};

+/**
+ * struct padata_list
+ *
+ * @list: List head.
+ * @lock: List lock.
+ */
struct padata_list {
struct list_head list;
spinlock_t lock;
};

+/**
+ * struct padata_queue - The percpu padata queues.
+ *
+ * @parallel: List to wait for parallelization.
+ * @reorder: List to wait for reordering after parallel processing.
+ * @serial: List to wait for serialization after reordering.
+ * @pwork: work struct for parallelization.
+ * @swork: work struct for serialization.
+ * @pd: Backpointer to the internal control structure.
+ * @num_obj: Number of objects that are processed by this cpu.
+ * @cpu_index: Index of the cpu.
+ */
struct padata_queue {
struct padata_list parallel;
struct padata_list reorder;
@@ -52,6 +81,20 @@ struct padata_queue {
int cpu_index;
};

+/**
+ * struct parallel_data - Internal control structure, covers everything
+ * that depends on the cpumask in use.
+ *
+ * @pinst: padata instance.
+ * @queue: percpu padata queues.
+ * @seq_nr: The sequence number that will be attached to the next object.
+ * @reorder_objects: Number of objects waiting in the reorder queues.
+ * @refcnt: Number of objects holding a reference on this parallel_data.
+ * @max_seq_nr: Maximal used sequence number.
+ * @cpumask: cpumask in use.
+ * @lock: Reorder lock.
+ * @timer: Reorder timer.
+ */
struct parallel_data {
struct padata_instance *pinst;
struct padata_queue *queue;
@@ -64,6 +107,16 @@ struct parallel_data {
struct timer_list timer;
};

+/**
+ * struct padata_instance - The overall control structure.
+ *
+ * @cpu_notifier: cpu hotplug notifier.
+ * @wq: The workqueue in use.
+ * @pd: The internal control structure.
+ * @cpumask: User supplied cpumask.
+ * @lock: padata instance lock.
+ * @flags: padata flags.
+ */
struct padata_instance {
struct notifier_block cpu_notifier;
struct workqueue_struct *wq;
diff --git a/kernel/padata.c b/kernel/padata.c
index ec6b8b7..ca89dfb 100644
--- a/kernel/padata.c
+++ b/kernel/padata.c
@@ -88,7 +88,7 @@ static void padata_parallel_worker(struct work_struct *work)
local_bh_enable();
}

-/*
+/**
* padata_do_parallel - padata parallelization function
*
* @pinst: padata instance
@@ -152,6 +152,23 @@ out:
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(padata_do_parallel);

+/*
+ * padata_get_next - Get the next object that needs serialization.
+ *
+ * Return values are:
+ *
+ * A pointer to the control struct of the next object that needs
+ * serialization, if present in one of the percpu reorder queues.
+ *
+ * NULL, if all percpu reorder queues are empty.
+ *
+ * -EINPROGRESS, if the next object that needs serialization will
+ * be parallel processed by another cpu and is not yet present in
+ * the cpu's reorder queue.
+ *
+ * -ENODATA, if this cpu has to do the parallel processing for
+ * the next object.
+ */
static struct padata_priv *padata_get_next(struct parallel_data *pd)
{
int cpu, num_cpus, empty, calc_seq_nr;
@@ -173,7 +190,7 @@ static struct padata_priv *padata_get_next(struct parallel_data *pd)

/*
* Calculate the seq_nr of the object that should be
- * next in this queue.
+ * next in this reorder queue.
*/
overrun = 0;
calc_seq_nr = (atomic_read(&queue->num_obj) * num_cpus)
@@ -248,15 +265,36 @@ static void padata_reorder(struct parallel_data *pd)
struct padata_queue *queue;
struct padata_instance *pinst = pd->pinst;

+ /*
+ * We need to ensure that only one cpu can work on dequeueing of
+ * the reorder queue the time. Calculating in which percpu reorder
+ * queue the next object will arrive takes some time. A spinlock
+ * would be highly contended. Also it is not clear in which order
+ * the objects arrive to the reorder queues. So a cpu could wait to
+ * get the lock just to notice that there is nothing to do at the
+ * moment. Therefore we use a trylock and let the holder of the lock
+ * care for all the objects enqueued during the holdtime of the lock.
+ */
if (!spin_trylock_bh(&pd->lock))
return;

while (1) {
padata = padata_get_next(pd);

+ /*
+ * All reorder queues are empty, or the next object that needs
+ * serialization is parallel processed by another cpu and is
+ * still on it's way to the cpu's reorder queue, nothing to
+ * do for now.
+ */
if (!padata || PTR_ERR(padata) == -EINPROGRESS)
break;

+ /*
+ * This cpu has to do the parallel processing of the next
+ * object. It's waiting in the cpu's parallelization queue,
+ * so exit imediately.
+ */
if (PTR_ERR(padata) == -ENODATA) {
del_timer(&pd->timer);
spin_unlock_bh(&pd->lock);
@@ -274,6 +312,11 @@ static void padata_reorder(struct parallel_data *pd)

spin_unlock_bh(&pd->lock);

+ /*
+ * The next object that needs serialization might have arrived to
+ * the reorder queues in the meantime, we will be called again
+ * from the timer function if noone else cares for it.
+ */
if (atomic_read(&pd->reorder_objects)
&& !(pinst->flags & PADATA_RESET))
mod_timer(&pd->timer, jiffies + HZ);
@@ -318,7 +361,7 @@ static void padata_serial_worker(struct work_struct *work)
local_bh_enable();
}

-/*
+/**
* padata_do_serial - padata serialization function
*
* @padata: object to be serialized.
@@ -348,6 +391,7 @@ void padata_do_serial(struct padata_priv *padata)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(padata_do_serial);

+/* Allocate and initialize the internal cpumask dependend resources. */
static struct parallel_data *padata_alloc_pd(struct padata_instance *pinst,
const struct cpumask *cpumask)
{
@@ -417,6 +461,7 @@ static void padata_free_pd(struct parallel_data *pd)
kfree(pd);
}

+/* Flush all objects out of the padata queues. */
static void padata_flush_queues(struct parallel_data *pd)
{
int cpu;
@@ -440,6 +485,7 @@ static void padata_flush_queues(struct parallel_data *pd)
BUG_ON(atomic_read(&pd->refcnt) != 0);
}

+/* Replace the internal control stucture with a new one. */
static void padata_replace(struct padata_instance *pinst,
struct parallel_data *pd_new)
{
@@ -457,7 +503,7 @@ static void padata_replace(struct padata_instance *pinst,
pinst->flags &= ~PADATA_RESET;
}

-/*
+/**
* padata_set_cpumask - set the cpumask that padata should use
*
* @pinst: padata instance
@@ -507,7 +553,7 @@ static int __padata_add_cpu(struct padata_instance *pinst, int cpu)
return 0;
}

-/*
+/**
* padata_add_cpu - add a cpu to the padata cpumask
*
* @pinst: padata instance
@@ -545,7 +591,7 @@ static int __padata_remove_cpu(struct padata_instance *pinst, int cpu)
return 0;
}

-/*
+/**
* padata_remove_cpu - remove a cpu from the padata cpumask
*
* @pinst: padata instance
@@ -568,7 +614,7 @@ int padata_remove_cpu(struct padata_instance *pinst, int cpu)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(padata_remove_cpu);

-/*
+/**
* padata_start - start the parallel processing
*
* @pinst: padata instance to start
@@ -581,7 +627,7 @@ void padata_start(struct padata_instance *pinst)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(padata_start);

-/*
+/**
* padata_stop - stop the parallel processing
*
* @pinst: padata instance to stop
@@ -648,7 +694,7 @@ static int padata_cpu_callback(struct notifier_block *nfb,
}
#endif

-/*
+/**
* padata_alloc - allocate and initialize a padata instance
*
* @cpumask: cpumask that padata uses for parallelization
@@ -703,10 +749,10 @@ err:
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(padata_alloc);

-/*
+/**
* padata_free - free a padata instance
*
- * @ padata_inst: padata instance to free
+ * @padata_inst: padata instance to free
*/
void padata_free(struct padata_instance *pinst)
{
--
1.5.6.5


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