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SubjectRe: [PATCH/RFC] Have sane default values for cpusets
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What about the case where some subset of the parent's mems/cpus are
given to a child with the exclusive flag set?

Paul

On Wed, May 12, 2010 at 6:05 AM, Dhaval Giani <dhaval.giani@gmail.com> wrote:
> Hi folks,
>
> This is a patch (against a somewhat older kernel) which proposes to set
> a default value for a cpuset cgroup that is created. At this point in
> time, this is just half done since I would prefer some comments, and see
> if it is acceptable, and how.
>
> First the description of the patch.
>
> This patch basically sets up default values for the a cpuset that is
> created. By default right now, cpuset.cpus_allowed and
> cpuset.mems_allowed is empty. This does not allow a task to be attached
> to the cpuset. This patch sets the default value of the cpus_allowed and
> mems_allowed as the same as that of the parent.
>
> TODO:
> 1. Set the value depending on the exclusive flags set in other cpusets.
>
> This does not break ABI since applications which were explicitly setting
> up the cpusets will still be setting them up anyway. And if someone was
> checking if a cpuset was setup or not by checking the state of
> cpuset.cpus_allowed, then it was broken and should be fixed.
>
> Now the motivation.
>
> Looking from an application programmer's point of view, when using
> cgroups, he does not want to care about unrelated subsystem and would
> only manipulate the subsystem which he is concerned with. But this is a
> decision that is not just limited to the application programmer. It is a
> decision that is very strongly dependent on the underlying system as
> well. Cgroups allows multiple subsystems to be mounted together, which
> then implies they have a common hierarchy.
>
> Now to take an example, consider a system where cpu and memory are
> mounted together, since the user wants to have the same hierarchy for
> both cpu and memory. Since the application cares only about memory, it
> manipulates all those values. But since they are mounted together, every
> time it creates a cgroup for a task, that task will also be moved to the
> corresponding cpu cgroup. The solution to this is (and the one we
> recommend is) to mount all cgroups separately, but this is not always
> going to happen, because it is quite painful to do this. If you use
> libcgroup, you need to add additional parameters to your configuration
> file. If you mount it manually, you have to specify multiple mount
> commands.
>
> Anyway, coming back to the original issue. Consider that the usecase
> that the user has is a valid use case, and just mix in cpuset into this
> case. Now, if the application creates a cgroup, for memory, but not
> knowing that the user has mounted cpusets together, it is unable to
> attach a task to its newly created cgroup because cpusets is not setup.
> Now the programmer is forced to know about cpusets as well.
>
> In order to handle this situation, libcgroup has an API which takes the
> parameters from the parent cgroup. But that is also broken. Consider
> this same example. If there is a cgroup, that has its cpu.rt_runtime_us
> parameter setup in the another child, then the create from parent API
> will fail since we tried to assign too much rt bandwidth to that cgroup.
> So you can neither create a cgroup nor can you assign parameters from
> its parents.
>
> Now rt-cgroups handles this situation quite well. Since real-time is
> obviously a special case, the default is to have no rt bandwidth for
> that cgroup. Where cpusets goes wrong is to have a *no* default values.
> So the question now is, do we expect to have this non uniform policy in
> implementing subsystems, or do we enforce a policy to have sane defaults
> for subsystems if they prevent attaching "regular" tasks by default.
>
> Solving it in userspace is just adding another layer, and asking either
> libcgroup to have a lot of code for just one subsystem, or expecting the
> programmer to know about every subsystem, just in order to handle every
> corner case.
>
> Comments?
>
> Thanks!
> Dhaval
>
> ---
>  kernel/cpuset.c |   13 +++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 13 insertions(+)
>
> Index: linux-2.6/kernel/cpuset.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/kernel/cpuset.c
> +++ linux-2.6/kernel/cpuset.c
> @@ -1824,6 +1824,17 @@ static void cpuset_post_clone(struct cgr
>  }
>
>  /*
> + * Inherit the parent's cpus/mems values. Do not inhert the
> + * exclusivity flag
> + *
> + */
> +static void cpuset_inherit_parent_values(struct cpuset *child)
> +{
> +       cpumask_copy(child->cpus_allowed, child->parent->cpus_allowed);
> +       child->mems_allowed = child->parent->mems_allowed;
> +}
> +
> +/*
>  *     cpuset_create - create a cpuset
>  *     ss:     cpuset cgroup subsystem
>  *     cont:   control group that the new cpuset will be part of
> @@ -1860,6 +1871,8 @@ static struct cgroup_subsys_state *cpuse
>        cs->relax_domain_level = -1;
>
>        cs->parent = parent;
> +       cpuset_inherit_parent_values(cs);
> +
>        number_of_cpusets++;
>        return &cs->css ;
>  }
>
>
>
>
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