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SubjectRe: kernel panic on kill(0, SIGTERM) with PGID == 0
Hello  Oleg,

Oleg Nesterov wrote:
> sorry for delay, vacation.
>

No problem. Thanks for replying.

>> But it even gets worser because process group 0 contains some
>> special processes, like swapper (PID: 0). Normally swapper will never be
>> reachable for userland because PID 0 is handled special by kill(2) but
>> killing the current process group while having a PGID of 0 will also try
>> to kill those special processes like swapper. This ends in the following
>> kernel null pointer deref:
>>
>> [ 3.595820] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 000003a8
>
> Thanks Mathias.
>
> I think this should be fixed anyway. Could you try the patch below?

See below.

>
> In any case swapper should be immune to signals, and its ->thread_group
> should be properly initiallized (the patch does only this).
>
>> [ 3.595820] [<c012b45b>] __group_send_sig_info+0x7b/0xa0
>> [ 3.595820] [<c012b5bd>] group_send_sig_info+0x5d/0x80
>> [ 3.595820] [<c012b628>] __kill_pgrp_info+0x48/0x70
>> [ 3.595820] [<c012b679>] kill_pgrp_info+0x29/0x40
>
> Looks like, you kernel is old. Any chance you can also test the recent
> kernel?
>

It's old because it's the result of bisecting the cause of the problem.
It's actually some 2.6.24 kernel but I could reproduce the bug with
2.6.34-rc4, too.

>> May be a minor bug, because it can be work around by calling setpgid(0,0)
>> in init
>
> setpgid(0,0) just moves the caller's pgrp from PGID 0, that is why it
> helps.
>

Right.

>> but I think it should be fixed, anyway.
>
> Completely agreed.
>
>> A reproducer is attached. It contains a substitute for init that triggers
>> the bug.
>
> Thanks.
>
> I didn't try it, but it looks overcomplicated to trigger this bug, or
> I missed something? Afaics, init could be just
>
> int main(void)
> {
> kill(0, SIGGKILL);
> }
>
> No?
>

Yes, sure. Killing the process group, while having a PGID of 0 are the
only prerequisites to trigger this bug. In my example I forked a child
and let it do the call to kill to not have init (PID 1) beeing killed,
too. The kernel doesn't like that. :)
But your example should also work.


> Oleg.
>
> We should also change INIT_SIGHAND, but _hopefully_ this is enough
> to fix the crash.
>
> --- x/include/linux/init_task.h
> +++ x/include/linux/init_task.h
> @@ -172,6 +172,7 @@ extern struct cred init_cred;
> [PIDTYPE_PGID] = INIT_PID_LINK(PIDTYPE_PGID), \
> [PIDTYPE_SID] = INIT_PID_LINK(PIDTYPE_SID), \
> }, \
> + .thread_group = LIST_HEAD_INIT(tsk.thread_group), \
> .dirties = INIT_PROP_LOCAL_SINGLE(dirties), \
> INIT_IDS \
> INIT_PERF_EVENTS(tsk) \
>
>

This works for me. Thanks.

Tested-by: Mathias Krause <mathias.krause@secunet.com>


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