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Subject[PATCH v21 038/100] c/r: checkpoint and restart open file descriptors
Date
Checkpoint: dump the file table with 'struct ckpt_hdr_file_table,
followed by all open file descriptors. Because the 'struct file'
corresponding to an fd can be shared, they are assigned an objref and
registered in the object hash. A reference to the 'file *' is kept for
as long as it lives in the hash (the hash is only cleaned up at the
end of the checkpoint).

Also provide generic_checkpoint_file() and generic_restore_file()
which is good for normal files and directories. It does not support
yet unlinked files or directories.

Restart: for each fd read 'struct ckpt_hdr_file_desc' and lookup
objref in the hash table; If not found in the hash table, (first
occurence), read in 'struct ckpt_hdr_file', create a new file and
register in the hash. Otherwise attach the file pointer from the hash
as an FD.

Changelog[v21]:
- Do not include checkpoint_hdr.h explicitly
- Replace __initcall() with late_initcall()
- [Serge] Print out full path of file which crossed mnt_ns
- Reorganize code into fs/*
- Merge files dump/restore into a single patch
- Put file_ops->checkpoint under CONFIG_CHECKPOINT
Changelog[v19]:
- Fix false negative of test for unlinked files at checkpoint
Changelog[v19-rc3]:
- [Serge Hallyn] Rename fs_mnt to root_fs_path
- [Dave Hansen] Error out on file locks and leases
- [Serge Hallyn] Refuse checkpoint of file with f_owner
Changelog[v19-rc1]:
- Fix lockdep complaint in restore_obj_files()
- [Matt Helsley] Add cpp definitions for enums
- Restore thread/cpu state early
- Ensure null-termination of file names read from image
- Fix compile warning in restore_open_fname()
Changelog[v18]:
- Add a few more ckpt_write_err()s
- [Dan Smith] Export fill_fname() as ckpt_fill_fname()
- Introduce ckpt_collect_file() that also uses file->collect method
- In collect_file_stabl() use retval from ckpt_obj_collect() to
test for first-time-object
- Invoke set_close_on_exec() unconditionally on restart
Changelog[v17]:
- Validate f_mode after restore against saved f_mode
- Fail if f_flags have O_CREAT|O_EXCL|O_NOCTTY|O_TRUNC
- Reorder patch (move earlier in series)
- Handle shared files_struct objects
- Only collect sub-objects of files_struct once
- Better file error debugging
- Use (new) d_unlinked()
Changelog[v16]:
- Fix compile warning in checkpoint_bad()
Changelog[v16]:
- Reorder patch (move earlier in series)
- Handle shared files_struct objects
Changelog[v14]:
- File objects are dumped/restored prior to the first reference
- Introduce a per file-type restore() callback
- Use struct file_operations->checkpoint()
- Put code for generic file descriptors in a separate function
- Use one CKPT_FILE_GENERIC for both regular files and dirs
- Revert change to pr_debug(), back to ckpt_debug()
- Use only unsigned fields in checkpoint headers
- Rename: ckpt_write_files() => checkpoint_fd_table()
- Rename: ckpt_write_fd_data() => checkpoint_file()
- Rename: ckpt_read_fd_data() => restore_file()
- Rename: restore_files() => restore_fd_table()
- Check whether calls to ckpt_hbuf_get() fail
- Discard field 'h->parent'
Changelog[v12]:
- Replace obsolete ckpt_debug() with pr_debug()
Changelog[v11]:
- Discard handling of opened symlinks (there is no such thing)
- ckpt_scan_fds() retries from scratch if hits size limits
Changelog[v9]:
- Fix a couple of leaks in ckpt_write_files()
- Drop useless kfree from ckpt_scan_fds()
Changelog[v8]:
- initialize 'coe' to workaround gcc false warning
Changelog[v6]:
- Balance all calls to ckpt_hbuf_get() with matching ckpt_hbuf_put()
(even though it's not really needed)

Cc: linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Oren Laadan <orenl@cs.columbia.edu>
Acked-by: Serge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com>
Tested-by: Serge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com>
---
fs/Makefile | 1 +
fs/checkpoint.c | 816 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
fs/locks.c | 35 ++
include/linux/checkpoint.h | 22 +
include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h | 59 +++
include/linux/checkpoint_types.h | 5 +
include/linux/fs.h | 10 +
kernel/checkpoint/checkpoint.c | 11 +
kernel/checkpoint/process.c | 53 +++-
kernel/checkpoint/sys.c | 9 +
10 files changed, 1020 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 fs/checkpoint.c

diff --git a/fs/Makefile b/fs/Makefile
index 97f340f..aa25755 100644
--- a/fs/Makefile
+++ b/fs/Makefile
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_EVENTFD) += eventfd.o
obj-$(CONFIG_AIO) += aio.o
obj-$(CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING) += locks.o
obj-$(CONFIG_COMPAT) += compat.o compat_ioctl.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_CHECKPOINT) += checkpoint.o

nfsd-$(CONFIG_NFSD) := nfsctl.o
obj-y += $(nfsd-y) $(nfsd-m)
diff --git a/fs/checkpoint.c b/fs/checkpoint.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..95a51e9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/fs/checkpoint.c
@@ -0,0 +1,816 @@
+/*
+ * Checkpoint file descriptors
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Oren Laadan
+ *
+ * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
+ * License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of the Linux
+ * distribution for more details.
+ */
+
+/* default debug level for output */
+#define CKPT_DFLAG CKPT_DFILE
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/fdtable.h>
+#include <linux/fsnotify.h>
+#include <linux/syscalls.h>
+#include <linux/deferqueue.h>
+#include <linux/checkpoint.h>
+
+/**************************************************************************
+ * Checkpoint
+ */
+
+/**
+ * ckpt_fill_fname - return pathname of a given file
+ * @path: path name
+ * @root: relative root
+ * @buf: buffer for pathname
+ * @len: buffer length (in) and pathname length (out)
+ */
+char *ckpt_fill_fname(struct path *path, struct path *root, char *buf, int *len)
+{
+ struct path tmp = *root;
+ char *fname;
+
+ BUG_ON(!buf);
+ spin_lock(&dcache_lock);
+ fname = __d_path(path, &tmp, buf, *len);
+ spin_unlock(&dcache_lock);
+ if (IS_ERR(fname))
+ return fname;
+ *len = (buf + (*len) - fname);
+ /*
+ * FIX: if __d_path() changed these, it must have stepped out of
+ * init's namespace. Since currently we require a unified namespace
+ * within the container: simply fail.
+ */
+ if (tmp.mnt != root->mnt || tmp.dentry != root->dentry) {
+ ckpt_debug("file %s was opened in an alien mnt_ns\n", fname);
+ fname = ERR_PTR(-EBADF);
+ }
+
+ return fname;
+}
+
+/**
+ * checkpoint_fname - write a file name
+ * @ctx: checkpoint context
+ * @path: path name
+ * @root: relative root
+ */
+int checkpoint_fname(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct path *path, struct path *root)
+{
+ char *buf, *fname;
+ int ret, flen;
+
+ /*
+ * FIXME: we can optimize and save memory (and storage) if we
+ * share strings (through objhash) and reference them instead
+ */
+
+ flen = PATH_MAX;
+ buf = kmalloc(flen, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!buf)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ fname = ckpt_fill_fname(path, root, buf, &flen);
+ if (!IS_ERR(fname)) {
+ ret = ckpt_write_obj_type(ctx, fname, flen,
+ CKPT_HDR_FILE_NAME);
+ } else {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(fname);
+ ckpt_err(ctx, ret, "%(T)%(S)Obtain filename\n",
+ path->dentry->d_name.name);
+ }
+
+ kfree(buf);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+#define CKPT_DEFAULT_FDTABLE 256 /* an initial guess */
+
+/**
+ * scan_fds - scan file table and construct array of open fds
+ * @files: files_struct pointer
+ * @fdtable: (output) array of open fds
+ *
+ * Returns the number of open fds found, and also the file table
+ * array via *fdtable. The caller should free the array.
+ *
+ * The caller must validate the file descriptors collected in the
+ * array before using them, e.g. by using fcheck_files(), in case
+ * the task's fdtable changes in the meantime.
+ */
+static int scan_fds(struct files_struct *files, int **fdtable)
+{
+ struct fdtable *fdt;
+ int *fds = NULL;
+ int i = 0, n = 0;
+ int tot = CKPT_DEFAULT_FDTABLE;
+
+ /*
+ * We assume that all tasks possibly sharing the file table are
+ * frozen (or we are a single process and we checkpoint ourselves).
+ * Therefore, we can safely proceed after krealloc() from where we
+ * left off. Otherwise the file table may be modified by another
+ * task after we scan it. The behavior is this case is undefined,
+ * and either checkpoint or restart will likely fail.
+ */
+ retry:
+ fds = krealloc(fds, tot * sizeof(*fds), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!fds)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ fdt = files_fdtable(files);
+ for (/**/; i < fdt->max_fds; i++) {
+ if (!fcheck_files(files, i))
+ continue;
+ if (n == tot) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ tot *= 2; /* won't overflow: kmalloc will fail */
+ goto retry;
+ }
+ fds[n++] = i;
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+
+ *fdtable = fds;
+ return n;
+}
+
+int checkpoint_file_common(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct file *file,
+ struct ckpt_hdr_file *h)
+{
+ h->f_flags = file->f_flags;
+ h->f_mode = file->f_mode;
+ h->f_pos = file->f_pos;
+ h->f_version = file->f_version;
+
+ ckpt_debug("file %s", file->f_dentry->d_name.name);
+
+ /* FIX: need also file->uid, file->gid, file->f_owner, etc */
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int generic_file_checkpoint(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct file *file)
+{
+ struct ckpt_hdr_file_generic *h;
+ int ret;
+
+ /*
+ * FIXME: when we'll add support for unlinked files/dirs, we'll
+ * need to distinguish between unlinked filed and unlinked dirs.
+ */
+ if (d_unlinked(file->f_dentry)) {
+ ckpt_err(ctx, -EBADF, "%(T)%(P)Unlinked files unsupported\n",
+ file);
+ return -EBADF;
+ }
+
+ h = ckpt_hdr_get_type(ctx, sizeof(*h), CKPT_HDR_FILE);
+ if (!h)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ h->common.f_type = CKPT_FILE_GENERIC;
+
+ ret = checkpoint_file_common(ctx, file, &h->common);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+ ret = ckpt_write_obj(ctx, &h->common.h);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+ ret = checkpoint_fname(ctx, &file->f_path, &ctx->root_fs_path);
+ out:
+ ckpt_hdr_put(ctx, h);
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_checkpoint);
+
+/* checkpoint callback for file pointer */
+static int checkpoint_file(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, void *ptr)
+{
+ struct file *file = (struct file *) ptr;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (!file->f_op || !file->f_op->checkpoint) {
+ ckpt_err(ctx, -EBADF, "%(T)%(P)%(V)f_op lacks checkpoint\n",
+ file, file->f_op);
+ return -EBADF;
+ }
+
+ ret = file->f_op->checkpoint(ctx, file);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ ckpt_err(ctx, ret, "%(T)%(P)file checkpoint failed\n", file);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * ckpt_write_file_desc - dump the state of a given file descriptor
+ * @ctx: checkpoint context
+ * @files: files_struct pointer
+ * @fd: file descriptor
+ *
+ * Saves the state of the file descriptor; looks up the actual file
+ * pointer in the hash table, and if found saves the matching objref,
+ * otherwise calls ckpt_write_file to dump the file pointer too.
+ */
+static int checkpoint_file_desc(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx,
+ struct files_struct *files, int fd)
+{
+ struct ckpt_hdr_file_desc *h;
+ struct file *file = NULL;
+ struct fdtable *fdt;
+ int objref, ret;
+ int coe = 0; /* avoid gcc warning */
+ pid_t pid;
+
+ h = ckpt_hdr_get_type(ctx, sizeof(*h), CKPT_HDR_FILE_DESC);
+ if (!h)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ fdt = files_fdtable(files);
+ file = fcheck_files(files, fd);
+ if (file) {
+ coe = FD_ISSET(fd, fdt->close_on_exec);
+ get_file(file);
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+
+ ret = find_locks_with_owner(file, files);
+ /*
+ * find_locks_with_owner() returns an error when there
+ * are no locks found, so we *want* it to return an error
+ * code. Its success means we have to fail the checkpoint.
+ */
+ if (!ret) {
+ ret = -EBADF;
+ ckpt_err(ctx, ret, "%(T)fd %d has file lock or lease\n", fd);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /* sanity check (although this shouldn't happen) */
+ ret = -EBADF;
+ if (!file) {
+ ckpt_err(ctx, ret, "%(T)fd %d gone?\n", fd);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * TODO: Implement c/r of fowner and f_sigio. Should be
+ * trivial, but for now we just refuse its checkpoint
+ */
+ pid = f_getown(file);
+ if (pid) {
+ ret = -EBUSY;
+ ckpt_err(ctx, ret, "%(T)fd %d has an owner (%d)\n", fd);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * if seen first time, this will add 'file' to the objhash, keep
+ * a reference to it, dump its state while at it.
+ */
+ objref = checkpoint_obj(ctx, file, CKPT_OBJ_FILE);
+ ckpt_debug("fd %d objref %d file %p coe %d)\n", fd, objref, file, coe);
+ if (objref < 0) {
+ ret = objref;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ h->fd_objref = objref;
+ h->fd_descriptor = fd;
+ h->fd_close_on_exec = coe;
+
+ ret = ckpt_write_obj(ctx, &h->h);
+out:
+ ckpt_hdr_put(ctx, h);
+ if (file)
+ fput(file);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* checkpoint callback for file table */
+static int checkpoint_file_table(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, void *ptr)
+{
+ struct files_struct *files = ptr;
+ struct ckpt_hdr_file_table *h;
+ int *fdtable = NULL;
+ int nfds, n, ret;
+
+ h = ckpt_hdr_get_type(ctx, sizeof(*h), CKPT_HDR_FILE_TABLE);
+ if (!h)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ nfds = scan_fds(files, &fdtable);
+ if (nfds < 0) {
+ ret = nfds;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ h->fdt_nfds = nfds;
+
+ ret = ckpt_write_obj(ctx, &h->h);
+ ckpt_hdr_put(ctx, h);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ ckpt_debug("nfds %d\n", nfds);
+ for (n = 0; n < nfds; n++) {
+ ret = checkpoint_file_desc(ctx, files, fdtable[n]);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ ret = deferqueue_run(ctx->files_deferq);
+ ckpt_debug("files_deferq ran %d entries\n", ret);
+ if (ret > 0)
+ ret = 0;
+ out:
+ kfree(fdtable);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* checkpoint wrapper for file table */
+int checkpoint_obj_file_table(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct task_struct *t)
+{
+ struct files_struct *files;
+ int objref;
+
+ files = get_files_struct(t);
+ if (!files)
+ return -EBUSY;
+ objref = checkpoint_obj(ctx, files, CKPT_OBJ_FILE_TABLE);
+ put_files_struct(files);
+
+ return objref;
+}
+
+/***********************************************************************
+ * Collect
+ */
+
+int ckpt_collect_file(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct file *file)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = ckpt_obj_collect(ctx, file, CKPT_OBJ_FILE);
+ if (ret <= 0)
+ return ret;
+ /* if first time for this file (ret > 0), invoke ->collect() */
+ if (file->f_op->collect)
+ ret = file->f_op->collect(ctx, file);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ ckpt_err(ctx, ret, "%(T)%(P)File collect\n", file);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int collect_file_desc(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx,
+ struct files_struct *files, int fd)
+{
+ struct fdtable *fdt;
+ struct file *file;
+ int ret;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ fdt = files_fdtable(files);
+ file = fcheck_files(files, fd);
+ if (file)
+ get_file(file);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+
+ if (!file) {
+ ckpt_err(ctx, -EBUSY, "%(T)%(P)File removed\n", file);
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+
+ ret = ckpt_collect_file(ctx, file);
+ fput(file);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int collect_file_table(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct files_struct *files)
+{
+ int *fdtable;
+ int nfds, n;
+ int ret;
+
+ /* if already exists (ret == 0), nothing to do */
+ ret = ckpt_obj_collect(ctx, files, CKPT_OBJ_FILE_TABLE);
+ if (ret <= 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ /* if first time for this file table (ret > 0), proceed inside */
+ nfds = scan_fds(files, &fdtable);
+ if (nfds < 0)
+ return nfds;
+
+ for (n = 0; n < nfds; n++) {
+ ret = collect_file_desc(ctx, files, fdtable[n]);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ kfree(fdtable);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int ckpt_collect_file_table(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct task_struct *t)
+{
+ struct files_struct *files;
+ int ret;
+
+ files = get_files_struct(t);
+ if (!files) {
+ ckpt_err(ctx, -EBUSY, "%(T)files_struct missing\n");
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+ ret = collect_file_table(ctx, files);
+ put_files_struct(files);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/**************************************************************************
+ * Restart
+ */
+
+/**
+ * restore_open_fname - read a file name and open a file
+ * @ctx: checkpoint context
+ * @flags: file flags
+ */
+struct file *restore_open_fname(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, int flags)
+{
+ struct file *file;
+ char *fname;
+ int len;
+
+ /* prevent bad input from doing bad things */
+ if (flags & (O_CREAT | O_EXCL | O_NOCTTY | O_TRUNC))
+ return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+ len = ckpt_read_payload(ctx, (void **) &fname,
+ PATH_MAX, CKPT_HDR_FILE_NAME);
+ if (len < 0)
+ return ERR_PTR(len);
+ fname[len - 1] = '\0'; /* always play if safe */
+ ckpt_debug("fname '%s' flags %#x\n", fname, flags);
+
+ file = filp_open(fname, flags, 0);
+ kfree(fname);
+
+ return file;
+}
+
+static int close_all_fds(struct files_struct *files)
+{
+ int *fdtable;
+ int nfds;
+
+ nfds = scan_fds(files, &fdtable);
+ if (nfds < 0)
+ return nfds;
+ while (nfds--)
+ sys_close(fdtable[nfds]);
+ kfree(fdtable);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * attach_file - attach a lonely file ptr to a file descriptor
+ * @file: lonely file pointer
+ */
+static int attach_file(struct file *file)
+{
+ int fd = get_unused_fd_flags(0);
+
+ if (fd >= 0) {
+ get_file(file);
+ fsnotify_open(file->f_path.dentry);
+ fd_install(fd, file);
+ }
+ return fd;
+}
+
+#define CKPT_SETFL_MASK \
+ (O_APPEND | O_NONBLOCK | O_NDELAY | FASYNC | O_DIRECT | O_NOATIME)
+
+int restore_file_common(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct file *file,
+ struct ckpt_hdr_file *h)
+{
+ fmode_t new_mode = file->f_mode;
+ fmode_t saved_mode = (__force fmode_t) h->f_mode;
+ int ret;
+
+ /* FIX: need to restore uid, gid, owner etc */
+
+ /* safe to set 1st arg (fd) to 0, as command is F_SETFL */
+ ret = vfs_fcntl(0, F_SETFL, h->f_flags & CKPT_SETFL_MASK, file);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ /*
+ * Normally f_mode is set by open, and modified only via
+ * fcntl(), so its value now should match that at checkpoint.
+ * However, a file may be downgraded from (read-)write to
+ * read-only, e.g:
+ * - mark_files_ro() unsets FMODE_WRITE
+ * - nfs4_file_downgrade() too, and also sert FMODE_READ
+ * Validate the new f_mode against saved f_mode, allowing:
+ * - new with FMODE_WRITE, saved without FMODE_WRITE
+ * - new without FMODE_READ, saved with FMODE_READ
+ */
+ if ((new_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && !(saved_mode & FMODE_WRITE)) {
+ new_mode &= ~FMODE_WRITE;
+ if (!(new_mode & FMODE_READ) && (saved_mode & FMODE_READ))
+ new_mode |= FMODE_READ;
+ }
+ /* finally, at this point new mode should match saved mode */
+ if (new_mode ^ saved_mode)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (file->f_mode & FMODE_LSEEK)
+ ret = vfs_llseek(file, h->f_pos, SEEK_SET);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static struct file *generic_file_restore(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx,
+ struct ckpt_hdr_file *ptr)
+{
+ struct file *file;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (ptr->h.type != CKPT_HDR_FILE ||
+ ptr->h.len != sizeof(*ptr) || ptr->f_type != CKPT_FILE_GENERIC)
+ return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+ file = restore_open_fname(ctx, ptr->f_flags);
+ if (IS_ERR(file))
+ return file;
+
+ ret = restore_file_common(ctx, file, ptr);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ fput(file);
+ file = ERR_PTR(ret);
+ }
+ return file;
+}
+
+struct restore_file_ops {
+ char *file_name;
+ enum file_type file_type;
+ struct file * (*restore) (struct ckpt_ctx *ctx,
+ struct ckpt_hdr_file *ptr);
+};
+
+static struct restore_file_ops restore_file_ops[] = {
+ /* ignored file */
+ {
+ .file_name = "IGNORE",
+ .file_type = CKPT_FILE_IGNORE,
+ .restore = NULL,
+ },
+ /* regular file/directory */
+ {
+ .file_name = "GENERIC",
+ .file_type = CKPT_FILE_GENERIC,
+ .restore = generic_file_restore,
+ },
+};
+
+static void *restore_file(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx)
+{
+ struct restore_file_ops *ops;
+ struct ckpt_hdr_file *h;
+ struct file *file = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+ /*
+ * All 'struct ckpt_hdr_file_...' begin with ckpt_hdr_file,
+ * but the actual object depends on the file type. The length
+ * should never be more than page.
+ */
+ h = ckpt_read_buf_type(ctx, PAGE_SIZE, CKPT_HDR_FILE);
+ if (IS_ERR(h))
+ return (void *)h;
+ ckpt_debug("flags %#x mode %#x type %d\n",
+ h->f_flags, h->f_mode, h->f_type);
+
+ if (h->f_type >= CKPT_FILE_MAX)
+ goto out;
+
+ ops = &restore_file_ops[h->f_type];
+ BUG_ON(ops->file_type != h->f_type);
+
+ if (ops->restore)
+ file = ops->restore(ctx, h);
+ out:
+ ckpt_hdr_put(ctx, h);
+ return (void *)file;
+}
+
+/**
+ * ckpt_read_file_desc - restore the state of a given file descriptor
+ * @ctx: checkpoint context
+ *
+ * Restores the state of a file descriptor; looks up the objref (in the
+ * header) in the hash table, and if found picks the matching file and
+ * use it; otherwise calls restore_file to restore the file too.
+ */
+static int restore_file_desc(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx)
+{
+ struct ckpt_hdr_file_desc *h;
+ struct file *file;
+ int newfd, ret;
+
+ h = ckpt_read_obj_type(ctx, sizeof(*h), CKPT_HDR_FILE_DESC);
+ if (IS_ERR(h))
+ return PTR_ERR(h);
+ ckpt_debug("ref %d fd %d c.o.e %d\n",
+ h->fd_objref, h->fd_descriptor, h->fd_close_on_exec);
+
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ if (h->fd_objref <= 0 || h->fd_descriptor < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ file = ckpt_obj_fetch(ctx, h->fd_objref, CKPT_OBJ_FILE);
+ if (IS_ERR(file)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(file);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ newfd = attach_file(file);
+ if (newfd < 0) {
+ ret = newfd;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ ckpt_debug("newfd got %d wanted %d\n", newfd, h->fd_descriptor);
+
+ /* reposition if newfd isn't desired fd */
+ if (newfd != h->fd_descriptor) {
+ ret = sys_dup2(newfd, h->fd_descriptor);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+ sys_close(newfd);
+ }
+
+ set_close_on_exec(h->fd_descriptor, h->fd_close_on_exec);
+ ret = 0;
+ out:
+ ckpt_hdr_put(ctx, h);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* restore callback for file table */
+static void *restore_file_table(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx)
+{
+ struct ckpt_hdr_file_table *h;
+ struct files_struct *files;
+ int i, ret;
+
+ h = ckpt_read_obj_type(ctx, sizeof(*h), CKPT_HDR_FILE_TABLE);
+ if (IS_ERR(h))
+ return (void *)h;
+
+ ckpt_debug("nfds %d\n", h->fdt_nfds);
+
+ ret = -EMFILE;
+ if (h->fdt_nfds < 0 || h->fdt_nfds > sysctl_nr_open)
+ goto out;
+
+ /*
+ * We assume that restarting tasks, as created in user-space,
+ * have distinct files_struct objects each. If not, we need to
+ * call dup_fd() to make sure we don't overwrite an already
+ * restored one.
+ */
+
+ /* point of no return -- close all file descriptors */
+ ret = close_all_fds(current->files);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < h->fdt_nfds; i++) {
+ ret = restore_file_desc(ctx);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ ret = deferqueue_run(ctx->files_deferq);
+ ckpt_debug("files_deferq ran %d entries\n", ret);
+ if (ret > 0)
+ ret = 0;
+ out:
+ ckpt_hdr_put(ctx, h);
+ if (!ret) {
+ files = current->files;
+ atomic_inc(&files->count);
+ } else {
+ files = ERR_PTR(ret);
+ }
+ return (void *)files;
+}
+
+int restore_obj_file_table(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, int files_objref)
+{
+ struct files_struct *files;
+
+ files = ckpt_obj_fetch(ctx, files_objref, CKPT_OBJ_FILE_TABLE);
+ if (IS_ERR(files))
+ return PTR_ERR(files);
+
+ if (files != current->files) {
+ struct files_struct *prev;
+
+ task_lock(current);
+ prev = current->files;
+ current->files = files;
+ atomic_inc(&files->count);
+ task_unlock(current);
+
+ put_files_struct(prev);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * fs-related checkpoint objects
+ */
+static int obj_file_table_grab(void *ptr)
+{
+ atomic_inc(&((struct files_struct *) ptr)->count);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void obj_file_table_drop(void *ptr, int lastref)
+{
+ put_files_struct((struct files_struct *) ptr);
+}
+
+static int obj_file_table_users(void *ptr)
+{
+ return atomic_read(&((struct files_struct *) ptr)->count);
+}
+
+static int obj_file_grab(void *ptr)
+{
+ get_file((struct file *) ptr);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void obj_file_drop(void *ptr, int lastref)
+{
+ fput((struct file *) ptr);
+}
+
+static int obj_file_users(void *ptr)
+{
+ return atomic_long_read(&((struct file *) ptr)->f_count);
+}
+
+/* files_struct object */
+static const struct ckpt_obj_ops ckpt_obj_files_struct_ops = {
+ .obj_name = "FILE_TABLE",
+ .obj_type = CKPT_OBJ_FILE_TABLE,
+ .ref_drop = obj_file_table_drop,
+ .ref_grab = obj_file_table_grab,
+ .ref_users = obj_file_table_users,
+ .checkpoint = checkpoint_file_table,
+ .restore = restore_file_table,
+};
+
+/* file object */
+static const struct ckpt_obj_ops ckpt_obj_file_ops = {
+ .obj_name = "FILE",
+ .obj_type = CKPT_OBJ_FILE,
+ .ref_drop = obj_file_drop,
+ .ref_grab = obj_file_grab,
+ .ref_users = obj_file_users,
+ .checkpoint = checkpoint_file,
+ .restore = restore_file,
+};
+
+static __init int checkpoint_register_fs(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = register_checkpoint_obj(&ckpt_obj_files_struct_ops);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ ret = register_checkpoint_obj(&ckpt_obj_file_ops);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ return 0;
+}
+late_initcall(checkpoint_register_fs);
diff --git a/fs/locks.c b/fs/locks.c
index ab24d49..9cd859e 100644
--- a/fs/locks.c
+++ b/fs/locks.c
@@ -1995,6 +1995,41 @@ void locks_remove_posix(struct file *filp, fl_owner_t owner)

EXPORT_SYMBOL(locks_remove_posix);

+int find_locks_with_owner(struct file *filp, fl_owner_t owner)
+{
+ struct inode *inode = filp->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
+ struct file_lock **inode_fl;
+ int ret = -EEXIST;
+
+ lock_kernel();
+ for_each_lock(inode, inode_fl) {
+ struct file_lock *fl = *inode_fl;
+ /*
+ * We could use posix_same_owner() along with a 'fake'
+ * file_lock. But, the fake file will never have the
+ * same fl_lmops as the fl that we are looking for and
+ * posix_same_owner() would just fall back to this
+ * check anyway.
+ */
+ if (IS_POSIX(fl)) {
+ if (fl->fl_owner == owner) {
+ ret = 0;
+ break;
+ }
+ } else if (IS_FLOCK(fl) || IS_LEASE(fl)) {
+ if (fl->fl_file == filp) {
+ ret = 0;
+ break;
+ }
+ } else {
+ WARN(1, "unknown file lock type, fl_flags: %x",
+ fl->fl_flags);
+ }
+ }
+ unlock_kernel();
+ return ret;
+}
+
/*
* This function is called on the last close of an open file.
*/
diff --git a/include/linux/checkpoint.h b/include/linux/checkpoint.h
index d438d08..f07209c 100644
--- a/include/linux/checkpoint.h
+++ b/include/linux/checkpoint.h
@@ -80,6 +80,9 @@ extern int ckpt_read_payload(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx,
extern char *ckpt_read_string(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, int max);
extern int ckpt_read_consume(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, int len, int type);

+extern char *ckpt_fill_fname(struct path *path, struct path *root,
+ char *buf, int *len);
+
/* ckpt kflags */
#define ckpt_set_ctx_kflag(__ctx, __kflag) \
set_bit(__kflag##_BIT, &(__ctx)->kflags)
@@ -158,6 +161,24 @@ extern int checkpoint_restart_block(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx,
struct task_struct *t);
extern int restore_restart_block(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx);

+/* file table */
+extern int ckpt_collect_file_table(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct task_struct *t);
+extern int checkpoint_obj_file_table(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx,
+ struct task_struct *t);
+extern int restore_obj_file_table(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, int files_objref);
+
+/* files */
+extern int checkpoint_fname(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx,
+ struct path *path, struct path *root);
+extern struct file *restore_open_fname(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, int flags);
+
+extern int ckpt_collect_file(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct file *file);
+
+extern int checkpoint_file_common(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct file *file,
+ struct ckpt_hdr_file *h);
+extern int restore_file_common(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct file *file,
+ struct ckpt_hdr_file *h);
+
static inline int ckpt_validate_errno(int errno)
{
return (errno >= 0) && (errno < MAX_ERRNO);
@@ -168,6 +189,7 @@ static inline int ckpt_validate_errno(int errno)
#define CKPT_DSYS 0x2 /* generic (system) */
#define CKPT_DRW 0x4 /* image read/write */
#define CKPT_DOBJ 0x8 /* shared objects */
+#define CKPT_DFILE 0x10 /* files and filesystem */

#define CKPT_DDEFAULT 0xffff /* default debug level */

diff --git a/include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h b/include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h
index 5545ef6..ec3257a 100644
--- a/include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h
+++ b/include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h
@@ -76,6 +76,8 @@ enum {
#define CKPT_HDR_TREE CKPT_HDR_TREE
CKPT_HDR_TASK,
#define CKPT_HDR_TASK CKPT_HDR_TASK
+ CKPT_HDR_TASK_OBJS,
+#define CKPT_HDR_TASK_OBJS CKPT_HDR_TASK_OBJS
CKPT_HDR_RESTART_BLOCK,
#define CKPT_HDR_RESTART_BLOCK CKPT_HDR_RESTART_BLOCK
CKPT_HDR_THREAD,
@@ -85,6 +87,15 @@ enum {

/* 201-299: reserved for arch-dependent */

+ CKPT_HDR_FILE_TABLE = 301,
+#define CKPT_HDR_FILE_TABLE CKPT_HDR_FILE_TABLE
+ CKPT_HDR_FILE_DESC,
+#define CKPT_HDR_FILE_DESC CKPT_HDR_FILE_DESC
+ CKPT_HDR_FILE_NAME,
+#define CKPT_HDR_FILE_NAME CKPT_HDR_FILE_NAME
+ CKPT_HDR_FILE,
+#define CKPT_HDR_FILE CKPT_HDR_FILE
+
CKPT_HDR_TAIL = 9001,
#define CKPT_HDR_TAIL CKPT_HDR_TAIL

@@ -111,6 +122,10 @@ struct ckpt_hdr_objref {
enum obj_type {
CKPT_OBJ_IGNORE = 0,
#define CKPT_OBJ_IGNORE CKPT_OBJ_IGNORE
+ CKPT_OBJ_FILE_TABLE,
+#define CKPT_OBJ_FILE_TABLE CKPT_OBJ_FILE_TABLE
+ CKPT_OBJ_FILE,
+#define CKPT_OBJ_FILE CKPT_OBJ_FILE
CKPT_OBJ_MAX
#define CKPT_OBJ_MAX CKPT_OBJ_MAX
};
@@ -193,6 +208,12 @@ struct ckpt_hdr_task {
__u64 clear_child_tid;
} __attribute__((aligned(8)));

+/* task's shared resources */
+struct ckpt_hdr_task_objs {
+ struct ckpt_hdr h;
+ __s32 files_objref;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
/* restart blocks */
struct ckpt_hdr_restart_block {
struct ckpt_hdr h;
@@ -225,4 +246,42 @@ enum restart_block_type {
#define CKPT_RESTART_BLOCK_FUTEX CKPT_RESTART_BLOCK_FUTEX
};

+/* file system */
+struct ckpt_hdr_file_table {
+ struct ckpt_hdr h;
+ __s32 fdt_nfds;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
+/* file descriptors */
+struct ckpt_hdr_file_desc {
+ struct ckpt_hdr h;
+ __s32 fd_objref;
+ __s32 fd_descriptor;
+ __u32 fd_close_on_exec;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
+enum file_type {
+ CKPT_FILE_IGNORE = 0,
+#define CKPT_FILE_IGNORE CKPT_FILE_IGNORE
+ CKPT_FILE_GENERIC,
+#define CKPT_FILE_GENERIC CKPT_FILE_GENERIC
+ CKPT_FILE_MAX
+#define CKPT_FILE_MAX CKPT_FILE_MAX
+};
+
+/* file objects */
+struct ckpt_hdr_file {
+ struct ckpt_hdr h;
+ __u32 f_type;
+ __u32 f_mode;
+ __u32 f_flags;
+ __u32 _padding;
+ __u64 f_pos;
+ __u64 f_version;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
+struct ckpt_hdr_file_generic {
+ struct ckpt_hdr_file common;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
#endif /* _CHECKPOINT_CKPT_HDR_H_ */
diff --git a/include/linux/checkpoint_types.h b/include/linux/checkpoint_types.h
index ce68f54..ce46a59 100644
--- a/include/linux/checkpoint_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/checkpoint_types.h
@@ -14,6 +14,8 @@

#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/nsproxy.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/path.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/ktime.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
@@ -40,6 +42,9 @@ struct ckpt_ctx {
atomic_t refcount;

struct ckpt_obj_hash *obj_hash; /* repository for shared objects */
+ struct deferqueue_head *files_deferq; /* deferred file-table work */
+
+ struct path root_fs_path; /* container root (FIXME) */

struct task_struct *tsk;/* checkpoint: current target task */
char err_string[256]; /* checkpoint: error string */
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index c06c157..c0a59ea 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -1123,6 +1123,7 @@ extern void locks_remove_posix(struct file *, fl_owner_t);
extern void locks_remove_flock(struct file *);
extern void locks_release_private(struct file_lock *);
extern void posix_test_lock(struct file *, struct file_lock *);
+extern int find_locks_with_owner(struct file *filp, fl_owner_t owner);
extern int posix_lock_file(struct file *, struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *);
extern int posix_lock_file_wait(struct file *, struct file_lock *);
extern int posix_unblock_lock(struct file *, struct file_lock *);
@@ -1191,6 +1192,11 @@ static inline void locks_remove_posix(struct file *filp, fl_owner_t owner)
return;
}

+static inline int find_locks_with_owner(struct file *filp, fl_owner_t owner)
+{
+ return -ENOENT;
+}
+
static inline void locks_remove_flock(struct file *filp)
{
return;
@@ -2323,6 +2329,10 @@ void inode_sub_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes);
loff_t inode_get_bytes(struct inode *inode);
void inode_set_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes);

+#ifdef CONFIG_CHECKPOINT
+extern int generic_file_checkpoint(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct file *file);
+#endif
+
extern int vfs_readdir(struct file *, filldir_t, void *);

extern int vfs_stat(char __user *, struct kstat *);
diff --git a/kernel/checkpoint/checkpoint.c b/kernel/checkpoint/checkpoint.c
index 4640e80..a4f6854 100644
--- a/kernel/checkpoint/checkpoint.c
+++ b/kernel/checkpoint/checkpoint.c
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/fs_struct.h>
#include <linux/dcache.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/utsname.h>
@@ -491,6 +492,7 @@ static int init_checkpoint_ctx(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, pid_t pid)
{
struct task_struct *task;
struct nsproxy *nsproxy;
+ struct fs_struct *fs;

/*
* No need for explicit cleanup here, because if an error
@@ -532,6 +534,15 @@ static int init_checkpoint_ctx(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, pid_t pid)
return -EINVAL; /* cleanup by ckpt_ctx_free() */
}

+ /* root vfs (FIX: WILL CHANGE with mnt-ns etc */
+ task_lock(ctx->root_task);
+ fs = ctx->root_task->fs;
+ read_lock(&fs->lock);
+ ctx->root_fs_path = fs->root;
+ path_get(&ctx->root_fs_path);
+ read_unlock(&fs->lock);
+ task_unlock(ctx->root_task);
+
return 0;
}

diff --git a/kernel/checkpoint/process.c b/kernel/checkpoint/process.c
index f17f040..3880fa6 100644
--- a/kernel/checkpoint/process.c
+++ b/kernel/checkpoint/process.c
@@ -103,6 +103,29 @@ static int checkpoint_task_struct(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct task_struct *t)
return ckpt_write_string(ctx, t->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN);
}

+static int checkpoint_task_objs(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct task_struct *t)
+{
+ struct ckpt_hdr_task_objs *h;
+ int files_objref;
+ int ret;
+
+ files_objref = checkpoint_obj_file_table(ctx, t);
+ ckpt_debug("files: objref %d\n", files_objref);
+ if (files_objref < 0) {
+ ckpt_err(ctx, files_objref, "%(T)files_struct\n");
+ return files_objref;
+ }
+
+ h = ckpt_hdr_get_type(ctx, sizeof(*h), CKPT_HDR_TASK_OBJS);
+ if (!h)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ h->files_objref = files_objref;
+ ret = ckpt_write_obj(ctx, &h->h);
+ ckpt_hdr_put(ctx, h);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
/* dump the task_struct of a given task */
int checkpoint_restart_block(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct task_struct *t)
{
@@ -239,6 +262,10 @@ int checkpoint_task(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct task_struct *t)
goto out;
ret = checkpoint_cpu(ctx, t);
ckpt_debug("cpu %d\n", ret);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+ ret = checkpoint_task_objs(ctx, t);
+ ckpt_debug("objs %d\n", ret);
out:
ctx->tsk = NULL;
return ret;
@@ -246,7 +273,11 @@ int checkpoint_task(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct task_struct *t)

int ckpt_collect_task(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct task_struct *t)
{
- return 0;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = ckpt_collect_file_table(ctx, t);
+
+ return ret;
}

/***********************************************************************
@@ -316,6 +347,22 @@ static int restore_task_struct(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx)
return ret;
}

+static int restore_task_objs(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx)
+{
+ struct ckpt_hdr_task_objs *h;
+ int ret;
+
+ h = ckpt_read_obj_type(ctx, sizeof(*h), CKPT_HDR_TASK_OBJS);
+ if (IS_ERR(h))
+ return PTR_ERR(h);
+
+ ret = restore_obj_file_table(ctx, h->files_objref);
+ ckpt_debug("file_table: ret %d (%p)\n", ret, current->files);
+
+ ckpt_hdr_put(ctx, h);
+ return ret;
+}
+
int restore_restart_block(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx)
{
struct ckpt_hdr_restart_block *h;
@@ -445,6 +492,10 @@ int restore_task(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx)
goto out;
ret = restore_cpu(ctx);
ckpt_debug("cpu %d\n", ret);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+ ret = restore_task_objs(ctx);
+ ckpt_debug("objs %d\n", ret);
out:
return ret;
}
diff --git a/kernel/checkpoint/sys.c b/kernel/checkpoint/sys.c
index 5e84915..0f4a74f 100644
--- a/kernel/checkpoint/sys.c
+++ b/kernel/checkpoint/sys.c
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
+#include <linux/deferqueue.h>
#include <linux/checkpoint.h>

/*
@@ -198,12 +199,16 @@ static void ckpt_ctx_free(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx)
if (ctx->kflags & CKPT_CTX_RESTART)
restore_debug_free(ctx);

+ if (ctx->files_deferq)
+ deferqueue_destroy(ctx->files_deferq);
+
if (ctx->file)
fput(ctx->file);
if (ctx->logfile)
fput(ctx->logfile);

ckpt_obj_hash_free(ctx);
+ path_put(&ctx->root_fs_path);

if (ctx->tasks_arr)
task_arr_free(ctx);
@@ -262,6 +267,10 @@ static struct ckpt_ctx *ckpt_ctx_alloc(int fd, unsigned long uflags,
if (ckpt_obj_hash_alloc(ctx) < 0)
goto err;

+ ctx->files_deferq = deferqueue_create();
+ if (!ctx->files_deferq)
+ goto err;
+
atomic_inc(&ctx->refcount);
return ctx;
err:
--
1.6.3.3


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