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SubjectRe: [PATCH 02/13] mm: Revalidate anon_vma in page_lock_anon_vma()
Date
> On Fri,  9 Apr 2010 15:34:33 +0900 (JST)
> KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> wrote:
>
> > > On Fri, 9 Apr 2010 13:16:41 +1000
> > > Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> wrote:
> > >
> > > > On Thu, Apr 08, 2010 at 09:17:39PM +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> > > > > There is nothing preventing the anon_vma from being detached while we
> > > > > are spinning to acquire the lock. Most (all?) current users end up
> > > > > calling something like vma_address(page, vma) on it, which has a
> > > > > fairly good chance of weeding out wonky vmas.
> > > > >
> > > > > However suppose the anon_vma got freed and re-used while we were
> > > > > waiting to acquire the lock, and the new anon_vma fits with the
> > > > > page->index (because that is the only thing vma_address() uses to
> > > > > determine if the page fits in a particular vma, we could end up
> > > > > traversing faulty anon_vma chains.
> > > > >
> > > > > Close this hole for good by re-validating that page->mapping still
> > > > > holds the very same anon_vma pointer after we acquire the lock, if not
> > > > > be utterly paranoid and retry the whole operation (which will very
> > > > > likely bail, because it's unlikely the page got attached to a different
> > > > > anon_vma in the meantime).
> > > >
> > > > Hm, looks like a bugfix? How was this supposed to be safe?
> > > >
> > > IIUC.
> > >
> > > Before Rik's change to anon_vma, once page->mapping is set as anon_vma | 0x1,
> > > it's not modified until the page is freed.
> > > After the patch, do_wp_page() overwrite page->mapping when it reuse existing
> > > page.
> >
> > Why?
> > IIUC. page->mapping dereference in page_lock_anon_vma() makes four story.
> >
> > 1. the anon_vma is valid
> > -> do page_referenced_one().
> > 2. the anon_vma is invalid and freed to buddy
> > -> bail out by page_mapped(), no touch anon_vma
> > 3. the anon_vma is kfreed, and not reused
> > -> bail out by page_mapped()
> > 4. the anon_vma is kfreed, but reused as another anon_vma
> > -> bail out by page_check_address()
> >
> > Now we have to consider 5th story.
> >
> > 5. the anon_vma is exchanged another anon_vma by do_wp_page.
> > -> bail out by above bailing out stuff.
> >
> >
> > I agree peter's patch makes sense. but I don't think Rik's patch change
> > locking rule.
> >
>
> Hmm, I think following.
>
> Assume a page is ANON and SwapCache, and it has only one reference.
> Consider it's read-only mapped and cause do_wp_page().
> page_mapcount(page) == 1 here.
>
> CPU0 CPU1
>
> 1. do_wp_page()
> 2. .....
> 3. replace anon_vma. anon_vma = lock_page_anon_vma()
>
> So, lock_page_anon_vma() may have lock on wrong anon_vma, here.(mapcount=1)
>
> 4. modify pte to writable. do something...
>
> After lock, in CPU1, a pte of estimated address by vma_address(vma, page)
> containes pfn of the page and page_check_address() will success.
>
> I'm not sure how this is dangerouns.
> But it's possible that CPU1 cannot notice there was anon_vma replacement.
> And modifies pte withoug holding anon vma's lock which the code believes
> it's holded.


Hehe, page_referenced() already can take unstable VM_LOCKED value. So,
In worst case we make false positive pageout, but it's not disaster.
I think. Anyway "use after free" don't happen by this blutal code.

However, I think you pointed one good thing. before Rik patch, we don't have
page->mapping reassignment. then, we didn't need rcu_dereference().
but now it can happen. so, I think rcu_dereference() is better.

Perhaps, I'm missing something.


diff --git a/mm/rmap.c b/mm/rmap.c
index 8b088f0..b4a0b5b 100644
--- a/mm/rmap.c
+++ b/mm/rmap.c
@@ -295,7 +295,7 @@ struct anon_vma *page_lock_anon_vma(struct page *page)
unsigned long anon_mapping;

rcu_read_lock();
- anon_mapping = (unsigned long) ACCESS_ONCE(page->mapping);
+ anon_mapping = (unsigned long) rcu_dereference(page->mapping);
if ((anon_mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS) != PAGE_MAPPING_ANON)
goto out;
if (!page_mapped(page))





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