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Subject[PATCH 6/8] USB: ffs-test: FunctionFS testing program
This adds an example user-space FunctionFS driver which
implements a source/sink interface used for testing.

Signed-off-by: Michal Nazarewicz <m.nazarewicz@samsung.com>
Cc: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com>
Cc: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com>
---
tools/usb/ffs-test.c | 554 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 files changed, 554 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 tools/usb/ffs-test.c
diff --git a/tools/usb/ffs-test.c b/tools/usb/ffs-test.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..bbe2e3a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/usb/ffs-test.c
@@ -0,0 +1,554 @@
+/*
+ * ffs-test.c.c -- user mode filesystem api for usb composite function
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Samsung Electronics
+ * Author: Michal Nazarewicz <m.nazarewicz@samsung.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+/* $(CROSS_COMPILE)cc -Wall -Wextra -g -o ffs-test ffs-test.c -lpthread */
+
+
+#define _BSD_SOURCE /* for endian.h */
+
+#include <endian.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <pthread.h>
+#include <stdarg.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <sys/ioctl.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#include <linux/usb/functionfs.h>
+
+
+/******************** Little Endian Handling ********************************/
+
+#define cpu_to_le16(x) htole16(x)
+#define cpu_to_le32(x) htole32(x)
+#define le32_to_cpu(x) le32toh(x)
+#define le16_to_cpu(x) le16toh(x)
+
+static inline __u16 get_unaligned_le16(const void *_ptr)
+{
+ const __u8 *ptr = _ptr;
+ return ptr[0] | (ptr[1] << 8);
+}
+
+static inline __u32 get_unaligned_le32(const void *_ptr)
+{
+ const __u8 *ptr = _ptr;
+ return ptr[0] | (ptr[1] << 8) | (ptr[2] << 16) | (ptr[3] << 24);
+}
+
+static inline void put_unaligned_le16(__u16 val, void *_ptr)
+{
+ __u8 *ptr = _ptr;
+ *ptr++ = val;
+ *ptr++ = val >> 8;
+}
+
+static inline void put_unaligned_le32(__u32 val, void *_ptr)
+{
+ __u8 *ptr = _ptr;
+ *ptr++ = val;
+ *ptr++ = val >> 8;
+ *ptr++ = val >> 16;
+ *ptr++ = val >> 24;
+}
+
+
+/******************** Messages and Errors ***********************************/
+
+static const char argv0[] = "ffs-test";
+
+static unsigned verbosity = 7;
+
+static void _msg(unsigned level, const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+ if (level < 2)
+ level = 2;
+ else if (level > 7)
+ level = 7;
+
+ if (level <= verbosity) {
+ static const char levels[8][6] = {
+ [2] = "crit:",
+ [3] = "err: ",
+ [4] = "warn:",
+ [5] = "note:",
+ [6] = "info:",
+ [7] = "dbg: "
+ };
+
+ int _errno = errno;
+ va_list ap;
+
+ fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s ", argv0, levels[level]);
+ va_start(ap, fmt);
+ vfprintf(stderr, fmt, ap);
+ va_end(ap);
+
+ if (fmt[strlen(fmt) - 1] != '\n') {
+ char buffer[128];
+ strerror_r(_errno, buffer, sizeof buffer);
+ fprintf(stderr, ": (-%d) %s\n", _errno, buffer);
+ }
+
+ fflush(stderr);
+ }
+}
+
+#define die(...) (_msg(2, __VA_ARGS__), exit(1))
+#define err(...) _msg(3, __VA_ARGS__)
+#define warn(...) _msg(4, __VA_ARGS__)
+#define note(...) _msg(5, __VA_ARGS__)
+#define info(...) _msg(6, __VA_ARGS__)
+#define debug(...) _msg(7, __VA_ARGS__)
+
+#define die_on(cond, ...) do { \
+ if (cond) \
+ die(__VA_ARGS__); \
+ } while (0)
+
+
+/******************** Descriptors and Strings *******************************/
+
+static const struct {
+ struct usb_functionfs_descs_head header;
+ struct {
+ struct usb_interface_descriptor intf;
+ struct usb_endpoint_descriptor_no_audio sink;
+ struct usb_endpoint_descriptor_no_audio source;
+ } __attribute__((packed)) fs_descs, hs_descs;
+} __attribute__((packed)) descriptors = {
+ .header = {
+ .magic = cpu_to_le32(FUNCTIONFS_DESCRIPTORS_MAGIC),
+ .length = cpu_to_le32(sizeof descriptors),
+ .fs_count = 3,
+ .hs_count = 3,
+ },
+ .fs_descs = {
+ .intf = {
+ .bLength = sizeof descriptors.fs_descs.intf,
+ .bDescriptorType = USB_DT_INTERFACE,
+ .bNumEndpoints = 2,
+ .bInterfaceClass = USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC,
+ .iInterface = 1,
+ },
+ .sink = {
+ .bLength = sizeof descriptors.fs_descs.sink,
+ .bDescriptorType = USB_DT_ENDPOINT,
+ .bEndpointAddress = 1 | USB_DIR_IN,
+ .bmAttributes = USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK,
+ /* .wMaxPacketSize = autoconfiguration (kernel) */
+ },
+ .source = {
+ .bLength = sizeof descriptors.fs_descs.source,
+ .bDescriptorType = USB_DT_ENDPOINT,
+ .bEndpointAddress = 2 | USB_DIR_OUT,
+ .bmAttributes = USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK,
+ /* .wMaxPacketSize = autoconfiguration (kernel) */
+ },
+ },
+ .hs_descs = {
+ .intf = {
+ .bLength = sizeof descriptors.fs_descs.intf,
+ .bDescriptorType = USB_DT_INTERFACE,
+ .bNumEndpoints = 2,
+ .bInterfaceClass = USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC,
+ .iInterface = 1,
+ },
+ .sink = {
+ .bLength = sizeof descriptors.hs_descs.sink,
+ .bDescriptorType = USB_DT_ENDPOINT,
+ .bEndpointAddress = 1 | USB_DIR_IN,
+ .bmAttributes = USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK,
+ .wMaxPacketSize = cpu_to_le16(512),
+ },
+ .source = {
+ .bLength = sizeof descriptors.hs_descs.source,
+ .bDescriptorType = USB_DT_ENDPOINT,
+ .bEndpointAddress = 2 | USB_DIR_OUT,
+ .bmAttributes = USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK,
+ .wMaxPacketSize = cpu_to_le16(512),
+ .bInterval = 1, /* NAK every 1 uframe */
+ },
+ },
+};
+
+
+#define STR_INTERFACE_ "Source/Sink"
+
+static const struct {
+ struct usb_functionfs_strings_head header;
+ struct {
+ __le16 code;
+ const char str1[sizeof STR_INTERFACE_];
+ } __attribute__((packed)) lang0;
+} __attribute__((packed)) strings = {
+ .header = {
+ .magic = cpu_to_le32(FUNCTIONFS_STRINGS_MAGIC),
+ .length = cpu_to_le32(sizeof strings),
+ .str_count = cpu_to_le32(1),
+ .lang_count = cpu_to_le32(1),
+ },
+ .lang0 = {
+ cpu_to_le16(0x0409), /* en-us */
+ STR_INTERFACE_,
+ },
+};
+
+#define STR_INTERFACE strings.lang0.str1
+
+
+/******************** Files and Threads Handling ****************************/
+
+struct thread;
+
+static ssize_t read_wrap(struct thread *t, void *buf, size_t nbytes);
+static ssize_t write_wrap(struct thread *t, const void *buf, size_t nbytes);
+static ssize_t ep0_consume(struct thread *t, const void *buf, size_t nbytes);
+static ssize_t fill_in_buf(struct thread *t, void *buf, size_t nbytes);
+static ssize_t empty_out_buf(struct thread *t, const void *buf, size_t nbytes);
+
+
+static struct thread {
+ const char *const filename;
+ size_t buf_size;
+
+ ssize_t (*in)(struct thread *, void *, size_t);
+ const char *const in_name;
+
+ ssize_t (*out)(struct thread *, const void *, size_t);
+ const char *const out_name;
+
+ int fd;
+ pthread_t id;
+ void *buf;
+ ssize_t status;
+} threads[] = {
+ {
+ "ep0", 4 * sizeof(struct usb_functionfs_event),
+ read_wrap, NULL,
+ ep0_consume, "<consume>",
+ 0, 0, NULL, 0
+ },
+ {
+ "ep1", 8 * 1024,
+ fill_in_buf, "<in>",
+ write_wrap, NULL,
+ 0, 0, NULL, 0
+ },
+ {
+ "ep2", 8 * 1024,
+ read_wrap, NULL,
+ empty_out_buf, "<out>",
+ 0, 0, NULL, 0
+ },
+};
+
+
+static void init_thread(struct thread *t)
+{
+ t->buf = malloc(t->buf_size);
+ die_on(!t->buf, "malloc");
+
+ t->fd = open(t->filename, O_RDWR);
+ die_on(t->fd < 0, "%s", t->filename);
+}
+
+static void cleanup_thread(void *arg)
+{
+ struct thread *t = arg;
+ int ret, fd;
+
+ fd = t->fd;
+ if (t->fd < 0)
+ return;
+ t->fd = -1;
+
+ /* test the FIFO ioctls (non-ep0 code paths) */
+ if (t != threads) {
+ ret = ioctl(fd, FUNCTIONFS_FIFO_STATUS);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ /* ENODEV reported after disconnect */
+ if (errno != ENODEV)
+ err("%s: get fifo status", t->filename);
+ } else if (ret) {
+ warn("%s: unclaimed = %d\n", t->filename, ret);
+ if (ioctl(fd, FUNCTIONFS_FIFO_FLUSH) < 0)
+ err("%s: fifo flush", t->filename);
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (close(fd) < 0)
+ err("%s: close", t->filename);
+
+ free(t->buf);
+ t->buf = NULL;
+}
+
+static void *start_thread_helper(void *arg)
+{
+ const char *name, *op, *in_name, *out_name;
+ struct thread *t = arg;
+ ssize_t ret;
+
+ info("%s: starts\n", t->filename);
+ in_name = t->in_name ? t->in_name : t->filename;
+ out_name = t->out_name ? t->out_name : t->filename;
+
+ pthread_cleanup_push(cleanup_thread, arg);
+
+ for (;;) {
+ pthread_testcancel();
+
+ ret = t->in(t, t->buf, t->buf_size);
+ if (ret > 0) {
+ ret = t->out(t, t->buf, t->buf_size);
+ name = out_name;
+ op = "write";
+ } else {
+ name = in_name;
+ op = "read";
+ }
+
+ if (ret > 0) {
+ /* nop */
+ } else if (!ret) {
+ debug("%s: %s: EOF", name, op);
+ break;
+ } else if (errno == EINTR || errno == EAGAIN) {
+ debug("%s: %s", name, op);
+ } else {
+ warn("%s: %s", name, op);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ pthread_cleanup_pop(1);
+
+ t->status = ret;
+ info("%s: ends\n", t->filename);
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static void start_thread(struct thread *t)
+{
+ debug("%s: starting\n", t->filename);
+
+ die_on(pthread_create(&t->id, NULL, start_thread_helper, t) < 0,
+ "pthread_create(%s)", t->filename);
+}
+
+static void join_thread(struct thread *t)
+{
+ int ret = pthread_join(t->id, NULL);
+
+ if (ret < 0)
+ err("%s: joining thread", t->filename);
+ else
+ debug("%s: joined\n", t->filename);
+}
+
+
+static ssize_t read_wrap(struct thread *t, void *buf, size_t nbytes)
+{
+ return read(t->fd, buf, nbytes);
+}
+
+static ssize_t write_wrap(struct thread *t, const void *buf, size_t nbytes)
+{
+ return write(t->fd, buf, nbytes);
+}
+
+
+/******************** Empty/Fill buffer routines ****************************/
+
+/* 0 -- stream of zeros, 1 -- i % 63, 2 -- pipe */
+enum pattern { PAT_ZERO, PAT_SEQ, PAT_PIPE };
+static enum pattern pattern;
+
+static ssize_t
+fill_in_buf(struct thread *ignore, void *buf, size_t nbytes)
+{
+ size_t i;
+ __u8 *p;
+
+ (void)ignore;
+
+ switch (pattern) {
+ case PAT_ZERO:
+ memset(buf, 0, nbytes);
+ break;
+
+ case PAT_SEQ:
+ for (p = buf, i = 0; i < nbytes; ++i, ++p)
+ *p = i % 63;
+ break;
+
+ case PAT_PIPE:
+ return fread(buf, 1, nbytes, stdin);
+ }
+
+ return nbytes;
+}
+
+static ssize_t
+empty_out_buf(struct thread *ignore, const void *buf, size_t nbytes)
+{
+ const __u8 *p;
+ __u8 expected;
+ ssize_t ret;
+ size_t len;
+
+ (void)ignore;
+
+ switch (pattern) {
+ case PAT_ZERO:
+ expected = 0;
+ for (p = buf, len = 0; len < nbytes; ++p, ++len)
+ if (*p)
+ goto invalid;
+ break;
+
+ case PAT_SEQ:
+ for (p = buf, len = 0; len < nbytes; ++p, ++len)
+ if (*p != len % 63) {
+ expected = len % 63;
+ goto invalid;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case PAT_PIPE:
+ ret = fwrite(buf, nbytes, 1, stdout);
+ if (ret > 0)
+ fflush(stdout);
+ break;
+
+invalid:
+ err("bad OUT byte %zd, expected %02x got %02x\n",
+ len, expected, *p);
+ for (p = buf, len = 0; len < nbytes; ++p, ++len) {
+ if (0 == (len % 32))
+ fprintf(stderr, "%4d:", len);
+ fprintf(stderr, " %02x", *p);
+ if (31 == (len % 32))
+ fprintf(stderr, "\n");
+ }
+ fflush(stderr);
+ errno = EILSEQ;
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ return len;
+}
+
+
+/******************** Endpoints routines ************************************/
+
+static void handle_setup(const struct usb_ctrlrequest *setup)
+{
+ printf("bRequestType = %d\n", setup->bRequestType);
+ printf("bRequest = %d\n", setup->bRequest);
+ printf("wValue = %d\n", le16_to_cpu(setup->wValue));
+ printf("wIndex = %d\n", le16_to_cpu(setup->wIndex));
+ printf("wLength = %d\n", le16_to_cpu(setup->wLength));
+}
+
+static ssize_t
+ep0_consume(struct thread *ignore, const void *buf, size_t nbytes)
+{
+ static const char *const names[] = {
+ [FUNCTIONFS_BIND] = "BIND",
+ [FUNCTIONFS_UNBIND] = "UNBIND",
+ [FUNCTIONFS_ENABLE] = "ENABLE",
+ [FUNCTIONFS_DISABLE] = "DISABLE",
+ [FUNCTIONFS_SETUP] = "SETUP",
+ [FUNCTIONFS_SUSPEND] = "SUSPEND",
+ [FUNCTIONFS_RESUME] = "RESUME",
+ };
+
+ const struct usb_functionfs_event *event = buf;
+ size_t n;
+
+ (void)ignore;
+
+ for (n = nbytes / sizeof *event; n; --n, ++event)
+ switch (event->type) {
+ case FUNCTIONFS_BIND:
+ case FUNCTIONFS_UNBIND:
+ case FUNCTIONFS_ENABLE:
+ case FUNCTIONFS_DISABLE:
+ case FUNCTIONFS_SETUP:
+ case FUNCTIONFS_SUSPEND:
+ case FUNCTIONFS_RESUME:
+ printf("Event %s\n", names[event->type]);
+ if (event->type == FUNCTIONFS_SETUP)
+ handle_setup(&event->u.setup);
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ printf("Event %03u (unknown)\n", event->type);
+ }
+
+ return nbytes;
+}
+
+static void ep0_init(struct thread *t)
+{
+ ssize_t ret;
+
+ info("%s: writing descriptors\n", t->filename);
+ ret = write(t->fd, &descriptors, sizeof descriptors);
+ die_on(ret < 0, "%s: write: descriptors", t->filename);
+
+ info("%s: writing strings\n", t->filename);
+ ret = write(t->fd, &strings, sizeof strings);
+ die_on(ret < 0, "%s: write: strings", t->filename);
+}
+
+
+/******************** Main **************************************************/
+
+int main(void)
+{
+ unsigned i;
+
+ /* XXX TODO: Argument parsing missing */
+
+ init_thread(threads);
+ ep0_init(threads);
+
+ for (i = 1; i < sizeof threads / sizeof *threads; ++i)
+ init_thread(threads + i);
+
+ for (i = 1; i < sizeof threads / sizeof *threads; ++i)
+ start_thread(threads + i);
+
+ start_thread_helper(threads);
+
+ for (i = 1; i < sizeof threads / sizeof *threads; ++i)
+ join_thread(threads + i);
+
+ return 0;
+}
--
1.7.0


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