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Subject[PATCH v2 0/11] Uprobes patches.
Uprobes Patches

Changelog:
- Added trace_event interface for uprobes.
- Addressed comments from Andrew Morton and Randy Dunlap.

For previous posting: please refer: http://lkml.org/lkml/2010/3/20/107

This patchset implements Uprobes which enables you to dynamically break
into any routine in a user space application and collect information
non-disruptively.

This patchset is a rework based on suggestions from discussions on lkml
in January this year (http://lkml.org/lkml/2010/1/11/92 and
http://lkml.org/lkml/2010/1/27/19). This implementation of uprobes
doesnt depend on utrace.

When a uprobe is registered, Uprobes makes a copy of the probed
instruction, replaces the first byte(s) of the probed instruction with a
breakpoint instruction. (Uprobes uses background page replacement
mechanism and ensures that the breakpoint affects only that process.)

When a CPU hits the breakpoint instruction, Uprobes gets notified of
trap and finds the associated uprobe. It then executes the associated
handler. Uprobes single-steps its copy of the probed instruction and
resumes execution of the probed process at the instruction following the
probepoint. Instruction copies to be single-stepped are stored in a
per-process "execution out of line (XOL) area". Currently XOL area is
allocated as one page vma.

Advantages of uprobes over conventional debugging include:

1. Non-disruptive.
Unlike current ptrace based mechanisms, uprobes tracing wouldnt
involve signals, stopping threads and context switching between the
tracer and tracee.

2. Much better handling of multithreaded programs because of XOL.
Current ptrace based mechanisms use single stepping inline, i.e they
copy back the original instruction on hitting a breakpoint. In such
mechanisms tracers have to stop all the threads on a breakpoint hit or
tracers will not be able to handle all hits to the location of
interest. Uprobes uses execution out of line, where the instruction to
be traced is analysed at the time of breakpoint insertion and a copy
of instruction is stored at a different location. On breakpoint hit,
uprobes jumps to that copied location and singlesteps the same
instruction and does the necessary fixups post singlestepping.

3. Multiple tracers for an application.
Multiple uprobes based tracer could work in unison to trace an
application. There could one tracer that could be interested in
generic events for a particular set of process. While there could be
another tracer that is just interested in one specific event of a
particular process thats part of the previous set of process.

4. Corelating events from kernels and userspace.
Uprobes could be used with other tools like kprobes, tracepoints or as
part of higher level tools like perf to give a consolidated set of
events from kernel and userspace. In future we could look at a single
backtrace showing application, library and kernel calls.

Here is the list of TODO Items.

- Provide a perf interface to uprobes.
- Allowing probes across fork/exec.
- Allowing probes on per-executable/per dso.
- Allow multiple probes to share a probepoint.
- Merge user_bkpt into uprobes.
- Merge uprobes and kprobes trace_event.
- replace macro with bits in inat table.
- Support for other architectures.
- Return probes.
- Uprobes booster.

This patchset is based on 2.6.34-rc3.

Please do provide your valuable comments.

Thanks in advance.
Srikar


Srikar Dronamraju (10):
1. X86 instruction analysis: Move Macro W to insn.h
2. mm: Move replace_page() to mm/memory.c
3. mm: Enhance replace_page() to support pagecache
4. user_bkpt: User Space Breakpoint Assistance Layer
5. user_bkpt: X86 details for User space breakpoint assistance
6. user_bkpt: Slot allocation for Execution out of line
7. uprobes: Uprobes Implementation
8. uprobes: X86 details for Uprobes
9. uprobes: Uprobes Documentation patch
10. samples: Uprobes samples
11. trace: uprobes trace_event interface

Documentation/uprobes.txt | 244 ++++++++++
arch/Kconfig | 31 ++
arch/x86/Kconfig | 2 +
arch/x86/include/asm/insn.h | 7 +
arch/x86/include/asm/user_bkpt.h | 43 ++
arch/x86/kernel/Makefile | 3 +
arch/x86/kernel/kprobes.c | 7 -
arch/x86/kernel/uprobes.c | 87 ++++
arch/x86/kernel/user_bkpt.c | 572 +++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/mm.h | 2 +
include/linux/sched.h | 3 +
include/linux/tracehook.h | 18 +
include/linux/uprobes.h | 187 ++++++++
include/linux/user_bkpt.h | 305 +++++++++++++
include/linux/user_bkpt_xol.h | 61 +++
kernel/Makefile | 3 +
kernel/fork.c | 3 +
kernel/trace/Kconfig | 8 +
kernel/trace/Makefile | 1 +
kernel/trace/trace.h | 12 +
kernel/trace/trace_uprobe.c | 926 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
kernel/uprobes.c | 803 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
kernel/user_bkpt.c | 598 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
kernel/user_bkpt_xol.c | 289 ++++++++++++
mm/ksm.c | 59 ---
mm/memory.c | 62 +++
samples/Kconfig | 7 +
samples/uprobes/Makefile | 17 +
samples/uprobes/uprobe_example.c | 83 ++++
---

0 files changed, 0 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)




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