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Subject[PATCH -mmotm 0/5] memcg: per cgroup dirty limit (v7)
Control the maximum amount of dirty pages a cgroup can have at any given time.

Per cgroup dirty limit is like fixing the max amount of dirty (hard to reclaim)
page cache used by any cgroup. So, in case of multiple cgroup writers, they
will not be able to consume more than their designated share of dirty pages and
will be forced to perform write-out if they cross that limit.

The overall design is the following:

- account dirty pages per cgroup
- limit the number of dirty pages via memory.dirty_ratio / memory.dirty_bytes
and memory.dirty_background_ratio / memory.dirty_background_bytes in
- start to write-out (background or actively) when the cgroup limits are

This feature is supposed to be strictly connected to any underlying IO
controller implementation, so we can stop increasing dirty pages in VM layer
and enforce a write-out before any cgroup will consume the global amount of
dirty pages defined by the /proc/sys/vm/dirty_ratio|dirty_bytes and
/proc/sys/vm/dirty_background_ratio|dirty_background_bytes limits.

Changelog (v6 -> v7)
* introduce trylock_page_cgroup() to guarantee that lock_page_cgroup()
is never called under tree_lock (no strict accounting, but better overall
* do not account file cache statistics for the root cgroup (zero
overhead for the root cgroup)
* fix: evaluate cgroup free pages as at the minimum free pages of all
its parents

The testcase is a kernel build (2.6.33 x86_64_defconfig) on a Intel Core 2 @

- root cgroup: 11m51.983s
- child cgroup: 11m56.596s

- root cgroup: 11m51.742s
- child cgroup: 12m5.016s

In the previous version of this patchset, using the "complex" locking scheme
with the _locked and _unlocked version of mem_cgroup_update_page_stat(), the
child cgroup required 11m57.896s and 12m9.920s with lock_page_cgroup()+irq_disabled.

With this version there's no overhead for the root cgroup (the small difference
is in error range). I expected to see less overhead for the child cgroup, I'll
do more testing and try to figure better what's happening.

In the while, it would be great if someone could perform some tests on a larger
system... unfortunately at the moment I don't have a big system available for
this kind of tests...


Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt | 36 +++
fs/nfs/write.c | 4 +
include/linux/memcontrol.h | 87 ++++++-
include/linux/page_cgroup.h | 35 +++
include/linux/writeback.h | 2 -
mm/filemap.c | 1 +
mm/memcontrol.c | 542 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
mm/page-writeback.c | 215 ++++++++++------
mm/rmap.c | 4 +-
mm/truncate.c | 1 +
10 files changed, 806 insertions(+), 121 deletions(-)

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