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Subject[PATCH] sched: sched_getaffinity() allow less than NR_CPUS length
Recently, some distro decided to use NR_CPUS=4096 for mysterious reason.
Unfortunately, glibc sched interface have following definition.

# define __CPU_SETSIZE 1024
# define __NCPUBITS (8 * sizeof (__cpu_mask))
typedef unsigned long int __cpu_mask;
typedef struct
__cpu_mask __bits[__CPU_SETSIZE / __NCPUBITS];
} cpu_set_t;

It mean, if NR_CPUS is bigger than 1024, cpu_set_t can makes ABI issue.

More recently, Sharyathi Nagesh reported following test program makes
misterious syscall failure.

#define _GNU_SOURCE

int main()
cpu_set_t set;
if (sched_getaffinity(0, sizeof(cpu_set_t), &set) < 0)
printf("\n Call is failing with:%d", errno);

Because the kernel assue len argument of sched_getaffinity() is bigger
than NR_CPUS. but now it is not correct.

Now we faced annoying dilemma.
(1) if we change glibc's __CPU_SETSIZE definition, we lost
binary compatibility of _all_ application.
(2) if we don't change it, we also lost binary compatibility of
Sharyathi's use case.

Then, I would propse to change the rule of the len argument of

len should be bigger than NR_CPUS
len should be bigger than maximum possible cpu id

It makes following behavior
(A) In the real 4096 cpus machine, the above test program still return -EINVAL.
(B) NR_CPUS=4096 but the machine have less than 1024 cpus (almost
machines in the world), the above can run successfully.

Fortunatelly, BIG SGI machine is mainly used for HPC use case. It mean
they can rewrite their program by themself. IOW we can think
they don't annoy this issue.

Reported-by: Sharyathi Nagesh <>
Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <>
Cc: Ulrich Drepper <>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <>
kernel/sched.c | 10 +++++++---
1 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index 150b698..34217f1 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -4902,7 +4902,9 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(sched_getaffinity, pid_t, pid, unsigned int, len,
int ret;
cpumask_var_t mask;

- if (len < cpumask_size())
+ if (len < nr_cpu_ids)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (len & (sizeof(unsigned long)-1))
return -EINVAL;

if (!alloc_cpumask_var(&mask, GFP_KERNEL))
@@ -4910,10 +4912,12 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(sched_getaffinity, pid_t, pid, unsigned int, len,

ret = sched_getaffinity(pid, mask);
if (ret == 0) {
- if (copy_to_user(user_mask_ptr, mask, cpumask_size()))
+ int retlen = min(len, cpumask_size());
+ if (copy_to_user(user_mask_ptr, mask, retlen))
ret = -EFAULT;
- ret = cpumask_size();
+ ret = retlen;


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