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SubjectRe: [PATCH mmotm 2.5/4] memcg: disable irq at page cgroup lock (Re: [PATCH -mmotm 3/4] memcg: dirty pages accounting and limiting infrastructure)
On Thu, 11 Mar 2010 15:15:11 +0900, KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> wrote:
> On Thu, 11 Mar 2010 14:13:00 +0900
> KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> wrote:
>
> > On Thu, 11 Mar 2010 13:58:47 +0900
> > Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp> wrote:
> > > > I'll consider yet another fix for race in account migration if I can.
> > > >
> > > me too.
> > >
> >
> > How about this ? Assume that the race is very rare.
> >
> > 1. use trylock when updating statistics.
> > If trylock fails, don't account it.
> >
> > 2. add PCG_FLAG for all status as
> >
> > + PCG_ACCT_FILE_MAPPED, /* page is accounted as file rss*/
> > + PCG_ACCT_DIRTY, /* page is dirty */
> > + PCG_ACCT_WRITEBACK, /* page is being written back to disk */
> > + PCG_ACCT_WRITEBACK_TEMP, /* page is used as temporary buffer for FUSE */
> > + PCG_ACCT_UNSTABLE_NFS, /* NFS page not yet committed to the server */
> >
> > 3. At reducing counter, check PCG_xxx flags by
> > TESTCLEARPCGFLAG()
> >
> > This is similar to an _used_ method of LRU accounting. And We can think this
> > method's error-range never go too bad number.
> >
I agree with you. I've been thinking whether we can remove page cgroup lock
in update_stat as we do in lru handling codes.

> > I think this kind of fuzzy accounting is enough for writeback status.
> > Does anyone need strict accounting ?
> >
>
IMHO, we don't need strict accounting.

> How this looks ?
I agree to this direction. One concern is we re-introduce "trylock" again..

Some comments are inlined.

> ==
> From: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
>
> Now, file-mapped is maintaiend. But more generic update function
> will be needed for dirty page accounting.
>
> For accountig page status, we have to guarantee lock_page_cgroup()
> will be never called under tree_lock held.
> To guarantee that, we use trylock at updating status.
> By this, we do fuzyy accounting, but in almost all case, it's correct.
>
> Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
> ---
> include/linux/memcontrol.h | 7 +++
> include/linux/page_cgroup.h | 15 +++++++
> mm/memcontrol.c | 88 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
> mm/rmap.c | 4 +-
> 4 files changed, 90 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)
>
> Index: mmotm-2.6.34-Mar9/mm/memcontrol.c
> ===================================================================
> --- mmotm-2.6.34-Mar9.orig/mm/memcontrol.c
> +++ mmotm-2.6.34-Mar9/mm/memcontrol.c
> @@ -1348,30 +1348,79 @@ bool mem_cgroup_handle_oom(struct mem_cg
> * Currently used to update mapped file statistics, but the routine can be
> * generalized to update other statistics as well.
> */
> -void mem_cgroup_update_file_mapped(struct page *page, int val)
> +void __mem_cgroup_update_stat(struct page_cgroup *pc, int idx, bool charge)
> {
> struct mem_cgroup *mem;
> - struct page_cgroup *pc;
> -
> - pc = lookup_page_cgroup(page);
> - if (unlikely(!pc))
> - return;
> + int val;
>
> - lock_page_cgroup(pc);
> mem = pc->mem_cgroup;
> - if (!mem)
> - goto done;
> + if (!mem || !PageCgroupUsed(pc))
> + return;
>
> - if (!PageCgroupUsed(pc))
> - goto done;
> + if (charge)
> + val = 1;
> + else
> + val = -1;
>
> + switch (idx) {
> + case MEMCG_NR_FILE_MAPPED:
> + if (charge) {
> + if (!PageCgroupFileMapped(pc))
> + SetPageCgroupFileMapped(pc);
> + else
> + val = 0;
> + } else {
> + if (PageCgroupFileMapped(pc))
> + ClearPageCgroupFileMapped(pc);
> + else
> + val = 0;
> + }
Using !TestSetPageCgroupFileMapped(pc) or TestClearPageCgroupFileMapped(pc) is better ?

> + idx = MEM_CGROUP_STAT_FILE_MAPPED;
> + break;
> + default:
> + BUG();
> + break;
> + }
> /*
> * Preemption is already disabled. We can use __this_cpu_xxx
> */
> - __this_cpu_add(mem->stat->count[MEM_CGROUP_STAT_FILE_MAPPED], val);
> + __this_cpu_add(mem->stat->count[idx], val);
> +}
>
> -done:
> - unlock_page_cgroup(pc);
> +void mem_cgroup_update_stat(struct page *page, int idx, bool charge)
> +{
> + struct page_cgroup *pc;
> +
> + pc = lookup_page_cgroup(page);
> + if (unlikely(!pc))
> + return;
> +
> + if (trylock_page_cgroup(pc)) {
> + __mem_cgroup_update_stat(pc, idx, charge);
> + unlock_page_cgroup(pc);
> + }
> + return;
> +}
> +
> +static void mem_cgroup_migrate_stat(struct page_cgroup *pc,
> + struct mem_cgroup *from, struct mem_cgroup *to)
> +{
> + preempt_disable();
> + if (PageCgroupFileMapped(pc)) {
> + __this_cpu_dec(from->stat->count[MEM_CGROUP_STAT_FILE_MAPPED]);
> + __this_cpu_inc(to->stat->count[MEM_CGROUP_STAT_FILE_MAPPED]);
> + }
> + preempt_enable();
> +}
> +
I think preemption is already disabled here too(by lock_page_cgroup()).

> +static void
> +__mem_cgroup_stat_fixup(struct page_cgroup *pc, struct mem_cgroup *mem)
> +{
> + /* We'are in uncharge() and lock_page_cgroup */
> + if (PageCgroupFileMapped(pc)) {
> + __this_cpu_dec(mem->stat->count[MEM_CGROUP_STAT_FILE_MAPPED]);
> + ClearPageCgroupFileMapped(pc);
> + }
> }
>
ditto.

> /*
> @@ -1810,13 +1859,7 @@ static void __mem_cgroup_move_account(st
> VM_BUG_ON(pc->mem_cgroup != from);
>
> page = pc->page;
> - if (page_mapped(page) && !PageAnon(page)) {
> - /* Update mapped_file data for mem_cgroup */
> - preempt_disable();
> - __this_cpu_dec(from->stat->count[MEM_CGROUP_STAT_FILE_MAPPED]);
> - __this_cpu_inc(to->stat->count[MEM_CGROUP_STAT_FILE_MAPPED]);
> - preempt_enable();
> - }
> + mem_cgroup_migrate_stat(pc, from, to);
> mem_cgroup_charge_statistics(from, pc, false);
> if (uncharge)
> /* This is not "cancel", but cancel_charge does all we need. */
I welcome this fixup. IIUC, we have stat leak in current implementation.


Thanks,
Daisuke Nishimura.

> @@ -2208,6 +2251,9 @@ __mem_cgroup_uncharge_common(struct page
> __do_uncharge(mem, ctype);
> if (ctype == MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_SWAPOUT)
> mem_cgroup_swap_statistics(mem, true);
> + if (unlikely(PCG_PageStatMask & pc->flags))
> + __mem_cgroup_stat_fixup(pc, mem);
> +
> mem_cgroup_charge_statistics(mem, pc, false);
>
> ClearPageCgroupUsed(pc);
> Index: mmotm-2.6.34-Mar9/include/linux/page_cgroup.h
> ===================================================================
> --- mmotm-2.6.34-Mar9.orig/include/linux/page_cgroup.h
> +++ mmotm-2.6.34-Mar9/include/linux/page_cgroup.h
> @@ -39,6 +39,8 @@ enum {
> PCG_CACHE, /* charged as cache */
> PCG_USED, /* this object is in use. */
> PCG_ACCT_LRU, /* page has been accounted for */
> + /* for cache-status accounting */
> + PCG_FILE_MAPPED,
> };
>
> #define TESTPCGFLAG(uname, lname) \
> @@ -57,6 +59,10 @@ static inline void ClearPageCgroup##unam
> static inline int TestClearPageCgroup##uname(struct page_cgroup *pc) \
> { return test_and_clear_bit(PCG_##lname, &pc->flags); }
>
> +/* Page/File stat flag mask */
> +#define PCG_PageStatMask ((1 << PCG_FILE_MAPPED))
> +
> +
> TESTPCGFLAG(Locked, LOCK)
>
> /* Cache flag is set only once (at allocation) */
> @@ -73,6 +79,10 @@ CLEARPCGFLAG(AcctLRU, ACCT_LRU)
> TESTPCGFLAG(AcctLRU, ACCT_LRU)
> TESTCLEARPCGFLAG(AcctLRU, ACCT_LRU)
>
> +TESTPCGFLAG(FileMapped, FILE_MAPPED)
> +SETPCGFLAG(FileMapped, FILE_MAPPED)
> +CLEARPCGFLAG(FileMapped, FILE_MAPPED)
> +
> static inline int page_cgroup_nid(struct page_cgroup *pc)
> {
> return page_to_nid(pc->page);
> @@ -93,6 +103,11 @@ static inline void unlock_page_cgroup(st
> bit_spin_unlock(PCG_LOCK, &pc->flags);
> }
>
> +static inline int trylock_page_cgroup(struct page_cgroup *pc)
> +{
> + return bit_spin_trylock(PCG_LOCK, &pc->flags);
> +}
> +
> #else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR */
> struct page_cgroup;
>
> Index: mmotm-2.6.34-Mar9/include/linux/memcontrol.h
> ===================================================================
> --- mmotm-2.6.34-Mar9.orig/include/linux/memcontrol.h
> +++ mmotm-2.6.34-Mar9/include/linux/memcontrol.h
> @@ -124,7 +124,12 @@ static inline bool mem_cgroup_disabled(v
> return false;
> }
>
> -void mem_cgroup_update_file_mapped(struct page *page, int val);
> +enum mem_cgroup_page_stat_item {
> + MEMCG_NR_FILE_MAPPED,
> + MEMCG_NR_FILE_NSTAT,
> +};
> +
> +void mem_cgroup_update_stat(struct page *page, int idx, bool charge);
> unsigned long mem_cgroup_soft_limit_reclaim(struct zone *zone, int order,
> gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid,
> int zid);
> Index: mmotm-2.6.34-Mar9/mm/rmap.c
> ===================================================================
> --- mmotm-2.6.34-Mar9.orig/mm/rmap.c
> +++ mmotm-2.6.34-Mar9/mm/rmap.c
> @@ -829,7 +829,7 @@ void page_add_file_rmap(struct page *pag
> {
> if (atomic_inc_and_test(&page->_mapcount)) {
> __inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_MAPPED);
> - mem_cgroup_update_file_mapped(page, 1);
> + mem_cgroup_update_stat(page, MEMCG_NR_FILE_MAPPED, true);
> }
> }
>
> @@ -861,7 +861,7 @@ void page_remove_rmap(struct page *page)
> __dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_ANON_PAGES);
> } else {
> __dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_MAPPED);
> - mem_cgroup_update_file_mapped(page, -1);
> + mem_cgroup_update_stat(page, MEMCG_NR_FILE_MAPPED, false);
> }
> /*
> * It would be tidy to reset the PageAnon mapping here,
>


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