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Subject[PATCH v6 3/7] tcp: harmonize tcp_vx_rcv header length assumptions
Harmonize tcp_v4_rcv() and tcp_v6_rcv() -- better document tcp doff
and header length assumptions, and carefully compare implementations.

Reduces multiply/shifts, marginally improving speed.

Removes redundant tcp header length checks before checksumming.

Instead, assumes (and documents) that any backlog processing and
transform policies will carefully preserve the header, and will
ensure the socket buffer length remains >= the header size.

Quoth David Miller:
Not true.

The skb->len can be modified by the call to sk_filter() done
by tcp_v4_rcv().

Therefore, added extra redundant checks for any sk_filter() problems,
also in tcp_v6_rcv().

[updated comments, resolved conflicts]

Stand-alone patch, originally developed for TCPCT.

Signed-off-by: William.Allen.Simpson@gmail.com
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
---
include/net/xfrm.h | 7 +++++
net/ipv4/tcp_ipv4.c | 57 ++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
net/ipv6/tcp_ipv6.c | 72 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------
3 files changed, 87 insertions(+), 49 deletions(-)
diff --git a/include/net/xfrm.h b/include/net/xfrm.h
index a7df327..f61c44d 100644
--- a/include/net/xfrm.h
+++ b/include/net/xfrm.h
@@ -977,6 +977,13 @@ xfrm_state_addr_cmp(struct xfrm_tmpl *tmpl, struct xfrm_state *x, unsigned short
}

#ifdef CONFIG_XFRM
+/*
+ * For transport, the policy is checked before the presumed more expensive
+ * checksum. The transport header has already been checked for size, and is
+ * guaranteed to be contiguous. These policies must not alter the header or
+ * its position in the buffer, and should not shorten the buffer length
+ * without ensuring the length remains >= the header size.
+ */
extern int __xfrm_policy_check(struct sock *, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned short family);

static inline int __xfrm_policy_check2(struct sock *sk, int dir,
diff --git a/net/ipv4/tcp_ipv4.c b/net/ipv4/tcp_ipv4.c
index c3588b4..c206024 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/tcp_ipv4.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/tcp_ipv4.c
@@ -1561,7 +1561,8 @@ int tcp_v4_do_rcv(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
return 0;
}

- if (skb->len < tcp_hdrlen(skb) || tcp_checksum_complete(skb))
+ /* Assumes skb->len includes header and options */
+ if (tcp_checksum_complete(skb))
goto csum_err;

if (sk->sk_state == TCP_LISTEN) {
@@ -1603,14 +1604,13 @@ csum_err:
}

/*
- * From tcp_input.c
+ * Called by ip_input.c: ip_local_deliver_finish()
*/
-
int tcp_v4_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb)
{
- const struct iphdr *iph;
struct tcphdr *th;
struct sock *sk;
+ int tcp_header_len;
int ret;
struct net *net = dev_net(skb->dev);

@@ -1620,38 +1620,40 @@ int tcp_v4_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb)
/* Count it even if it's bad */
TCP_INC_STATS_BH(net, TCP_MIB_INSEGS);

+ /* Check too short header */
if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, sizeof(struct tcphdr)))
goto discard_it;

- th = tcp_hdr(skb);
-
- if (th->doff < sizeof(struct tcphdr) / 4)
+ /* Check bad doff, compare doff directly to constant value */
+ tcp_header_len = tcp_hdr(skb)->doff;
+ if (tcp_header_len < (sizeof(struct tcphdr) / 4))
goto bad_packet;
- if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, th->doff * 4))
+
+ /* Check too short header and options */
+ tcp_header_len *= 4;
+ if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, tcp_header_len))
goto discard_it;

- /* An explanation is required here, I think.
- * Packet length and doff are validated by header prediction,
- * provided case of th->doff==0 is eliminated.
- * So, we defer the checks. */
+ /* Packet length and doff are validated by header prediction,
+ * provided case of th->doff == 0 is eliminated (above).
+ */
if (!skb_csum_unnecessary(skb) && tcp_v4_checksum_init(skb))
goto bad_packet;

th = tcp_hdr(skb);
- iph = ip_hdr(skb);
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq = ntohl(th->seq);
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq = (TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq + th->syn + th->fin +
- skb->len - th->doff * 4);
+ skb->len - tcp_header_len);
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->ack_seq = ntohl(th->ack_seq);
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->when = 0;
- TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags = iph->tos;
+ TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags = ip_hdr(skb)->tos;
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->sacked = 0;

sk = __inet_lookup_skb(&tcp_hashinfo, skb, th->source, th->dest);
if (!sk)
goto no_tcp_socket;

- if (iph->ttl < inet_sk(sk)->min_ttl)
+ if (ip_hdr(skb)->ttl < inet_sk(sk)->min_ttl)
goto discard_and_relse;

process:
@@ -1660,9 +1662,17 @@ process:

if (!xfrm4_policy_check(sk, XFRM_POLICY_IN, skb))
goto discard_and_relse;
+
+ /* Sadly, there's currently no quick check for filters. According to
+ * David Miller, filters are permitted to reduce skb->len past the
+ * existing header and options. So, all the length checks above must be
+ * painfully repeated here. --WAS
+ */
nf_reset(skb);

- if (sk_filter(sk, skb))
+ if (sk_filter(sk, skb) ||
+ sizeof(struct tcphdr) > skb->len ||
+ tcp_hdrlen(skb) > skb->len)
goto discard_and_relse;

skb->dev = NULL;
@@ -1687,14 +1697,14 @@ process:
bh_unlock_sock(sk);

sock_put(sk);
-
return ret;

no_tcp_socket:
if (!xfrm4_policy_check(NULL, XFRM_POLICY_IN, skb))
goto discard_it;

- if (skb->len < (th->doff << 2) || tcp_checksum_complete(skb)) {
+ /* Assumes skb->len includes header and options */
+ if (tcp_checksum_complete(skb)) {
bad_packet:
TCP_INC_STATS_BH(net, TCP_MIB_INERRS);
} else {
@@ -1716,18 +1726,21 @@ do_time_wait:
goto discard_it;
}

- if (skb->len < (th->doff << 2) || tcp_checksum_complete(skb)) {
+ /* Assumes skb->len includes header and options */
+ if (tcp_checksum_complete(skb)) {
TCP_INC_STATS_BH(net, TCP_MIB_INERRS);
inet_twsk_put(inet_twsk(sk));
goto discard_it;
}
+
switch (tcp_timewait_state_process(inet_twsk(sk), skb, th)) {
case TCP_TW_SYN: {
struct sock *sk2 = inet_lookup_listener(dev_net(skb->dev),
&tcp_hashinfo,
- iph->daddr, th->dest,
+ ip_hdr(skb)->daddr,
+ th->dest,
inet_iif(skb));
- if (sk2) {
+ if (sk2 != NULL) {
inet_twsk_deschedule(inet_twsk(sk), &tcp_death_row);
inet_twsk_put(inet_twsk(sk));
sk = sk2;
diff --git a/net/ipv6/tcp_ipv6.c b/net/ipv6/tcp_ipv6.c
index 6963a6b..04814bf 100644
--- a/net/ipv6/tcp_ipv6.c
+++ b/net/ipv6/tcp_ipv6.c
@@ -1602,7 +1602,8 @@ static int tcp_v6_do_rcv(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
return 0;
}

- if (skb->len < tcp_hdrlen(skb) || tcp_checksum_complete(skb))
+ /* Assumes skb->len includes header and options */
+ if (tcp_checksum_complete(skb))
goto csum_err;

if (sk->sk_state == TCP_LISTEN) {
@@ -1672,38 +1673,47 @@ ipv6_pktoptions:
return 0;
}

+/*
+ * Called by ip6_input.c: ip6_input_finish()
+ */
static int tcp_v6_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb)
{
struct tcphdr *th;
struct sock *sk;
+ int tcp_header_len;
int ret;
struct net *net = dev_net(skb->dev);

if (skb->pkt_type != PACKET_HOST)
goto discard_it;

- /*
- * Count it even if it's bad.
- */
+ /* Count it even if it's bad */
TCP_INC_STATS_BH(net, TCP_MIB_INSEGS);

+ /* Check too short header */
if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, sizeof(struct tcphdr)))
goto discard_it;

- th = tcp_hdr(skb);
-
- if (th->doff < sizeof(struct tcphdr)/4)
+ /* Check bad doff, compare doff directly to constant value */
+ tcp_header_len = tcp_hdr(skb)->doff;
+ if (tcp_header_len < (sizeof(struct tcphdr) / 4))
goto bad_packet;
- if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, th->doff*4))
+
+ /* Check too short header and options */
+ tcp_header_len *= 4;
+ if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, tcp_header_len))
goto discard_it;

+ /* Packet length and doff are validated by header prediction,
+ * provided case of th->doff == 0 is eliminated (above).
+ */
if (!skb_csum_unnecessary(skb) && tcp_v6_checksum_init(skb))
goto bad_packet;

th = tcp_hdr(skb);
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq = ntohl(th->seq);
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq = (TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq + th->syn + th->fin +
- skb->len - th->doff*4);
+ skb->len - tcp_header_len);
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->ack_seq = ntohl(th->ack_seq);
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->when = 0;
TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->flags = ipv6_get_dsfield(ipv6_hdr(skb));
@@ -1713,6 +1723,9 @@ static int tcp_v6_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb)
if (!sk)
goto no_tcp_socket;

+ /* Unlike tcp_v4_rcv(), no min_ttl check???
+ */
+
process:
if (sk->sk_state == TCP_TIME_WAIT)
goto do_time_wait;
@@ -1720,7 +1733,16 @@ process:
if (!xfrm6_policy_check(sk, XFRM_POLICY_IN, skb))
goto discard_and_relse;

- if (sk_filter(sk, skb))
+ /* Sadly, there's currently no quick check for filters. According to
+ * David Miller, filters are permitted to reduce skb->len past the
+ * existing header and options. So, all the length checks above must be
+ * painfully repeated here. --WAS
+ *
+ * nf_reset(skb); in ip6_input.c ip6_input_finish()
+ */
+ if (sk_filter(sk, skb) ||
+ sizeof(struct tcphdr) > skb->len ||
+ tcp_hdrlen(skb) > skb->len)
goto discard_and_relse;

skb->dev = NULL;
@@ -1751,7 +1773,8 @@ no_tcp_socket:
if (!xfrm6_policy_check(NULL, XFRM_POLICY_IN, skb))
goto discard_it;

- if (skb->len < (th->doff<<2) || tcp_checksum_complete(skb)) {
+ /* Assumes skb->len includes header and options */
+ if (tcp_checksum_complete(skb)) {
bad_packet:
TCP_INC_STATS_BH(net, TCP_MIB_INERRS);
} else {
@@ -1759,11 +1782,7 @@ bad_packet:
}

discard_it:
-
- /*
- * Discard frame
- */
-
+ /* Discard frame. */
kfree_skb(skb);
return 0;

@@ -1777,24 +1796,23 @@ do_time_wait:
goto discard_it;
}

- if (skb->len < (th->doff<<2) || tcp_checksum_complete(skb)) {
+ /* Assumes skb->len includes header and options */
+ if (tcp_checksum_complete(skb)) {
TCP_INC_STATS_BH(net, TCP_MIB_INERRS);
inet_twsk_put(inet_twsk(sk));
goto discard_it;
}

switch (tcp_timewait_state_process(inet_twsk(sk), skb, th)) {
- case TCP_TW_SYN:
- {
- struct sock *sk2;
-
- sk2 = inet6_lookup_listener(dev_net(skb->dev), &tcp_hashinfo,
- &ipv6_hdr(skb)->daddr,
- ntohs(th->dest), inet6_iif(skb));
+ case TCP_TW_SYN: {
+ struct sock *sk2 = inet6_lookup_listener(dev_net(skb->dev),
+ &tcp_hashinfo,
+ &ipv6_hdr(skb)->daddr,
+ ntohs(th->dest),
+ inet6_iif(skb));
if (sk2 != NULL) {
- struct inet_timewait_sock *tw = inet_twsk(sk);
- inet_twsk_deschedule(tw, &tcp_death_row);
- inet_twsk_put(tw);
+ inet_twsk_deschedule(inet_twsk(sk), &tcp_death_row);
+ inet_twsk_put(inet_twsk(sk));
sk = sk2;
goto process;
}
--
1.6.3.3
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