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SubjectRe: howto combat highly pathologic latencies on a server?
On Wed, Mar 10, 2010 at 06:17:42PM +0100, Hans-Peter Jansen wrote:
> in a commercial setting, with all those evil elements at work like VMware,
> NFS, XFS, openSUSE, diskless fat clients, you name it...
>
> System description:
>
> Dual socket board: Tyan S2892, 2 * AMD Opteron 285 @ 2.6 GHz, 8 GB RAM,
> PRO/1000 MT Dual Port Server NIC, Areca ARC-1261 16 channel RAID
> controller, with 3 sets of RAID 5 arrays attached:
> System is running from: 4 * WD Raptor 150GB (WDC WD1500ADFD-00NLR5)
> VMware (XP-) images used via NFS: 6 * WD Raptor 74 GB (WDC WD740GD-00FLA0)
> Homes, diskless clients, appl. data: 4 * Hitachi 1 GB (HDE721010SLA330).
>
> All filesystems are xfs. The server serves about 20 diskless PC's, most use
> an Intel Pro/1000 GT NIC, all attached on a 3com 3870 48-port 10/100/1000
> switch.
>
> OS is openSUSE 11.1/i586 with kernel 2.6.27.45 (the same kernel as SLE 11).
>
> It serves mostly NFS, SMB, and does mild database (MySQL) and email
> processing (Cyrus IMAP, Postfix...). It also drives an ancient (but very
> important) terminal based transport order mgmt system, that often syncs
> it's data. Unfortunately, it's also used for running a VMware-Server
> (1.0.10) XP-client, that itself does simple database stuff (employers time
> registration).
>
> Users generally describe this system as slow, although the load on the
> server is less than 1.5 most of the time. Interestingly, the former system,
> using ancient kernels (2.6.11, SuSE 9.3) was perceived significantly
> quicker (but not fast..).
>
> The diskless clients are started once in the morning (taking 60-90 sec), use
> an aufs2 layered NFS mount for their openSUSE 11.1 system, and simple NFS
> mounted homes and shared folders. 2/3th also need running a VMware XP
> client (also NFS mounted). Their CPUs range from Athlon 64 3000+ up to
> Phenom X4 955, with 2 or 4 GB RAM.
>
> While this system usually operates fine, it suffers from delays, that are
> displayed in latencytop as: "Writing page to disk: 8425,5 ms":
> ftp://urpla.net/lat-8.4sec.png, but we see them also in the 1.7-4.8 sec
> range: ftp://urpla.net/lat-1.7sec.png, ftp://urpla.net/lat-2.9sec.png,
> ftp://urpla.net/lat-4.6sec.png and ftp://urpla.net/lat-4.8sec.png.
>
> From other observations, this issue "feels" like it is induced by single
> syncronisation points in the block layer, eg. if I create heavy IO load on
> one RAID array, say resizing a VMware disk image, it can take up to a
> minute to log in by ssh, although the ssh login does not touch this area at
> all (different RAID arrays). Note, that the latencytop snapshots above are
> made during normal operation, not this kind of load..
>
> The network side looks fine, as its main interface rarely passes 40MiB/s,
> and usually keeps in the 1 Kib/s - 5 MiB/s range.
>
> The xfs filesystems are mounted with rw,noatime,attr2,nobarrier,noquota
> (yes, I do have a BBU on the areca, and disk write cache is effectively
> turned off).

Make sure the filesystem has the "lazy-count=1" attribute set (use
xfs_info to check, xfs_admin to change). That will remove the
superblock from most transactions and significant reduce latency of
transactions as they serialise while locking it...

Cheers,

Dave
--
Dave Chinner
david@fromorbit.com


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