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SubjectRe: [PATCH] exit: PR_SET_ANCHOR for marking processes as reapers for child processes
On Tue, 2010-02-02 at 13:04 +0100, Lennart Poettering wrote:
> Right now, if a process dies all its children are reparented to init.
> This logic has good uses, i.e. for double forking when daemonizing.
> However it also allows child processes to "escape" their parents,
> which
> is a problem for software like session managers (such as
> gnome-session)
> or other process supervisors.
> This patch adds a simple flag for each process that marks it as an
> "anchor" process for all its children and grandchildren. If a child of
> such an anchor dies all its children will not be reparented to init,
> but instead to this anchor, escaping this anchor process is not possible.
> A task with this flag set hence acts is little "sub-init".
> Anchors are fully recursive: if an anchor dies, all its children are
> reparented to next higher anchor in the process tree.
> This is orthogonal to PID namespaces. PID namespaces virtualize the
> actual IDs in addition to introducing "sub-inits". This patch
> introduces
> "sub-inits" inside the same PID namespace.

Sounds good to me. And seems useful for all sorts of session tracking
and "prettifying ps". :)

It seems to work fine here. With a double-fork, the child gets the
intermediate-fork pid as the parent, and when this dies, it get
re-parented to the anchor pid instead of directly to pid 1. Only when
the anchor pid dies, it will be re-parented to pid 1.


$ ./sub-init 1
[26209] main: anchor=1
[26209] main: forked 'help' 26210
[26209] main: wait for 'help' to exit 26210
[26210] help: has parent 26209
[26210] help: forked 'child' 26211, sleep
[26211] child: has parent 26210, sleep
[26211] child: has parent 26210, sleep
[26210] help: exit
[26209] main: 'help' 26210 returned, sleep
[26211] child: has parent 26209, sleep
[26211] child: has parent 26209, sleep
[26209] main: exit
[26211] child: has parent 1, sleep
[26211] child: has parent 1, sleep
[26211] child: has parent 1, sleep
[26211] child: has parent 1, sleep
[26211] child: has parent 1, sleep
[26211] child: has parent 1, sleep
[26211] child: exit

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/prctl.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>

#define PR_SET_ANCHOR 35
#define PR_GET_ANCHOR 36

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
int is_anch;
pid_t pid;

if (argc > 1)
prctl(PR_SET_ANCHOR, 1);
prctl(PR_GET_ANCHOR, &is_anch);
printf("[%i] main: anchor=%i\n", getpid(), is_anch);

pid = fork();
if (pid == 0) {
pid_t pid2;

printf("[%i] help: has parent %i\n", getpid(), getppid());
pid2 = fork();
if (pid2 == 0) {
int i;

for (i = 0; i < 30; i += 3) {
printf("[%i] child: has parent %i, sleep\n", getpid(), getppid());
printf("[%i] child: exit\n", getpid());
} else {
printf("[%i] help: forked 'child' %i, sleep\n", getpid(), pid2);
printf("[%i] help: exit\n", getpid());
return 0;
} else {
printf("[%i] main: forked 'help' %i\n", getpid(), pid);
printf("[%i] main: wait for 'help' to exit %i\n", getpid(), pid);
waitpid(pid, NULL, 0);
printf("[%i] main: 'help' %i returned, sleep\n", getpid(), pid);
printf("[%i] main: exit\n", getpid());

return 0;

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