lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2010]   [Feb]   [3]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: Improving OOM killer
* Lubos Lunak <l.lunak@suse.cz> [2010-02-01 23:02:37]:

>
> Hello,
>
> I'd like to suggest some changes to the OOM killer code that I believe
> improve its behaviour - here it turns it from something completely useless and
> harmful into something that works very well. I'm first posting changes for
> review, I'll reformat the patch later as needed if approved. Given that it's
> been like this for about a decade, I get the feeling there must be some
> strange catch.
>
> My scenario is working in a KDE desktop session and accidentally running
> parallel make in doc/ subdirectory of sources of a KDE module. As I use
> distributed compiling, I run make with -j20 or more, but, as the tool used for
> processing KDE documentation is quite memory-intensive, running this many
> of them is more than enough to consume all the 2GB RAM in the machine. What
> happens in that case is that the machine becomes virtually unresponsible,
> where even Ctrl+Alt+F1 can take minutes, not to mention some action that'd
> actually redeem the situation. If I wait long enough for something to happen,
> which can be even hours, the action that ends the situation is killing one of
> the most vital KDE processes, rendering the whole session useless and making
> me lose all unsaved data.
>
> The process tree looks roughly like this:
>
> init
> |- kdeinit
> | |- ksmserver
> | | |- kwin
> | |- <other>
> |- konsole
> |- make
> |- sh
> | |- meinproc4
> |- sh
> | |- meinproc4
> |- <etc>
>
> What happens is that OOM killer usually selects either ksmserver (KDE session
> manager) or kdeinit (KDE master process that spawns most KDE processes). Note
> that in either case OOM killer does not reach the point of killing the actual
> offender - it will randomly kill in the tree under kdeinit until it decides
> to kill ksmserver, which means terminating the desktop session. As konsole is
> a KUniqueApplication, it forks into background and gets reparented to init,
> thus getting away from the kdeinit subtree. Since the memory pressure is
> distributed among several meinproc4 processes, the badness does not get
> summed up in its make grandparent, as badness() does this only for direct
> parents.
>
> Each meinproc4 process still uses a considerable amount of memory, so one
> could assume that the situation would be solved by simply killing them one by
> one, but it is not so because of using what I consider poor metric for
> measuring memory usage - VmSize. VmSize, if I'm not mistaken, is the size of
> the address space taken by the process, which in practice does not say much
> about how much memory the process actually uses. For example, /proc/*/status
> for one selected KDE process:
>
> VmPeak: 534676 kB
> VmSize: 528340 kB
> VmLck: 0 kB
> VmHWM: 73464 kB
> VmRSS: 73388 kB
> VmData: 142332 kB
> VmStk: 92 kB
> VmExe: 44 kB
> VmLib: 91232 kB
> VmPTE: 716 kB
>
> And various excerpts from /proc/*/smaps for this process:
> ...
> 7f7b3f800000-7f7b40000000 rwxp 00000000 00:00 0
> Size: 8192 kB
> Rss: 16 kB
> Referenced: 16 kB
> ...
> 7f7b40055000-7f7b44000000 ---p 00000000 00:00 0
> Size: 65196 kB
> Rss: 0 kB
> Referenced: 0 kB
> ...
> 7f7b443cd000-7f7b445cd000 ---p 0001c000 08:01
> 790267 /usr/lib64/kde4/libnsplugin.so
> Size: 2048 kB
> Rss: 0 kB
> Referenced: 0 kB
> ...
> 7f7b48300000-7f7b4927d000 rw-s 00000000 08:01
> 58690 /var/tmp/kdecache-seli/kpc/kde-icon-cache.data
> Size: 15860 kB
> Rss: 24 kB
> Referenced: 24 kB
>
> I assume the first one is stack, search me what the second and third ones are
> (there appears to be one such mapping as the third one for each .so used),
> the last one is a mapping of a large cache file that's nevertheless rarely
> used extensively and even then it's backed by a file. In other words, none of
> this actually uses much of real memory, yet right now it's the process that
> would get killed for using about 70MB memory, even though it's not the
> offender. The offender scores only about 1/3 of its badness, even though it
> uses almost the double amount of memory:
>
> VmPeak: 266508 kB
> VmSize: 266504 kB
> VmLck: 0 kB
> VmHWM: 118208 kB
> VmRSS: 118208 kB
> VmData: 98512 kB
> VmStk: 84 kB
> VmExe: 60 kB
> VmLib: 48944 kB
> VmPTE: 536 kB
>
> And the offender is only 14th in the list of badness candidates. Speaking of
> which, the following is quite useful for seeing all processes sorted by
> badness:
>
> ls /proc/*/oom_score | grep -v self | sed 's/\(.*\)\/\(.*\)/echo -n "\1 "; \
> echo -n "`cat \1\/\2 2>\/dev\/null` "; readlink \1\/exe || echo/'| sh | \
> sort -nr +1
>
>
> Therefore, I suggest doing the following changes in mm/oom_kill.c :
>
> =====
> --- linux-2.6.31/mm/oom_kill.c.sav 2010-02-01 22:00:41.614838540 +0100
> +++ linux-2.6.31/mm/oom_kill.c 2010-02-01 22:01:08.773757932 +0100
> @@ -69,7 +69,7 @@ unsigned long badness(struct task_struct
> /*
> * The memory size of the process is the basis for the badness.
> */
> - points = mm->total_vm;
> + points = get_mm_rss(mm);
>
> /*
> * After this unlock we can no longer dereference local variable `mm'
> @@ -83,21 +83,6 @@ unsigned long badness(struct task_struct
> return ULONG_MAX;
>
> /*
> - * Processes which fork a lot of child processes are likely
> - * a good choice. We add half the vmsize of the children if they
> - * have an own mm. This prevents forking servers to flood the
> - * machine with an endless amount of children. In case a single
> - * child is eating the vast majority of memory, adding only half
> - * to the parents will make the child our kill candidate of choice.
> - */
> - list_for_each_entry(child, &p->children, sibling) {
> - task_lock(child);
> - if (child->mm != mm && child->mm)
> - points += child->mm->total_vm/2 + 1;
> - task_unlock(child);
> - }
> -
> - /*
> * CPU time is in tens of seconds and run time is in thousands
> * of seconds. There is no particular reason for this other than
> * that it turned out to work very well in practice.
> =====
>
> In other words, use VmRSS for measuring memory usage instead of VmSize, and
> remove child accumulating.

I am not sure of the impact of changing to RSS, although I've
personally believed that RSS based accounting is where we should go,
but we need to consider the following

1. Total VM provides data about potentially swapped pages, overcommit,
etc.
2. RSS alone is not sufficient, RSS does not account for shared pages,
so we ideally need something like PSS.

You could potentially use the memory resource controller for
isolation, but that is a way of working around and parititioning the
system, there are other workarounds like oom-adjust, etc.

I suspect the correct answer would depend on our answers to 1 and 2
and a lot of testing with any changes made.

--
Balbir


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2010-02-03 09:59    [W:0.125 / U:1.292 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site