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SubjectRe: Pushing desktop boards to the MAX: Intel 10GbE AT2 Server Adapters!
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On Thu, Feb 25, 2010 at 1:33 PM, Justin Piszcz <jpiszcz@lucidpixels.com> wrote:
> Hello,
>
> Both are running 2.6.33 x86_64:
>
> I have two desktop motheboards:
> 1. Intel DP55KG
> 2. A Gigabyte P35-DS4
>
> I have two 10GbE AT2 server adapters, configuration:
> 1. Intel DP55KG (15 Drive RAID-6) w/3ware 9650SE-16PML
> 2. Gigabyte P35-DS4 (softare RAID-5 across 8 disks)
>
> When I use iperf, I get ~9-10Gbps:
>
> Device eth3 [10.0.0.253] (1/1):
> ================================================================================
> Incoming:                               Outgoing:
> Curr: 1.10 MByte/s                      Curr: 1120.57 MByte/s
> Avg: 0.07 MByte/s                       Avg: 66.20 MByte/s
> Min: 0.66 MByte/s                       Min: 666.95 MByte/s
> Max: 1.10 MByte/s                       Max: 1120.57 MByte/s
> Ttl: 4.40 MByte                         Ttl: 4474.84 MByte
>
> p34:~# iperf -c 10.0.0.254
> ------------------------------------------------------------
> Client connecting to 10.0.0.254, TCP port 5001
> TCP window size: 27.4 KByte (default)
> ------------------------------------------------------------
> [  3] local 10.0.0.253 port 52791 connected with 10.0.0.254 port 5001
> [ ID] Interval       Transfer     Bandwidth
> [  3]  0.0-10.0 sec  10.9 GBytes  9.39 Gbits/sec
> p34:~#
>
> When I copy a large file over NFS from Gigabyte (SW) raid to the Intel
> motherboard, I get what the SW raid can read at, approximately: 560MiB/s.
>
> Here is the file: (49GB)
> -rw-r--r-- 1 abc users 52046502432 2010-02-25 16:01 data.bkf
>
> From Gigabyte/SW RAID-5 => Intel/HW RAID-6 (9650SE-16PML):
> $ /usr/bin/time cp /nfs/data.bkf .
> 0.04user 45.51system 1:47.07elapsed 42%CPU (0avgtext+0avgdata
> 7008maxresident)k
> 0inputs+0outputs (1major+489minor)pagefaults 0swaps
> => Downloading 49000MB for 1.47 minutes is: 568889KB/s.
>
> However, from Intel/HW RAID-6 (9650SE-16PML) => Gigabyte/SW RAID-5
> $ /usr/bin/time cp data.bkf /nfs
> 0.02user 31.54system 4:33.29elapsed 11%CPU (0avgtext+0avgdata
> 7008maxresident)k
> 0inputs+0outputs (0major+490minor)pagefaults 0swaps
> => Downloading 49000MB for 4.33 minutes is: 193133KB/s.
>
> When running top, I could see md raid 5 and pdflush at or near 100% CPU.
> Is the problem scaling with mdadm/raid-5 on the Gigabyte motherboard?
>
> Gigabyte: 8GB Memory & Q6600
> Intel DP55KG: 8GB Memory & Core i7 870
>
> From the kernel:
> [   80.291618] ixgbe: eth3 NIC Link is Up 10 Gbps, Flow Control: RX/TX
>
> With XFS, it used to get > 400MiB/s for writes.
> With EXT4, only 200-300MiB/s:
>
> (On Gigabyte board)
> $ dd if=/dev/zero of=bigfile bs=1M count=10240
> 10240+0 records in
> 10240+0 records out
> 10737418240 bytes (11 GB) copied, 38.6415 s, 278 MB/s
>
> Some more benchmarks (Gigabyte->Intel)
>
> ---- Connecting data socket to (10.0.0.254) port 51421
> ---- Data connection established
> ---> RETR CentOS-5.1-x86_64-bin-DVD.iso
> <--- 150-Accepted data connection
> <--- 150 4338530.0 kbytes to download
> ---- Got EOF on data connection
> ---- Closing data socket
> 4442654720 bytes transferred in 8 seconds (502.77M/s)
> lftp abc@10.0.0.254:/r/1/iso>
>
> CentOS DVD image in 8 seconds!
>
> rsync is much slower:
> $ rsync -avu --stats --progress /nfs/CentOS-5.1-x86_64-bin-DVD.iso  .
> sending incremental file list
> CentOS-5.1-x86_64-bin-DVD.iso
>  4442654720 100%  234.90MB/s    0:00:18 (xfer#1, to-check=0/1)
>
> I am using nobarrier, guess some more tweaking is required on the Gigabyte
> motherboard with software raid.
>
> For the future if anyone is wondering, the only tweak for the network
> configuration is setting the MTU to 9000 (jumbo frames, here is my entry for
> /etc/network/interfaces)
>
> # Intel 10GbE (PCI-e)
> auto eth3
> iface eth3 inet static
> address 10.0.0.253
> network 10.0.0.0
> netmask 255.255.255.0
> mtu 9000
>
> Congrats Intel for making a nice 10GbE CAT6a card without a fan!
>
> Thank you!
>
> Justin.
>
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>

On the system experiencing slower writing you might try altering the
stripe_cache_size value in to the corresponding sysfs directory.
/sys/block/md*/md/stripe_* There are various files in there which can
be used to tune the array. You might also want to benchmark writing
to the array raw instead of via a filesystem, your mount options and
placement of any filesystem log could be forcing you to wait for flush
to disk; where the system with the hardware controller may be set to
wait for it to hit the card's buffer alone.
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