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    Subject[announce] gujin GPL bootloader version 2.8
    There is a new version v2.8 of the Gujin bootloader at
    http://gujin.org with bugfixes and improvements, and
    Debian/Fedora packages for easy installation on i386/amd64 PC.
    The Debian package can be installed on Ubuntu and the
    Fedora package can be installed on Mandriva, those
    packages have very few dependencies.

    The main improvements are in the handling of languages,
    Linux command line parameters description in /boot/gujin.cmd,
    GPT partition tables, and handling of file images like iso images.

    First, thanks to benny59 for the rewrite of italian messages;
    messages in russian, spanish, portugese, german, and dutch
    would probably improve with a human reader. There is a
    single bootloader containing all those languages plus
    french and english, switch-able by Control-T/Alt-T,
    with the needed support of UTF-8 on 8x16 and 10x20 fonts.

    The "distributed Linux kernel description" file named gujin.cmd is a file
    parsed in every filesystem where it is found, containing lines like:
    :filesystemlabel:kernelname:initrdname:timeout:menuname:commandline
    for instance:
    ::vmlinuz-bluehat-2.6*:::bluehat standard boot:quiet noacpi
    to boot the bluehat kernel with parameters "quiet noacpi" when
    clicking on the menu choice "bluehat standard boot".
    More description in the gujin.cmd file in the source package.

    For the handling of filesystem images, Gujin can now emulate BIOS
    disks on discontiguous files, and recognises file with extension
    *.bin and *.img with 0xAA55 signature as "*.bdi" files, so you
    can directly run "memtest+.bin" present in /boot of some
    distributions or some live CD (for instance KANOTIX-2005-04.iso),
    you can also boot "hal91.img", "rescue-0.4.1.img", "tomsrtbt*.img",
    and if you have a small DOS bootable USB/floppy, you can copy it
    like "cat /dev/sdc > /boot/usb.bin" and boot it, /boot/usb.bin will
    be writeable under DOS if Gujin is allowed to write to disks.
    You can disable the display of files with bdi/bin/img extension by the
    "probe bdi file" checkbox.

    There is two kind of Linux based live CD: the ones self contained
    in the two files kernel and initial RAM disk (excluding license files and
    documentation) - like Fedora and Debian net-install CD or the
    tinycore_2.6.iso distribution; and more complete Linux live CD which
    need to access other files of the ISO image to properly boot.
    There is four ways to start those ISO images without first writing the
    ISO image file on a real CD.

    1- The first one is to copy the complete content into a partition of
    a hard or USB disk - that was already handled in Gujin-2.7 and often
    works because most live CD will search every CDROM, hard disks and
    hard disks partitions to find their other files. The Fedora net-install
    CD needs to change the directory probed by Gujin from "/boot" to
    "/isolinux", that can now be set with Gujin-2.8.

    2- The bootloader extract the kernel and initial RAM disk from
    the ISO image file (by loop-mounting) and load them in memory,
    and then pass a parameter on the Linux command line to tell
    where the distribution will find its other files. That supposes
    that the initial RAM disk has some init-scripts which handle
    such parameter, the three possible parameter names are "fromiso=",
    "isoscan=" or "bootfrom=".
    Unfortunately, I have only found one single distribution which
    correctly handle that parameter, that is:
    sidux-2009-03-momos-xfce-i386-200911110039.iso
    and it correctly manages "fromiso=", so that is the only thing
    Gujin supports. The only details are to rename that file to a shorter
    name like "sidux-2009.iso", copy it in the root or /boot directory
    of one of your FAT/Ext2/3/4 partition, and in Gujin setup (at boot
    time) enable probing files in ISO images and set the Linux command
    line to "boot=fll quiet" to acheive a complete boot.
    Obviously the "self contained" live CD will also work as long as
    Gujin can find the kernel and the initial RAM disk files.
    The maximum length of the string "/boot/<filename>.iso" is 64 chars.
    That Sidux live CD do not boot with the first method (copy the
    complete filesystem in a partition), do not loose your time there.

    3- Gujin can also fully manage an El-Torito boot from an ISO image
    file, so you will chain-load the EL-Torito boot loader of the real
    live CD. It will work for self contained live CD, and probably most
    non Linux CD like UBCD (Universal Boot CD), but most complete
    Linux live CD distribution wil not find their "other" files.
    For this boot to succeed, you will need to replace the El-Torito
    boot file of the live CD by the Gujin El-Torito boot file, which can
    generate/analyse the signature to rebuild the bootfrom= parameter.
    For instance, to complete the boot of Sidux with this method, you
    have to modify the iso file by typing these commands, assuming
    you have sidux-2009-04-moros-kde-lite-i386-200912310312.iso in the
    current directory and are root for the loop-mount (mirrors at
    http://sidux.com/module-Content-view-pid-2.html):
    $ sudo -s
    # mkdir siduxdir
    # mount -o loop -t iso9660 sidux-2009-04-moros-kde-lite-i386-200912310312.iso siduxdir
    # cp -a siduxdir sidux-2009
    # umount siduxdir
    # ./install/gujin -t sidux-2009/boot/gujin.bcd --cmdline="boot=fll quiet" \
    --read_retry --default_video_mode=0x117 # real VESA mode number, i.e. not 791
    # mv sidux-2009/boot/memtest sidux-2009/boot/memtest.img # not really needed
    # genisoimage -r -b boot/gujin.bcd -no-emul-boot -boot-load-size 4 \
    -boot-info-table -o sidux-2009.iso sidux-2009
    # ^D
    The resulting file "sidux-2009.iso", once copied in the root or /boot
    directory, is directly bootable by Gujin installed on the booting device if
    "search El-Torito" checkbox is ticked (just click sidux-2009.iso:noemul),
    you can also boot sidux-2009.iso:/boot/{vmlinuz,initrd}0.686 if the
    command line is set to "quiet boot=fll", or directly boot "memtest.img".
    If sidux-2009.iso is written to a CDROM, it will also boot.
    Note: UBCD-5.0-rc1 El-Torito loader tries to read after the size of
    the CD, to get Gujin to load it, you have to do:
    dd if=/dev/zero of=ubcdadd bs=512 count=560
    cat ubcdadd >> /boot/ubcd.iso

    4- Some ISO images can be copied to a USB stick (by a "dd" command)
    and will produce a bootable USB stick - those ISO images contain
    a boot record that Gujin can find, and so Gujin will emulate a BIOS
    disk for you to boot that way. The previous problem of regenerating
    the bootfrom= parameter also exists, with the same solution.

    The full list of change is:
    - Generate and use a "distributed Linux kernel description" file named
    /boot/gujin.cmd, see example/description in the source tar file.
    - Handle GPT partitions (support for B.E.E.R. installation in /dev/sda0
    cannot work because of the GPT copy at end of disk, replaced by
    install in first Mbyte if space is free)
    - UTF8 UNIFONT for the 8x16 and 10x20 font, range 0x0..0x200 and
    0x400..0x600 (higher often need variable width chars)
    - Handle FAT long filename UTF16 to UTF8 mapping
    - Language handling completely re-written; support "en", "fr", "ru",
    "sp", "it", "pt", "de", "nl" in the same executable
    - Add two "xstring" segments to support all those strings, that
    increases also the stack available for Gujin
    - Debug version only support English, i.e. reducing the number
    of language is possible with recompilation
    - Remove the restriction that BDI file are contiguous, handle *.bin
    and *.img files as *.bdi if they have the 0xAA55 signature.
    - Find ISOFS MBR/El-Torito in files *.iso and enable booting (For
    Linux, Gujin may have to be the El-Torito bootloader, bootfrom
    int 0x13 signature)
    - Support filename "linux*" (without iso extension) like "bzImage*" and
    "vmlinuz*", to directly boot debian iso netinstall in *.iso file
    - Support filename "tinycore*" like "initrd*" to directly boot
    tinycore_2.6.iso CD image
    - sort kernels by date (newest first) in the menu
    - Rename tickbox "download_ansi_font" as "use_gujin_embedded_font"
    - Reproble the disk subsystem if "probe_file_in_iso_image" has changed
    going from setup to application screen
    - Support an efficient way to store block numbers and size of very
    large (*.iso) file on an EXT2 filesystem, to analyse its internal FS
    - Handle EXT2/3/4 partitions bigger than 32 bits sectors, support
    blocks bigger than 4 Kbytes on EXT2FS
    - Fix timezone offset of file dates on ISO9660
    - Fix bugs with tinycdrom (load kernel/initrd or *.kgz from El-Torito
    CDROM without user intervention, see Makefile/CDtiny:)
    - Fix an overflow bug in all BIOS tiny* versions when number of
    kernels & initrd bigger than 5 in the same partition
    - Accept under DOS "vmlinu~1" and "bzImag~1" filenames
    - If running on DOS, select the default language with the DOS
    environment LANG=.
    - Updated man page, installer support of --lang= parameter
    - Refuse to create a superfloppy format on a disk which has a valid
    partition table, if no --force flag
    - Reduce complain with screens without EDID, then assumes 13 inches
    display to find default resolution
    - Do not show the "alternate" button when no alternative (same
    definition & BPP) video mode exists.
    - Fix the page number displayed when autoboot of newest file after
    few seconds
    - When booting kernel/initrd from an ISO file image, replace "bootfrom="
    by "fromiso=", works at least with sidux distribution (cmd line "boot=fll")
    - increase size of filename booted (but one can still use too long filename
    for fromiso= parameter)
    - Add option to change default directory name "boot" at runtime (on
    some iso like Fedora net-install, set it to "isolinux" and keep iso file in root).
    - Detect if the default font of the (simulated) PC is ANSI instead of
    the CP437 font
    - Fix CRLF problem with serial interface (use GtkTerm 9600,n,8,1 no flow
    control & fully wired null-modem cable - else can't see any output)
    - Always add a "BOOT_IMAGE=" command line parameter (with the filename
    loaded) when booting Linux kernels.
    - Enable by default code to set IDE master/user password (like hdparm
    --security-set-pass) (See FAQ: What is the option "ignore kernel IDE options"?)
    - Do not report the number of "wasted" sector in a partition with ISO9660
    filesystem (cat /dev/cdrom > /dev/sda9)
    - Change the default partition created (when creating a hard disk image) to
    the last partition to enable booting ASUS EeePC
    - The pseudo kernel parameter vga= is now initialised to the last graphic
    video mode used by Gujin
    - Detect two partitions having the same label (causes major problems
    with root=LABEL=, fails back to root=/dev/* for those partitions)
    - default compiler now gcc-4.4.3/gmp-5.0.0/mpfr-2.4.2/binutils-2.20 (but
    for rpm/deb packages, use the default distribution compiler)
    - docs updates

    There are still some misfeatures, like Gujin cannot be installed on a GPT
    partition over /dev/sda16; the Gujin installer calls sync() so if you copy
    an ISO image to a USB drive while installing Gujin on the hard drive - you'll have to wait for the ISO image copy to be finished; I got my Fedora
    distributions booting only after setting the label of the filesystem,
    I just hope there won't be too many regressions.

    Also, note that booting an ISO live system file image solves the problem
    of permanent storage: an ext2 filesystem image can be inside the ISO file,
    and that filesystem image can be mounted read/write by the live system.
    That ext2 internal filesystem can also be mounted read/write if the
    distribution is on a DVD-RAM.

    Downloads at:
    http://sourceforge.net/projects/gujin/files/

    Note that I do like success/failure stories about Gujin!

    Have fun,
    Etienne.






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