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SubjectRe: [LOCKDEP] 33-rc8 Running aplay with pulse as the default
At Mon, 15 Feb 2010 23:35:26 +0100,
I wrote:
>
> At Mon, 15 Feb 2010 17:24:54 -0500,
> Ed Tomlinson wrote:
> >
> > On Monday 15 February 2010 14:21:55 Takashi Iwai wrote:
> > > At Mon, 15 Feb 2010 20:20:22 +0100,
> > > I wrote:
> > > >
> > > > At Sat, 13 Feb 2010 12:17:10 -0500,
> > > > Ed Tomlinson wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > > Hi,
> > > > >
> > > > > Inorder to get skype working with linux I have the following in .asoundrc for my normal userid.
> > > > >
> > > > > ---
> > > > > pcm.pulse {
> > > > > type pulse
> > > > > }
> > > > >
> > > > > ctl.pulse {
> > > > > type pulse
> > > > > }
> > > > >
> > > > > pcm.!default {
> > > > > type pulse
> > > > > }
> > > > > ctl.!default {
> > > > > type pulse
> > > > > ---
> > > > >
> > > > > Try #1
> > > > > Starting as root if I do:
> > > > > su - <id>
> > > > > aplay sound.wav
> > > > > <traceback inlined below>
> > > > > aplay sound.wav
> > > > > (silence)
> > > > > killall pulseaudio
> > > > > aplay sound.wav
> > > > > (works as expected now going thru pulseaudio)
> > > > >
> > > > > Try #2
> > > > > Starting as root if I do:
> > > > > aplay sound.wav
> > > > > (works as expected using alsa alone)
> > > > > su - <id>
> > > > > aplay sound.wav
> > > > > <another lockdep traceback>
> > > > > aplay sound.wav
> > > > > (works as expected now going thru pulseaudio)
> > > > >
> > > > > With .32 there were no tracebacks (lockdep was enabled) and try #1 would work where I now get silence.
> > > > >
> > > > > Ideas?
> > > > > Ed Tomlinson
> > > > >
> > > > > aplay -l
> > > > > **** List of PLAYBACK Hardware Devices ****
> > > > > card 0: SB [HDA ATI SB], device 0: ALC1200 Analog [ALC1200 Analog]
> > > > > Subdevices: 0/1
> > > > > Subdevice #0: subdevice #0
> > > > > card 0: SB [HDA ATI SB], device 1: ALC1200 Digital [ALC1200 Digital]
> > > > > Subdevices: 1/1
> > > > > Subdevice #0: subdevice #0
> > > > > card 1: HDMI [HDA ATI HDMI], device 3: ATI HDMI [ATI HDMI]
> > > > > Subdevices: 1/1
> > > > > Subdevice #0: subdevice #0
> > > > >
> > > > > "ALC1200 Analog" is what has speakers connected
> > > > >
> > > > > The em28xx in the traceback is an input source from a usb hdtv dongle.
> > > > >
> > > > > pavucontrol setup has been verified.
> > > > >
> > > > > [ 91.070620]
> > > > > [ 91.070621] =======================================================
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [ INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected ]
> > > > > [ 91.071378] 2.6.33-rc8-crc #106
> > > > > [ 91.071378] -------------------------------------------------------
> > > > > [ 91.071378] pulseaudio/2717 is trying to acquire lock:
> > > > > [ 91.071378] (&dev->lock){+.+.+.}, at: [<ffffffffa02797f1>] snd_em28xx_capture_open+0x61/0x190 [em28xx_alsa]
> > > > > [ 91.071378]
> > > > > [ 91.071378] but task is already holding lock:
> > > > > [ 91.071378] (&pcm->open_mutex){+.+.+.}, at: [<ffffffffa010ecd2>] snd_pcm_open+0x182/0x450 [snd_pcm]
> > > > > [ 91.071378]
> > > > > [ 91.071378] which lock already depends on the new lock.
> > > > > [ 91.071378]
> > > > > [ 91.071378]
> > > > > [ 91.071378] the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:
> > > > > [ 91.071378]
> > > > > [ 91.071378] -> #3 (&pcm->open_mutex){+.+.+.}:
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff81083215>] __lock_acquire+0xfc5/0x1550
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff8108383c>] lock_acquire+0x9c/0x140
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff814b96c1>] __mutex_lock_common+0x61/0x610
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff814b9d53>] mutex_lock_nested+0x43/0x50
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffffa010ad32>] snd_pcm_release+0x42/0xb0 [snd_pcm]
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff8112115d>] __fput+0x15d/0x290
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff811212ad>] fput+0x1d/0x30
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff810fe001>] remove_vma+0x51/0x80
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff810ffa1d>] do_munmap+0x2fd/0x390
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff810ffb06>] sys_munmap+0x56/0x80
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff81002adb>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
> > > > > [ 91.071378]
> > > > > [ 91.071378] -> #2 (&mm->mmap_sem){++++++}:
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff81083215>] __lock_acquire+0xfc5/0x1550
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff8108383c>] lock_acquire+0x9c/0x140
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff810f62c7>] might_fault+0xa7/0xd0
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff8113102b>] filldir+0x7b/0xe0
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff8118aa21>] sysfs_readdir+0xf1/0x1b0
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff81131268>] vfs_readdir+0xb8/0xe0
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff8113144d>] sys_getdents+0xad/0x110
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff81002adb>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
> > > > > [ 91.071378]
> > > > > [ 91.071378] -> #1 (sysfs_mutex){+.+.+.}:
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff81083215>] __lock_acquire+0xfc5/0x1550
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff8108383c>] lock_acquire+0x9c/0x140
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff814b96c1>] __mutex_lock_common+0x61/0x610
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff814b9d53>] mutex_lock_nested+0x43/0x50
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff8118b082>] sysfs_addrm_start+0x22/0x30
> > > > > [ 91.071378] [<ffffffff8118bc58>] create_dir+0x58/0xb0
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8118bd0a>] sysfs_create_dir+0x5a/0x70
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8123ebbd>] kobject_add_internal+0xbd/0x1f0
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8123ee08>] kobject_add_varg+0x38/0x60
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8123eee4>] kobject_add+0x44/0x70
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff81392510>] device_add+0xb0/0x5e0
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff81392a5e>] device_register+0x1e/0x30
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8140a50d>] i2c_register_adapter+0x12d/0x250
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8140a7f1>] i2c_add_adapter+0xb1/0xd0
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffffa0231ba4>] em28xx_i2c_register+0x104/0x520 [em28xx]
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffffa0233daa>] em28xx_usb_probe+0x68a/0xb90 [em28xx]
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff813eb4ab>] usb_probe_interface+0xeb/0x1b0
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff81395546>] driver_probe_device+0xc6/0x1d0
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff813956eb>] __driver_attach+0x9b/0xa0
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8139492c>] bus_for_each_dev+0x6c/0xa0
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8139535e>] driver_attach+0x1e/0x20
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff81394c11>] bus_add_driver+0xe1/0x280
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff81395a58>] driver_register+0x98/0x140
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff813ea06c>] usb_register_driver+0xdc/0x1a0
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffffa0248023>] 0xffffffffa0248023
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff810001dc>] do_one_initcall+0x3c/0x1d0
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff81092d75>] sys_init_module+0xe5/0x250
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff81002adb>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
> > > > > [ 91.514885]
> > > > > [ 91.514885] -> #0 (&dev->lock){+.+.+.}:
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff81083668>] __lock_acquire+0x1418/0x1550
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8108383c>] lock_acquire+0x9c/0x140
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff814b96c1>] __mutex_lock_common+0x61/0x610
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff814b9d53>] mutex_lock_nested+0x43/0x50
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffffa02797f1>] snd_em28xx_capture_open+0x61/0x190 [em28xx_alsa]
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffffa010adee>] snd_pcm_open_substream+0x4e/0x90 [snd_pcm]
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffffa010ece9>] snd_pcm_open+0x199/0x450 [snd_pcm]
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffffa010efd4>] snd_pcm_capture_open+0x34/0x40 [snd_pcm]
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffffa00c5778>] snd_open+0x198/0x4e0 [snd]
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8112384d>] chrdev_open+0x17d/0x320
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8111d358>] __dentry_open+0x1a8/0x400
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8111d6b4>] nameidata_to_filp+0x54/0x70
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8112e7f1>] do_filp_open+0x841/0xc00
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8111e954>] do_sys_open+0xa4/0x180
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8111ea70>] sys_open+0x20/0x30
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff81002adb>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
> > > > > [ 91.514885]
> > > > > [ 91.514885] other info that might help us debug this:
> > > > > [ 91.514885]
> > > > > [ 91.514885] 1 lock held by pulseaudio/2717:
> > > > > [ 91.514885] #0: (&pcm->open_mutex){+.+.+.}, at: [<ffffffffa010ecd2>] snd_pcm_open+0x182/0x450 [snd_pcm]
> > > > > [ 91.514885]
> > > > > [ 91.514885] stack backtrace:
> > > > > [ 91.514885] Pid: 2717, comm: pulseaudio Not tainted 2.6.33-rc8-crc #106
> > > > > [ 91.514885] Call Trace:
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff81080fd9>] print_circular_bug+0xe9/0xf0
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff81083668>] __lock_acquire+0x1418/0x1550
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff81081dc8>] ? debug_check_no_locks_freed+0xc8/0x150
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8108383c>] lock_acquire+0x9c/0x140
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffffa02797f1>] ? snd_em28xx_capture_open+0x61/0x190 [em28xx_alsa]
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff814b96c1>] __mutex_lock_common+0x61/0x610
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffffa02797f1>] ? snd_em28xx_capture_open+0x61/0x190 [em28xx_alsa]
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffffa02797f1>] ? snd_em28xx_capture_open+0x61/0x190 [em28xx_alsa]
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffffa0109c70>] ? snd_pcm_hw_rule_muldivk+0x0/0xa0 [snd_pcm]
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8107fd54>] ? lockdep_init_map+0x44/0x130
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff814b9d53>] mutex_lock_nested+0x43/0x50
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffffa02797f1>] snd_em28xx_capture_open+0x61/0x190 [em28xx_alsa]
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffffa010adee>] snd_pcm_open_substream+0x4e/0x90 [snd_pcm]
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffffa010ece9>] snd_pcm_open+0x199/0x450 [snd_pcm]
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff81081cfd>] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0x10
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff810434f0>] ? default_wake_function+0x0/0x20
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff814b965e>] ? mutex_unlock+0xe/0x10
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffffa010efd4>] snd_pcm_capture_open+0x34/0x40 [snd_pcm]
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffffa00c5778>] snd_open+0x198/0x4e0 [snd]
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8112384d>] chrdev_open+0x17d/0x320
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8111d358>] __dentry_open+0x1a8/0x400
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff811236d0>] ? chrdev_open+0x0/0x320
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8111d6b4>] nameidata_to_filp+0x54/0x70
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8112e7f1>] do_filp_open+0x841/0xc00
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff814bf981>] ? sub_preempt_count+0x51/0x60
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff814bbb7c>] ? _raw_spin_unlock+0x5c/0x70
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8111e954>] do_sys_open+0xa4/0x180
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff8111ea70>] sys_open+0x20/0x30
> > > > > [ 91.514885] [<ffffffff81002adb>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
> > > > > [ 92.643423] hda-intel: IRQ timing workaround is activated for card #0. Suggest a bigger bdl_pos_adj.
> > > >
> > > > It looks rather a bug of em28xx driver. Changing dev->lock with an
> > > > individual one that is only for audio instance should fix the
> > > > problem.
> > >
> > > And, I believe this is no regression but a long-standing problem.
> > > It hits just occasionally by an app like pulseauiod which loves
> > > tight races.
> >
> > I guess it depends on how you define a regression. From my POV it worked
> > in all three cases on .32, its failing in .33-rc and in one case is oppsing. In
> > my books thats a regression. There may have been races in .32 but they
> > did not trigger lockdep and never oppsed.
>
> Is the kernel config really identical? Is only the kernel replaced?
>
> I haven't followed em28xx development, so it's possible that the bug
> came from that side, though. But, in the PCM core, there is no
> fundamental change that may trigger this bug during 2.6.33
> development.
>
> > In any case, the real question is how do we fix the problem?
>
> As I mentioned, replace the mutex in em28xx code.

I mean, something like below (totally untested).


Takashi

---
diff --git a/drivers/media/video/em28xx/em28xx-audio.c b/drivers/media/video/em28xx/em28xx-audio.c
index bd78338..c2632c4 100644
--- a/drivers/media/video/em28xx/em28xx-audio.c
+++ b/drivers/media/video/em28xx/em28xx-audio.c
@@ -301,9 +301,9 @@ static int snd_em28xx_capture_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
/* Sets volume, mute, etc */

dev->mute = 0;
- mutex_lock(&dev->lock);
+ mutex_lock(&dev->adev.mutex);
ret = em28xx_audio_analog_set(dev);
- mutex_unlock(&dev->lock);
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->adev.mutex);
if (ret < 0)
goto err;

@@ -315,9 +315,9 @@ static int snd_em28xx_capture_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
dprintk("changing alternate number to 7\n");
}

- mutex_lock(&dev->lock);
+ mutex_lock(&dev->adev.mutex);
dev->adev.users++;
- mutex_unlock(&dev->lock);
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->adev.mutex);

snd_pcm_hw_constraint_integer(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIODS);
dev->adev.capture_pcm_substream = substream;
@@ -336,7 +336,7 @@ static int snd_em28xx_pcm_close(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
dprintk("closing device\n");

dev->mute = 1;
- mutex_lock(&dev->lock);
+ mutex_lock(&dev->adev.mutex);
dev->adev.users--;
em28xx_audio_analog_set(dev);
if (substream->runtime->dma_area) {
@@ -344,7 +344,7 @@ static int snd_em28xx_pcm_close(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
vfree(substream->runtime->dma_area);
substream->runtime->dma_area = NULL;
}
- mutex_unlock(&dev->lock);
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->adev.mutex);

return 0;
}
@@ -479,6 +479,7 @@ static int em28xx_audio_init(struct em28xx *dev)
return err;

spin_lock_init(&adev->slock);
+ mutex_init(&adev->mutex);
err = snd_pcm_new(card, "Em28xx Audio", 0, 0, 1, &pcm);
if (err < 0) {
snd_card_free(card);
diff --git a/drivers/media/video/em28xx/em28xx.h b/drivers/media/video/em28xx/em28xx.h
index 80d9b4f..bb1d754 100644
--- a/drivers/media/video/em28xx/em28xx.h
+++ b/drivers/media/video/em28xx/em28xx.h
@@ -461,6 +461,7 @@ struct em28xx_audio {
int users;
enum em28xx_stream_state capture_stream;
spinlock_t slock;
+ struct mutex mutex;
};

struct em28xx;

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