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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH -tip 0/2 v3] pagecache tracepoints proposal
* Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> [2010-02-10 00:21:01]:

> > Here is a scratch patch to exercise the "object collections" idea :)
> >
> > Interestingly, the pagecache walk is pretty fast, while copying out the trace
> > data takes more time:
> >
> > # time (echo / > walk-fs)
> > (; echo / > walk-fs; ) 0.01s user 0.11s system 82% cpu 0.145 total
> >
> > # time wc /debug/tracing/trace
> > 4570 45893 551282 /debug/tracing/trace
> > wc /debug/tracing/trace 0.75s user 0.55s system 88% cpu 1.470 total
>
> Ah got it: it takes much time to "print" the raw trace data.
>
> > TODO:
> >
> > correctness
> > - show file path name
> > XXX: can trace_seq_path() be called directly inside TRACE_EVENT()?
>
> OK, finished with the file name with d_path(). I choose not to mangle
> the possible '\n' in file names, and simply show "?" for such files,
> for the sake of speed.
>
> Thanks,
> Fengguang
> ---
> tracing: pagecache object collections
>
> This dumps
> - all cached files of a mounted fs (the inode-cache)
> - all cached pages of a cached file (the page-cache)
>
> Usage and Sample output:
>
> # echo /dev > /debug/tracing/objects/mm/pages/walk-fs
> # tail /debug/tracing/trace
> zsh-2528 [000] 10429.172470: dump_inode: ino=889 size=0 cached=0 age=442 dirty=0 dev=0:18 file=/dev/console
> zsh-2528 [000] 10429.172472: dump_inode: ino=888 size=0 cached=0 age=442 dirty=7 dev=0:18 file=/dev/null
> zsh-2528 [000] 10429.172474: dump_inode: ino=887 size=40 cached=0 age=442 dirty=0 dev=0:18 file=/dev/shm
> zsh-2528 [000] 10429.172477: dump_inode: ino=886 size=40 cached=0 age=442 dirty=0 dev=0:18 file=/dev/pts
> zsh-2528 [000] 10429.172479: dump_inode: ino=885 size=11 cached=0 age=442 dirty=0 dev=0:18 file=/dev/core
> zsh-2528 [000] 10429.172481: dump_inode: ino=884 size=15 cached=0 age=442 dirty=0 dev=0:18 file=/dev/stderr
> zsh-2528 [000] 10429.172483: dump_inode: ino=883 size=15 cached=0 age=442 dirty=0 dev=0:18 file=/dev/stdout
> zsh-2528 [000] 10429.172486: dump_inode: ino=882 size=15 cached=0 age=442 dirty=0 dev=0:18 file=/dev/stdin
> zsh-2528 [000] 10429.172488: dump_inode: ino=881 size=13 cached=0 age=442 dirty=0 dev=0:18 file=/dev/fd
> zsh-2528 [000] 10429.172491: dump_inode: ino=872 size=13360 cached=0 age=442 dirty=0 dev=0:18 file=/dev
>
> Here "age" is either age from inode create time, or from last dirty time.
>

It would be nice to see mapped/unmapped information as well.

> TODO:
>
> correctness
> - reliably prevent ring buffer overflow,
> by replacing cond_resched() with some wait function
> (eg. wait until 2+ pages are free in ring buffer)
> - use stable_page_flags() in recent kernel
>
> output style
> - use plain tracing output format (no fancy TASK-PID/.../FUNCTION fields)
> - clear ring buffer before dumping the objects?
> - output format: key=value pairs ==> header + tabbed values?
> - add filtering options if necessary
>
> CC: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
> CC: Chris Frost <frost@cs.ucla.edu>
> CC: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
> CC: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
> CC: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
> ---
> fs/inode.c | 2
> include/trace/events/mm.h | 70 ++++++++++++
> kernel/trace/trace_mm.c | 204 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 275 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> --- linux-mm.orig/include/trace/events/mm.h 2010-02-08 23:19:09.000000000 +0800
> +++ linux-mm/include/trace/events/mm.h 2010-02-09 23:39:03.000000000 +0800
> @@ -2,6 +2,7 @@
> #define _TRACE_MM_H
>
> #include <linux/tracepoint.h>
> +#include <linux/pagemap.h>
> #include <linux/mm.h>
>
> #undef TRACE_SYSTEM
> @@ -42,6 +43,75 @@ TRACE_EVENT(dump_pages,
> __entry->mapcount, __entry->index)
> );
>
> +TRACE_EVENT(dump_pagecache_range,
> +
> + TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned long len),
> +
> + TP_ARGS(page, len),
> +
> + TP_STRUCT__entry(
> + __field( unsigned long, index )
> + __field( unsigned long, len )
> + __field( unsigned long, flags )
> + __field( unsigned int, count )
> + __field( unsigned int, mapcount )
> + ),
> +
> + TP_fast_assign(
> + __entry->index = page->index;
> + __entry->len = len;
> + __entry->flags = page->flags;
> + __entry->count = atomic_read(&page->_count);
> + __entry->mapcount = page_mapcount(page);
> + ),
> +
> + TP_printk("index=%lu len=%lu flags=%lx count=%u mapcount=%u",
> + __entry->index,
> + __entry->len,
> + __entry->flags,
> + __entry->count,
> + __entry->mapcount)
> +);
> +
> +TRACE_EVENT(dump_inode,
> +
> + TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, char *name, int len),
> +
> + TP_ARGS(inode, name, len),
> +
> + TP_STRUCT__entry(
> + __field( unsigned long, ino )
> + __field( loff_t, size )
> + __field( unsigned long, nrpages )
> + __field( unsigned long, age )
> + __field( unsigned long, state )
> + __field( dev_t, dev )
> + __dynamic_array(char, file, len )
> + ),
> +
> + TP_fast_assign(
> + __entry->ino = inode->i_ino;
> + __entry->size = i_size_read(inode);
> + __entry->nrpages = inode->i_mapping->nrpages;
> + __entry->age = jiffies - inode->dirtied_when;
> + __entry->state = inode->i_state;
> + __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev;
> + memcpy(__get_str(file), name, len);
> + ),
> +
> + TP_printk("ino=%lu size=%llu cached=%lu age=%lu dirty=%lu "
> + "dev=%u:%u file=%s",
> + __entry->ino,
> + __entry->size,
> + __entry->nrpages << PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT,
> + __entry->age / HZ,
> + __entry->state & I_DIRTY,
> + MAJOR(__entry->dev),
> + MINOR(__entry->dev),
> + strchr(__get_str(file), '\n') ? "?" : __get_str(file))
> +);
> +
> +
> #endif /* _TRACE_MM_H */
>
> /* This part must be outside protection */
> --- linux-mm.orig/kernel/trace/trace_mm.c 2010-02-08 23:19:09.000000000 +0800
> +++ linux-mm/kernel/trace/trace_mm.c 2010-02-10 00:04:47.000000000 +0800
> @@ -9,6 +9,9 @@
> #include <linux/bootmem.h>
> #include <linux/debugfs.h>
> #include <linux/uaccess.h>
> +#include <linux/pagevec.h>
> +#include <linux/writeback.h>
> +#include <linux/file.h>
>
> #include "trace_output.h"
>
> @@ -95,6 +98,201 @@ static const struct file_operations trac
> .write = trace_mm_dump_range_write,
> };
>
> +static unsigned long page_flags(struct page* page)
> +{
> + return page->flags & ((1 << NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1);
> +}
> +
> +static int pages_similiar(struct page* page0, struct page* page)
> +{
> + if (page_count(page0) != page_count(page))
> + return 0;
> +
> + if (page_mapcount(page0) != page_mapcount(page))
> + return 0;
> +
> + if (page_flags(page0) != page_flags(page))
> + return 0;
> +
> + return 1;
> +}
> +

OK, so pages_similar() is used to identify a range of pages in the
cache?

> +#define BATCH_LINES 100
> +static void dump_pagecache(struct address_space *mapping)
> +{
> + int i;
> + int lines = 0;
> + pgoff_t len = 0;
> + struct pagevec pvec;
> + struct page *page;
> + struct page *page0 = NULL;
> + unsigned long start = 0;
> +
> + for (;;) {
> + pagevec_init(&pvec, 0);
> + pvec.nr = radix_tree_gang_lookup(&mapping->page_tree,
> + (void **)pvec.pages, start + len, PAGEVEC_SIZE);

Is radix_tree_gang_lookup synchronized somewhere? Don't we need to
call it under RCU or a lock (mapping) ?

> +
> + if (pvec.nr == 0) {
> + if (len)
> + trace_dump_pagecache_range(page0, len);
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + if (!page0)
> + page0 = pvec.pages[0];
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < pvec.nr; i++) {
> + page = pvec.pages[i];
> +
> + if (page->index == start + len &&
> + pages_similiar(page0, page))
> + len++;
> + else {
> + trace_dump_pagecache_range(page0, len);
> + page0 = page;
> + start = page->index;
> + len = 1;
> + if (++lines > BATCH_LINES) {
> + lines = 0;
> + cond_resched();
> + }
> + }
> + }
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static void dump_inode(struct inode *inode,
> + char *name_buf,
> + struct vfsmount *mnt)
> +{
> + struct path path = {
> + .mnt = mnt,
> + .dentry = d_find_alias(inode)
> + };
> + char *name;
> + int len;
> +
> + if (!path.dentry) {
> + trace_dump_inode(inode, "?", 2);
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + name = d_path(&path, name_buf, PAGE_SIZE);
> + if (IS_ERR(name)) {
> + name = "?";
> + len = 2;
> + } else
> + len = PAGE_SIZE + name_buf - name;
> +
> + trace_dump_inode(inode, name, len);
> +
> + if (path.dentry)
> + dput(path.dentry);
> +}
> +
> +static void dump_fs_pagecache(struct super_block *sb, struct vfsmount *mnt)
> +{
> + struct inode *inode;
> + struct inode *prev_inode = NULL;
> + char *name_buf;
> +
> + name_buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_TEMPORARY);
> + if (!name_buf)
> + return;
> +
> + down_read(&sb->s_umount);
> + if (!sb->s_root)
> + goto out;
> +
> + spin_lock(&inode_lock);
> + list_for_each_entry(inode, &sb->s_inodes, i_sb_list) {
> + if (inode->i_state & (I_FREEING|I_CLEAR|I_WILL_FREE|I_NEW))
> + continue;
> + __iget(inode);
> + spin_unlock(&inode_lock);
> + dump_inode(inode, name_buf, mnt);
> + if (inode->i_mapping->nrpages)
> + dump_pagecache(inode->i_mapping);
> + iput(prev_inode);
> + prev_inode = inode;
> + cond_resched();
> + spin_lock(&inode_lock);
> + }
> + spin_unlock(&inode_lock);
> + iput(prev_inode);
> +out:
> + up_read(&sb->s_umount);
> + free_page((unsigned long)name_buf);
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t
> +trace_pagecache_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf, size_t count,
> + loff_t *ppos)
> +{
> + struct file *file = NULL;
> + char *name;
> + int err = 0;
> +

Can't we use the trace_parser here?

> + if (count <= 1)
> + return -EINVAL;
> + if (count > PATH_MAX + 1)
> + return -ENAMETOOLONG;
> +
> + name = kmalloc(count+1, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!name)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + if (copy_from_user(name, ubuf, count)) {
> + err = -EFAULT;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + /* strip the newline added by `echo` */
> + if (name[count-1] != '\n')
> + return -EINVAL;

Doesn't sound correct, what happens if we use echo -n?

> + name[count-1] = '\0';
> +
> + file = filp_open(name, O_RDONLY|O_LARGEFILE, 0);
> + if (IS_ERR(file)) {
> + err = PTR_ERR(file);
> + file = NULL;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + if (tracing_update_buffers() < 0) {
> + err = -ENOMEM;
> + goto out;
> + }
> + if (trace_set_clr_event("mm", "dump_pagecache_range", 1)) {
> + err = -EINVAL;
> + goto out;
> + }
> + if (trace_set_clr_event("mm", "dump_inode", 1)) {
> + err = -EINVAL;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + if (filp->f_path.dentry->d_inode->i_private) {
> + dump_fs_pagecache(file->f_path.dentry->d_sb, file->f_path.mnt);
> + } else {
> + dump_pagecache(file->f_mapping);
> + }
> +
> +out:
> + if (file)
> + fput(file);
> + kfree(name);
> +
> + return err ? err : count;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct file_operations trace_pagecache_fops = {
> + .open = tracing_open_generic,
> + .read = trace_mm_dump_range_read,
> + .write = trace_pagecache_write,
> +};
> +
> /* move this into trace_objects.c when that file is created */
> static struct dentry *trace_objects_dir(void)
> {
> @@ -167,6 +365,12 @@ static __init int trace_objects_mm_init(
> trace_create_file("dump_range", 0600, d_pages, NULL,
> &trace_mm_fops);
>
> + trace_create_file("walk-file", 0600, d_pages, NULL,
> + &trace_pagecache_fops);
> +
> + trace_create_file("walk-fs", 0600, d_pages, (void *)1,
> + &trace_pagecache_fops);
> +
> return 0;
> }
> fs_initcall(trace_objects_mm_init);
> --- linux-mm.orig/fs/inode.c 2010-02-08 23:19:12.000000000 +0800
> +++ linux-mm/fs/inode.c 2010-02-08 23:19:22.000000000 +0800
> @@ -149,7 +149,7 @@ struct inode *inode_init_always(struct s
> inode->i_bdev = NULL;
> inode->i_cdev = NULL;
> inode->i_rdev = 0;
> - inode->dirtied_when = 0;
> + inode->dirtied_when = jiffies;
>

Hmmm... Is the inode really dirtied when initialized? I know the
change is for tracing, but the code when read is confusing.


--
Three Cheers,
Balbir


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