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SubjectRe: [PATCH] Make vm_max_readahead configurable at run-time
* Nikanth Karthikesan <knikanth@suse.de> [2010-02-09 16:59:26]:

> Make vm_max_readahead configurable at run-time. Expose a sysctl knob
> in procfs to change it. This would ensure that new disks added would
> use this value as their default read_ahead_kb.
>
> Signed-off-by: Nikanth Karthikesan <knikanth@suse.de>
>

Could you help us understand how you use this? The patch is straight
forward except some of the objections pointed out by Andrew, but the
help text below should help the user understand the trade-offs of
increasing or lowering the value.

> ---
>
> Index: linux-2.6/block/blk-core.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/block/blk-core.c
> +++ linux-2.6/block/blk-core.c
> @@ -499,7 +499,7 @@ struct request_queue *blk_alloc_queue_no
> q->backing_dev_info.unplug_io_fn = blk_backing_dev_unplug;
> q->backing_dev_info.unplug_io_data = q;
> q->backing_dev_info.ra_pages =
> - (VM_MAX_READAHEAD * 1024) / PAGE_CACHE_SIZE;
> + (vm_max_readahead * 1024) / PAGE_CACHE_SIZE;

Why not use (vm_max_readahead >> (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - 10))? While you are
looking at it, might as well clean it up :) I am quite sure the
compiler gets it right, but might as well be sure.

> q->backing_dev_info.state = 0;
> q->backing_dev_info.capabilities = BDI_CAP_MAP_COPY;
> q->backing_dev_info.name = "block";
> Index: linux-2.6/fs/fuse/inode.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/fs/fuse/inode.c
> +++ linux-2.6/fs/fuse/inode.c
> @@ -870,7 +870,7 @@ static int fuse_bdi_init(struct fuse_con
> int err;
>
> fc->bdi.name = "fuse";
> - fc->bdi.ra_pages = (VM_MAX_READAHEAD * 1024) / PAGE_CACHE_SIZE;
> + fc->bdi.ra_pages = (vm_max_readahead * 1024) / PAGE_CACHE_SIZE;

Ditto

> fc->bdi.unplug_io_fn = default_unplug_io_fn;
> /* fuse does it's own writeback accounting */
> fc->bdi.capabilities = BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_WB;
> Index: linux-2.6/include/linux/mm.h
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/include/linux/mm.h
> +++ linux-2.6/include/linux/mm.h
> @@ -1188,7 +1188,11 @@ int write_one_page(struct page *page, in
> void task_dirty_inc(struct task_struct *tsk);
>
> /* readahead.c */
> -#define VM_MAX_READAHEAD 128 /* kbytes */
> +#define INITIAL_VM_MAX_READAHEAD 128 /* kbytes */
> +extern unsigned long vm_max_readahead;
> +
> +int sysctl_vm_max_readahead_handler(struct ctl_table *, int,
> + void __user *, size_t *, loff_t *);
>
> int force_page_cache_readahead(struct address_space *mapping, struct file *filp,
> pgoff_t offset, unsigned long nr_to_read);
> Index: linux-2.6/mm/backing-dev.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/mm/backing-dev.c
> +++ linux-2.6/mm/backing-dev.c
> @@ -18,7 +18,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(default_unplug_io_fn);
>
> struct backing_dev_info default_backing_dev_info = {
> .name = "default",
> - .ra_pages = VM_MAX_READAHEAD * 1024 / PAGE_CACHE_SIZE,
> + .ra_pages = INITIAL_VM_MAX_READAHEAD * 1024 / PAGE_CACHE_SIZE,
> .state = 0,
> .capabilities = BDI_CAP_MAP_COPY,
> .unplug_io_fn = default_unplug_io_fn,
> Index: linux-2.6/mm/readahead.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/mm/readahead.c
> +++ linux-2.6/mm/readahead.c
> @@ -17,6 +17,19 @@
> #include <linux/pagevec.h>
> #include <linux/pagemap.h>
>
> +unsigned long vm_max_readahead = INITIAL_VM_MAX_READAHEAD;
> +
> +int sysctl_vm_max_readahead_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
> + void __user *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos)
> +{
> + proc_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, length, ppos);
> +
> + default_backing_dev_info.ra_pages =
> + vm_max_readahead >> (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - 10);
> +

Aaah.. here you got it right, please be consistent and use the same
thing everywhere.

> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> /*
> * Initialise a struct file's readahead state. Assumes that the caller has
> * memset *ra to zero.
> Index: linux-2.6/kernel/sysctl.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/kernel/sysctl.c
> +++ linux-2.6/kernel/sysctl.c
> @@ -1273,7 +1273,13 @@ static struct ctl_table vm_table[] = {
> .extra2 = &one,
> },
> #endif
> -
> + {
> + .procname = "max_readahead_kb",
> + .data = &vm_max_readahead,
> + .maxlen = sizeof(vm_max_readahead),
> + .mode = 0644,
> + .proc_handler = sysctl_vm_max_readahead_handler,
> + },
> { }
> };
>
> Index: linux-2.6/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt
> +++ linux-2.6/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt
> @@ -31,6 +31,7 @@ Currently, these files are in /proc/sys/
> - laptop_mode
> - legacy_va_layout
> - lowmem_reserve_ratio
> +- max_readahead_kb
> - max_map_count
> - memory_failure_early_kill
> - memory_failure_recovery
> @@ -263,6 +264,12 @@ The minimum value is 1 (1/1 -> 100%).
>
> ==============================================================
>
> +max_readahead_kb:
> +
> +This file contains the default maximum readahead that would be used.
> +
> +==============================================================
> +
> max_map_count:
>
> This file contains the maximum number of memory map areas a process
>
> --
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--
Three Cheers,
Balbir


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