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SubjectRe: [PATCH][RFC] %pd - for printing dentry name
On Mon, Feb 01, 2010 at 11:18:47PM +0000, Al Viro wrote:

> Ehh... RCU will save you from stepping on freed memory, but it still will
> leave the joy of half-updated string with length out of sync with it, etc.
> We probably can get away with that, but we'll have to be a lot more careful
> with the order of updating these suckers in d_move_locked
> I don't know... Note that if we end up adding something extra to struct
> dentry, we might as well just add *another* spinlock, taken only under
> ->d_lock and only in two places in dcache.c that change d_name. That kind
> of thing is trivial to enforce (just grep over the tree once in a while)
> and if it shares the cacheline with d_lock, we shouldn't get any real overhead
> in d_move()/d_materialise_unique(). I'm not particulary fond of that variant,
> but it's at least guaranteed to be devoid of subtleties.
> If RCU folks can come up with a sane suggestions that would be robust and
> wouldn't bloat dentry - sure, I'm all for it. If not...

As the matter of fact, there's just *one* place that has any business [*]
changing ->d_name contents of dentry that might be visible to somebody
else. fs/dcache.c::switch_names().

So a very brute-force approach would be to add a new spinlock to dentry and
have switch_names() grab it on dentry and target and drop when we are done,
dname_string() grab it around the call of string() and pull the guts out
through the nose to anyone who as much as mentions that lock outside of
fs/dcache.c:switch_names() and lib/vsprintf.c:dname_string().

Again, I'd love to see something more elegant; this variant won't add any
contention and if we place the lock next to d_lock we won't get any cacheline
bouncing either (we'd just taken ->d_lock on both dentries), but it's
rather ugly way to deal with the problem. I mean, a spinlock just for the
needs of debugging printks? Yuck.

BTW, speaking of ->d_lock, dget_parent() is abused in a bunch of places.
I'm going through review of ->d_parent and ->d_name uses; will post
the results when it's done...

[*] there's also !@$#!@#!@# {ncp,smb}_fill_cache() that does change of
letters' case in ->d_name; no locking whatsoever in there, luckily for
that crap the callers hold i_mutex on parent, so they get exclusion with
potential callers of d_move(). Bad Idea All Around(tm), but irrelevant
for our purposes.

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