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SubjectRe: Scheduler bug related to rq->skip_clock_update?
On Mon, Nov 22, 2010 at 01:14:47PM -0500, Bjoern B. Brandenburg wrote:
> On Mon, 22 Nov 2010, Mike Galbraith wrote:
>
> > On Sun, 2010-11-21 at 23:29 -0500, Bjoern B. Brandenburg wrote:
> > > On Sun, 21 Nov 2010, Mike Galbraith wrote:
> > >
> > > > On Sat, 2010-11-20 at 23:22 -0500, Bjoern B. Brandenburg wrote:
> > > >
> > > > > I was under the impression that, as an invariant, tasks should not have
> > > > > TIF_NEED_RESCHED set after they've blocked. In this case, the idle load
> > > > > balancer should not mark the task that's on its way out with
> > > > > set_tsk_need_resched().
> > > >
> > > > Nice find.
> > > >
> > > > > In any case, check_preempt_curr() seems to assume that a resuming task cannot
> > > > > have TIF_NEED_RESCHED already set. Setting skip_clock_update on a remote CPU
> > > > > that hasn't even been notified via IPI seems wrong.
> > > >
> > > > Yes. Does the below fix it up for you?
> > >
> > > The patch definitely changes the behavior, but it doesn't seem to solve (all
> > > of) the root cause(s). The failsafe kicks in and clears the flag the next
> > > time that update_rq_clock() is called, but there can still be a significant
> > > delay between setting and clearing the flag. Right after boot, I'm now seeing
> > > values that go up to ~21ms.
> >
> > A pull isn't the only vulnerability. Since idle_balance() drops
> > rq->lock, so another cpu can wake to this rq.
> >
> > > Please let me know if there is something else that I should test.
> >
> > Sched: clear_tsk_need_resched() after NEWIDLE balancing
> >
> > idle_balance() drops/retakes rq->lock, leaving the previous task
> > vulnerable to set_tsk_need_resched() from another CPU. Clear it
> > after NEWIDLE balancing to maintain the invariant that descheduled
> > tasks are NOT marked for resched.
> >
> > This also confuses the skip_clock_update logic, which assumes that
> > the next call to update_rq_clock() will come nearly ĩmmediately after
> > being set. Make the optimization more robust by clearing before we
> > balance and in update_rq_clock().
>
> Unfortunately that doesn't seem to do it yet.
>
> After running five 'find /' instances to completion on the ARM platform,
> I'm still seeing delays close to 10ms.

Because skip_clock_recent_max/skip_clock_max is based on nanosecond,
so the delay should be 10us, right?

>
> bbb@district10:~$ egrep 'cpu#|skip' /proc/sched_debug
> cpu#0
> .skip_clock_count : 89606
> .skip_clock_recent_max : 9817250
> .skip_clock_max : 21992375
> cpu#1
> .skip_clock_count : 81978
> .skip_clock_recent_max : 9582500
> .skip_clock_max : 17201750
> cpu#2
> .skip_clock_count : 74565
> .skip_clock_recent_max : 9678000
> .skip_clock_max : 9879250
> cpu#3
> .skip_clock_count : 81685
> .skip_clock_recent_max : 9300125
> .skip_clock_max : 14115750
>
> On the x86_64 host, I've changed to HZ=100 and am now also seeing delays
> close to 10ms after 'make clean && make -j8 bzImage'.

ditto.

>
> bbb@koruna:~$ egrep 'cpu#|skip' /proc/sched_debug
> cpu#0, 2493.476 MHz
> .skip_clock_count : 29703
> .skip_clock_recent_max : 9999858
> .skip_clock_max : 40645942
> cpu#1, 2493.476 MHz
> .skip_clock_count : 32696
> .skip_clock_recent_max : 9959118
> .skip_clock_max : 35074771
> cpu#2, 2493.476 MHz
> .skip_clock_count : 31742
> .skip_clock_recent_max : 9788654
> .skip_clock_max : 24821765
> cpu#3, 2493.476 MHz
> .skip_clock_count : 31123
> .skip_clock_recent_max : 9858546
> .skip_clock_max : 44276033
> cpu#4, 2493.476 MHz
> .skip_clock_count : 28346
> .skip_clock_recent_max : 10000775
> .skip_clock_max : 18681753
> cpu#5, 2493.476 MHz
> .skip_clock_count : 29421
> .skip_clock_recent_max : 9997656
> .skip_clock_max : 138473407
> cpu#6, 2493.476 MHz
> .skip_clock_count : 27721
> .skip_clock_recent_max : 9992074
> .skip_clock_max : 53436918
> cpu#7, 2493.476 MHz
> .skip_clock_count : 29637
> .skip_clock_recent_max : 9994516
> .skip_clock_max : 566793528
>
> These numbers were recorded with the below patch.
>
> Please let me know if I can help by testing or tracing something else.
>
> Thanks,
> Bjoern
>
> ---
> sched: show length of runqueue clock deactivation in /proc/sched_debug
>
> The runqueue clock update should obviously not be skipped for
> prolonged times (otherwise the consumed time is not correctly kept
> track of). This patch measures the time between setting and clearing
> the rq->skip_clock_update flag. The maximum observed value is exported
> in /proc/sched_debug.
> ---
> kernel/sched.c | 30 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
> kernel/sched_debug.c | 4 ++++
> 2 files changed, 31 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
> index 29509e1..08839ce 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched.c
> @@ -541,6 +541,11 @@ struct rq {
> unsigned long long rq_cpu_time;
> /* could above be rq->cfs_rq.exec_clock + rq->rt_rq.rt_runtime ? */
>
> + u64 skip_clock_max;
> + u64 skip_clock_recent_max;
> + u64 skip_clock_set;
> + unsigned int skip_clock_count;
> +
> /* sys_sched_yield() stats */
> unsigned int yld_count;
>
> @@ -639,6 +644,22 @@ static inline struct task_group *task_group(struct task_struct *p)
> static u64 irq_time_cpu(int cpu);
> static void sched_irq_time_avg_update(struct rq *rq, u64 irq_time);
>
> +static void clear_skip_clock_update(struct rq *rq)
> +{
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
> + if (unlikely(rq->skip_clock_update)) {
> + u64 skipped = sched_clock_cpu(cpu_of(rq)) - rq->skip_clock_set;
> + rq->skip_clock_max = max(rq->skip_clock_max, skipped);
> + /* reset infrequently to expose changes */
> + if (!(++rq->skip_clock_count % 10000))
> + rq->skip_clock_recent_max = 0;
> + rq->skip_clock_recent_max = max(rq->skip_clock_recent_max,
> + skipped);
> + }
> +#endif
> + rq->skip_clock_update = 0;
> +}
> +
> inline void update_rq_clock(struct rq *rq)
> {
> if (!rq->skip_clock_update) {
> @@ -652,7 +673,7 @@ inline void update_rq_clock(struct rq *rq)
>
> sched_irq_time_avg_update(rq, irq_time);
> }
> - rq->skip_clock_update = 0;
> + clear_skip_clock_update(rq);
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -2130,8 +2151,11 @@ static void check_preempt_curr(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags)
> * A queue event has occurred, and we're going to schedule. In
> * this case, we can save a useless back to back clock update.
> */
> - if (test_tsk_need_resched(rq->curr))
> + if (test_tsk_need_resched(rq->curr)) {
> + schedstat_set(rq->skip_clock_set,
> + sched_clock_cpu(cpu_of(rq)));
> rq->skip_clock_update = 1;
> + }
> }
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
> @@ -3938,7 +3962,7 @@ need_resched_nonpreemptible:
> * Clock updates should not be skipped while we're away.
> */
> clear_tsk_need_resched(prev);
> - rq->skip_clock_update = 0;
> + clear_skip_clock_update(rq);
> }
>
> put_prev_task(rq, prev);
> diff --git a/kernel/sched_debug.c b/kernel/sched_debug.c
> index 2e1b0d1..8924be2 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched_debug.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched_debug.c
> @@ -298,6 +298,10 @@ static void print_cpu(struct seq_file *m, int cpu)
>
> P(bkl_count);
>
> + P(skip_clock_count);
> + P64(skip_clock_recent_max);
> + P64(skip_clock_max);
> +
> #undef P
> #endif
> print_cfs_stats(m, cpu);
> --
> 1.7.3.1

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