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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/6 v9] ARM: Add basic architecture support for VIA/WonderMedia 85xx SoC's
From
2010/12/21 Ryan Mallon <ryan@bluewatersys.com>:
> On 12/21/2010 12:49 PM, Alexey Charkov wrote:
>> 2010/12/21 Ryan Mallon <ryan@bluewatersys.com>:
>>> On 12/21/2010 12:00 PM, Alexey Charkov wrote:
>>>> 2010/12/21 Ryan Mallon <ryan@bluewatersys.com>:
>>>>> On 12/21/2010 10:48 AM, Alexey Charkov wrote:
>>>>>> 2010/12/20 Ryan Mallon <ryan@bluewatersys.com>:
>>>>>>> On 12/21/2010 08:54 AM, Alexey Charkov wrote:
>>>>>>>> This adds support for the family of Systems-on-Chip produced initially
>>>>>>>> by VIA and now its subsidiary WonderMedia that have recently become
>>>>>>>> widespread in lower-end Chinese ARM-based tablets and netbooks.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Support is included for both VT8500 and WM8505, selectable by a
>>>>>>>> configuration switch at kernel build time.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Included are basic machine initialization files, register and
>>>>>>>> interrupt definitions, support for the on-chip interrupt controller,
>>>>>>>> high-precision OS timer, GPIO lines, necessary macros for early debug,
>>>>>>>> pulse-width-modulated outputs control, as well as platform device
>>>>>>>> configurations for the specific drivers implemented elsewhere.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Alexey Charkov <alchark@gmail.com>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Hi Alexey,
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Quick review below.
>>>>>
>>>>>> <snip>
>>>>>>>> +void __init wmt_set_resources(void)
>>>>>>>> +{
>>>>>>>> +     resources_lcdc[0].start = wmt_current_regs->lcdc;
>>>>>>>> +     resources_lcdc[0].end = wmt_current_regs->lcdc + SZ_1K - 1;
>>>>>>>> +     resources_lcdc[1].start = wmt_current_irqs->lcdc;
>>>>>>>> +     resources_lcdc[1].end = wmt_current_irqs->lcdc;
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Ah, this makes more sense. But why have all the indirection? The
>>>>>>> wmt_regmaps table could just be replaced with #defines and then have
>>>>>>> separate device files for the VT8500 and the WM8505. This would also
>>>>>>> make clearer which variants have which peripherals.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> This was the way I implemented it originally. However, Arnd made quite
>>>>>> a valid suggestion to allow runtime selection of the chip variant,
>>>>>> thus registers and interrupts need to be held in an indexed data type
>>>>>> instead of just compile-time macros. In addition, there is now some
>>>>>> overall movement towards unification of binary kernel images for
>>>>>> different ARM variants (as far as I can see), so this would be
>>>>>> required in any case.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Furthermore, as with many unbranded Chinese products, it's somewhat
>>>>>> difficult to reliably determine the exact chip version used in your
>>>>>> netbook without disassembling it. Reading a hardware register for
>>>>>> identification is easier :)
>>>>>
>>>>> Okay, that makes sense. I still think there must be a better way than
>>>>> having a massive indirect table with all the values. Why not detect the
>>>>> variant in the core code and then have something like:
>>>>>
>>>>> int init_devices(void)
>>>>> {
>>>>>        int board_type = detect_board_type();
>>>>>
>>>>>        switch (board_type) {
>>>>>        case BOARD_TYPE_VT8500:
>>>>>                return vt8500_init_devices();
>>>>>
>>>>>        case BOARD_TYPE_WM8505:
>>>>>                return wm8500_init_devices();
>>>>>        }
>>>>>
>>>>>        pr_err("Unknown board type\n");
>>>>>        BUG(); /* panic()? */
>>>>>        while (1)
>>>>>                ;
>>>>> }
>>>>>
>>>>> Then you can have the peripheral setup for each of the variants in their
>>>>> own files and use #defines. It may get tricky in a couple of places if
>>>>> you need to be able to access some value directly which is different on
>>>>> each of the variants, but that can be handled on a case by case basis.
>>>>> The majority of the numbers will be passed into drivers via the resource
>>>>> structs.
>>>>>
>>>>
>>>> This is more or less what I'm doing right now - except for the
>>>> separation between different files. I tried to avoid duplication of
>>>> similar things here. Is the indirect table really a big issue? I'm a
>>>> bit reluctant to copy about the whole devices.c for each chip variant,
>>>> which would be otherwise required. Further, it would add more
>>>> complexity to the timer, irq, gpio, i8042 and probably some other
>>>> places.
>>>
>>> Yeah, agreed about the duplication. My approach would require the common
>>> peripherals to be defined for each variant. I'm not entirely against the
>>> indirect table (and am even starting to think it may be the best overall
>>> solution), it's just that it can be a bit difficult to follow because to
>>> add a device you need to do the following:
>>>
>>>  - Add a partially empty resource/platform_device struct
>>>  - Add resource entries to the resource table definition
>>>  - Add resource values to the resource table
>>>  - Add assignment of resource values to device init code
>>>
>>
>> That's actually only one step more than what machines with static
>> resource definitions require (the last one). Flexibility does come at
>> a cost, so there should be a mathematical limit to optimization of
>> this thing :)
>
> No it isn't. You don't have the massive table, which requires
> modifications to both the definition and declaration, on machines with
> static resource definitions.
>
> How about using the resource structures directly rather than introducing
> the table which is effectively holding the same information? Something
> like this?
>
> In vt8500_resources.c (and similarly for wm8505_resources.c):
>
> static struct resource vt8500_resources_uart0[] __initdata = {
>        [0] = {
>                .flags  = IORESOURCE_MEM,
>                .start  = VT8500_UART0_PHYS_BASE,
>                .end    = VT8500_UART0_PHYS_BASE + 0xff,
>        },
>        [1] = {
>                .flags  = IORESOURCE_IRQ,
>                .start  = VT8500_UART0_IRQ,
>                .end    = VT8500_UART0_IRQ,
>        },
> };
>
> struct resource *vt8500_resources[] __initdata = {
>        [VT8500_UART0] = &vt8500_resources_uart0,
>        ...
> };
>
> In devices.c:
>
> extern struct resource *vt8500_resources;
> extern struct resource *wm8505_resources;
>
> /* Set this pointer according to board variant */
> static struct resource *resources;
>
> void __init wmt_set_resources(void)
> {
>        vt8500_device_uart0.resource = resources[VT8500_UART0];
>        ...
> }
>
> This way we only have a single externed resource structure per
> board-variant, there is no additional table needed, and the resource
> definitions can be read clearly. Alternatively the wmt_regmaps/wmt_irqs
> tables could be modified to use struct resource rather than individual
> fields which would simplify the assignments later.

This way we will again duplicate quite much: those files will mostly
differ in just the macro definitions of specific registers/irqs.
What if I just move all the initializations inside my runtime helper
function, and add a macro to save space and improve readability?
Something along the lines of:

static struct resource resources_lcdc[2] __initdata;

#define WMT_MMIO_RES(__start, __size) \
{\
.flags = IORESOURCE_MEM,\
.start = __start,\
.end = __start + __size - 1,\
}
#define WMT_IRQ_RES(__irq) \
{\
.flags = IORESOURCE_IRQ,\
.start = __irq,\
.end = __irq,\
}
void __init wmt_set_resources(void)
{
resources_lcdc[0] = WMT_MMIO_RES(wmt_current_regs->lcdc, SZ_1K);
resources_lcdc[1] = WMT_IRQ_RES(wmt_current_irqs->lcdc);
...
}
Then there will be no half-empty initializations scattered around
separate from the other assignments (which is probably the worst thing
in current configuration).

Best regards,
Alexey
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