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Subject[RFC -v2 PATCH 2/3] sched: add yield_to function
Add a yield_to function to the scheduler code, allowing us to
give the remainder of our timeslice to another thread.

We may want to use this to provide a sys_yield_to system call
one day.

Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>
---
- move to a per sched class yield_to
- fix the locking
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 2c79e92..408326f 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1086,6 +1086,8 @@ struct sched_class {
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
void (*task_move_group) (struct task_struct *p, int on_rq);
#endif
+
+ void (*yield_to) (struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p);
};

struct load_weight {
@@ -1947,6 +1949,7 @@ extern void set_user_nice(struct task_struct *p, long nice);
extern int task_prio(const struct task_struct *p);
extern int task_nice(const struct task_struct *p);
extern int can_nice(const struct task_struct *p, const int nice);
+extern void requeue_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p);
extern int task_curr(const struct task_struct *p);
extern int idle_cpu(int cpu);
extern int sched_setscheduler(struct task_struct *, int, struct sched_param *);
@@ -2020,6 +2023,10 @@ extern int wake_up_state(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned int state);
extern int wake_up_process(struct task_struct *tsk);
extern void wake_up_new_task(struct task_struct *tsk,
unsigned long clone_flags);
+
+extern u64 slice_remain(struct task_struct *);
+extern void yield_to(struct task_struct *);
+
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
extern void kick_process(struct task_struct *tsk);
#else
diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index dc91a4d..6399641 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -5166,6 +5166,46 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(sched_getaffinity, pid_t, pid, unsigned int, len,
return ret;
}

+/*
+ * Yield the CPU, giving the remainder of our time slice to task p.
+ * Typically used to hand CPU time to another thread inside the same
+ * process, eg. when p holds a resource other threads are waiting for.
+ * Giving priority to p may help get that resource released sooner.
+ */
+void yield_to(struct task_struct *p)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct rq *rq, *p_rq;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ rq = this_rq();
+again:
+ p_rq = task_rq(p);
+ double_rq_lock(rq, p_rq);
+ if (p_rq != task_rq(p)) {
+ double_rq_unlock(rq, p_rq);
+ goto again;
+ }
+
+ /* We can't yield to a process that doesn't want to run. */
+ if (!p->se.on_rq)
+ goto out;
+
+ /*
+ * We can only yield to a runnable task, in the same schedule class
+ * as the current task, if the schedule class implements yield_to_task.
+ */
+ if (!task_running(rq, p) && current->sched_class == p->sched_class &&
+ current->sched_class->yield_to)
+ current->sched_class->yield_to(rq, p);
+
+out:
+ double_rq_unlock(rq, p_rq);
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+ yield();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(yield_to);
+
/**
* sys_sched_yield - yield the current processor to other threads.
*
diff --git a/kernel/sched_fair.c b/kernel/sched_fair.c
index 00ebd76..d8c4116 100644
--- a/kernel/sched_fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched_fair.c
@@ -980,6 +980,25 @@ entity_tick(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *curr, int queued)
* CFS operations on tasks:
*/

+u64 slice_remain(struct task_struct *p)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct sched_entity *se = &p->se;
+ struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq;
+ struct rq *rq;
+ u64 slice, ran;
+ s64 delta;
+
+ rq = task_rq_lock(p, &flags);
+ cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
+ slice = sched_slice(cfs_rq, se);
+ ran = se->sum_exec_runtime - se->prev_sum_exec_runtime;
+ delta = slice - ran;
+ task_rq_unlock(rq, &flags);
+
+ return max(delta, 0LL);
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK
static void hrtick_start_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
{
@@ -1126,6 +1145,20 @@ static void yield_task_fair(struct rq *rq)
se->vruntime = rightmost->vruntime + 1;
}

+static void yield_to_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
+{
+ struct sched_entity *se = &p->se;
+ struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
+ u64 remain = slice_remain(current);
+
+ dequeue_task(rq, p, 0);
+ se->vruntime -= remain;
+ if (se->vruntime < cfs_rq->min_vruntime)
+ se->vruntime = cfs_rq->min_vruntime;
+ enqueue_task(rq, p, 0);
+ check_preempt_curr(rq, p, 0);
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP

static void task_waking_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
@@ -3962,6 +3995,8 @@ static const struct sched_class fair_sched_class = {
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
.task_move_group = task_move_group_fair,
#endif
+
+ .yield_to = yield_to_fair,
};

#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG

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