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Subject[PATCH] sched: Fix the irqtime code to deal with u64 wraps
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OK, so here's the latest version, using fancy __this_cpu thingies.

I started a new thread since the old one was quite unwieldy.

Now, admittedly this patch is a tad large, esp for -rc5. So either we
need lots of Reviewed-by and such or I need to shrink this patch
somehow.


---
Subject: sched: Fix the irqtime code to deal with u64 wraps
From: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Date: Thu Dec 09 14:15:34 CET 2010
ARM systems have a 32bit sched_clock() [ which needs to be fixed ],
but this exposed a bug in the irq_time code as well, it doesn't deal
with wraps at all.

Fix the irq_time code to deal with u64 wraps by re-writing the code to
only use delta increments, which avoids the whole issue.

Furthermore, solve the problem of 32bit arches reading partial updates
of the u64 time values.

Cc: Venkatesh Pallipadi <venki@google.com>
Reported-by: Mikael Pettersson <mikpe@it.uu.se>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
---
kernel/sched.c | 176 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------------
1 file changed, 121 insertions(+), 55 deletions(-)
Index: linux-2.6/kernel/sched.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/kernel/sched.c
+++ linux-2.6/kernel/sched.c
@@ -636,22 +636,16 @@ static inline struct task_group *task_gr

#endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED */

-static u64 irq_time_cpu(int cpu);
-static void sched_irq_time_avg_update(struct rq *rq, u64 irq_time);
-
-inline void update_rq_clock(struct rq *rq)
+static void update_rq_clock(struct rq *rq)
{
- if (!rq->skip_clock_update) {
- int cpu = cpu_of(rq);
- u64 irq_time;
+ s64 delta;

- rq->clock = sched_clock_cpu(cpu);
- irq_time = irq_time_cpu(cpu);
- if (rq->clock - irq_time > rq->clock_task)
- rq->clock_task = rq->clock - irq_time;
+ if (rq->skip_clock_update)
+ return;

- sched_irq_time_avg_update(rq, irq_time);
- }
+ delta = sched_clock_cpu(cpu_of(rq)) - rq->clock;
+ rq->clock += delta;
+ update_rq_clock_task(rq, delta);
}

/*
@@ -1918,90 +1912,162 @@ static void deactivate_task(struct rq *r
#ifdef CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING

/*
- * There are no locks covering percpu hardirq/softirq time.
- * They are only modified in account_system_vtime, on corresponding CPU
- * with interrupts disabled. So, writes are safe.
+ * There are no locks covering percpu hardirq/softirq time. They are only
+ * modified in account_system_vtime, on corresponding CPU with interrupts
+ * disabled. So, writes are safe.
+ *
* They are read and saved off onto struct rq in update_rq_clock().
- * This may result in other CPU reading this CPU's irq time and can
- * race with irq/account_system_vtime on this CPU. We would either get old
- * or new value (or semi updated value on 32 bit) with a side effect of
- * accounting a slice of irq time to wrong task when irq is in progress
- * while we read rq->clock. That is a worthy compromise in place of having
- * locks on each irq in account_system_time.
+ *
+ * This may result in other CPU reading this CPU's irq time and can race with
+ * irq/account_system_vtime on this CPU. We would either get old or new value
+ * with a side effect of accounting a slice of irq time to wrong task when irq
+ * is in progress while we read rq->clock. That is a worthy compromise in place
+ * of having locks on each irq in account_system_time.
*/
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, cpu_hardirq_time);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, cpu_softirq_time);
-
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, irq_start_time);
-static int sched_clock_irqtime;

-void enable_sched_clock_irqtime(void)
+#ifndef CONFIG_64BIT
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(seqcount_t, irq_time_seq);
+
+static inline void irq_time_write_begin(void)
{
- sched_clock_irqtime = 1;
+ __this_cpu_inc(irq_time_seq.sequence);
+ smp_wmb();
}

-void disable_sched_clock_irqtime(void)
+static inline void irq_time_write_end(void)
{
- sched_clock_irqtime = 0;
+ smp_wmb();
+ __this_cpu_inc(irq_time_seq.sequence);
}

-static u64 irq_time_cpu(int cpu)
+static inline u64 irq_time_read(int cpu)
{
- if (!sched_clock_irqtime)
- return 0;
+ u64 irq_time;
+ unsigned seq;
+
+ do {
+ seq = read_seqcount_begin(&per_cpu(irq_time_seq, cpu));
+ irq_time = per_cpu(cpu_softirq_time, cpu) +
+ per_cpu(cpu_hardirq_time, cpu);
+ } while (read_seqcount_retry(&per_cpu(irq_time_seq, cpu), seq));
+
+ return irq_time;
+}
+#else /* CONFIG_64BIT */
+static inline void irq_time_write_begin(void)
+{
+}

+static inline void irq_time_write_end(void)
+{
+}
+
+static inline u64 irq_time_read(int cpu)
+{
return per_cpu(cpu_softirq_time, cpu) + per_cpu(cpu_hardirq_time, cpu);
}
+#endif /* CONFIG_64BIT */
+
+static int sched_clock_irqtime;
+
+void enable_sched_clock_irqtime(void)
+{
+ sched_clock_irqtime = 1;
+}
+
+void disable_sched_clock_irqtime(void)
+{
+ sched_clock_irqtime = 0;
+}

+/*
+ * Called before incrementing preempt_count on {soft,}irq_enter
+ * and before decrementing preempt_count on {soft,}irq_exit.
+ */
void account_system_vtime(struct task_struct *curr)
{
unsigned long flags;
+ s64 delta;
int cpu;
- u64 now, delta;

if (!sched_clock_irqtime)
return;

local_irq_save(flags);
-
cpu = smp_processor_id();
- now = sched_clock_cpu(cpu);
- delta = now - per_cpu(irq_start_time, cpu);
- per_cpu(irq_start_time, cpu) = now;
+ delta = sched_clock_cpu(cpu) - __this_cpu_read(irq_start_time);
+ __this_cpu_add(irq_start_time, delta);
+
+ irq_time_write_begin();
+
+ if (hardirq_count())
+ __this_cpu_add(cpu_hardirq_time, delta);
/*
- * We do not account for softirq time from ksoftirqd here.
- * We want to continue accounting softirq time to ksoftirqd thread
- * in that case, so as not to confuse scheduler with a special task
- * that do not consume any time, but still wants to run.
+ * We do not account for softirq time from ksoftirqd here. We want to
+ * continue accounting softirq time to ksoftirqd thread in that case,
+ * so as not to confuse scheduler with a special task that do not
+ * consume any time, but still wants to run.
*/
- if (hardirq_count())
- per_cpu(cpu_hardirq_time, cpu) += delta;
else if (in_serving_softirq() && !(curr->flags & PF_KSOFTIRQD))
- per_cpu(cpu_softirq_time, cpu) += delta;
+ __this_cpu_add(cpu_softirq_time, delta);

+ irq_time_write_end();
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(account_system_vtime);

-static void sched_irq_time_avg_update(struct rq *rq, u64 curr_irq_time)
+static u64 irq_time_cpu(struct rq *rq)
{
- if (sched_clock_irqtime && sched_feat(NONIRQ_POWER)) {
- u64 delta_irq = curr_irq_time - rq->prev_irq_time;
- rq->prev_irq_time = curr_irq_time;
- sched_rt_avg_update(rq, delta_irq);
- }
+ /*
+ * See the comment in update_rq_clock_task(), ideally we'd update
+ * the *irq_time values using rq->clock here.
+ */
+ return irq_time_read(cpu_of(rq));
}

-#else
-
-static u64 irq_time_cpu(int cpu)
+static void update_rq_clock_task(struct rq *rq, s64 delta)
{
- return 0;
+ s64 irq_delta;
+
+ irq_delta = irq_time_cpu(rq) - rq->prev_irq_time;
+
+ /*
+ * Since irq_time is only updated on {soft,}irq_exit, we might run into
+ * this case when a previous update_rq_clock() happened inside a
+ * {soft,}irq region.
+ *
+ * When this happens, we stop ->clock_task and only update the
+ * prev_irq_time stamp to account for the part that fit, so that a next
+ * update will consume the rest. This ensures ->clock_task is
+ * monotonic.
+ *
+ * It does however cause some slight miss-attribution of {soft,}irq
+ * time, a more accurate solution would be to update the irq_time using
+ * the current rq->clock timestamp, except that would require using
+ * atomic ops.
+ */
+ if (irq_delta > delta)
+ irq_delta = delta;
+
+ rq->prev_irq_time += irq_delta;
+ delta -= irq_delta;
+ rq->clock_task += delta;
+
+ if (irq_delta && sched_feat(NONIRQ_POWER))
+ sched_rt_avg_update(rq, irq_delta);
}

-static void sched_irq_time_avg_update(struct rq *rq, u64 curr_irq_time) { }
+#else /* CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING */

-#endif
+static void update_rq_clock_task(struct rq *rq, s64 delta)
+{
+ rq->clock_task += delta;
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING */

#include "sched_idletask.c"
#include "sched_fair.c"


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