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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/3] Reclaim invalidated page ASAP
On Tue, Nov 30, 2010 at 07:41:30AM +0900, Minchan Kim wrote:
> On Mon, Nov 29, 2010 at 04:57:06PM +0000, Mel Gorman wrote:
> > On Tue, Nov 30, 2010 at 12:23:20AM +0900, Minchan Kim wrote:
> > > invalidate_mapping_pages is very big hint to reclaimer.
> > > It means user doesn't want to use the page any more.
> > > So in order to prevent working set page eviction, this patch
> > > move the page into tail of inactive list by PG_reclaim.
> > >
> > > Please, remember that pages in inactive list are working set
> > > as well as active list. If we don't move pages into inactive list's
> > > tail, pages near by tail of inactive list can be evicted although
> > > we have a big clue about useless pages. It's totally bad.
> > >
> > > Now PG_readahead/PG_reclaim is shared.
> > > fe3cba17 added ClearPageReclaim into clear_page_dirty_for_io for
> > > preventing fast reclaiming readahead marker page.
> > >
> > > In this series, PG_reclaim is used by invalidated page, too.
> > > If VM find the page is invalidated and it's dirty, it sets PG_reclaim
> > > to reclaim asap. Then, when the dirty page will be writeback,
> > > clear_page_dirty_for_io will clear PG_reclaim unconditionally.
> > > It disturbs this serie's goal.
> > >
> > > I think it's okay to clear PG_readahead when the page is dirty, not
> > > writeback time. So this patch moves ClearPageReadahead.
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
> > > Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
> > > Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
> > > Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
> > > Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
> > > Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk>
> > > Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
> > >
> > > Changelog since v2:
> > > - put ClearPageReclaim in set_page_dirty - suggested by Wu.
> > >
> > > Changelog since v1:
> > > - make the invalidated page reclaim asap - suggested by Andrew.
> > > ---
> > > mm/page-writeback.c | 12 +++++++++++-
> > > mm/swap.c | 48 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
> > > 2 files changed, 46 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/mm/page-writeback.c b/mm/page-writeback.c
> > > index fc93802..88587a5 100644
> > > --- a/mm/page-writeback.c
> > > +++ b/mm/page-writeback.c
> > > @@ -1250,6 +1250,17 @@ int set_page_dirty(struct page *page)
> > > {
> > > struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page);
> > >
> > > + /*
> > > + * readahead/lru_deactivate_page could remain
> > > + * PG_readahead/PG_reclaim due to race with end_page_writeback
> > > + * About readahead, if the page is written, the flags would be
> > > + * reset. So no problem.
> > > + * About lru_deactivate_page, if the page is redirty, the flag
> > > + * will be reset. So no problem. but if the page is used by readahead
> > > + * it will confuse readahead and make it restart the size rampup
> > > + * process. But it's a trivial problem.
> > > + */
> > > + ClearPageReclaim(page);
> > > if (likely(mapping)) {
> > > int (*spd)(struct page *) = mapping->a_ops->set_page_dirty;
> > > #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
> > > @@ -1307,7 +1318,6 @@ int clear_page_dirty_for_io(struct page *page)
> > >
> > > BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
> > >
> > > - ClearPageReclaim(page);
> > > if (mapping && mapping_cap_account_dirty(mapping)) {
> > > /*
> > > * Yes, Virginia, this is indeed insane.
> > > diff --git a/mm/swap.c b/mm/swap.c
> > > index 19e0812..936b281 100644
> > > --- a/mm/swap.c
> > > +++ b/mm/swap.c
> > > @@ -275,28 +275,50 @@ void add_page_to_unevictable_list(struct page *page)
> > > * into inative list's head. Because the VM expects the page would
> > > * be writeout by flusher. The flusher's writeout is much effective
> > > * than reclaimer's random writeout.
> > > + *
> > > + * If the page isn't page_mapped and dirty/writeback, the page
> > > + * could reclaim asap using PG_reclaim.
> > > + *
> > > + * 1. active, mapped page -> none
> > > + * 2. active, dirty/writeback page -> inactive, head, PG_reclaim
> > > + * 3. inactive, mapped page -> none
> > > + * 4. inactive, dirty/writeback page -> inactive, head, PG_reclaim
> > > + * 5. Others -> none
> > > + *
> > > + * In 4, why it moves inactive's head, the VM expects the page would
> > > + * be writeout by flusher. The flusher's writeout is much effective than
> > > + * reclaimer's random writeout.
> > > */
> > > static void __lru_deactivate(struct page *page, struct zone *zone)
> > > {
> > > int lru, file;
> > > - unsigned long vm_flags;
> > > + int active = 0;
> > >
> > > - if (!PageLRU(page) || !PageActive(page))
> > > + if (!PageLRU(page))
> > > return;
> > > -
> > > /* Some processes are using the page */
> > > if (page_mapped(page))
> > > return;
> > > -
> > > - file = page_is_file_cache(page);
> > > - lru = page_lru_base_type(page);
> > > - del_page_from_lru_list(zone, page, lru + LRU_ACTIVE);
> > > - ClearPageActive(page);
> > > - ClearPageReferenced(page);
> > > - add_page_to_lru_list(zone, page, lru);
> > > - __count_vm_event(PGDEACTIVATE);
> > > -
> > > - update_page_reclaim_stat(zone, page, file, 0);
> > > + if (PageActive(page))
> > > + active = 1;
> > > +
> > > + if (PageWriteback(page) || PageDirty(page)) {
> > > + /*
> > > + * PG_reclaim could be raced with end_page_writeback
> > > + * It can make readahead confusing. But race window
> > > + * is _really_ small and it's non-critical problem.
> > > + */
> > > + SetPageReclaim(page);
> > > +
> > > + file = page_is_file_cache(page);
> > > + lru = page_lru_base_type(page);
> > > + del_page_from_lru_list(zone, page, lru + active);
> > > + ClearPageActive(page);
> > > + ClearPageReferenced(page);
> > > + add_page_to_lru_list(zone, page, lru);
> > > + __count_vm_event(PGDEACTIVATE);
> >
> > You update PGDEACTIVATE whether the page was active or not.
>
> My fault.
> Resend.
>
> Subject: [PATCH v3 2/3] Reclaim invalidated page ASAP
>
> invalidate_mapping_pages is very big hint to reclaimer.
> It means user doesn't want to use the page any more.
> So in order to prevent working set page eviction, this patch
> move the page into tail of inactive list by PG_reclaim.
>
> Please, remember that pages in inactive list are working set
> as well as active list. If we don't move pages into inactive list's
> tail, pages near by tail of inactive list can be evicted although
> we have a big clue about useless pages. It's totally bad.
>
> Now PG_readahead/PG_reclaim is shared.
> fe3cba17 added ClearPageReclaim into clear_page_dirty_for_io for
> preventing fast reclaiming readahead marker page.
>
> In this series, PG_reclaim is used by invalidated page, too.
> If VM find the page is invalidated and it's dirty, it sets PG_reclaim
> to reclaim asap. Then, when the dirty page will be writeback,
> clear_page_dirty_for_io will clear PG_reclaim unconditionally.
> It disturbs this serie's goal.
>
> I think it's okay to clear PG_readahead when the page is dirty, not
> writeback time. So this patch moves ClearPageReadahead.
>
> Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
> Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk>
> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
>
> Changelog since v2:
> - put ClearPageReclaim in set_page_dirty - suggested by Wu.
>
> Changelog since v1:
> - make the invalidated page reclaim asap - suggested by Andrew.
> ---
> mm/page-writeback.c | 12 +++++++++++-
> mm/swap.c | 49 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
> 2 files changed, 47 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/mm/page-writeback.c b/mm/page-writeback.c
> index fc93802..88587a5 100644
> --- a/mm/page-writeback.c
> +++ b/mm/page-writeback.c
> @@ -1250,6 +1250,17 @@ int set_page_dirty(struct page *page)
> {
> struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page);
>
> + /*
> + * readahead/lru_deactivate_page could remain
> + * PG_readahead/PG_reclaim due to race with end_page_writeback
> + * About readahead, if the page is written, the flags would be
> + * reset. So no problem.
> + * About lru_deactivate_page, if the page is redirty, the flag
> + * will be reset. So no problem. but if the page is used by readahead
> + * it will confuse readahead and make it restart the size rampup
> + * process. But it's a trivial problem.
> + */
> + ClearPageReclaim(page);
> if (likely(mapping)) {
> int (*spd)(struct page *) = mapping->a_ops->set_page_dirty;
> #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
> @@ -1307,7 +1318,6 @@ int clear_page_dirty_for_io(struct page *page)
>
> BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
>
> - ClearPageReclaim(page);
> if (mapping && mapping_cap_account_dirty(mapping)) {
> /*
> * Yes, Virginia, this is indeed insane.
> diff --git a/mm/swap.c b/mm/swap.c
> index 19e0812..1f1f435 100644
> --- a/mm/swap.c
> +++ b/mm/swap.c
> @@ -275,28 +275,51 @@ void add_page_to_unevictable_list(struct page *page)
> * into inative list's head. Because the VM expects the page would
> * be writeout by flusher. The flusher's writeout is much effective
> * than reclaimer's random writeout.
> + *
> + * If the page isn't page_mapped and dirty/writeback, the page
> + * could reclaim asap using PG_reclaim.
> + *
> + * 1. active, mapped page -> none
> + * 2. active, dirty/writeback page -> inactive, head, PG_reclaim
> + * 3. inactive, mapped page -> none
> + * 4. inactive, dirty/writeback page -> inactive, head, PG_reclaim
> + * 5. Others -> none
> + *
> + * In 4, why it moves inactive's head, the VM expects the page would
> + * be writeout by flusher. The flusher's writeout is much effective than
> + * reclaimer's random writeout.
> */
> static void __lru_deactivate(struct page *page, struct zone *zone)
> {
> int lru, file;
> - unsigned long vm_flags;
> + int active = 0;
>
> - if (!PageLRU(page) || !PageActive(page))
> + if (!PageLRU(page))
> return;
> -
> /* Some processes are using the page */
> if (page_mapped(page))
> return;
> -
> - file = page_is_file_cache(page);
> - lru = page_lru_base_type(page);
> - del_page_from_lru_list(zone, page, lru + LRU_ACTIVE);
> - ClearPageActive(page);
> - ClearPageReferenced(page);
> - add_page_to_lru_list(zone, page, lru);
> - __count_vm_event(PGDEACTIVATE);
> -
> - update_page_reclaim_stat(zone, page, file, 0);
> + if (PageActive(page))
> + active = 1;
> +

I should have said this the last time but if you do another revision,
make active a "bool". There is a very slow migration of int to bool in
cases it makes sense. It's not urgent though.

> + if (PageWriteback(page) || PageDirty(page)) {
> + /*
> + * PG_reclaim could be raced with end_page_writeback
> + * It can make readahead confusing. But race window
> + * is _really_ small and it's non-critical problem.
> + */
> + SetPageReclaim(page);
> +
> + file = page_is_file_cache(page);
> + lru = page_lru_base_type(page);
> + del_page_from_lru_list(zone, page, lru + active);
> + ClearPageActive(page);
> + ClearPageReferenced(page);
> + add_page_to_lru_list(zone, page, lru);
> + if (active)
> + __count_vm_event(PGDEACTIVATE);
> + update_page_reclaim_stat(zone, page, file, 0);
> + }
> }
>

Whether you update active's type or not;

Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>

--
Mel Gorman
Part-time Phd Student Linux Technology Center
University of Limerick IBM Dublin Software Lab


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