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SubjectRe: When was ASLR introduced in the Linux kernel?
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Le mardi 30 novembre 2010 à 12:47 +0100, Victor van der Veen a écrit :
> Hi,
>
> - When was ASLR introduced in the Linux kernel (not PaX/ExecShield)?
> - When was ASLR enabled by default?
> - What's the current state of ASLR in the Linux kernel? Is it still
> under development? Or should we rely on the PaX/ExecShield patches?
>
> Wikipedia states that "a weak form of ASLR exists in the linux kernel
> since version 2.6.12 (June 2005)", but I could not find any proof that
> backs this up. I grepped changelogs of the entire 2.6 kernel, but I was
> unable to find any relevant information. Grepping the source code did
> not help either. Any more Google results all quote the same wikipedia
> line.
>

randomize-va-space:

echo val >/proc/sys/kernel/randomize_va_space


vi +391 Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt

This option can be used to select the type of process address
space randomization that is used in the system, for architectures
that support this feature.

0 - Turn the process address space randomization off. This is the
default for architectures that do not support this feature anyways,
and kernels that are booted with the "norandmaps" parameter.

1 - Make the addresses of mmap base, stack and VDSO page randomized.
This, among other things, implies that shared libraries will be
loaded to random addresses. Also for PIE-linked binaries, the
location of code start is randomized. This is the default if the
CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK option is enabled.

2 - Additionally enable heap randomization. This is the default if
CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK is disabled.

There are a few legacy applications out there (such as some ancient
versions of libc.so.5 from 1996) that assume that brk area starts
just after the end of the code+bss. These applications break when
start of the brk area is randomized. There are however no known
non-legacy applications that would be broken this way, so for most
systems it is safe to choose full randomization.

Systems with ancient and/or broken binaries should be configured
with CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK enabled, which excludes the heap from process
address space randomization.



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