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Subject[PATCH 45 of 66] remove PG_buddy
Date
From
From: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>

PG_buddy can be converted to _mapcount == -2. So the PG_compound_lock can be
added to page->flags without overflowing (because of the sparse section bits
increasing) with CONFIG_X86_PAE=y and CONFIG_X86_PAT=y. This also has to move
the memory hotplug code from _mapcount to lru.next to avoid any risk of
clashes. We can't use lru.next for PG_buddy removal, but memory hotplug can use
lru.next even more easily than the mapcount instead.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
---

diff --git a/fs/proc/page.c b/fs/proc/page.c
--- a/fs/proc/page.c
+++ b/fs/proc/page.c
@@ -116,15 +116,17 @@ u64 stable_page_flags(struct page *page)
if (PageHuge(page))
u |= 1 << KPF_HUGE;

+ /*
+ * Caveats on high order pages: page->_count will only be set
+ * -1 on the head page; SLUB/SLQB do the same for PG_slab;
+ * SLOB won't set PG_slab at all on compound pages.
+ */
+ if (PageBuddy(page))
+ u |= 1 << KPF_BUDDY;
+
u |= kpf_copy_bit(k, KPF_LOCKED, PG_locked);

- /*
- * Caveats on high order pages:
- * PG_buddy will only be set on the head page; SLUB/SLQB do the same
- * for PG_slab; SLOB won't set PG_slab at all on compound pages.
- */
u |= kpf_copy_bit(k, KPF_SLAB, PG_slab);
- u |= kpf_copy_bit(k, KPF_BUDDY, PG_buddy);

u |= kpf_copy_bit(k, KPF_ERROR, PG_error);
u |= kpf_copy_bit(k, KPF_DIRTY, PG_dirty);
diff --git a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
--- a/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
+++ b/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
@@ -13,12 +13,16 @@ struct mem_section;
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG

/*
- * Types for free bootmem.
- * The normal smallest mapcount is -1. Here is smaller value than it.
+ * Types for free bootmem stored in page->lru.next. These have to be in
+ * some random range in unsigned long space for debugging purposes.
*/
-#define SECTION_INFO (-1 - 1)
-#define MIX_SECTION_INFO (-1 - 2)
-#define NODE_INFO (-1 - 3)
+enum {
+ MEMORY_HOTPLUG_MIN_BOOTMEM_TYPE = 12,
+ SECTION_INFO = MEMORY_HOTPLUG_MIN_BOOTMEM_TYPE,
+ MIX_SECTION_INFO,
+ NODE_INFO,
+ MEMORY_HOTPLUG_MAX_BOOTMEM_TYPE = NODE_INFO,
+};

/*
* pgdat resizing functions
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -383,6 +383,27 @@ static inline void init_page_count(struc
atomic_set(&page->_count, 1);
}

+/*
+ * PageBuddy() indicate that the page is free and in the buddy system
+ * (see mm/page_alloc.c).
+ */
+static inline int PageBuddy(struct page *page)
+{
+ return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) == -2;
+}
+
+static inline void __SetPageBuddy(struct page *page)
+{
+ VM_BUG_ON(atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) != -1);
+ atomic_set(&page->_mapcount, -2);
+}
+
+static inline void __ClearPageBuddy(struct page *page)
+{
+ VM_BUG_ON(!PageBuddy(page));
+ atomic_set(&page->_mapcount, -1);
+}
+
void put_page(struct page *page);
void put_pages_list(struct list_head *pages);

diff --git a/include/linux/page-flags.h b/include/linux/page-flags.h
--- a/include/linux/page-flags.h
+++ b/include/linux/page-flags.h
@@ -48,9 +48,6 @@
* struct page (these bits with information) are always mapped into kernel
* address space...
*
- * PG_buddy is set to indicate that the page is free and in the buddy system
- * (see mm/page_alloc.c).
- *
* PG_hwpoison indicates that a page got corrupted in hardware and contains
* data with incorrect ECC bits that triggered a machine check. Accessing is
* not safe since it may cause another machine check. Don't touch!
@@ -96,7 +93,6 @@ enum pageflags {
PG_swapcache, /* Swap page: swp_entry_t in private */
PG_mappedtodisk, /* Has blocks allocated on-disk */
PG_reclaim, /* To be reclaimed asap */
- PG_buddy, /* Page is free, on buddy lists */
PG_swapbacked, /* Page is backed by RAM/swap */
PG_unevictable, /* Page is "unevictable" */
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
@@ -233,7 +229,6 @@ PAGEFLAG(OwnerPriv1, owner_priv_1) TESTC
* risky: they bypass page accounting.
*/
TESTPAGEFLAG(Writeback, writeback) TESTSCFLAG(Writeback, writeback)
-__PAGEFLAG(Buddy, buddy)
PAGEFLAG(MappedToDisk, mappedtodisk)

/* PG_readahead is only used for file reads; PG_reclaim is only for writes */
@@ -428,7 +423,7 @@ static inline void ClearPageCompound(str
#define PAGE_FLAGS_CHECK_AT_FREE \
(1 << PG_lru | 1 << PG_locked | \
1 << PG_private | 1 << PG_private_2 | \
- 1 << PG_buddy | 1 << PG_writeback | 1 << PG_reserved | \
+ 1 << PG_writeback | 1 << PG_reserved | \
1 << PG_slab | 1 << PG_swapcache | 1 << PG_active | \
1 << PG_unevictable | __PG_MLOCKED | __PG_HWPOISON | \
__PG_COMPOUND_LOCK)
diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -65,9 +65,10 @@ static void release_memory_resource(stru

#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG_SPARSE
#ifndef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
-static void get_page_bootmem(unsigned long info, struct page *page, int type)
+static void get_page_bootmem(unsigned long info, struct page *page,
+ unsigned long type)
{
- atomic_set(&page->_mapcount, type);
+ page->lru.next = (struct list_head *) type;
SetPagePrivate(page);
set_page_private(page, info);
atomic_inc(&page->_count);
@@ -77,15 +78,16 @@ static void get_page_bootmem(unsigned lo
* so use __ref to tell modpost not to generate a warning */
void __ref put_page_bootmem(struct page *page)
{
- int type;
+ unsigned long type;

- type = atomic_read(&page->_mapcount);
- BUG_ON(type >= -1);
+ type = (unsigned long) page->lru.next;
+ BUG_ON(type < MEMORY_HOTPLUG_MIN_BOOTMEM_TYPE ||
+ type > MEMORY_HOTPLUG_MAX_BOOTMEM_TYPE);

if (atomic_dec_return(&page->_count) == 1) {
ClearPagePrivate(page);
set_page_private(page, 0);
- reset_page_mapcount(page);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&page->lru);
__free_pages_bootmem(page, 0);
}

diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -444,8 +444,8 @@ __find_combined_index(unsigned long page
* (c) a page and its buddy have the same order &&
* (d) a page and its buddy are in the same zone.
*
- * For recording whether a page is in the buddy system, we use PG_buddy.
- * Setting, clearing, and testing PG_buddy is serialized by zone->lock.
+ * For recording whether a page is in the buddy system, we set ->_mapcount -2.
+ * Setting, clearing, and testing _mapcount -2 is serialized by zone->lock.
*
* For recording page's order, we use page_private(page).
*/
@@ -478,7 +478,7 @@ static inline int page_is_buddy(struct p
* as necessary, plus some accounting needed to play nicely with other
* parts of the VM system.
* At each level, we keep a list of pages, which are heads of continuous
- * free pages of length of (1 << order) and marked with PG_buddy. Page's
+ * free pages of length of (1 << order) and marked with _mapcount -2. Page's
* order is recorded in page_private(page) field.
* So when we are allocating or freeing one, we can derive the state of the
* other. That is, if we allocate a small block, and both were
@@ -5520,7 +5520,6 @@ static struct trace_print_flags pageflag
{1UL << PG_swapcache, "swapcache" },
{1UL << PG_mappedtodisk, "mappedtodisk" },
{1UL << PG_reclaim, "reclaim" },
- {1UL << PG_buddy, "buddy" },
{1UL << PG_swapbacked, "swapbacked" },
{1UL << PG_unevictable, "unevictable" },
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
diff --git a/mm/sparse.c b/mm/sparse.c
--- a/mm/sparse.c
+++ b/mm/sparse.c
@@ -671,10 +671,10 @@ static void __kfree_section_memmap(struc
static void free_map_bootmem(struct page *page, unsigned long nr_pages)
{
unsigned long maps_section_nr, removing_section_nr, i;
- int magic;
+ unsigned long magic;

for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++, page++) {
- magic = atomic_read(&page->_mapcount);
+ magic = (unsigned long) page->lru.next;

BUG_ON(magic == NODE_INFO);


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