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SubjectRe: [PATCH -v2 2/3] ACPI, APEI, Add APEI generic error status print support
On Tue, 30 Nov 2010 11:29:12 +0800 Huang Ying <> wrote:

> On Tue, 2010-11-30 at 11:03 +0800, Andrew Morton wrote:
> > On Tue, 30 Nov 2010 10:51:40 +0800 Huang Ying <> wrote:
> >
> > > printk is one of the methods to report hardware errors to user space.
> > > Hardware error information reported by firmware to Linux kernel is in
> > > the format of APEI generic error status (struct
> > > acpi_hes_generic_status). This patch adds print support for the
> > > format, so that the corresponding hardware error information can be
> > > reported to user space via printk.
> > >
> > > PCIe AER information print is not implemented yet. Will refactor the
> > > original PCIe AER information printing code to avoid code duplicating.
> > >
> > > ...
> > >
> > > +#define pr_pfx(pfx, fmt, ...) \
> > > + printk("%s" fmt, pfx, ##__VA_ARGS__)
> >
> > hm, why does so much code create little printk helper macros. Isn't
> > there something generic somewhere?
> Sorry, I do not find the generic code for this helper. But I think this
> macro may be helpful for others too, who need to determine the log level
> only at runtime. Here corrected errors should have log level:
> KERN_WARNING, while uncorrected errors should have log level: KERN_ERR.

Oh, is that what it does. Replacing "pfx" everywhere with "loglevel"
(or similar) would have been much clearer?

> Do you think it is a good idea to make this macro generic?

hm, maybe. It's the sort of thing which gives rise to much
chin-scratching, which is why people usually avoid doing it ;) If the
macro is well-named and its intended use is quite clear then yes, it's
probably worth pursuing.

> > This patchset appears to implement a new kernel->userspace interface.
> > But that interface isn't actually described anywhere, so reviewers must
> > reverse-engineer the interface from the implementation to be able to
> > review the interface. Nobody bothers doing that so we end up with an
> > unreviewed interface, which we must maintain for eternity.
> >
> > Please fully document all proposed interfaces?
> Sorry. I don't realize that printk-ing something means implementing a
> new kernel->userspace interface. I think the messages resulted are
> self-explaining for human. Is it sufficient just to add example messages
> in patch description?

Well normally a printk() isn't really considered a "userspace
interface". This allows us to change them even though there surely
_are_ existing tools which treat particular messages as a userspace
interface. But I don't recall hearing of much breakage from changed
kernel printks.

However in this case you are avowedly treating the printks as a
userspace interface, with the intention that software be written to
parse them, yes? So once they're in place, we cannot change them? That
makes it more important.

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