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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] of/phylib: Use device tree properties to initialize Marvell PHYs.
On Fri, Nov 19, 2010 at 03:38:15PM -0800, David Daney wrote:
> On 11/19/2010 03:02 PM, Andy Fleming wrote:
> >On Fri, Nov 19, 2010 at 4:13 PM, David Daney<> wrote:
> >>Some aspects of PHY initialization are board dependent, things like
> >>indicator LED connections and some clocking modes cannot be determined
> >>by probing. The dev_flags element of struct phy_device can be used to
> >>control these things if an appropriate value can be passed from the
> >>Ethernet driver. We run into problems however if the PHY connections
> >>are specified by the device tree. There is no way for the Ethernet
> >>driver to know what flags it should pass.
> >>
> >>If we are using the device tree, the struct phy_device will be
> >>populated with the device tree node corresponding to the PHY, and we
> >>can extract extra configuration information from there.
> >>
> >>The next question is what should the format of that information be?
> >>It is highly device specific, and the device tree representation
> >>should not be tied to any arbitrary kernel defined constants. A
> >>straight forward representation is just to specify the exact bits that
> >>should be set using the "marvell,reg-init" property:
> >>
> >> phy5: ethernet-phy@5 {
> >> reg =<5>;
> >> compatible = "marvell,88e1149r";
> >> marvell,reg-init =
> >> /* led[0]:1000, led[1]:100, led[2]:10, led[3]:tx */
> >> <3 0x10 0 0x5777>, /* Reg 3,16<- 0x5777 */
> >> /* mix %:0, led[0123]:drive low off hiZ */
> >> <3 0x11 0 0x00aa>, /* Reg 3,17<- 0x00aa */
> >> /* default blink periods. */
> >> <3 0x12 0 0x4105>, /* Reg 3,18<- 0x4105 */
> >> /* led[4]:rx, led[5]:dplx, led[45]:drive low off hiZ */
> >> <3 0x13 0 0x0a60>; /* Reg 3,19<- 0x0a60 */
> >
> >
> >My inclination is to shy away from such hard-coded values. I agreed
> >with Grant's comment about separating into separate cells, but I think
> >specification of hard-coded register writes is too rigid. I think a
> >better approach would be to specify configuration attributes, like:
> >
> >marvell,blink-periods =<blah>;
> >marvell,led-config =<[drive type] [indicates]>;

I'm certainly a strong advocate of describing the desired behaviour
instead of trying to list a bunch of register values or similar.
However, I think the use-case here is sufficiently straight forward
(initial conditions for a set of registers) on things that will be set
once and then forgotten about that I think that the simple approach is

> I considered doing that, but rejected the idea because it is so
> complex. There are literally probably a hundred different register
> fields with widths varying between 1 and 16 bits. The number of
> settings that the driver might want to deal with are astronomical.
> For any given PHY model there could be 30 different settings that
> you might want to tweak. In the example above I configure 5 LEDs
> with two parameters each, and about 4 or 5 more blink settings, that
> is something like 15 register fields.
> Take the marvell.c file. It currently supports nine different PHY
> models, each would have a bunch of model specific settings, the
> complexity of decoding all that is formidable (and would be a lot
> more code) also there would invariably be settings that were not
> implemented in the first version, so people would have to repeatedly
> extend it.
> My patch adds 550 bytes (not including the string storage) of code
> on MIPS64, and can handle many cases without any changes.

Right; the permutations are huge in this case, and the payoff quite

> >For one, I always advocate making the DTS human-readable. For
> >another, I think that there are a number of configuration sequences
> >that require read-modify-write, or write-wait-write. In other words,
> >I think that there are enough cases where actual software will be
> >needed, that an attempt to generically specify a register
> >initialization sequence will be impossible, and leave us with the same
> >problems to solve later on.
> We can always add more properties as you suggest, if the existing
> code does not prove to be sufficiently flexible.

That is a very different situation however. I am *strongly* against
anything that begins to look like a scripting or interpreted commands.
Initial conditions for a set of registers are one thing, but trying to
encode rmw cycles or delay cycles enters into the realm where the
driver really needs to understand the behaviour of the device and be
responsible for talking to it appropriately.

So, to summarize my opinion:
- list of initial register settings? okay given the alternatives
- method to perform arbitrary initialization sequences, including
delays and rmw? right out.

> > For allowing
> >device-tree-specified register initializations might encourage
> >developers to put all of their register initializations in the device
> >tree. Especially when they realize that the LED initialization for
> >*their* PHY has to come between two standard initialization steps in
> >the driver. Or before. Or after.

Probably unlikely considering the driver still needs to handle the
device in the non-devicetree use case. However, it may be appropriate
for the driver to filter which registers it will initialize from dt

> >
> >By specifying actual functionality, the driver can work around those
> >problems, while being aware of the functional goal. However, I'm
> >aware that such a path is more difficult, and perhaps just as futile,
> >as PHY vendors frequently don't want to document what their magic
> >sequences mean.
> >
> I certainly understand your desire to make the dts readable, but I
> think it has to be balanced against the complexity and chance for
> bugs in the drivers as well as churn in the bindings specifications.
> David Daney

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