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SubjectRe: [patch] trace: Add user-space event tracing/injection
On 11/17/2010 04:07 AM, Ingo Molnar wrote:
>
> * Pekka Enberg<penberg@kernel.org> wrote:
>
>> (Trimming CC for sanity.)
>
> [ Added back Linus (in case he wants to object to the new prctl()) and lkml. ]
>
>> On 11/16/10 11:04 PM, Thomas Gleixner wrote:
>>> 'trace' is our shot at improving the situation: it aims at providing a
>>> simple to use and straightforward tracing tool based on the perf
>>> infrastructure and on the well-known perf profiling workflow:
>>>
>>> trace record firefox # trace firefox and all child tasks,
>>> put it into trace.data
>>>
>>> trace summary # show quick overview of the trace,
>>> based on trace.data
>>>
>>> trace report # detailed traces, based on trace.data
>>
>> Nice work guys!
>>
>> Does this concept lend itself to tracing latencies in userspace applications that
>> run in virtual machines (e.g. the Java kind)? I'm of course interested in this
>> because of Jato [1] where bunch of interesting things can cause jitter: JIT
>> compilation, GC, kernel, and the actual application doing something (in either
>> native code or JIT'd code). It's important to be able to measure where "slowness"
>> to desktop applications and certain class of server applications comes from to be
>> able to improve things.
>
> Makes quite a bit of sense.
>
> How about the attached patch? It works fine with the simple testcase included in the
> changelog. There's a common-sense limit on the message size - but otherwise it adds
> support for apps to generate a free-form string trace event.


Ideally I would like to see something just like trace_printf() without
having to define it myself in each of my testcases. I only see a few
ways of doing that, none of which are particularly nice:

# Perf trace wrappers in linux header files
#include <linux/perf-trace.h>
- requires working with glibc for headers installation
- could just be something like trace_printf() (that Ingo posted in
another mail in this thread) in the header file itself, no need for
a library.


# Perf vDSO and /sys exported headers
-lperf -I/sys/kernel/include/perf/
#include <perf-trace.h>
- introduces including from and linking to the kernel to applications
(not just glibc)
- introduces kernel /sys exported headers (ewe)


# Limited variable count
Use the max syscall argument count (7?) to allow for an opcode, format
string, and at most 5 arguments. This isn't very pretty in the user code
and I'd probably rather wrap the prctl version below than use this idea.

# char[] pointer argument
This requires the conversion of all arguments to strings and rather
defeats the purpose of having the kernel do the formatting.


Are there any other tricks I'm not thinking of which we could use to
implement:

int trace_printf(const char *format, ...);


The only other approach I can think of is a per process file descriptor
which could be used with fprintf. Something like
/proc/$PID/trace_marker. That wouldn't require any new headers or vDSO,
but it would add to the vfs, which Ingo objected to. However, placing it
in proc makes it feasible to access even in chroot environments. Leaving
the existing prctl implementation would provide a bare bones fallback
when needed.

Thoughts?

Thanks,

Darren

>
> Thanks,
>
> Ingo
>
> ---------------------------------->
> Subject: trace: Add user-space event tracing/injection
> From: Ingo Molnar<mingo@elte.hu>
> Date: Wed Nov 17 10:11:53 CET 2010
>
> This feature (suggested by Darren Hart and Pekka Engberg) allows user-space
> programs to print trace events in a very simple and self-contained way:
>
> #include<sys/prctl.h>
> #include<string.h>
>
> #define PR_TASK_PERF_USER_TRACE 35
>
> int main(void)
> {
> char *msg = "Hello World!\n";
>
> prctl(PR_TASK_PERF_USER_TRACE, msg, strlen(msg));
>
> return 0;
> }
>
> These show up in 'trace' output as:
>
> $ trace report
> #
> # trace events of 'sleep 1':
> #
> testit/ 6006 ( 0.002 ms):<"Hello World!">
> testit/ 6006 ( 0.002 ms):<"Hello World!">
>
> Suggested-by: Darren Hart<dvhart@linux.intel.com>
> Suggested-by: Pekka Enberg<penberg@kernel.org>
> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar<mingo@elte.hu>
> ---
> include/linux/prctl.h | 2 ++
> include/trace/events/user.h | 32 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> kernel/sys.c | 23 +++++++++++++++++++++++
> kernel/trace/trace_events.c | 34 +++++++++++-----------------------
> tools/perf/builtin-trace.c | 41 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 5 files changed, 109 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)
>
> Index: linux/include/linux/prctl.h
> ===================================================================
> --- linux.orig/include/linux/prctl.h
> +++ linux/include/linux/prctl.h
> @@ -102,4 +102,6 @@
>
> #define PR_MCE_KILL_GET 34
>
> +#define PR_TASK_PERF_USER_TRACE 35
> +
> #endif /* _LINUX_PRCTL_H */
> Index: linux/include/trace/events/user.h
> ===================================================================
> --- /dev/null
> +++ linux/include/trace/events/user.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
> +#undef TRACE_SYSTEM
> +#define TRACE_SYSTEM user
> +
> +#if !defined(_TRACE_USER_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ)
> +#define _TRACE_USER_H_
> +
> +#include<linux/tracepoint.h>
> +#include<linux/ftrace.h>
> +
> +TRACE_EVENT(user,
> +
> + TP_PROTO(const char *message),
> +
> + TP_ARGS(message),
> +
> + TP_STRUCT__entry(
> + __string( message, message);
> + ),
> +
> + TP_fast_assign(
> + __assign_str(message, message);
> + ),
> +
> + TP_printk("user %s", __get_str(message))
> +);
> +
> +#undef NO_DEV
> +
> +#endif /* _TRACE_USER_H_ */
> +
> +/* This part must be outside protection */
> +#include<trace/define_trace.h>
> Index: linux/kernel/sys.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux.orig/kernel/sys.c
> +++ linux/kernel/sys.c
> @@ -47,6 +47,11 @@
> #include<asm/io.h>
> #include<asm/unistd.h>
>
> +#define MAX_USER_TRACE_SIZE 128
> +
> +#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
> +#include<trace/events/user.h>
> +
> #ifndef SET_UNALIGN_CTL
> # define SET_UNALIGN_CTL(a,b) (-EINVAL)
> #endif
> @@ -1681,6 +1686,24 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(prctl, int, option, unsi
> case PR_TASK_PERF_EVENTS_ENABLE:
> error = perf_event_task_enable();
> break;
> + /*
> + * Inject a trace event into the current tracing context:
> + */
> + case PR_TASK_PERF_USER_TRACE:
> + {
> + void __user *uevent_ptr = (void *)arg2;
> + char kstring[MAX_USER_TRACE_SIZE+1];
> + unsigned long uevent_len = arg3;
> +
> + if (uevent_len> MAX_USER_TRACE_SIZE)
> + return -EINVAL;
> + if (copy_from_user(kstring, uevent_ptr, uevent_len))
> + return -EFAULT;
> + kstring[uevent_len] = 0;
> +
> + trace_user(kstring);
> + return 0;
> + }
> case PR_GET_TIMERSLACK:
> error = current->timer_slack_ns;
> break;
> Index: linux/kernel/trace/trace_events.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux.orig/kernel/trace/trace_events.c
> +++ linux/kernel/trace/trace_events.c
> @@ -989,8 +989,7 @@ static struct dentry *event_trace_events
>
> d_events = debugfs_create_dir("events", d_tracer);
> if (!d_events)
> - pr_warning("Could not create debugfs "
> - "'events' directory\n");
> + pr_warning("Could not create debugfs 'events' directory\n");
>
> return d_events;
> }
> @@ -1014,15 +1013,13 @@ event_subsystem_dir(const char *name, st
> /* need to create new entry */
> system = kmalloc(sizeof(*system), GFP_KERNEL);
> if (!system) {
> - pr_warning("No memory to create event subsystem %s\n",
> - name);
> + pr_warning("No memory to create event subsystem %s\n", name);
> return d_events;
> }
>
> system->entry = debugfs_create_dir(name, d_events);
> if (!system->entry) {
> - pr_warning("Could not create event subsystem %s\n",
> - name);
> + pr_warning("Could not create event subsystem %s\n", name);
> kfree(system);
> return d_events;
> }
> @@ -1041,8 +1038,7 @@ event_subsystem_dir(const char *name, st
>
> system->filter = kzalloc(sizeof(struct event_filter), GFP_KERNEL);
> if (!system->filter) {
> - pr_warning("Could not allocate filter for subsystem "
> - "'%s'\n", name);
> + pr_warning("Could not allocate filter for subsystem '%s'\n", name);
> return system->entry;
> }
>
> @@ -1051,8 +1047,7 @@ event_subsystem_dir(const char *name, st
> if (!entry) {
> kfree(system->filter);
> system->filter = NULL;
> - pr_warning("Could not create debugfs "
> - "'%s/filter' entry\n", name);
> + pr_warning("Could not create debugfs '%s/filter' entry\n", name);
> }
>
> trace_create_file("enable", 0644, system->entry,
> @@ -1081,19 +1076,16 @@ event_create_dir(struct ftrace_event_cal
>
> call->dir = debugfs_create_dir(call->name, d_events);
> if (!call->dir) {
> - pr_warning("Could not create debugfs "
> - "'%s' directory\n", call->name);
> + pr_warning("Could not create debugfs '%s' directory\n", call->name);
> return -1;
> }
>
> if (call->class->reg)
> - trace_create_file("enable", 0644, call->dir, call,
> - enable);
> + trace_create_file("enable", 0644, call->dir, call, enable);
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS
> if (call->event.type&& call->class->reg)
> - trace_create_file("id", 0444, call->dir, call,
> - id);
> + trace_create_file("id", 0444, call->dir, call, id);
> #endif
>
> /*
> @@ -1104,16 +1096,12 @@ event_create_dir(struct ftrace_event_cal
> if (list_empty(head)) {
> ret = call->class->define_fields(call);
> if (ret< 0) {
> - pr_warning("Could not initialize trace point"
> - " events/%s\n", call->name);
> + pr_warning("Could not initialize trace point events/%s\n", call->name);
> return ret;
> }
> }
> - trace_create_file("filter", 0644, call->dir, call,
> - filter);
> -
> - trace_create_file("format", 0444, call->dir, call,
> - format);
> + trace_create_file("filter", 0644, call->dir, call, filter);
> + trace_create_file("format", 0444, call->dir, call, format);
>
> return 0;
> }
> Index: linux/tools/perf/builtin-trace.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux.orig/tools/perf/builtin-trace.c
> +++ linux/tools/perf/builtin-trace.c
> @@ -719,6 +719,44 @@ static void vfs_getname(void *data,
> }
> }
>
> +static void user_event(void *data,
> + struct event *event __used,
> + int cpu __used,
> + u64 timestamp __used,
> + struct thread *thread __used)
> +{
> + struct thread_data *tdata = get_thread_data(thread);
> + unsigned int i;
> + char *message;
> + u64 t = 0;
> +
> + if (!tdata->enabled)
> + return;
> + if (time_filtered(timestamp))
> + return;
> + if (cpu_filtered(cpu))
> + return;
> + if (tdata->entry_time) {
> + t = timestamp - tdata->entry_time;
> + if (filter_duration(t))
> + return;
> + } else if (duration_filter)
> + return;
> +
> + print_entry_head(thread, timestamp, t, cpu);
> + message = strdup(raw_field_ptr(event, "message", data));
> +
> + /* Sanitize the string a bit before printing it: */
> + for (i = 0; i< strlen(message); i++) {
> + if (message[i] == '\n')
> + message[i] = ' ';
> + }
> +
> + color_fprintf(stdout, PERF_COLOR_GREEN, "<\"%s\">\n", message);
> +
> + free(message);
> +}
> +
> static int pagefault_preprocess_sample(const event_t *self,
> struct addr_location *al,
> struct sample_data *data,
> @@ -1036,6 +1074,8 @@ process_raw_event(event_t *self, void *d
> pagefault_exit(data, event, cpu, timestamp, thread);
> if (!strcmp(event->name, "vfs_getname"))
> vfs_getname(data, event, cpu, timestamp, thread);
> + if (!strcmp(event->name, "user"))
> + user_event(data, event, cpu, timestamp, thread);
>
> if (!scheduler_events&& !scheduler_all_events)
> return;
> @@ -1226,6 +1266,7 @@ static const char *record_args[] = {
> "-e", "sched:sched_stat_sleep:r",
> "-e", "sched:sched_stat_iowait:r",
> "-e", "sched:sched_stat_runtime:r",
> + "-e", "user:user:r",
> };
>
> static int __cmd_record(int argc, const char **argv)
>
> --
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--
Darren Hart
Yocto Linux Kernel


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