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Subject[8/8,v3] NUMA Hotplug Emulator: documentation
From: Shaohui Zheng <shaohui.zheng@intel.com>

add a text file Documentation/x86/x86_64/numa_hotplug_emulator.txt
to explain the usage for the hotplug emulator.

Signed-off-by: Haicheng Li <haicheng.li@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Shaohui Zheng <shaohui.zheng@intel.com>
---
Index: linux-hpe4/Documentation/x86/x86_64/numa_hotplug_emulator.txt
===================================================================
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ linux-hpe4/Documentation/x86/x86_64/numa_hotplug_emulator.txt 2010-11-17 09:01:10.342836513 +0800
@@ -0,0 +1,92 @@
+NUMA Hotplug Emulator for x86
+---------------------------------------------------
+
+NUMA hotplug emulator is able to emulate NUMA Node Hotplug
+thru a pure software way. It intends to help people easily debug
+and test node/cpu/memory hotplug related stuff on a
+none-numa-hotplug-support machine, even a UMA machine and virtual
+environment.
+
+1) Node hotplug emulation:
+
+The emulator firstly hides RAM via E820 table, and then it can
+fake offlined nodes with the hidden RAM.
+
+After system bootup, user is able to hotplug-add these offlined
+nodes, which is just similar to a real hotplug hardware behavior.
+
+Using boot option "numa=hide=N*size" to fake offlined nodes:
+ - N is the number of hidden nodes
+ - size is the memory size (in MB) per hidden node.
+
+There is a sysfs entry "probe" under /sys/devices/system/node/ for user
+to hotplug the fake offlined nodes:
+
+ - to show all fake offlined nodes:
+ $ cat /sys/devices/system/node/probe
+
+ - to hotadd a fake offlined node, e.g. nodeid is N:
+ $ echo N > /sys/devices/system/node/probe
+
+2) CPU hotplug emulation:
+
+The emulator reserve CPUs throu grub parameter, the reserved CPUs can be
+hot-add/hot-remove in software method, it emulates the process of physical
+cpu hotplug.
+
+When hotplug a CPU with emulator, we are using a logical CPU to emulate the CPU
+socket hotplug process. For the CPU supported SMT, some logical CPUs are in the
+same socket, but it may located in different NUMA node after we have emulator.
+We put the logical CPU into a fake CPU socket, and assign it an unique
+phys_proc_id. For the fake socket, we put one logical CPU in only.
+
+ - to hide CPUs
+ - Using boot option "maxcpus=N" hide CPUs
+ N is the number of initialize CPUs
+ - Using boot option "cpu_hpe=on" to enable cpu hotplug emulation
+ when cpu_hpe is enabled, the rest CPUs will not be initialized
+
+ - to hot-add CPU to node
+ $ echo nid > cpu/probe
+
+ - to hot-remove CPU
+ $ echo nid > cpu/release
+
+3) Memory hotplug emulation:
+
+The emulator reserve memory before OS booting, the reserved memory region
+is remove from e820 table, and they can be hot-added via the probe interface,
+this interface was extend to support add memory to the specified node, It
+maintains backwards compatibility.
+
+The difficulty of Memory Release is well-known, we have no plan for it until now.
+
+ - reserve memory throu grub parameter
+ mem=1024m
+
+ - add a memory section to node 3
+ $ echo 0x40000000,3 > memory/probe
+ OR
+ $ echo 1024m,3 > memory/probe
+ OR
+ $ echo "physical_address=0x40000000 numa_node=3" > memory/probe
+
+4) Script for hotplug testing
+
+These scripts provides convenience when we hot-add memory/cpu in batch.
+
+- Online all memory sections:
+for m in /sys/devices/system/memory/memory*;
+do
+ echo online > $m/state;
+done
+
+- CPU Online:
+for c in /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu*;
+do
+ echo 1 > $c/online;
+done
+
+- Haicheng Li <haicheng.li@intel.com>
+- Shaohui Zheng <shaohui.zheng@intel.com>
+ Nov 2010
Index: linux-hpe4/Documentation/x86/x86_64/boot-options.txt
===================================================================
--- linux-hpe4.orig/Documentation/x86/x86_64/boot-options.txt 2010-11-17 10:01:37.093461435 +0800
+++ linux-hpe4/Documentation/x86/x86_64/boot-options.txt 2010-11-17 10:03:10.881043878 +0800
@@ -173,6 +173,13 @@
numa=fake=<N>
If given as an integer, fills all system RAM with N fake nodes
interleaved over physical nodes.
+ numa=hide=N*size1[,size2,...]
+ Give an string seperated by comma, each sub string stands for a serie nodes.
+ system will reserve an area to create hide numa nodes for them.
+
+ for example: numa=hide=2*512,256
+ system will reserve (2*512 + 256) M for 3 hide nodes. 2 nodes with 512M memory,
+ and 1 node with 256 memory

ACPI

@@ -316,3 +323,8 @@
Do not use GB pages for kernel direct mappings.
gbpages
Use GB pages for kernel direct mappings.
+ cpu_hpe=on/off
+ Enable/disable cpu hotplug emulation with software method. when cpu_hpe=on,
+ sysfs provides probe/release interface to hot add/remove cpu dynamically.
+ this option is disabled in default.
+
--
Thanks & Regards,
Shaohui




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