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SubjectRe: [PATCH] support polling of /proc/swaps
On Wed, 20 Oct 2010 01:25:47 +0200
Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org> wrote:

> On Tue, 2010-10-19 at 15:31 -0700, Andrew Morton wrote:
> > On Tue, 19 Oct 2010 11:19:16 +0200
> > Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org> wrote:
>
> > It's a bit sad that we have to add quite a pile of infrastructure to
> > make a procfs file pollable. I wonder if it's possible to provide some
> > core support for this, and reduce the amount of code at each particular
> > handler site.
>
> You mean something like adding the event counter to the seq_file? There
> is /proc/self/mounts,mountinfo and /proc/swaps so far, I think.

And /proc/mdstat.

In /proc/mdstat I do something a little bit different. I only update the
per-file event number when reading the first byte of the file, rather than
when poll returns POLL_PRI.
This is somewhat more robust. In general select/poll will continue returning
a 'ready' status until the program performs some action (typically read or
write) which makes the fd not ready any more.

With your code (which I think is the same as /proc/mounts) you get at most 1
notification per change so you have to be careful not to miss it. It is like
an edge triggered interrupt rather than level triggered.

So if this were extracted into the seqfile library (which is probably a good
idea), I'd like to see a suitably robust version used.

Thanks,
NeilBrown


>
> > Also, I wonder how we are to communicate the existence of this feature
> > to our users. Nobody will look in Documentation/filesystems/. Is
> > there a manpage? Seems not...
>
> Hmm, 'man 5 proc'?
>
> > > +static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(proc_poll_wait);
> > > +static int proc_poll_event;
> >
> > Please pick a lock to protect proc_poll_event.
>
> An atomic_t should do it too, right?
>
> > Then document that
> > locking here, when you also document proc_poll_event ;)
>
> The actual value has no meaning at all, it just tells that something
> happened if it has changed.
>
>
>
> From: Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org>
> Subject: support polling of /proc/swaps
>
> System management wants to subscribe to changes in swap
> configuration. Make /proc/swaps pollable like /proc/mounts.
>
> Signed-Off-By: Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org>
> ---
> mm/swapfile.c | 48 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> 1 file changed, 47 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> --- a/mm/swapfile.c
> +++ b/mm/swapfile.c
> @@ -30,6 +30,7 @@
> #include <linux/capability.h>
> #include <linux/syscalls.h>
> #include <linux/memcontrol.h>
> +#include <linux/poll.h>
>
> #include <asm/pgtable.h>
> #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
> @@ -58,6 +59,9 @@ static struct swap_info_struct *swap_inf
>
> static DEFINE_MUTEX(swapon_mutex);
>
> +static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(proc_poll_wait);
> +static atomic_t proc_poll_event = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
> +
> static inline unsigned char swap_count(unsigned char ent)
> {
> return ent & ~SWAP_HAS_CACHE; /* may include SWAP_HAS_CONT flag */
> @@ -1680,6 +1684,8 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(swapoff, const char __us
> }
> filp_close(swap_file, NULL);
> err = 0;
> + atomic_inc(&proc_poll_event);
> + wake_up_interruptible(&proc_poll_wait);
>
> out_dput:
> filp_close(victim, NULL);
> @@ -1688,6 +1694,25 @@ out:
> }
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
> +struct proc_swaps {
> + struct seq_file seq;
> + int event;
> +};
> +
> +static unsigned swaps_poll(struct file *file, poll_table *wait)
> +{
> + struct proc_swaps *s = file->private_data;
> +
> + poll_wait(file, &proc_poll_wait, wait);
> +
> + if (s->event != atomic_read(&proc_poll_event)) {
> + s->event = atomic_read(&proc_poll_event);
> + return POLLIN | POLLRDNORM | POLLERR | POLLPRI;
> + }
> +
> + return POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;
> +}
> +
> /* iterator */
> static void *swap_start(struct seq_file *swap, loff_t *pos)
> {
> @@ -1771,7 +1796,24 @@ static const struct seq_operations swaps
>
> static int swaps_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
> {
> - return seq_open(file, &swaps_op);
> + struct proc_swaps *s;
> + int ret;
> +
> + s = kmalloc(sizeof(struct proc_swaps), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!s)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + file->private_data = s;
> +
> + ret = seq_open(file, &swaps_op);
> + if (ret) {
> + kfree(s);
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + s->seq.private = s;
> + s->event = atomic_read(&proc_poll_event);
> + return ret;
> }
>
> static const struct file_operations proc_swaps_operations = {
> @@ -1779,6 +1821,7 @@ static const struct file_operations proc
> .read = seq_read,
> .llseek = seq_lseek,
> .release = seq_release,
> + .poll = swaps_poll,
> };
>
> static int __init procswaps_init(void)
> @@ -2084,6 +2127,9 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(swapon, const char __use
> swap_info[prev]->next = type;
> spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
> mutex_unlock(&swapon_mutex);
> + atomic_inc(&proc_poll_event);
> + wake_up_interruptible(&proc_poll_wait);
> +
> error = 0;
> goto out;
> bad_swap:
>
>
> --
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