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SubjectRe: [PATCH v7 02/12] Halt vcpu if page it tries to access is swapped out.
Am 14.10.2010 11:22, Gleb Natapov wrote:
> If a guest accesses swapped out memory do not swap it in from vcpu thread
> context. Schedule work to do swapping and put vcpu into halted state
> instead.
>
> Interrupts will still be delivered to the guest and if interrupt will
> cause reschedule guest will continue to run another task.
>
> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
> Signed-off-by: Gleb Natapov <gleb@redhat.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 18 ++++
> arch/x86/kvm/Kconfig | 1 +
> arch/x86/kvm/Makefile | 1 +
> arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c | 52 +++++++++++-
> arch/x86/kvm/paging_tmpl.h | 4 +-
> arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 112 ++++++++++++++++++++++-
> include/linux/kvm_host.h | 31 +++++++
> include/trace/events/kvm.h | 90 ++++++++++++++++++
> virt/kvm/Kconfig | 3 +
> virt/kvm/async_pf.c | 190 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> virt/kvm/async_pf.h | 36 ++++++++
> virt/kvm/kvm_main.c | 57 +++++++++---
> 12 files changed, 578 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 virt/kvm/async_pf.c
> create mode 100644 virt/kvm/async_pf.h
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index e209078..043e29e 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -83,11 +83,14 @@
> #define KVM_NR_FIXED_MTRR_REGION 88
> #define KVM_NR_VAR_MTRR 8
>
> +#define ASYNC_PF_PER_VCPU 64
> +
> extern spinlock_t kvm_lock;
> extern struct list_head vm_list;
>
> struct kvm_vcpu;
> struct kvm;
> +struct kvm_async_pf;
>
> enum kvm_reg {
> VCPU_REGS_RAX = 0,
> @@ -412,6 +415,11 @@ struct kvm_vcpu_arch {
> u64 hv_vapic;
>
> cpumask_var_t wbinvd_dirty_mask;
> +
> + struct {
> + bool halted;
> + gfn_t gfns[roundup_pow_of_two(ASYNC_PF_PER_VCPU)];
> + } apf;
> };
>
> struct kvm_arch {
> @@ -585,6 +593,10 @@ struct kvm_x86_ops {
> const struct trace_print_flags *exit_reasons_str;
> };
>
> +struct kvm_arch_async_pf {
> + gfn_t gfn;
> +};
> +
> extern struct kvm_x86_ops *kvm_x86_ops;
>
> int kvm_mmu_module_init(void);
> @@ -823,4 +835,10 @@ void kvm_set_shared_msr(unsigned index, u64 val, u64 mask);
>
> bool kvm_is_linear_rip(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long linear_rip);
>
> +void kvm_arch_async_page_not_present(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> + struct kvm_async_pf *work);
> +void kvm_arch_async_page_present(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> + struct kvm_async_pf *work);
> +extern bool kvm_find_async_pf_gfn(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn);
> +
> #endif /* _ASM_X86_KVM_HOST_H */
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/Kconfig b/arch/x86/kvm/Kconfig
> index ddc131f..50f6364 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/Kconfig
> @@ -28,6 +28,7 @@ config KVM
> select HAVE_KVM_IRQCHIP
> select HAVE_KVM_EVENTFD
> select KVM_APIC_ARCHITECTURE
> + select KVM_ASYNC_PF
> select USER_RETURN_NOTIFIER
> select KVM_MMIO
> ---help---
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/Makefile b/arch/x86/kvm/Makefile
> index 31a7035..c53bf19 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/Makefile
> @@ -9,6 +9,7 @@ kvm-y += $(addprefix ../../../virt/kvm/, kvm_main.o ioapic.o \
> coalesced_mmio.o irq_comm.o eventfd.o \
> assigned-dev.o)
> kvm-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_API) += $(addprefix ../../../virt/kvm/, iommu.o)
> +kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_ASYNC_PF) += $(addprefix ../../../virt/kvm/, async_pf.o)
>
> kvm-y += x86.o mmu.o emulate.o i8259.o irq.o lapic.o \
> i8254.o timer.o
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
> index 908ea54..f01e89a 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
> @@ -18,9 +18,11 @@
> *
> */
>
> +#include "irq.h"
> #include "mmu.h"
> #include "x86.h"
> #include "kvm_cache_regs.h"
> +#include "x86.h"
>
> #include <linux/kvm_host.h>
> #include <linux/types.h>
> @@ -2585,6 +2587,50 @@ static int nonpaging_page_fault(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gva,
> error_code & PFERR_WRITE_MASK, gfn);
> }
>
> +int kvm_arch_setup_async_pf(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gva, gfn_t gfn)
> +{
> + struct kvm_arch_async_pf arch;
> + arch.gfn = gfn;
> +
> + return kvm_setup_async_pf(vcpu, gva, gfn, &arch);
> +}
> +
> +static bool can_do_async_pf(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> +{
> + if (unlikely(!irqchip_in_kernel(vcpu->kvm) ||
> + kvm_event_needs_reinjection(vcpu)))
> + return false;
> +
> + return kvm_x86_ops->interrupt_allowed(vcpu);
> +}
> +
> +static bool try_async_pf(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn, gva_t gva,
> + pfn_t *pfn)
> +{
> + bool async;
> +
> + *pfn = gfn_to_pfn_async(vcpu->kvm, gfn, &async);
> +
> + if (!async)
> + return false; /* *pfn has correct page already */
> +
> + put_page(pfn_to_page(*pfn));
> +
> + if (can_do_async_pf(vcpu)) {
> + trace_kvm_try_async_get_page(async, *pfn);
> + if (kvm_find_async_pf_gfn(vcpu, gfn)) {
> + trace_kvm_async_pf_doublefault(gva, gfn);
> + kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_APF_HALT, vcpu);
> + return true;
> + } else if (kvm_arch_setup_async_pf(vcpu, gva, gfn))
> + return true;
> + }
> +
> + *pfn = gfn_to_pfn(vcpu->kvm, gfn);
> +
> + return false;
> +}
> +
> static int tdp_page_fault(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gpa,
> u32 error_code)
> {
> @@ -2607,7 +2653,11 @@ static int tdp_page_fault(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gpa,
>
> mmu_seq = vcpu->kvm->mmu_notifier_seq;
> smp_rmb();
> - pfn = gfn_to_pfn(vcpu->kvm, gfn);
> +
> + if (try_async_pf(vcpu, gfn, gpa, &pfn))
> + return 0;
> +
> + /* mmio */
> if (is_error_pfn(pfn))
> return kvm_handle_bad_page(vcpu->kvm, gfn, pfn);
> spin_lock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/paging_tmpl.h b/arch/x86/kvm/paging_tmpl.h
> index cd7a833..c45376d 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/paging_tmpl.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/paging_tmpl.h
> @@ -568,7 +568,9 @@ static int FNAME(page_fault)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t addr,
>
> mmu_seq = vcpu->kvm->mmu_notifier_seq;
> smp_rmb();
> - pfn = gfn_to_pfn(vcpu->kvm, walker.gfn);
> +
> + if (try_async_pf(vcpu, walker.gfn, addr, &pfn))
> + return 0;
>
> /* mmio */
> if (is_error_pfn(pfn))
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> index 7127a13..09e72fc 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> @@ -43,6 +43,7 @@
> #include <linux/slab.h>
> #include <linux/perf_event.h>
> #include <linux/uaccess.h>
> +#include <linux/hash.h>
> #include <trace/events/kvm.h>
>
> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
> @@ -155,6 +156,13 @@ struct kvm_stats_debugfs_item debugfs_entries[] = {
>
> u64 __read_mostly host_xcr0;
>
> +static inline void kvm_async_pf_hash_reset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> +{
> + int i;
> + for (i = 0; i < roundup_pow_of_two(ASYNC_PF_PER_VCPU); i++)
> + vcpu->arch.apf.gfns[i] = ~0;
> +}
> +
> static inline u32 bit(int bitno)
> {
> return 1 << (bitno & 31);
> @@ -5110,6 +5118,12 @@ static int vcpu_enter_guest(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> vcpu->fpu_active = 0;
> kvm_x86_ops->fpu_deactivate(vcpu);
> }
> + if (kvm_check_request(KVM_REQ_APF_HALT, vcpu)) {
> + /* Page is swapped out. Do synthetic halt */
> + vcpu->arch.apf.halted = true;
> + r = 1;
> + goto out;
> + }
> }
>
> r = kvm_mmu_reload(vcpu);
> @@ -5238,7 +5252,8 @@ static int __vcpu_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>
> r = 1;
> while (r > 0) {
> - if (vcpu->arch.mp_state == KVM_MP_STATE_RUNNABLE)
> + if (vcpu->arch.mp_state == KVM_MP_STATE_RUNNABLE &&
> + !vcpu->arch.apf.halted)
> r = vcpu_enter_guest(vcpu);
> else {
> srcu_read_unlock(&kvm->srcu, vcpu->srcu_idx);
> @@ -5251,6 +5266,7 @@ static int __vcpu_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> vcpu->arch.mp_state =
> KVM_MP_STATE_RUNNABLE;
> case KVM_MP_STATE_RUNNABLE:
> + vcpu->arch.apf.halted = false;
> break;
> case KVM_MP_STATE_SIPI_RECEIVED:
> default:
> @@ -5272,6 +5288,9 @@ static int __vcpu_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> vcpu->run->exit_reason = KVM_EXIT_INTR;
> ++vcpu->stat.request_irq_exits;
> }
> +
> + kvm_check_async_pf_completion(vcpu);
> +
> if (signal_pending(current)) {
> r = -EINTR;
> vcpu->run->exit_reason = KVM_EXIT_INTR;
> @@ -5785,6 +5804,10 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_reset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>
> kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_EVENT, vcpu);
>
> + kvm_clear_async_pf_completion_queue(vcpu);
> + kvm_async_pf_hash_reset(vcpu);
> + vcpu->arch.apf.halted = false;
> +
> return kvm_x86_ops->vcpu_reset(vcpu);
> }
>
> @@ -5873,6 +5896,8 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_init(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(&vcpu->arch.wbinvd_dirty_mask, GFP_KERNEL))
> goto fail_free_mce_banks;
>
> + kvm_async_pf_hash_reset(vcpu);
> +
> return 0;
> fail_free_mce_banks:
> kfree(vcpu->arch.mce_banks);
> @@ -5931,8 +5956,10 @@ static void kvm_free_vcpus(struct kvm *kvm)
> /*
> * Unpin any mmu pages first.
> */
> - kvm_for_each_vcpu(i, vcpu, kvm)
> + kvm_for_each_vcpu(i, vcpu, kvm) {
> + kvm_clear_async_pf_completion_queue(vcpu);
> kvm_unload_vcpu_mmu(vcpu);
> + }
> kvm_for_each_vcpu(i, vcpu, kvm)
> kvm_arch_vcpu_free(vcpu);
>
> @@ -6043,7 +6070,9 @@ void kvm_arch_flush_shadow(struct kvm *kvm)
>
> int kvm_arch_vcpu_runnable(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> {
> - return vcpu->arch.mp_state == KVM_MP_STATE_RUNNABLE
> + return (vcpu->arch.mp_state == KVM_MP_STATE_RUNNABLE &&
> + !vcpu->arch.apf.halted)
> + || !list_empty_careful(&vcpu->async_pf.done)
> || vcpu->arch.mp_state == KVM_MP_STATE_SIPI_RECEIVED
> || vcpu->arch.nmi_pending ||
> (kvm_arch_interrupt_allowed(vcpu) &&
> @@ -6102,6 +6131,83 @@ void kvm_set_rflags(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long rflags)
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_set_rflags);
>
> +static inline u32 kvm_async_pf_hash_fn(gfn_t gfn)
> +{
> + return hash_32(gfn & 0xffffffff, order_base_2(ASYNC_PF_PER_VCPU));
> +}
> +
> +static inline u32 kvm_async_pf_next_probe(u32 key)
> +{
> + return (key + 1) & (roundup_pow_of_two(ASYNC_PF_PER_VCPU) - 1);
> +}
> +
> +static void kvm_add_async_pf_gfn(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn)
> +{
> + u32 key = kvm_async_pf_hash_fn(gfn);
> +
> + while (vcpu->arch.apf.gfns[key] != ~0)
> + key = kvm_async_pf_next_probe(key);
> +
> + vcpu->arch.apf.gfns[key] = gfn;
> +}
> +
> +static u32 kvm_async_pf_gfn_slot(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn)
> +{
> + int i;
> + u32 key = kvm_async_pf_hash_fn(gfn);
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < roundup_pow_of_two(ASYNC_PF_PER_VCPU) &&
> + (vcpu->arch.apf.gfns[key] != gfn ||
> + vcpu->arch.apf.gfns[key] == ~0); i++)
> + key = kvm_async_pf_next_probe(key);
> +
> + return key;
> +}
> +
> +bool kvm_find_async_pf_gfn(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn)
> +{
> + return vcpu->arch.apf.gfns[kvm_async_pf_gfn_slot(vcpu, gfn)] == gfn;
> +}
> +
> +static void kvm_del_async_pf_gfn(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn)
> +{
> + u32 i, j, k;
> +
> + i = j = kvm_async_pf_gfn_slot(vcpu, gfn);
> + while (true) {
> + vcpu->arch.apf.gfns[i] = ~0;
> + do {
> + j = kvm_async_pf_next_probe(j);
> + if (vcpu->arch.apf.gfns[j] == ~0)
> + return;
> + k = kvm_async_pf_hash_fn(vcpu->arch.apf.gfns[j]);
> + /*
> + * k lies cyclically in ]i,j]
> + * | i.k.j |
> + * |....j i.k.| or |.k..j i...|
> + */
> + } while ((i <= j) ? (i < k && k <= j) : (i < k || k <= j));
> + vcpu->arch.apf.gfns[i] = vcpu->arch.apf.gfns[j];
> + i = j;
> + }
> +}
> +
> +void kvm_arch_async_page_not_present(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> + struct kvm_async_pf *work)
> +{
> + trace_kvm_async_pf_not_present(work->gva);
> +
> + kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_APF_HALT, vcpu);
> + kvm_add_async_pf_gfn(vcpu, work->arch.gfn);
> +}
> +
> +void kvm_arch_async_page_present(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> + struct kvm_async_pf *work)
> +{
> + trace_kvm_async_pf_ready(work->gva);
> + kvm_del_async_pf_gfn(vcpu, work->arch.gfn);
> +}
> +
> EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_exit);
> EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_inj_virq);
> EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_page_fault);
> diff --git a/include/linux/kvm_host.h b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> index 0b89d00..9a9b017 100644
> --- a/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> @@ -40,6 +40,7 @@
> #define KVM_REQ_KICK 9
> #define KVM_REQ_DEACTIVATE_FPU 10
> #define KVM_REQ_EVENT 11
> +#define KVM_REQ_APF_HALT 12
>
> #define KVM_USERSPACE_IRQ_SOURCE_ID 0
>
> @@ -74,6 +75,26 @@ int kvm_io_bus_register_dev(struct kvm *kvm, enum kvm_bus bus_idx,
> int kvm_io_bus_unregister_dev(struct kvm *kvm, enum kvm_bus bus_idx,
> struct kvm_io_device *dev);
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_KVM_ASYNC_PF
> +struct kvm_async_pf {
> + struct work_struct work;
> + struct list_head link;
> + struct list_head queue;
> + struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu;
> + struct mm_struct *mm;
> + gva_t gva;
> + unsigned long addr;
> + struct kvm_arch_async_pf arch;
> + struct page *page;
> + bool done;
> +};
> +
> +void kvm_clear_async_pf_completion_queue(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> +void kvm_check_async_pf_completion(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> +int kvm_setup_async_pf(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gva, gfn_t gfn,
> + struct kvm_arch_async_pf *arch);
> +#endif
> +

Based on early kvm-kmod experiments, it looks like this (and maybe more)
breaks the build in arch/x86/kvm/x86.c if CONFIG_KVM_ASYNC_PF is
disabled. Please have a look.

Jan

--
Siemens AG, Corporate Technology, CT T DE IT 1
Corporate Competence Center Embedded Linux


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