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SubjectRe: [PATCH] pm_qos: Add QoS param, minimum system bus frequency
On Thu, Jan 07, 2010 at 08:34:28AM -0800, Kevin Hilman wrote:
> Daniel Walker <dwalker@codeaurora.org> writes:
>
> > From: Praveen Chidambaram <pchidamb@quicinc.com>
> >
> > In some systems, the system bus speed can be varied, usually
> > based on the current CPU frequency. However, various device
> > drivers and/or applications may need a faster system bus for I/O
> > even though the CPU itself may be idle.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Praveen Chidambaram <pchidamb@quicinc.com>
> > Signed-off-by: David Brown <davidb@quicinc.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Daniel Walker <dwalker@codeaurora.org>
>
> I think some type of bus parameter is a good idea and something we
> would use on TI OMAP as well. However, I also have two concerns with
> this approach.
>
> 1) The constraint should be in throughput, not in frequency
> 2) It doesn't handle multiple busses (as Mark Gross pointed out)
>
> For (1), I don't like the idea of forcing drivers to know about the
> underlying bus frequency. The same driver could be in use across a
> family of SoCs (or even different SoCs), each having different bus
> frequencies. For this driver to be portable, the driver should
> express its constraints in terms of throughput, not underlying bus
> frequency.

This makes sense, as throttling constraints should be based on things
that are invariant to bus width.

>
> For (2), I'm not sure what the best way to handle this in PM QoS is.
> Lately, I've been thinking that PM QoS is not the right place for
> this. My idea (currenly only in my head) is the that busses in the
> LDM (platform_bus, etc.) should have constraints associated with
> them. That way, constraints can be set using a 'struct device' and
> the bus they are attatched to will inherit the constraints directly.
> This automatically solves the problem of multiple busses and allows
> the possibility for different bus types to handle the constraints
> differently.

Sounds a bit like the range timers implementation. One question, what
would a throttling constraint changes API look like if not pm_qos?

I think adding a bandwidth throttling constraint to struct device may be
a good thing, but I'm not sure if there isn't a place for the PM_QOS
interface yet. i.e. perhaps if this happens, then we should look at
evolving the pm_qos api to handle multiple constraint's per class and
multiple buses, multiple nic's etc...

--mgross


>
> Kevin
>
>
> > ---
> > include/linux/pm_qos_params.h | 3 ++-
> > kernel/pm_qos_params.c | 32 +++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
> > 2 files changed, 27 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/include/linux/pm_qos_params.h b/include/linux/pm_qos_params.h
> > index d74f75e..091c13c 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/pm_qos_params.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/pm_qos_params.h
> > @@ -10,8 +10,9 @@
> > #define PM_QOS_CPU_DMA_LATENCY 1
> > #define PM_QOS_NETWORK_LATENCY 2
> > #define PM_QOS_NETWORK_THROUGHPUT 3
> > +#define PM_QOS_SYSTEM_BUS_FREQ 4
> >
> > -#define PM_QOS_NUM_CLASSES 4
> > +#define PM_QOS_NUM_CLASSES 5
> > #define PM_QOS_DEFAULT_VALUE -1
> >
> > int pm_qos_add_requirement(int qos, char *name, s32 value);
> > diff --git a/kernel/pm_qos_params.c b/kernel/pm_qos_params.c
> > index 3db49b9..8576f40 100644
> > --- a/kernel/pm_qos_params.c
> > +++ b/kernel/pm_qos_params.c
> > @@ -102,12 +102,24 @@ static struct pm_qos_object network_throughput_pm_qos = {
> > .comparitor = max_compare
> > };
> >
> > +static BLOCKING_NOTIFIER_HEAD(system_bus_freq_notifier);
> > +static struct pm_qos_object system_bus_freq_pm_qos = {
> > + .requirements =
> > + {LIST_HEAD_INIT(system_bus_freq_pm_qos.requirements.list)},
> > + .notifiers = &system_bus_freq_notifier,
> > + .name = "system_bus_freq",
> > + .default_value = 0,
> > + .target_value = ATOMIC_INIT(0),
> > + .comparitor = max_compare
> > +};
> > +
> >
> > -static struct pm_qos_object *pm_qos_array[] = {
> > - &null_pm_qos,
> > - &cpu_dma_pm_qos,
> > - &network_lat_pm_qos,
> > - &network_throughput_pm_qos
> > +static struct pm_qos_object *pm_qos_array[PM_QOS_NUM_CLASSES] = {
> > + [PM_QOS_RESERVED] = &null_pm_qos,
> > + [PM_QOS_CPU_DMA_LATENCY] = &cpu_dma_pm_qos,
> > + [PM_QOS_NETWORK_LATENCY] = &network_lat_pm_qos,
> > + [PM_QOS_NETWORK_THROUGHPUT] = &network_throughput_pm_qos,
> > + [PM_QOS_SYSTEM_BUS_FREQ] = &system_bus_freq_pm_qos,
> > };
> >
> > static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(pm_qos_lock);
> > @@ -313,7 +325,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pm_qos_remove_requirement);
> > * will register the notifier into a notification chain that gets called
> > * upon changes to the pm_qos_class target value.
> > */
> > - int pm_qos_add_notifier(int pm_qos_class, struct notifier_block *notifier)
> > +int pm_qos_add_notifier(int pm_qos_class, struct notifier_block *notifier)
> > {
> > int retval;
> >
> > @@ -409,9 +421,15 @@ static int __init pm_qos_power_init(void)
> > return ret;
> > }
> > ret = register_pm_qos_misc(&network_throughput_pm_qos);
> > - if (ret < 0)
> > + if (ret < 0) {
> > printk(KERN_ERR
> > "pm_qos_param: network_throughput setup failed\n");
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > + ret = register_pm_qos_misc(&system_bus_freq_pm_qos);
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + printk(KERN_ERR
> > + "pm_qos_param: system_bus_freq setup failed\n");
> >
> > return ret;
> > }
> > --
> > 1.6.3.3
> >
> > --
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