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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC tip/core/rcu] accelerate grace period if last non-dynticked CPU
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On Mon, 2010-01-25 at 20:28 +0800, Lai Jiangshan wrote:
> Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > [Experimental RFC, not for inclusion.]
> >
> > I recently received a complaint that RCU was refusing to let a system
> > go into low-power state immediately, instead waiting a few ticks after
> > the system had gone idle before letting go of the last CPU. Of course,
> > the reason for this was that there were a couple of RCU callbacks on
> > the last CPU.
> >
> > Currently, rcu_needs_cpu() simply checks whether the current CPU has
> > an outstanding RCU callback, which means that the last CPU to go into
> > dyntick-idle mode might wait a few ticks for the relevant grace periods
> > to complete. However, if all the other CPUs are in dyntick-idle mode,
> > and if this CPU is in a quiescent state (which it is for RCU-bh and
> > RCU-sched any time that we are considering going into dyntick-idle mode),
> > then the grace period is instantly complete.
> >
> > This patch therefore repeatedly invokes the RCU grace-period machinery
> > in order to force any needed grace periods to complete quickly. It does
> > so a limited number of times in order to prevent starvation by an RCU
> > callback function that might pass itself to call_rcu().
> >
> > Thoughts?
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> >
> > diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
> > index d95ca7c..42bf914 100644
> > --- a/init/Kconfig
> > +++ b/init/Kconfig
> > @@ -396,6 +396,22 @@ config RCU_FANOUT_EXACT
> >
> > Say N if unsure.
> >
> > +config RCU_FAST_NO_HZ
> > + bool "Accelerate last non-dyntick-idle CPU's grace periods"
> > + depends on TREE_RCU && NO_HZ && SMP
> > + default n
> > + help
> > + This option causes RCU to attempt to accelerate grace periods
> > + in order to allow the final CPU to enter dynticks-idle state
> > + more quickly. On the other hand, this option increases the
> > + overhead of the dynticks-idle checking, particularly on systems
> > + with large numbers of CPUs.
> > +
> > + Say Y if energy efficiency is critically important, particularly
> > + if you have relatively few CPUs.
> > +
> > + Say N if you are unsure.
> > +
> > config TREE_RCU_TRACE
> > def_bool RCU_TRACE && ( TREE_RCU || TREE_PREEMPT_RCU )
> > select DEBUG_FS
> > diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.c b/kernel/rcutree.c
> > index 099a255..29d88c0 100644
> > --- a/kernel/rcutree.c
> > +++ b/kernel/rcutree.c
> > @@ -1550,10 +1550,9 @@ static int rcu_pending(int cpu)
> > /*
> > * Check to see if any future RCU-related work will need to be done
> > * by the current CPU, even if none need be done immediately, returning
> > - * 1 if so. This function is part of the RCU implementation; it is -not-
> > - * an exported member of the RCU API.
> > + * 1 if so.
> > */
> > -int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu)
> > +static int rcu_needs_cpu_quick_check(int cpu)
> > {
> > /* RCU callbacks either ready or pending? */
> > return per_cpu(rcu_sched_data, cpu).nxtlist ||
> > diff --git a/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h b/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
> > index e77cdf3..d6170a9 100644
> > --- a/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
> > +++ b/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
> > @@ -906,3 +906,72 @@ static void __init __rcu_init_preempt(void)
> > }
> >
> > #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU */
> > +
> > +#if defined(CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU) || !defined(CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ)
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Check to see if any future RCU-related work will need to be done
> > + * by the current CPU, even if none need be done immediately, returning
> > + * 1 if so. This function is part of the RCU implementation; it is -not-
> > + * an exported member of the RCU API.
> > + *
> > + * Because we have preemptible RCU, just check whether this CPU needs
> > + * any flavor of RCU. Do not chew up lots of CPU cycles with preemption
> > + * disabled in a most-likely vain attempt to cause RCU not to need this CPU.
> > + */
> > +int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu)
> > +{
> > + return rcu_needs_cpu_quick_check(cpu);
> > +}
> > +
> > +#else
> > +
> > +#define RCU_NEEDS_CPU_FLUSHES 5
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Check to see if any future RCU-related work will need to be done
> > + * by the current CPU, even if none need be done immediately, returning
> > + * 1 if so. This function is part of the RCU implementation; it is -not-
> > + * an exported member of the RCU API.
> > + *
> > + * Because we are not supporting preemptible RCU, attempt to accelerate
> > + * any current grace periods so that RCU no longer needs this CPU, but
> > + * only if all other CPUs are already in dynticks-idle mode. This will
> > + * allow the CPU cores to be powered down immediately, as opposed to after
> > + * waiting many milliseconds for grace periods to elapse.
> > + */
> > +int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu)
> > +{
> > + int c = 1;
> > + int i;
> > + int thatcpu;
> > +
> > + /* Don't bother unless we are the last non-dyntick-idle CPU. */
> > + for_each_cpu(thatcpu, nohz_cpu_mask)
> > + if (thatcpu != cpu)
> > + return rcu_needs_cpu_quick_check(cpu);
>
> The comment and the code are not the same, I think.
>
> -----------
> I found this thing, Although I think it is a ugly thing.
> Is it help?
>
> See select_nohz_load_balancer().
>
> /*
> * This routine will try to nominate the ilb (idle load balancing)
> * owner among the cpus whose ticks are stopped. ilb owner will do the idle
> * load balancing on behalf of all those cpus. If all the cpus in the system
> * go into this tickless mode, then there will be no ilb owner (as there is
> * no need for one) and all the cpus will sleep till the next wakeup event
> * arrives...
> *
> * For the ilb owner, tick is not stopped. And this tick will be used
> * for idle load balancing. ilb owner will still be part of
> * nohz.cpu_mask..
> *
> * While stopping the tick, this cpu will become the ilb owner if there
> * is no other owner. And will be the owner till that cpu becomes busy
> * or if all cpus in the system stop their ticks at which point
> * there is no need for ilb owner.
> *
> * When the ilb owner becomes busy, it nominates another owner, during the
> * next busy scheduler_tick()
> */

Not quite sure what your point is, but Venki was poking at the ILB so he
might want to be aware of things...




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