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Subject[PATCH 3/4] MTD: blkdevs: make hotplug work
From
Date
>From 368127067f4d39ba89096e4a5cb3be2dee361bad Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Maxim Levitsky <maximlevitsky@gmail.com>
Date: Fri, 22 Jan 2010 15:00:55 +0200
Subject: [PATCH 3/4] MTD: blkdevs: make hotplug work

This changes the blkdev common module for translation layers
to survive when underlying mtd device disappears.

To do so the following conceptual changes were made:

* disk queue and thread are now one per mtd device
This was it is easy to flush and destroy the queue

* the struct mtd_blktrans_dev will now be freed automaticly when last user
of the device quits.
All existing translation layers are adjusted

* ->open and release function of the translation layer will never be called
twise or more in the row.
This makes code simplier.
Also the ->release will be called just before mtd device disappears
This and above is the only visable changes on the outside.

Tested with mtdblock, ssfdc and my own sm_ftl on top of physicly hotplugable
nand card.

Signed-off-by: Maxim Levitsky <maximlevitsky@gmail.com>
---
drivers/mtd/ftl.c | 1 -
drivers/mtd/inftlcore.c | 1 -
drivers/mtd/mtd_blkdevs.c | 237 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
drivers/mtd/mtdblock.c | 1 -
drivers/mtd/mtdblock_ro.c | 1 -
drivers/mtd/mtdcore.c | 3 +-
drivers/mtd/nftlcore.c | 1 -
drivers/mtd/rfd_ftl.c | 1 -
drivers/mtd/ssfdc.c | 1 -
include/linux/mtd/blktrans.h | 13 ++-
10 files changed, 160 insertions(+), 100 deletions(-)
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/ftl.c b/drivers/mtd/ftl.c
index e56d6b4..62da9eb 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/ftl.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/ftl.c
@@ -1082,7 +1082,6 @@ static void ftl_remove_dev(struct mtd_blktrans_dev *dev)
{
del_mtd_blktrans_dev(dev);
ftl_freepart((partition_t *)dev);
- kfree(dev);
}

static struct mtd_blktrans_ops ftl_tr = {
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/inftlcore.c b/drivers/mtd/inftlcore.c
index 8aca552..015a7fe 100755
--- a/drivers/mtd/inftlcore.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/inftlcore.c
@@ -139,7 +139,6 @@ static void inftl_remove_dev(struct mtd_blktrans_dev *dev)

kfree(inftl->PUtable);
kfree(inftl->VUtable);
- kfree(inftl);
}

/*
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/mtd_blkdevs.c b/drivers/mtd/mtd_blkdevs.c
index c82e09b..04a875f 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/mtd_blkdevs.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/mtd_blkdevs.c
@@ -26,11 +26,6 @@

static LIST_HEAD(blktrans_majors);

-struct mtd_blkcore_priv {
- struct task_struct *thread;
- struct request_queue *rq;
- spinlock_t queue_lock;
-};

static int do_blktrans_request(struct mtd_blktrans_ops *tr,
struct mtd_blktrans_dev *dev,
@@ -80,14 +75,13 @@ static int do_blktrans_request(struct mtd_blktrans_ops *tr,

static int mtd_blktrans_thread(void *arg)
{
- struct mtd_blktrans_ops *tr = arg;
- struct request_queue *rq = tr->blkcore_priv->rq;
+ struct mtd_blktrans_dev *dev = arg;
+ struct request_queue *rq = dev->rq;
struct request *req = NULL;

spin_lock_irq(rq->queue_lock);

while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
- struct mtd_blktrans_dev *dev;
int res;

if (!req && !(req = blk_fetch_request(rq))) {
@@ -98,13 +92,10 @@ static int mtd_blktrans_thread(void *arg)
continue;
}

- dev = req->rq_disk->private_data;
- tr = dev->tr;
-
spin_unlock_irq(rq->queue_lock);

mutex_lock(&dev->lock);
- res = do_blktrans_request(tr, dev, req);
+ res = do_blktrans_request(dev->tr, dev, req);
mutex_unlock(&dev->lock);

spin_lock_irq(rq->queue_lock);
@@ -123,8 +114,14 @@ static int mtd_blktrans_thread(void *arg)

static void mtd_blktrans_request(struct request_queue *rq)
{
- struct mtd_blktrans_ops *tr = rq->queuedata;
- wake_up_process(tr->blkcore_priv->thread);
+ struct mtd_blktrans_dev *dev = rq->queuedata;
+ struct request *req = NULL;
+
+ if (dev->deleted)
+ while ((req = blk_fetch_request(rq)) != NULL)
+ __blk_end_request_all(req, -ENODEV);
+ else
+ wake_up_process(dev->thread);
}


@@ -132,72 +129,108 @@ static int blktrans_open(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode)
{
struct mtd_blktrans_dev *dev = bdev->bd_disk->private_data;
struct mtd_blktrans_ops *tr = dev->tr;
- int ret = -ENODEV;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ mutex_lock(&dev->lock);
+ if (dev->open++)
+ goto out;

- if (!get_mtd_device(NULL, dev->mtd->index))
+ if (dev->deleted)
goto out;

+ ret = -ENODEV;
if (!try_module_get(tr->owner))
- goto out_tr;
+ goto out;

- /* FIXME: Locking. A hot pluggable device can go away
- (del_mtd_device can be called for it) without its module
- being unloaded. */
- dev->mtd->usecount++;
+ if (__get_mtd_device(dev->mtd)) {
+ module_put(tr->owner);
+ goto out;
+ }

ret = 0;
if (tr->open && (ret = tr->open(dev))) {
- dev->mtd->usecount--;
- put_mtd_device(dev->mtd);
- out_tr:
module_put(tr->owner);
+ __put_mtd_device(dev->mtd);
+ goto out;
}
out:
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->lock);
return ret;
}

+
static int blktrans_release(struct gendisk *disk, fmode_t mode)
{
struct mtd_blktrans_dev *dev = disk->private_data;
struct mtd_blktrans_ops *tr = dev->tr;
int ret = 0;

- if (tr->release)
- ret = tr->release(dev);
+ mutex_lock(&dev->lock);
+ dev->open--;
+ if (dev->open)
+ goto out;

- if (!ret) {
- dev->mtd->usecount--;
- put_mtd_device(dev->mtd);
+ /* Free the private data */
+ if (dev->deleted) {
module_put(tr->owner);
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->lock);
+ kfree(dev);
+ return 0;
}

+ ret = tr->release ? tr->release(dev) : 0;
+ module_put(tr->owner);
+
+ if (dev->mtd)
+ __put_mtd_device(dev->mtd);
+out:
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->lock);
return ret;
}

static int blktrans_getgeo(struct block_device *bdev, struct hd_geometry *geo)
{
struct mtd_blktrans_dev *dev = bdev->bd_disk->private_data;
+ int error;
+
+ mutex_lock(&dev->lock);

+ error = -ENODEV;
+ if (dev->deleted)
+ goto out;
+
+ error = -ENOTTY;
if (dev->tr->getgeo)
- return dev->tr->getgeo(dev, geo);
- return -ENOTTY;
+ error = dev->tr->getgeo(dev, geo);
+out:
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->lock);
+ return error;
}

static int blktrans_ioctl(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode,
unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
struct mtd_blktrans_dev *dev = bdev->bd_disk->private_data;
- struct mtd_blktrans_ops *tr = dev->tr;
+ int error = -ENODEV;
+
+ mutex_lock(&dev->lock);
+
+ if (dev->deleted)
+ goto out;
+
+ error = -ENOTTY;

switch (cmd) {
case BLKFLSBUF:
- if (tr->flush)
- return tr->flush(dev);
- /* The core code did the work, we had nothing to do. */
- return 0;
+ if (dev->tr->flush)
+ error = dev->tr->flush(dev);
+ break;
default:
- return -ENOTTY;
+ break;
}
+out:
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->lock);
+ return error;
}

static const struct block_device_operations mtd_blktrans_ops = {
@@ -214,6 +247,7 @@ int add_mtd_blktrans_dev(struct mtd_blktrans_dev *new)
struct mtd_blktrans_dev *d;
int last_devnum = -1;
struct gendisk *gd;
+ int ret;

if (mutex_trylock(&mtd_table_mutex)) {
mutex_unlock(&mtd_table_mutex);
@@ -239,12 +273,13 @@ int add_mtd_blktrans_dev(struct mtd_blktrans_dev *new)
}
last_devnum = d->devnum;
}
+
+ ret = -EBUSY;
if (new->devnum == -1)
new->devnum = last_devnum+1;

- if ((new->devnum << tr->part_bits) > 256) {
- return -EBUSY;
- }
+ if ((new->devnum << tr->part_bits) > 256)
+ goto error1;

list_add_tail(&new->list, &tr->devs);
added:
@@ -252,11 +287,16 @@ int add_mtd_blktrans_dev(struct mtd_blktrans_dev *new)
if (!tr->writesect)
new->readonly = 1;

+
+ /* Create gendisk */
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
gd = alloc_disk(1 << tr->part_bits);
- if (!gd) {
- list_del(&new->list);
- return -ENOMEM;
- }
+
+ if (!gd)
+ goto error2;
+
+ new->disk = gd;
+ gd->private_data = new;
gd->major = tr->major;
gd->first_minor = (new->devnum) << tr->part_bits;
gd->fops = &mtd_blktrans_ops;
@@ -274,25 +314,58 @@ int add_mtd_blktrans_dev(struct mtd_blktrans_dev *new)
snprintf(gd->disk_name, sizeof(gd->disk_name),
"%s%d", tr->name, new->devnum);

- /* 2.5 has capacity in units of 512 bytes while still
- having BLOCK_SIZE_BITS set to 10. Just to keep us amused. */
set_capacity(gd, (new->size * tr->blksize) >> 9);

- gd->private_data = new;
- new->blkcore_priv = gd;
- gd->queue = tr->blkcore_priv->rq;
+
+ /* Create the request queue */
+ spin_lock_init(&new->queue_lock);
+ new->rq = blk_init_queue(mtd_blktrans_request, &new->queue_lock);
+
+ if (!new->rq)
+ goto error3;
+
+ new->rq->queuedata = new;
+ blk_queue_logical_block_size(new->rq, tr->blksize);
+
+ if (tr->discard)
+ queue_flag_set_unlocked(QUEUE_FLAG_DISCARD,
+ new->rq);
+
+ gd->queue = new->rq;
+
+ /* Create processing thread */
+ /* TODO: workqueue ? */
+ new->thread = kthread_run(mtd_blktrans_thread, new,
+ "%s%d", tr->name, new->mtd->index);
+ if (IS_ERR(new->thread)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(new->thread);
+ goto error4;
+ }
+
gd->driverfs_dev = &new->mtd->dev;

if (new->readonly)
set_disk_ro(gd, 1);

+ new->open = 0;
add_disk(gd);

return 0;
+error4:
+ blk_cleanup_queue(new->rq);
+error3:
+ put_disk(new->disk);
+error2:
+ list_del(&new->list);
+error1:
+ kfree(new);
+ return ret;
}

int del_mtd_blktrans_dev(struct mtd_blktrans_dev *old)
{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
if (mutex_trylock(&mtd_table_mutex)) {
mutex_unlock(&mtd_table_mutex);
BUG();
@@ -300,9 +373,35 @@ int del_mtd_blktrans_dev(struct mtd_blktrans_dev *old)

list_del(&old->list);

- del_gendisk(old->blkcore_priv);
- put_disk(old->blkcore_priv);
+ /* stop new requests to arrive */
+ del_gendisk(old->disk);
+
+
+ /* flush current requests */
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&old->queue_lock, flags);
+ old->deleted = 1;
+ blk_start_queue(old->rq);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&old->queue_lock, flags);
+
+
+ /* Stop the thread */
+ kthread_stop(old->thread);

+ /* Tell trans driver to release the device */
+ mutex_lock(&old->lock);
+
+ if (old->open) {
+ if (old->tr->release)
+ old->tr->release(old);
+ __put_mtd_device(old->mtd);
+ }
+
+ /* From now on, no calls into trans can be made */
+ /* Mtd device will be gone real soon now */
+ old->mtd = NULL;
+ mutex_unlock(&old->lock);
+
+ blk_cleanup_queue(old->rq);
return 0;
}

@@ -343,9 +442,6 @@ int register_mtd_blktrans(struct mtd_blktrans_ops *tr)
if (!blktrans_notifier.list.next)
register_mtd_user(&blktrans_notifier);

- tr->blkcore_priv = kzalloc(sizeof(*tr->blkcore_priv), GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!tr->blkcore_priv)
- return -ENOMEM;

mutex_lock(&mtd_table_mutex);

@@ -353,39 +449,12 @@ int register_mtd_blktrans(struct mtd_blktrans_ops *tr)
if (ret) {
printk(KERN_WARNING "Unable to register %s block device on major %d: %d\n",
tr->name, tr->major, ret);
- kfree(tr->blkcore_priv);
mutex_unlock(&mtd_table_mutex);
return ret;
}
- spin_lock_init(&tr->blkcore_priv->queue_lock);
-
- tr->blkcore_priv->rq = blk_init_queue(mtd_blktrans_request, &tr->blkcore_priv->queue_lock);
- if (!tr->blkcore_priv->rq) {
- unregister_blkdev(tr->major, tr->name);
- kfree(tr->blkcore_priv);
- mutex_unlock(&mtd_table_mutex);
- return -ENOMEM;
- }
-
- tr->blkcore_priv->rq->queuedata = tr;
- blk_queue_logical_block_size(tr->blkcore_priv->rq, tr->blksize);
- if (tr->discard)
- queue_flag_set_unlocked(QUEUE_FLAG_DISCARD,
- tr->blkcore_priv->rq);

tr->blkshift = ffs(tr->blksize) - 1;

- tr->blkcore_priv->thread = kthread_run(mtd_blktrans_thread, tr,
- "%sd", tr->name);
- if (IS_ERR(tr->blkcore_priv->thread)) {
- ret = PTR_ERR(tr->blkcore_priv->thread);
- blk_cleanup_queue(tr->blkcore_priv->rq);
- unregister_blkdev(tr->major, tr->name);
- kfree(tr->blkcore_priv);
- mutex_unlock(&mtd_table_mutex);
- return ret;
- }
-
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tr->devs);
list_add(&tr->list, &blktrans_majors);

@@ -405,8 +474,6 @@ int deregister_mtd_blktrans(struct mtd_blktrans_ops *tr)

mutex_lock(&mtd_table_mutex);

- /* Clean up the kernel thread */
- kthread_stop(tr->blkcore_priv->thread);

/* Remove it from the list of active majors */
list_del(&tr->list);
@@ -414,13 +481,9 @@ int deregister_mtd_blktrans(struct mtd_blktrans_ops *tr)
list_for_each_entry_safe(dev, next, &tr->devs, list)
tr->remove_dev(dev);

- blk_cleanup_queue(tr->blkcore_priv->rq);
unregister_blkdev(tr->major, tr->name);
-
mutex_unlock(&mtd_table_mutex);

- kfree(tr->blkcore_priv);
-
BUG_ON(!list_empty(&tr->devs));
return 0;
}
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/mtdblock.c b/drivers/mtd/mtdblock.c
index 9f41b1a..d8322cc 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/mtdblock.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/mtdblock.c
@@ -368,7 +368,6 @@ static void mtdblock_add_mtd(struct mtd_blktrans_ops *tr, struct mtd_info *mtd)
static void mtdblock_remove_dev(struct mtd_blktrans_dev *dev)
{
del_mtd_blktrans_dev(dev);
- kfree(dev);
}

static struct mtd_blktrans_ops mtdblock_tr = {
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/mtdblock_ro.c b/drivers/mtd/mtdblock_ro.c
index 852165f..54ff288 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/mtdblock_ro.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/mtdblock_ro.c
@@ -49,7 +49,6 @@ static void mtdblock_add_mtd(struct mtd_blktrans_ops *tr, struct mtd_info *mtd)
static void mtdblock_remove_dev(struct mtd_blktrans_dev *dev)
{
del_mtd_blktrans_dev(dev);
- kfree(dev);
}

static struct mtd_blktrans_ops mtdblock_tr = {
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/mtdcore.c b/drivers/mtd/mtdcore.c
index 96b4a05..0e86208 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/mtdcore.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/mtdcore.c
@@ -540,7 +540,6 @@ void put_mtd_device(struct mtd_info *mtd)
__put_mtd_device(mtd);
mutex_unlock(&mtd_table_mutex);

- module_put(mtd->owner);
}

void __put_mtd_device(struct mtd_info *mtd)
@@ -550,6 +549,8 @@ void __put_mtd_device(struct mtd_info *mtd)

if (mtd->put_device)
mtd->put_device(mtd);
+
+ module_put(mtd->owner);
}

/* default_mtd_writev - default mtd writev method for MTD devices that
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nftlcore.c b/drivers/mtd/nftlcore.c
index 1002e18..a4578bf 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/nftlcore.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/nftlcore.c
@@ -126,7 +126,6 @@ static void nftl_remove_dev(struct mtd_blktrans_dev *dev)
del_mtd_blktrans_dev(dev);
kfree(nftl->ReplUnitTable);
kfree(nftl->EUNtable);
- kfree(nftl);
}

/*
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/rfd_ftl.c b/drivers/mtd/rfd_ftl.c
index d2aa9c4..63b83c0 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/rfd_ftl.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/rfd_ftl.c
@@ -817,7 +817,6 @@ static void rfd_ftl_remove_dev(struct mtd_blktrans_dev *dev)
vfree(part->sector_map);
kfree(part->header_cache);
kfree(part->blocks);
- kfree(part);
}

static struct mtd_blktrans_ops rfd_ftl_tr = {
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/ssfdc.c b/drivers/mtd/ssfdc.c
index 3f67e00..81c4ecd 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/ssfdc.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/ssfdc.c
@@ -375,7 +375,6 @@ static void ssfdcr_remove_dev(struct mtd_blktrans_dev *dev)

del_mtd_blktrans_dev(dev);
kfree(ssfdc->logic_block_map);
- kfree(ssfdc);
}

static int ssfdcr_readsect(struct mtd_blktrans_dev *dev,
diff --git a/include/linux/mtd/blktrans.h b/include/linux/mtd/blktrans.h
index 8b4aa05..054b053 100644
--- a/include/linux/mtd/blktrans.h
+++ b/include/linux/mtd/blktrans.h
@@ -24,10 +24,15 @@ struct mtd_blktrans_dev {
int devnum;
unsigned long size;
int readonly;
- void *blkcore_priv; /* gendisk in 2.5, devfs_handle in 2.4 */
-};
+ int deleted;
+ int open;

-struct blkcore_priv; /* Differs for 2.4 and 2.5 kernels; private */
+ struct gendisk *disk;
+ struct task_struct *thread;
+ struct request_queue *rq;
+ spinlock_t queue_lock;
+ void *priv;
+};

struct mtd_blktrans_ops {
char *name;
@@ -60,8 +65,6 @@ struct mtd_blktrans_ops {
struct list_head devs;
struct list_head list;
struct module *owner;
-
- struct mtd_blkcore_priv *blkcore_priv;
};

extern int register_mtd_blktrans(struct mtd_blktrans_ops *tr);
--
1.6.3.3




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