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Subjectx86: clean up rwsem type system

The fast version of the rwsems (the code that uses xadd) has
traditionally only worked on x86-32, and as a result it mixes different
kinds of types wildly - they just all happen to be 32-bit. We have
"long", we have "__s32", and we have "int".

To make it work on x86-64, the types suddenly matter a lot more. It can
be either a 32-bit or 64-bit signed type, and both work (with the caveat
that a 32-bit counter will only have 15 bits of effective write
counters, so it's limited to 32767 users). But whatever type you
choose, it needs to be used consistently.

This makes a new 'rwsem_counter_t', that is a 32-bit signed type. For a
64-bit type, you'd need to also update the BIAS values.

Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>

Ok, this is the final cleanup. With this, the <asm/rwsem.h> header file
should be usable on x86-64 too. It needs some more support functions (the
actual rwsem asm->C trampoline functions that save/restore all the
clobbered registers etc), but that's a separate thing.

Similarly, this will need further changes for actual 64-bit counters. The
32767-thread limit is fine on x86-32 (we're thread-limited by lowmem
anyway), but likely not on x86-64.


diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/rwsem.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/rwsem.h
index e9480be..705265f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/rwsem.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/rwsem.h
@@ -55,6 +55,9 @@ extern asmregparm struct rw_semaphore *

* the semaphore definition
+ *
+ * The bias values and the counter type needs to be extended to 64 bits
+ * if we want to have more than 32767 potential readers/writers

#define RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE 0x00000000
@@ -64,8 +67,10 @@ extern asmregparm struct rw_semaphore *

+typedef signed int rwsem_count_t;
struct rw_semaphore {
- signed long count;
+ rwsem_count_t count;
spinlock_t wait_lock;
struct list_head wait_list;
@@ -121,7 +126,7 @@ static inline void __down_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
static inline int __down_read_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
- __s32 result, tmp;
+ rwsem_count_t result, tmp;
asm volatile("# beginning __down_read_trylock\n\t"
" mov %1,%2\n\t"
@@ -142,7 +147,7 @@ static inline int __down_read_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
static inline void __down_write_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass)
- int tmp;
+ rwsem_count_t tmp;

asm volatile("# beginning down_write\n\t"
@@ -169,9 +174,9 @@ static inline void __down_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
static inline int __down_write_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
- signed long ret = cmpxchg(&sem->count,
+ rwsem_count_t ret = cmpxchg(&sem->count,
return 1;
return 0;
@@ -182,7 +187,7 @@ static inline int __down_write_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
static inline void __up_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
- __s32 tmp = -RWSEM_ACTIVE_READ_BIAS;
+ rwsem_count_t tmp = -RWSEM_ACTIVE_READ_BIAS;
asm volatile("# beginning __up_read\n\t"
LOCK_PREFIX " xadd %1,(%2)\n\t"
/* subtracts 1, returns the old value */
@@ -200,7 +205,7 @@ static inline void __up_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
static inline void __up_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
- unsigned long tmp;
+ rwsem_count_t tmp;
asm volatile("# beginning __up_write\n\t"
LOCK_PREFIX " xadd %1,(%2)\n\t"
/* tries to transition
@@ -244,9 +249,9 @@ static inline void rwsem_atomic_add(int delta, struct rw_semaphore *sem)
* implement exchange and add functionality
-static inline int rwsem_atomic_update(int delta, struct rw_semaphore *sem)
+static inline rwsem_count_t rwsem_atomic_update(int delta, struct rw_semaphore *sem)
- int tmp = delta;
+ rwsem_count_t tmp = delta;

asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "xadd %0,%1"
: "+r" (tmp), "+m" (sem->count)

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