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Subject[patch 16/33] fs: dcache per-bucket dcache hash locking
We can turn the dcache hash locking from a global dcache_hash_lock into
per-bucket locking.

XXX: should probably use a bit lock in the first bit of the hash pointers
to avoid any space bloating (non-atomic unlock means no extra atomics either)
---
fs/dcache.c | 197 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------------
include/linux/dcache.h | 20 ----
2 files changed, 115 insertions(+), 102 deletions(-)

Index: linux-2.6/fs/dcache.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/fs/dcache.c
+++ linux-2.6/fs/dcache.c
@@ -38,7 +38,7 @@
* Usage:
* dcache_inode_lock protects:
* - the inode alias lists, d_inode
- * dcache_hash_lock protects:
+ * dcache_hash_bucket->lock protects:
* - the dcache hash table
* dcache_lru_lock protects:
* - the dcache lru lists and counters
@@ -53,18 +53,16 @@
* dcache_inode_lock
* dentry->d_lock
* dcache_lru_lock
- * dcache_hash_lock
+ * dcache_hash_bucket->lock
*/
int sysctl_vfs_cache_pressure __read_mostly = 100;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sysctl_vfs_cache_pressure);

__cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(dcache_inode_lock);
-__cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(dcache_hash_lock);
static __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(dcache_lru_lock);
__cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SEQLOCK(rename_lock);

EXPORT_SYMBOL(dcache_inode_lock);
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(dcache_hash_lock);

static struct kmem_cache *dentry_cache __read_mostly;

@@ -83,7 +81,12 @@ static struct kmem_cache *dentry_cache _

static unsigned int d_hash_mask __read_mostly;
static unsigned int d_hash_shift __read_mostly;
-static struct hlist_head *dentry_hashtable __read_mostly;
+
+struct dcache_hash_bucket {
+ spinlock_t lock;
+ struct hlist_head head;
+};
+static struct dcache_hash_bucket *dentry_hashtable __read_mostly;

/* Statistics gathering. */
struct dentry_stat_t dentry_stat = {
@@ -91,6 +94,14 @@ struct dentry_stat_t dentry_stat = {
.age_limit = 45,
};

+static inline struct dcache_hash_bucket *d_hash(struct dentry *parent,
+ unsigned long hash)
+{
+ hash += ((unsigned long) parent ^ GOLDEN_RATIO_PRIME) / L1_CACHE_BYTES;
+ hash = hash ^ ((hash ^ GOLDEN_RATIO_PRIME) >> D_HASHBITS);
+ return dentry_hashtable + (hash & D_HASHMASK);
+}
+
static void __d_free(struct dentry *dentry)
{
WARN_ON(!list_empty(&dentry->d_alias));
@@ -231,6 +242,73 @@ static struct dentry *d_kill(struct dent
return parent;
}

+void __d_drop(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ if (!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_UNHASHED)) {
+ struct dcache_hash_bucket *b;
+ b = d_hash(dentry->d_parent, dentry->d_name.hash);
+ dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_UNHASHED;
+ spin_lock(&b->lock);
+ hlist_del_rcu(&dentry->d_hash);
+ spin_unlock(&b->lock);
+ }
+}
+
+void d_drop(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
+ __d_drop(dentry);
+ spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
+}
+
+/* This should be called _only_ with a lock pinning the dentry */
+static inline struct dentry * __dget_locked_dlock(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ dentry->d_count++;
+ dentry_lru_del_init(dentry);
+ return dentry;
+}
+
+static inline struct dentry * __dget_locked(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
+ __dget_locked_dlock(dentry);
+ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
+ return dentry;
+}
+
+struct dentry * dget_locked_dlock(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ return __dget_locked_dlock(dentry);
+}
+
+struct dentry * dget_locked(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ return __dget_locked(dentry);
+}
+
+struct dentry *dget_parent(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ struct dentry *ret;
+
+repeat:
+ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
+ ret = dentry->d_parent;
+ if (!ret)
+ goto out;
+ if (!spin_trylock(&ret->d_lock)) {
+ spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
+ goto repeat;
+ }
+ BUG_ON(!ret->d_count);
+ ret->d_count++;
+ spin_unlock(&ret->d_lock);
+out:
+ spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(dget_parent);
+
/*
* This is dput
*
@@ -380,54 +458,6 @@ int d_invalidate(struct dentry * dentry)
return 0;
}

-/* This should be called _only_ with a lock pinning the dentry */
-static inline struct dentry * __dget_locked_dlock(struct dentry *dentry)
-{
- dentry->d_count++;
- dentry_lru_del_init(dentry);
- return dentry;
-}
-
-static inline struct dentry * __dget_locked(struct dentry *dentry)
-{
- spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
- __dget_locked_dlock(dentry);
- spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
- return dentry;
-}
-
-struct dentry * dget_locked_dlock(struct dentry *dentry)
-{
- return __dget_locked_dlock(dentry);
-}
-
-struct dentry * dget_locked(struct dentry *dentry)
-{
- return __dget_locked(dentry);
-}
-
-struct dentry *dget_parent(struct dentry *dentry)
-{
- struct dentry *ret;
-
-repeat:
- spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
- ret = dentry->d_parent;
- if (!ret)
- goto out;
- if (!spin_trylock(&ret->d_lock)) {
- spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
- goto repeat;
- }
- BUG_ON(!ret->d_count);
- ret->d_count++;
- spin_unlock(&ret->d_lock);
-out:
- spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
- return ret;
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(dget_parent);
-
/**
* d_find_alias - grab a hashed alias of inode
* @inode: inode in question
@@ -1314,14 +1344,6 @@ struct dentry * d_alloc_root(struct inod
return res;
}

-static inline struct hlist_head *d_hash(struct dentry *parent,
- unsigned long hash)
-{
- hash += ((unsigned long) parent ^ GOLDEN_RATIO_PRIME) / L1_CACHE_BYTES;
- hash = hash ^ ((hash ^ GOLDEN_RATIO_PRIME) >> D_HASHBITS);
- return dentry_hashtable + (hash & D_HASHMASK);
-}
-
/**
* d_obtain_alias - find or allocate a dentry for a given inode
* @inode: inode to allocate the dentry for
@@ -1568,7 +1590,8 @@ struct dentry * __d_lookup(struct dentry
unsigned int len = name->len;
unsigned int hash = name->hash;
const unsigned char *str = name->name;
- struct hlist_head *head = d_hash(parent,hash);
+ struct dcache_hash_bucket *b = d_hash(parent, hash);
+ struct hlist_head *head = &b->head;
struct dentry *found = NULL;
struct hlist_node *node;
struct dentry *dentry;
@@ -1662,6 +1685,7 @@ out:

int d_validate(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *dparent)
{
+ struct dcache_hash_bucket *b;
struct hlist_head *base;
struct hlist_node *lhp;

@@ -1673,20 +1697,21 @@ int d_validate(struct dentry *dentry, st
goto out;

spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
- spin_lock(&dcache_hash_lock);
- base = d_hash(dparent, dentry->d_name.hash);
- hlist_for_each(lhp,base) {
+ b = d_hash(dparent, dentry->d_name.hash);
+ base = &b->head;
+ spin_lock(&b->lock);
+ hlist_for_each(lhp, base) {
/* hlist_for_each_entry_rcu() not required for d_hash list
- * as it is parsed under dcache_hash_lock
+ * as it is parsed under dcache_hash_bucket->lock
*/
if (dentry == hlist_entry(lhp, struct dentry, d_hash)) {
- spin_unlock(&dcache_hash_lock);
+ spin_unlock(&b->lock);
__dget_locked_dlock(dentry);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
return 1;
}
}
- spin_unlock(&dcache_hash_lock);
+ spin_unlock(&b->lock);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
out:
return 0;
@@ -1737,11 +1762,12 @@ void d_delete(struct dentry * dentry)
fsnotify_nameremove(dentry, isdir);
}

-static void __d_rehash(struct dentry * entry, struct hlist_head *list)
+static void __d_rehash(struct dentry * entry, struct dcache_hash_bucket *b)
{
-
entry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_UNHASHED;
- hlist_add_head_rcu(&entry->d_hash, list);
+ spin_lock(&b->lock);
+ hlist_add_head_rcu(&entry->d_hash, &b->head);
+ spin_unlock(&b->lock);
}

static void _d_rehash(struct dentry * entry)
@@ -1759,9 +1785,7 @@ static void _d_rehash(struct dentry * en
void d_rehash(struct dentry * entry)
{
spin_lock(&entry->d_lock);
- spin_lock(&dcache_hash_lock);
_d_rehash(entry);
- spin_unlock(&dcache_hash_lock);
spin_unlock(&entry->d_lock);
}

@@ -1839,6 +1863,7 @@ static void switch_names(struct dentry *
*/
static void d_move_locked(struct dentry * dentry, struct dentry * target)
{
+ struct dcache_hash_bucket *b;
if (!dentry->d_inode)
printk(KERN_WARNING "VFS: moving negative dcache entry\n");

@@ -1867,11 +1892,13 @@ static void d_move_locked(struct dentry
}

/* Move the dentry to the target hash queue, if on different bucket */
- spin_lock(&dcache_hash_lock);
- if (!d_unhashed(dentry))
+ if (!d_unhashed(dentry)) {
+ b = d_hash(dentry->d_parent, dentry->d_name.hash);
+ spin_lock(&b->lock);
hlist_del_rcu(&dentry->d_hash);
+ spin_unlock(&b->lock);
+ }
__d_rehash(dentry, d_hash(target->d_parent, target->d_name.hash));
- spin_unlock(&dcache_hash_lock);

/* Unhash the target: dput() will then get rid of it */
__d_drop(target);
@@ -2078,9 +2105,7 @@ struct dentry *d_materialise_unique(stru
found_lock:
spin_lock(&actual->d_lock);
found:
- spin_lock(&dcache_hash_lock);
_d_rehash(actual);
- spin_unlock(&dcache_hash_lock);
spin_unlock(&actual->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&dcache_inode_lock);
out_nolock:
@@ -2533,7 +2558,7 @@ static void __init dcache_init_early(voi

dentry_hashtable =
alloc_large_system_hash("Dentry cache",
- sizeof(struct hlist_head),
+ sizeof(struct dcache_hash_bucket),
dhash_entries,
13,
HASH_EARLY,
@@ -2541,8 +2566,10 @@ static void __init dcache_init_early(voi
&d_hash_mask,
0);

- for (loop = 0; loop < (1 << d_hash_shift); loop++)
- INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&dentry_hashtable[loop]);
+ for (loop = 0; loop < (1 << d_hash_shift); loop++) {
+ spin_lock_init(&dentry_hashtable[loop].lock);
+ INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&dentry_hashtable[loop].head);
+ }
}

static void __init dcache_init(void)
@@ -2565,7 +2592,7 @@ static void __init dcache_init(void)

dentry_hashtable =
alloc_large_system_hash("Dentry cache",
- sizeof(struct hlist_head),
+ sizeof(struct dcache_hash_bucket),
dhash_entries,
13,
0,
@@ -2573,8 +2600,10 @@ static void __init dcache_init(void)
&d_hash_mask,
0);

- for (loop = 0; loop < (1 << d_hash_shift); loop++)
- INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&dentry_hashtable[loop]);
+ for (loop = 0; loop < (1 << d_hash_shift); loop++) {
+ spin_lock_init(&dentry_hashtable[loop].lock);
+ INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&dentry_hashtable[loop].head);
+ }
}

/* SLAB cache for __getname() consumers */
Index: linux-2.6/include/linux/dcache.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/linux/dcache.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/linux/dcache.h
@@ -187,7 +187,6 @@ d_iput: no no yes
#define DCACHE_FSNOTIFY_PARENT_WATCHED 0x0080 /* Parent inode is watched by some fsnotify listener */

extern spinlock_t dcache_inode_lock;
-extern spinlock_t dcache_hash_lock;
extern seqlock_t rename_lock;

/**
@@ -205,23 +204,8 @@ extern seqlock_t rename_lock;
*
* __d_drop requires dentry->d_lock.
*/
-
-static inline void __d_drop(struct dentry *dentry)
-{
- if (!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_UNHASHED)) {
- dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_UNHASHED;
- spin_lock(&dcache_hash_lock);
- hlist_del_rcu(&dentry->d_hash);
- spin_unlock(&dcache_hash_lock);
- }
-}
-
-static inline void d_drop(struct dentry *dentry)
-{
- spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
- __d_drop(dentry);
- spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
-}
+void d_drop(struct dentry *dentry);
+void __d_drop(struct dentry *dentry);

static inline int dname_external(struct dentry *dentry)
{



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